World Lit. Romeo and Juliet Acts 1-3

What dramatic functions are served by the Prologue? It functions as a synopsis of the play, kind of an overview of the story. Spoiler alert!
How is the feud portrayed in the play’s first scene? – It’s been going on for a long time and not just the two families but their employees, their family, and the entire city with the exception of some elderlies are involved in the fight- Crosses class, status, and generations- The brawl starts small but as they are fighting more people representing either side of the family come, and it becomes an all-city fight.
Notice the series of anthesis in the following lines:”Here’s much to do with hate, but more with love.Why then, O brawling love! O loving hate!O any thing, of nothing first create!O heavy lightness, serious vanity,Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms,Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health,Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!This love feel I, that feel no love in this.”What does this reveal about Romeo? His feelings are either extremes (happy or sad). He’s confused and conflicting about feelings for Rosaline and everything he feels is extreme and erratic. Demonstrates how every feeling or quality has to have an opposite to balance it.
According to the Prince in Scene I, in what ways has the feud between the Capulets and the Montagues affected the city of Verona? What warning does the Prince give the two families? The feud has disrupted the city of Verona three times before, causing city-wide brawls that affect the whole town. Everyone in the city is on the Capulet vs Montague side, and it also affects the elderlies of the town that want the fighting to stop. The Prince gives a warning of death if the families get into another fight.
In Scene ii why does Romeo want to go to Capulet’s party? Why does Benvolio want him to go? Romeo wants to go bc: he wants to see Rosaline (Juliet’s cousin/Capulet’s niece). Benvolio wants him to go bc: he wants Romeo to meet other girls and get over Rosaline so that he won’t be depressed anymore.
What is learned about the Capulets’ father-daughter relationship during Scene ii? Old Capulet is actually very considerate for Juliet’s feelings, especially considering the time period. Capulet tells Paris, a suitor, that is is only with Juliet’s consent and older age that he’ll give his daughter away.
What concepts of love are presented by the female characters in Scene iii? – Being married gives a woman status and gives her life meaning- Marry to find love- Marry first, then come to love the man – Women settle, men choose
In a few sentences summarize the conversation between Juliet, her mother, and the nurse. The Nurse brings up Juliet’s childhood, proving that she’s the one that really raised her. Lady Capulet brings up the topic of marriage for Juliet because Paris is a suitor that has an interest in Juliet.
How does Tybalt react to Romeo’s presence at the party during Scene v? What does Lord Capulet say about Romeo? Tybalt reacts very aggressively and angrily to Romeo’s presence at the part. He wants to kill Romeo, but Lord Capulet says that Romeo is a good, truthful, and chivalrous young man and that he shouldn’t be harmed at the party.
In what ways does Capulet prove himself a good host? – he welcomes his guests openly to have a good time – he restrains Tybalt from starting a fight/murder at the party so as not to ruin it- he tells the servants what to do in order to make the party more enjoyable (more light, turn tables up, quench fire bc room too hot, etc.)
What threats to Romeo and Juliet’s love already exist in Act I? How does Shakespeare use these threats to generate suspense in the first act? – The Montague vs Capulet feud (they’re both sons/daughters of each family)- Paris (Juliet already has a suitor before meeting Romeo)- Juliet’s parents wouldn’t approve of Romeo on any level, and probably vice versa for Romeo’s parents- Tybalt is a threat to their love bc Tybalt wants to duel/kill Romeo for coming to the party – Shakespeare generates suspense by presenting these threats, leaving readers curios as to how their love will unfold in the presence of so many problems
From their fight and from their relationship with other characters, contrast Benvolio and Tybalt. Benvolio is the peacekeeper, Tybalt is the trouble makerBenvolio tries to keep peace, as he tells his men to put their swords away during the fight. But Tybalt is a more aggressive and vengeful person, as he starts the the fight again at the Town Square,and says he “hates the word peace”. Also, Benvolio tries to help Romeo with his Rosaline problems, while Tybalt tries to defy his uncle at the party/wants to kill Romeo there.
