TKAM Chapter 16 Review

What does Atticus mean when he says that Mr. Cunningham has “blind spots?” Prejudices
Describe the atmosphere before the trial. Why are the blacks and whites separated? It was a gala occasion (like a party). The races are separated because of segregation and also because of their view of the trial.
Who is Dolphus Raymond? He is a man that has mixed race children.
Although Atticus has been appointed to defend Tom, the people of Maycomb areagainst it. Why? He is a black man accused of a crime against a white woman.
Who helps the kids find a seat in the courtroom? Where do they sit? Reverend Sykes / In the balcony
How is the arrangement of the courtroom then different from modern courtrooms? It is not segregated today.
What memory come to mind as Scout is falling asleep and how does it make her feel? Atticus “calmly folding his newspaper and pushing back his hat became Atticus standing in the middle of an empty waiting street and of him was pushing up his glasses. The full meaning of the night’s events hit Scout and she began crying.
Why do the images make Scout cry? Scout cries because she suddenly realizes the extent of the danger that Atticus had been in as he faced the angry mob. Moreover, the images cause her to become conscious of the injustice inflicted upon her father: Atticus had bravely protected the town by killing the rabid dog; now he must defend himself from the menacing threats of some of the very same people he had so selflessly aided.
What surprising fact does Atticus reveal about Mr. Underwood at the breakfast table?What previously mentioned theme is emphasized by this information? Atticus says that Mr. Underwood “despises Negroes, won’t have one near him.” This may sound surprising because Mr. Underwood had protected Atticus at the jail the previous night, keeping watch on the mob from his window with a shotgun. However, his behavior emphasizes the theme that good and evil coexist in all people. Mr. Underwood may be a racist man, but he has at least one good quality: he is loyal to his friends. Additionally, in protecting Atticus from the mob, he essentially protected Tom Robinson as well.
What does Atticus say about mobs and men over the breakfast table? Mobs are made up of men and that men have “blind spots” about some things, meaning that they apparently are sometimes unable to see the wrongness of their actions.
What is the mood in the courthouse square on the first day of the trial? Festive. The square is packed with people. Children are playing, and everyone is eating and drinking as if they are having a picnic. As Scout notes, “It was a gala occasion.”
What is significant about Mr. Dolphus Raymond? He is white but prefers the company of black people. According to Jem, he has a black mistress and several children by her. Jem adds that Dolphus is a rich man and “from a real old family to boot.”
According to Jem, what are “mixed” children, and why are they sad? Half black and half white. Jem says they are sad because they do not belong anywhere: “Colored folks won’t have ’em because they’re half white; white folks won’t have ’em ’cause they’re colored, so they’re just in-betweens, don’t belong anywhere.”
Compare and contrast the behavior of the white spectators to that of the black spectators outside the courthouse. White people convey a more festive atmosphere, while the black people sit quietly in a far corner of the square. Scout notes, “There were few women and children among them (the black folks), which seemed to dispel the holiday mood.
How are blacks and whites segregated inside the courthouse? Where do Scout, Jem, and Dill end up sitting? Black people wait patiently behind the white people, letting them in first. Whites entering first take up the first floor. Blacks must sit up in the balcony in a section labeled “Colored.” They are led to the Colored section of the balcony by Reverend Sykes, where four black people generously give up their seats to Sykes and the children.
How does Scout describe the Maycomb County courthouse? According to her, what do the Greek revival columns and the old clock tower suggest about the people of Maycomb? A mixture of several different architectural elements suggests to Scout that the people of Maycomb are unwilling to let go of the past, a major concept in the novel. According to her description of the courthouse, “Greek revival columns clashed with a big nineteenth-century clock tower housing a rusty unreliable instrument, a view indicating a people determined to preserve every physical scrap of the past.”
Describe the members of the Idlers’ Club. What information does Scout get from them? What is it that confuses her? The Idlers’ Club is made up of a group of old men who have nothing better to do than hang around the courthouse critiquing the proceedings of the court. Scout learns that Atticus has been “Appointed” by the court to be Tom’s attorney, and is completely confused by the irrationality of what she hears from the men, in that they don’t actually want Atticus to “Defend” him.
What does Atticus mean when he says that Mr. Cunningham has “blind spots?” Prejudices
Describe the atmosphere before the trial. Why are the blacks and whites separated? It was a gala occasion (like a party). The races are separated because of segregation and also because of their view of the trial.
Who is Dolphus Raymond? He is a man that has mixed race children.
Although Atticus has been appointed to defend Tom, the people of Maycomb areagainst it. Why? He is a black man accused of a crime against a white woman.
Who helps the kids find a seat in the courtroom? Where do they sit? Reverend Sykes / In the balcony
What does he Atticus mean by the statement, “Maybe we need a police force of children…”? Refers to the events of the previous night, when Scout brought the angry mob to its senses. Atticus says her actions proved something—
What is contradictory or disturbing about the mood outside the courthouse just before the trial? While people eat, drink, and gossip, they appear to have lost sight of the real reason that has brought them to the square: a woman has been raped, and a man’s life hangs in the balance.

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