Twelfth Night/Canterbury Tales IDs

Waxen Forms Wax is malleable. links to femininity in twelfth night when Olivia falls in love with Cesario.
Sataniad An epic poem from the Satan’s point of view. Suffix -iad comes from illiad where greeks try to colonize troy. In Paradise Lost Satan attempts to colonize the earth.
Honesty v. Truth Honesty is moral while someone can tell the truth without being moral. Used in the Pardoner’s tale as he tells the truth about himself being a crook but is immoral and dishonest otherwise.
Chaucerian Irony Used in Canterbury Tales in particular with the knight as he known to be a valiant knight but his entire resume is faked as it would be impossible for him to actually be in all of those battles at once. Also when chaucer claims everything is written in truth but the story rhymes.
Aptronymic Characters Characters whose characteristics are given away within their name. Sir Toby Belch, Malvolio, Sir Andrew Aguecheek are all examples of aptronymic characters.
Twinness This compliments the contained subversion in the sense that the twisted gender roles and homoerotic themes are disarmed by the fact that there is a male and female version of cesario to satisfy both each character.
Hymeneal Ending Twelfth night, any performance or story where it ends in marriage.
Divine Right of Kings God giving kings the right to rule. important to the plot of paradise lost as God represents the monarchy that milton wants to get rid of during the British civil war.
Sapience – Sapere Paradise lost , knowledge and tasting
Scatology v. Eschatology Bodily function v. Apocalypse- apocalypse is theme within the miller’s tale- brontology (study of thunder) – thunderous death fart ends world- proctolallia is to speak out of ones but. This is in making things up and flatulence.
“Legend and a Lyf” Tales of saints are often documentations of their lives with fictional aspects added to them. This way there is the legend while also factual details of the life. -Miller’s tale-Legend and a lyf of a carpenter and his wife-reference to Jospeh being cuckholded
Saturnalia Roman holiday of misrule-contained subversion-class roles switch-december-theme of twelfth night
Metatheater Twelfth Night, theater that recognizes itself as theater. -Maria and Malvolio-Prank made in order to entertain the audience-Speaking to the audience as audience members-Viola being a man dressed pretending to be a woman dressed as a man
Backstairs Characters -Twelfth Night-lower class characters directed towards lower class audience members-Sir Toby Belch and company
Upstairs Characters -Twelfth Night-Higher class characters directed towards the higher class audience members-Olivia, Orsino, Viola, etc.
Sumptuary Laws Laws that prohibited people from buying clothes that did not fit their class-exemptions: actors and fools
Paraklaus Barriers both metaphorical and literal-social class in particular with Malvolio and Olivia
Singularity Individuality-“Olivia’s” letter to Malvolio telling him to step away and separate himself from his social class -This form of individuality is not possible for those of the lower classes
Character Archetypes The typical situation that a character would being in and the characteristics and traits that they would exude. Plays into chaucerian irony because the characters do not fit their archetypes.
Theodicy Paradise Lost-Attempts to answer the question of why a good God would permits the manifestation of evil
Free will vs. Predestination Paradise lost-creates an answer to why God would allow the manifestation of evil -free will gives the chance to make one’s own choices and is not an oppressive way of ruling. -ties into monarchy where they are the absolute power
Felix Culpa Theodicy-reference to original sin-happy fall-act of sin-sin is the occasion for grace-to have good is to have evil
Quite Miller’s Tale-payback, reciprication
Decorum Miller’s Taleproper behavior within context
Cognitive Dissonance two ideas together that are inharmonious
Labelled Allegory Twelfth Night-Every character has function-character named after characteristics
pregnant enemy Twelfth Night-deception-pregnancy once needed to be hidden
verisimilar representation of reality that rings true
author-auctor-augere augere is to increaseused in the Canterbury tales authors elaborate not invent
Patterns of Reward Twelfth Night-Viola gets what she wanted-Everybody gets what they want
License and Liberty License = What’s allowedLiberty = going beyond what’s allowed
Adamiad Story of Adam
Eviad Story of Eve
noli altu m sapere Paradise Lost-Don’t try to know things on high
Confusio Mixture of elements to create chaos
Heterodox Paradise Lost -Not conforming with accepted or orthodox standards or beliefs-Story being from the point of view of Satan-God is the bad guy
Simony Canterbury Tales:The buying or selling of sacred truths for money-Pardoner selling pardons/indulgences-Pardons are fake
Conus/Cunus Conus = rabbit but sometimes confused with CunusCunus= Kunt (C)Pardoner’s Tale
Malus/Malum Malus = Evil Malum = Apple
Indentures Paradise Lost -Formal agreement or contract
The root of all evil is cupiditas Canterbury Tales-Radix malorum est cupiditas – Greed is the root of all evil-Pardon sells fake relics for money by using this theme-Ironic because he satisfied his own greed by preaching against greed

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