THE TRAGEDY OF JULIUS CAESAR BY WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE: ACT 4

How do setting, time, and sequence impact the audience’s understanding of the plot? Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information:Setting identifies the location of a literary work. Time identifies the period or era in which a work takes place. Sequence tells the order of events. All of these details combined help the audience understand where the story occurs and in what order to predict other possible events in the story.
How much time has passed between the end of act 3 and the opening of act 4? In that time span between acts 3 and 4, what events occurred in ancient Rome? Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information:Almost two years pass between acts 3 and 4. In the two years after Caesar’s death, Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavius formed the Second Triumvirate. They also recruited an army that would take on Brutus and Cassius’ army.
Explain the significance of the ghost of Caesar to the plot of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information:The ghost of Caesar is an interesting plot point. Just as it foreshadows Brutus’ death by saying “thou shalt see me at Philippi,” it also makes Brutus and the audience question its existence. Is it truly a ghost or is Brutus’ imagination or conscience getting the better of him at a stressful time? As the play moves into act 5, the audience is prepared that something sinister may await Brutus due to the ghost’s omen.
Consider the conflicts below and answer the question that follows.1. Octavius vs. Mark Antony from act 4.12. Brutus vs. Cassius from act 4.3Choose one of the conflicts above. How does this conflict develop the plot of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar? Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information:Octavius vs. Mark Antony: Octavius and Mark Antony’s conflict shows Mark Antony’s increasing arrogance: he decides Lepidus is unworthy of his position. It also sets up disagreement between Octavius and Mark Antony, which continues through the play and history, leading to the final fall of the Roman Republic.Brutus vs. Cassius: This conflict highlights the stark contrast between Brutus and Cassius, particularly their ethics. Brutus criticizes Cassius for taking bribes, questioning if Caesar’s death was in vain if such behavior is acceptable. Their conflict also underlines the destruction of friendship, a core ideal of the Roman Republic, which occurs after Caesar’s death.
Read the excerpt below from act 4.3 of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar and answer the question that follows.BRUTUS:[To VARRUS, after seeing CAESAR’s Ghost]Fellow, thou, awake!VARRUS:My lord?CLAUDIO:My lord?BRUTUS:Why did you so cry out, sirs, in your sleep?VARRUS and CLAUDIO:Did we, my lord?BRUTUS:Ay. Saw you anything?VARRUS:No, my lord, I saw nothing.CLAUDIO:Nor I, my lord.BRUTUS:Go and commend me to my brother Cassius.How does the interaction between Brutus and his servants Varrus and Claudio develop the plot of act 4 of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar? Brutus asks the servants if they saw anything, and they agree that the ghost of Caesar has just been present.Brutus asks the servants if they saw anything to check if the ghost of Caesar was real.The servants alert Brutus to seeing a ghost.The servants tell Brutus that because he is seeing things, they no longer want to serve him. Brutus asks the servants if they saw anything to check if the ghost of Caesar was real.
Explain the ways that one interaction from act 4 between a major character and a minor character developed the plot of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information:Brutus and one of his servants, Lucius, Claudio, or Varrus: Brutus interacts with these servants to determine if Julius Caesar’s ghost is imagined or real.Brutus and Messala, the messenger: Brutus interacts with this messenger to discover that Mark Antony and Octavius’ army is advancing and strong.Brutus, Cassius, and the poet: The interaction between these men and the poet recollects the destruction of friendship and other ideals of the Republic.Mark Antony and Lepidus: Their interaction shows Mark Antony’s own pride and condescension as he questions Lepidus’ value in the Second Triumvirate.
“Dènouement” is another word for the __________ of a plot.falling actionexpositionresolutionclimax resolution
Which person is not a member of the Second Triumvirate?CaesarLepidusMark AntonyOctavius Caesar
Which statement is not a characteristic of the philosophy of stoicism?The gods determine a person’s fate, which must be accepted.Emotion is valued above reason.Logic and reason should overrule emotion.Choices should be made based on ethics and morals. Emotion is valued above reason.
