The Tempest Critics

Magic
Russel: Illusion/Magic The whole play is indeed a succession of illusions.Links: ArielProspero and his power planMiranda’s freedom
Warton: Fantasy We are transported into a fairy-land.Links: Prospero’s magic controlling the islandAriel as non-human
Moulton: Civilisation The gift of civilisation is turned into a curse.Links: Caliban learning to speakProspero’s abuse of power – Caliban + Ariel
Kermode: Miranda Miranda is inexperienced but not naive.Links: Prospero’s control over MirandaMiranda’s love for Ferdinand
Thompson: Miranda being weak An extremely feeble heroine.Links: Prospero’s power over herHer harsh response to Caliban?Love at first sight with Ferdinand
Brett: Miranda’s freedom “It could be argued that Miranda’s apparent freedom is entirely illusionary”
Dr Johnson: Shakespeare’s heroes/Men [Shakespeare’s] heroes are all menLinks: Island all men, apart from MirandaMiranda under Prospero’s powerProspero in charge
Caliban
Coleridge: Caliban’s nature Caliban is in some respects a noble being.Links: Prospero’s treatment of CalibanCaliban’s treatment of Miranda?
Clark: Caliban slave Caliban’s nature is that of a slave.Links: Prospero’s treatment of himHis ability to speak?Productions: clothing in
Trevor G. Griffiths: Caliban “Caliban is lost without the civilising influence exerted on him by Prospero”
Prospero
Daniel: Prospero’s art “Prospero’ art is to achieve supremacy over the natural world by holy magic”
Production: Helen Mirren Prospero = womanMore comforting side of ProsperoMore female influenceMiranda not the only woman

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