tkam ch 9

As the chapter begins, Scout is yelling at Cecil Jacobs, a boy at school. Why are they fighting? Cecil had announced in the schoolyard the previous day that “Scout Finch’s daddy defend[s] n*gger.”
How does the fight end? What makes Scout feel “noble”? Scout is so furious with Cecil for not taking back what he said that she is about to hit him. Then, she remembers what Atticus had told her.
Who is Atticus defending? What are people in the town saying about the case, and what is Atticus’s response to the gossip? Atticus is defending a black man named Tom Robinson. Some people in Maycomb are saying that Atticus should not be defending Robinson. Atticus tells Scout that if he did not defend the man, then he essentially would be disregarding his profession as a lawyer, as well as his own code of ethics.
When Scout asks Atticus if is he is going to win the case, he tells her, “No, honey.” She then asks him why he is taking on a case that cannot be won. What is his response, and what do you think he is referring to? Atticus says, “Simply because we were licked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to try to win.” Atticus is most likelyreferring to the deep-rooted racism in Maycomb County, which goes back hundreds ofyears.
As she describes the “internal arrangements” of the house at Finch’s Landing, Scout uses verbal irony (or sarcasm) to make a point about Simon Finch’s character. Explain her use of verbal irony and what she means to say about her ancestor. Scout says that the “internal arrangements of the Finch house were indicative of Simon’sguilelessness and the absolute trust with which he regarded his offspring.” At first, this makes the reader think that Simon Finch was a straightforward and honest man who trusted his children. However, when Scout continues, it is clear that she is being sarcastic. She explains that the bedrooms where the daughters had slept were accessible only by one staircase, while the son’s bedroom and the guest room could only be reached by a different staircase.
What does Francis say about Atticus? How do his comments illustrate that racism existsnot just in the other residents of Maycomb, but within the Finch family as well? Francis is not much older than Scout, and it is obvious that his racist remarks come directly from the adults around him. He is the grandson of Aunt Alexandra, Atticus’s sister.
How does Scout react to Francis’s taunts? What is the result of her action? Scout punches him. Uncle Jack punishes Scout by spanking her several times in front of everyone
How does Scout explain her behavior to Uncle Jack? According to her, what was unjust about the way he punished her? What does she then make him promise? Scout tells Uncle Jack what Francis said about Atticus. Jack now realizes that Francis was the one who started the fight and that Scout’s reasons for hitting him were understandable. Scout explains that Jack had acted unfairly when he punished her before getting all of thefacts. Scout makes Uncle Jack promise not to tell Atticus about the incident.
As Jack and Atticus talk together in the evening, Atticus says that Scout must “learn tokeep her head” in the next few months. Why is he concerned about her? With the trial coming up, it is likely that the children will hear many more unkind things said about their father.
What further information is provided about the Robinson case as the chapter comes to a close? What is Atticus’s plan regarding the case? Atticus reveals that the case involves the Ewells. His plan is to shock the jury.
Near the end of the chapter, Atticus refers to the ingrained racism among the residents of Maycomb. How does he describe racism in this passage? To what does he compare it? Atticus compares racism to a disease.
Scout ends the chapter with the words, “…I never figured out how Atticus knew I was listening, and it was not until many years later that I realized he wanted me to hear every word he said.” Why do you think Atticus wanted Scout to hear what he said during his conversation with Uncle Jack? Atticus knows that Scout might take his advice more seriously if it is not given directly.

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