To Kill a Mockingbird chapter 12

Why do Jem and Scout go to church with Calpurnia? Where is Atticus? Atticus must leave out of town to work. Instead of leaving Scout and Jem unattended, she takes them to church with her. I also think that Calpurnia considers Scout and Jem her family.
Why is the church named First Purchase? It was paid for with the first earnings of freed slaves
Does Lula speak for the majority opinion in the congregation? Why does the author include her in the church scene? Lula resents Calpurnia bringing white children to their black church. Lula is bitter about life. She thinks segregation should be a two-way street,”You ain’t got no business bringing’ white chillun here – they got their church, we got our’n.” She doesn’t understand where Calpurnia is coming from and why the Finch kids are special. The congregation quickly push Lula out of the way and silence her. Zeebo says Lula was almost tossed out of the church for other reasons. Lee uses Lula as an example about how racism can work both ways. Lula dishes out the same racism that is inflicted on her. Racism does not belong to a particular group.
What is the crime that’s been charged against Tom Robinson? Tom has been accused of raping Bob Ewell’s daughter, Mayella.
Why can’t Helen Robinson work and support her three children? No one would give her a job because she is related to Tom Robinson and no one in Maycomb wants anything to do with Tom and his family.
During the church service, we find out that Calpurnia is one of the few African-American residents of Maycomb who can read. The children get to know Cal better during this Sunday and realize lots of things about her that they didn’t know, including that she’s older than they realized. Look closely at this passage: “But, Cal,” Jem protested, “you don’t look even near as old as Atticus.” “Colored folks don’t show their ages so fast,” she said. “Maybe because they can’t read…” What’s humorous or interesting about this short passage? The children learn that Calpurnia is able to bridge the distance between the black and white communities and easily fit into both. Calpurnia wouldn’t allow anyone to bully her because she brought the Finch children to church, she spoke differently with the people at church than she did in the Finch home because she didn’t want to seem uppity, and unlike most blacks, Cal had been taught to read. These things were all revelations to the children, and because of these revelations, Scout wanted to spend more time with Calpurnia in her own home environment. In this chapter, the children begin to really “know” the woman who cares for them.
What nasty surprise awaits the children at the very end of the chapter? They find Aunt Alexandra waiting on their porch.

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