At the end of act 4 of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, which component of plot structure has not been entirely revealed?falling actionclimaxexpositionresolution resolution
How do the interactions between major and minor characters in act 4 develop the plot of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar?The audience learns about the assassination plot against Caesar and the role each major character will play in the assassination.The audience learns about the soothsayer’s prophecy and Calpurnia’s dream, both of which are meant to protect Caesar from the assassination plot.The audience learns about the effects of Mark Antony’s and Brutus’ funeral speeches and the effects they had on the people.The audience learns about the trouble within the Second Triumvirate, the breakdown of Brutus and Cassius’ friendship, and Octavius’ troops being strong and ready to fight Brutus’ army. The audience learns about the trouble within the Second Triumvirate, the breakdown of Brutus and Cassius’ friendship, and Octavius’ troops being strong and ready to fight Brutus’ army.
Read the excerpt below from act 4.1 of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar and answer the question that follows.ANTONY:This is a slight, unmeritable man,Meet to be sent on errands. Is it fit . . . [H]e should standOne of the three to share [the Roman Republic]?OCTAVIUS:So you thought him,And took his voice who should be pricked to die . . . .You may do your will;But he’s a tried and valiant soldier.How does Mark Antony and Octavius’ fight about the value of Lepidus develop the plot of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar?Their fight shows that they are united and supportive of each other’s choices.Their fight shows that they both really like Lepidus.Their fight shows that they both do not like Lepidus.Their fight develops Mark Antony’s arrogance and sets up disagreement between Mark Antony and Octavius. Their fight develops Mark Antony’s arrogance and sets up disagreement between Mark Antony and Octavius.
Read the excerpt below from act 4.3 of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar and answer the question that follows.BRUTUS:Remember March; the ides of March remember.Did not great Julius bleed for justice’ sake?What villain touched his body that did stab,And not for justice? What, shall one of us,That struck the foremost man of all this worldBut for supporting robbers, shall we nowContaminate our fingers with base bribes . . . ?Based on this excerpt, why is Brutus angry with Cassius?Brutus is disappointed that Cassius has not taken more bribes; that’s why they murdered Caesar—for money.They murdered Caesar for “justice’ sake,” but now Cassius acts unjustly by taking bribes.Brutus wants Cassius to take bribes so that he can become the next ruler of Rome.Brutus wants Cassius to bribe others to rob Mark Antony and Octavius so they can have Caesar’s money. They murdered Caesar for “justice’ sake,” but now Cassius acts unjustly by taking bribes.
Read the excerpt below from act 4.1 of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar and answer the question that follows.LEPIDUS:Upon condition Publius shall not live,Who is your sister’s son, Mark Antony.ANTONY:He shall not live. Look, with a spot I damn him.But Lepidus, go you to Caesar’s house; Fetch the will hither . . . .What does the interaction between Lepidus and Mark Antony reveal about Mark Antony?Mark Antony is kind to Lepidus and sees him as his equal.Mark Antony is willing to kill his own nephew to gain more political power.Mark Antony wants to protect his family, especially his nephew, whom he believes to be in trouble.Mark Antony is kind to the people of Rome and is concerned more with the good of Rome than with himself. Mark Antony is willing to kill his own nephew to gain more political power.
Read the excerpt below from act 4.3 of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar and answer the question that follows.MESSALA:For certain, [Portia] is dead, and by strange manner.BRUTUS:Why, farewell, Portia. We must die, Messala.With meditating that she must die once,I have patience to endure it now.Which value does Brutus illustrate in his reaction to his wife, Portia’s, death?stoicismrhetoricpathosgrief stoicism
Which character is not considered major in The Tragedy of Julius Caesar?BrutusMark AntonyLuciusCassius Lucius
In act 4.1, what was Antony’s reason for sending Lepidus to Caesar’s house?Antony sent Lepidus to get Caesar’s will so that he could figure out what Caesar left for him.Antony sent Lepidus to get the hit list he and Caesar created and start to take action on it.Antony sent Lepidus to get Caesar’s will so that he could figure out ways to pay less money than Caesar promised.Antony sent Lepidus to get the hit list he and Caesar created so that Antony can replace it with the one they have just made. NOT Antony sent Lepidus to get Caesar’s will so that he could figure out what Caesar left for him.