In Scene , lines 51-60, find three things to which Romeo compares Juliet, What does his language when speaking of her tell us about his feelings for her? – Rich jewel in Ethiope’s ear: she’s rare and valuable- snowy dove trooping with crows: she’s pure- cheek of night- Burning torch: she illuminates and brightens wherever she is/the room Romeo’s language tells the readers that he’s already deeply in love with her, as he sees her above all others in beauty and worth. The poetic tools used when speaking of Juliet (similes, metaphors) show how affectionate Romeo is towards her.
What is significant about Mercutio’s remarks to Romeo in Scene i and Romeo’s response in Scene ii? Mercutio and Benvolio are mocking Romeo for falling in love with Rosaline, and they don’t know Romeo is actually now in love with Juliet. Mercutio doesn’t know anything about love/he shouldn’t make fun of Romeo because he’s never been in love like Romeo has.
To what 3 heavenly bodies does Romeo compare Juliet at the beginning of Act II, Scene ii? In Scene ii, what does Romeo overhear Juliet saying about him and her feelings for him? – The sun, moon, stars, and or angel- Romeo overhears Juliet confess her love for Romeo and say that she doesn’t care that he’s a Montage, and that she likes him anyway. But she wishes they both didn’t belong to feuding family names.
What concerns does Juliet express in Act II, Scene ii? – doesn’t know if they are moving too fast- Romeo will be killed if found at the Capulet house- They’re from feuding families
Locate examples of dramatic irony in Act II, Scene ii. – Romeo is hiding in a bush but we known where he is while Juliet doesn’t – We know where Romeo is, and that he’s listening to Mercutio’s and Benvolio’s convo, but B and M don’t know where Romeo is- We know about Romeo and Juliet but everyone else thinks Romeo is still in love with Rosaline
In Scene ii, with what trait in Romeo does Friar Lawrence find fault? At the end of the scene, what reason does Friar Lawrence give for helping Romeo and Juliet? – Romeo loves with his eyes, not his heart – Friar Lawrence wants to stop the Montague and Capulet feud, and thinks that the marriage will create peace b/w the two families.
Describe the interview b/w Juliet’s nurse and Romeo in Act II, Scene iv. What is about to happen at the end of ACt II? – Nurse makes sure that Romeo won’t mistreat Juliet, Romeo asks for her blessing/to put a good word in with Juliet, and Romeo gives her a message to meet at Friar Lawrence’s cell for the marriage ceremony- Romeo and Juliet are about to get married next day after nurse delivers message
How does the nurse inform Juliet of Romeo’s plans? How does Juliet react? The nurse teases her and drags on in delivering the message, and Juliet gets impatient and gets very angry at the nurse for taking so long/not telling her.
In Act II, Scene iv why is Tybalt looking for Romeo? He wants to duel Romeo for crashing the party.
Contrast Romeo’s love for Juliet with his love for Rosaline, Consider his reaction to being in love with each woman and the resulting actions. He’s equally passionate/has extreme feelings during both relationships, but Juliet likes him back, so that’s why he has extreme happiness vs extreme sadness. He contemplates suicide w/Rosaline but actually commits suicide w/Juliet.
According to Scene vi, what fears does Friar Lawrence have about the marriage? Explain his advice to Romeo. He’s afraid that their love will die out, so he tells Romeo to take it slow.
What do the following lines foreshadow? I pray thee, good Mercutio, let’s retire:The day is hot, the Capulets abroad,And, if we meet, we shall not scape a brawl;For now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring. They foreshadow a brawl between the Capulets and the Montagues and a death (mad blood stirring).
Explain a “grave man”. What figure of speech is used? What is the meaning? Double entrendre- a word or phrase that is open to two interpretations Grave man- either Romeo has a serious critical condition or he is actually in a grave
Explain the following lines: “This gentleman, the prince’s near ally,My very friend, hath got his mortal hurtIn my behalf; my reputation stain’dWith Tybalt’s slander,–Tybalt, that an hourHath been my kinsman! O sweet Juliet,Thy beauty hath made me effeminateAnd in my temper soften’d valour’s steel!”What do they foreshadow? You’ve been my cousin for an hour and you’ve already killed my best friend/the prince’s cousin. And Juliet, loving you has made me feminine and has caused Mercutio’s death because I wasn’t able to defend him.The text foreshadows Romeo’s murder of Tybalt.