Which character is not considered minor in The Tragedy of Julius Caesar?LuciusMessalaClaudioBrutus Brutus
Read the excerpt below from act 4.3 of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar and answer the question that follows.BRUTUS:Messala, I have here receivèd lettersThat young Octavius and Mark AntonyCome down upon us with a mighty power,Bending their expedition toward Philippi.MESSALA:Myself have letters of the selfsame tenor.How does the interaction in the excerpt above develop the plot of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar?It tells the audience that Messala has brought news of Caesar’s death.It tells the audience that Octavius’ troops are weak and will not engage Brutus’ army in battle.It tells the audience that Messala is the new ruler of Rome.It tells the audience that a battle will occur before the play is over. It tells the audience that a battle will occur before the play is over.
Read the excerpt below from act 4.3 of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar and answer the question that follows.BRUTUS:O Cassius, I am sick of many griefs.CASSIUS:Of your philosophy you make no use,If you give place to accidental evils.BRUTUS:No man bears sorrow better. Portia is dead. . . .[S]he fell distraught,And, her attendants absent, swallowed fire. . . .Speak no more of her. Give me a bowl of wine.In this I bury all unkindness, Cassius. . . .CASSIUS:Portia, art thou gone?BRUTUS:No more, I pray you.Messala, I have here receivèd letters, . . .How is Brutus’ reaction to Portia’s suicide an example of the philosophy of stoicism? Brutus is overwhelmed by emotion and cries because stoics value emotion over reason. Rather than being overwhelmed with emotion by her death, Brutus controls his emotions in typical stoic fashion and continues planning his military strategy against Octavius. Brutus refuses to continue planning the military strategy because stoics believe that another person’s death is not fate but a cruel consequence of life. Brutus feels nothing regarding Portia’s death, which is a stoic value. Rather than being overwhelmed with emotion by her death, Brutus controls his emotions in typical stoic fashion and continues planning his military strategy against Octavius.
Analyze the diagram below and answer the question that follows. http://media.edgenuity.com/evresources/2094873_2.pngWhich of following choices correctly labels the missing numbers in the above diagram?1: Act 3.2: Exposition; 2: Act 4-5: Resolution1: Act 3.2-4: Falling Action; 2: Act 5: Resolution1: Act 5: Falling Action; 2: Act 5: Resolution1: Act 4: Falling Action; 2. Act 3: Climax 1: Act 3.2-4: Falling Action; 2: Act 5: Resolution
Which statement is an example of internal conflict?Brutus questions if he is seeing things when he meets Caesar’s ghost.Octavius and Mark Antony disagree over Lepidus’ involvement in the triumvirate.Brutus and Cassius fight over Cassius taking bribes.Brutus’ and Octavius’ armies prepare for battle. Brutus questions if he is seeing things when he meets Caesar’s ghost.
How do setting, time, and sequence help an audience understand the plot?by telling them which characters have internal conflictby telling them the definitions of difficult words in the textby identifying where, when, and in what order events occurby identifying which characters are involved in which events by identifying where, when, and in what order events occur
Read the excerpt below from act 4.3 of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar and answer the question that follows.BRUTUS:[After seeing the ghost of CAESAR]He thinks he still is at his instrument.—Lucius, awake!LUCIUS:My lord.BRUTUS:Didst thou dream, Lucius, that thou so cried’st out?LUCIUS:My lord, I do not know that I did cry.BRUTUS:Yes, that thou didst. Didst thou see anything?LUCIUS:Nothing, my lord.BRUTUS:Sleep again, Lucius.—Sirrah Claudio!How does the interaction between Brutus and his servant Lucius develop the plot of act 4 of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar?Brutus asks Lucius if he cried out during his sleep to check if he imagined the ghost of Caesar.Brutus asks Lucius to help him plan his military strategy against Octavius.Brutus assures a frightened Lucius that the ghost of Caesar is not real and sends him back to bed.Brutus and Lucius share the vision, fear the ghost of Caesar, and try to comfort one another back to sleep. Brutus asks Lucius if he cried out during his sleep to check if he imagined the ghost of Caesar.

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