What do the following lines foreshadow: “Romeo, away, be gone!The citizens are up, and Tybalt slain.Stand not amazed: the prince will doom thee death,If thou art taken: hence, be gone, away!” They foreshadow Romeo’s banishment from the city.
Who says these lines? Benvolio
What is the Prince’s loss? Mercutio is his loss, because he is the Prince’s cousin.
What does the Prince promise to do if Romeo is found? Romeo will be killed if he returns.
What is Juliet’s first reaction when learning of Tybalt’s death? – Grief and anger, conflicted – Starts to badmouth Romeo but stops herself- More concerned about Romeo than Tybalt, agnry at the Gods, if he is dead/killed himself she’ll kill herselft
What does the nurse think of men in general? Quote the lines that support your answer. She doesn’t trust them and she thinks they lie. “No faith, no honest in men. All perjured, all forsworn, all naught, all dissemblers.”
What is Juliet’s reaction when the nurse curses Romeo? Supply the quote that supports your answer. – defends Romeo, believes he is still a good person “back off he’s my husband”” He was not born to shame…”
Where is Romeo hiding? Friar Lawrence’s cell
Explain Romeo’s statement. “Tis torture, and not mercy.” Any life w/o Juliet isn’t worth living- he’d almost rather be dead
“A pack of blessings light upon thy back.” List the three blessings. 1. Romeo killed Tybalt instead of vice versa2. Banishment instead of death3. Juliet’s alive and still loves you
Juliet has a vision.Who does she see and what does she see? She sees Romeo in a grave.
What does Lady Capulet mean in the following lines?”Some grief shows much of love; But much of grief show still some want of wit.” If you show some grief, then that’s sincere and you really loved them. If you show insane amounts, you are stupid.
What are Capulet’s feelings towards his daughter when she refuses to take Paris for a husband? Quote the lines that support your answer. He’s very angry bc he sees Juliet as ungrateful, for Paris is a great husband
What is Capulet’s threat in lines 200-207? If you don’t marry Paris, I’ll disown you and you’ll be kicked out of the house.
Is Lady Capulet willing to intercede(to speak in favor of Juliet)? Quote She’s not- “I am done with thee.”
At the end of Act III, Scene v, where does Juliet go? Friar Lawrence’s cell, tells nurse she’s going to confess
If the Friar is not able to help, what does Juliet plan to do? Quote. She plans to kill herself if FL can’t help. “I’ll to the Friar to know his remedy. If all else fail, myself have power to die.”
Shakespeare was born in this year. 1564
His birthplace was in this English town. Stratford
Shakespeare was born in the same year as this playwright who wrote Tamburlaine and Dr. Faustus. Christopher Marlow
This queen reigned during most of Shakespeare’s life. Queen Elizabeth
Shakespeare’s troupe performed most of their plays in this playhouse built in 1599. Globe Theater/Globe Playhouse
This was Shakespeare’s mother’s maiden name. Mary-Ardon
This was Shakespeare’s wife’s maiden name. Anne Hathaway
Mr. and Mrs. William Shakespeare had how many children? 3 girls (son died)
This was the beautiful estate purchased by Shakespeare in 1597 in Stratford-upon-Avon. Great House of New Place
In 1592, 1603, and 1609 the theaters closed because of this. Bubonic Plague (Black Plague)
I was Shakespeare’s patron. Earl of Southampton
This was the # of actresses who performed in Shakespeare’s plays. 0 (all female roles played by men)
Shakespeare wrote how many sonnets? 154
This is what happened to the Globe Playhouse during a performance of King Henry VIII in 1613. It burned down
Besides writing histories and comedies, Shakespeare also wrote these. Tragedies
This is the number of male heirs that Shakespeare left. 0 (son died)
This is the year Shakespeare died. 1616 (born April 23, 1616 and died April 23, 1616)
Shakespeare was born and died on the same day, fifty-two years apart. Give the month and day. April 23
What is the missing word in the last line of Shakespeare’s epitaph? “And curst be he who moves my ____.” “And curst be he who moves my bones.”

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