The Tempest: Context and Critics:

How is the fact that the storm also establishes the social order and then also throws it away somewhat ignored? Lower class characters not given names – just titles
How does the 2013 Globe show the tempest? small wooden boats traveled through the audience to introduce an element of interactiveness. Moreover, the costume immediately establishes the great chain of being in stage
Act 1 Scene 1: small wooden boats traveled through the audience to introduce an element of interactiveness. Moreover, the costume immediately establishes the great chain of being in stage. What production? 2013 Globe Production
What does the frankness and disobedience that Miranda displays to her father when meeting Ferdinand mirror? Juliet’s behaviour
What type of critic is Ann Thompson? Feminist
When did Ann Thompson write about the Tempest? 1991
What did Ann Thompson (1991) focus on? the absence of female characters
What critic focuses on the absence of female characters? Ann Thompson (1991)
What does Ann Thompson (1991) argue that the play is obsessed with? argues that the play is obsessed with themes of chastity and fertility. E.g Gonzalo calls the ship ‘As leaky as an unstanched wench’
What critic argues that the play is obsessed with themes of chastity and fertility? Anne Thompson (1991)
What contrast does Ann Thompson (1991) note? the contrast between innocent Miranda and the vile sexually promiscuous Sycorax
What critic notes the contrast between innocent Miranda and the vile sexually promiscuous Sycorax? Anne Thompson (1991)
What power does Ann Thompson (1991) argue Prospero stole? the matriarchal power of Sycorax previously by reinforcing patriarchal imperialism. Oppresses the indigenous women
What critic argues that Prospero forcibly replaced the matriarchal power of Sycorax previously by reinforcing patriarchal imperialism? Ann Thompson (1991)
How does the 2013 Globe production present Miranda? Her innocence is something to laugh at
Miranda’s innocence is displayed as something to laugh at. What production? 2013 Globe production
How are Miranda and Propsero positioned in Act 1 Scene 2 when Prospero tells of their backstory in the 2013 Globe production? Miranda moves around a lot thus suggesting that she’s uneasy and Prospero is positioned far higher than she is
Act 1, Scene 2: Miranda moves around a lot thus suggesting that she’s uneasy and Prospero is positioned far higher than she is. What production? 2013 Globe production
How does Ariel enter the stage in Act 1 Scene 2 in the 2013 Globe Production? Ariel enters the stage with a jump in an alien like costume all in white (represents air) when everyone else is in earthy tones
Act 1 Scene 2: Ariel enters the stage with a jump in an alien like costume all in white (represents air) when everyone else is in earthy tones. What production? 2013 Globe production
How is Caliban’s physically presented in the 2013 Globe Production? Caliban is painted red – satanic associations
In what production is Caliban is painted red? 2013 Globe Production
How does Caliban treat the audience in Act 1 Scene 2 in the 2013 Globe Production? is rude to audience by pushing them
What is the significance of punctation when Miranda describes the storm? lots of full stops when describing the storm – gasping – lots of emotion
What does critic William Haselot argue that Prospero did to Caliban? Prospero had ‘usurped’ Caliban
What critic (and when) argued that Prospero ‘usurped’ Caliban? Critic William Haselot, 1818
What did critic Ania Looma (1989) say of Caliban’s attempted rape of Miranda? ‘an unpardonable offence, but one the was fated to commit’ due to the horrific belief ‘that sexual violence is part of the black man’s inferior nature’
What critic (and when) argued that Caliban’s attempted rape of Miranda was ‘an unpardonable offence, but one the was fated to commit’ due to the horrific belief ‘that sexual violence is part of the black man’s inferior nature’? Ania Looma, 1989
Where is Gonzalo’s utopian speech borrowed from? an essay by Montaigne, Of the Caniballes
What did the essay ‘Of the Caniballes’ by Montaigne argue? those who he met travelling to the ‘New World’ were uncorrupted by modern European Civilisation
What piece of work greatly influenced and characterised Shakespeare’s villainous characters e.g Antonio and Sebastian? Machiavelli, The Prince
When was Charles Darwin’s Origin of the Species published? 1859
What was published in 1859? Charles Darwin’s Origin of the Species
What shift did Ania Loomba (1989) notice in the presentation of Caliban in productions? after the publication of Charles Darwin’s Origin of the Species in 1859 the way in which Caliban was presented on stage shifted to be ape-like – racist portrayal
How is Antonio dressed in Act 2 Scene 2 in the 2013 Globe Production? What is the significance of this? Antonio is dressed in extremely flamboyant clothes and thus perhaps suggests hope to overthrow the king
In what production is Antonio dressed in extremely flamboyant clothes and thus perhaps suggests hope to overthrow the king? 2013 Globe Production
How is Gonzalo’s costume presented in the RSC 2017 production? Gonzalo is in far less fancy clothes (than the other nobles) perhaps alluding to the disregard of European status expressed in his utopian speech
In what production is Gonzalo is in far less fancy clothes (than the other nobles) perhaps alluding to the disregard of European status expressed in his utopian speech? RSC 2017 Production
What is the comedy in Act 2 Scene 2 like? knockabout humour typical of the commedia dell’arte -> suppose to appeal to all classes but specifically lower
In Act 2 Scene 2, how do Trinculo and Stephano speak? speak in prose, as they are ‘commoners’ -> their diction (word choice) is colloquial and syntax is uncomplicated
What position is Prospero in during Act 3 Scene 1 as Miranda and Ferdinand fall in love (logs scene) in the 2013 Globe Production? Prospero watches from a height above Ferdinand and Miranda – Power!
How is Caliban positioned in the 2013 Globe Production as he drinks in Act 3 Scene 2? Caliban squats on rock – Animalistic stance
Who does Caliban decide to worship? Why? Stephano probably because he dispenses the wine
What happens to the banquet in Act 3 Scene 3 in the 2013 Globe Production? fire bursts out of the table on the arrival of Ariel
In what production does fire burst out of the table on the arrival of Ariel in Act 3 Scene 3? 2013 Globe Production
What does the banquet in Act 3 Scene 3 provoke similarities to? Macbeth and Judas’ Last Supper
How is the table in the Act 3 Scene 3 presented in the Judy Taymor film production? appears to be lit by heaven -> subversion of religion
In what production is the table of Act 3 Scene 3 seen to be lit by heaven? the Judy Taymor film production
How is Ariel as a harpy presented in the Judy Taymor film production? he is completely black -> even his teeth -> Are his words evil? – power in words. He is also massive!
In what production is Ariel as the Harpy completely black -> even his teeth? the Judy Taymor film production
What three mystical goddesses are summoned for the masque? Iris, Ceres and Juno
What is the role of Iris? A divine messenger identified with the rainbow. She joins heaven and earth, bring the instructions and blessings of Zeus and Hera to humanity.
What is the role of Ceres? (Roman name for the Greek Demeter) is the goddess of earthly fertility, and hence the harvest. Her blessing would confer children, prosperity and fulfillment
What is the role of Juno? (Roman name for the Greek Hera, wife of Zeus) is the queen of the gods. Her month June is considered the best for weddings
What goddesses are absent from the masque? Vensus (the goddess of sexual love) and Cupid
What has happened to Miranda by Act 4 Scene 1? Miranda in many ways lost her voice – now Ferdinand speaks for her
How do the goddesses of the masque speak? Effect? rhyming couplets – romanticism
Who argues that Ariel’s comment on pitying the nobles is what finally moves Prospero to forgive the sinners? Director Trevor Nunn
What does Director Trevor Nunn say of Ariel? argues that Ariel’s comment on pitying the nobles is what finally moves Prospero to forgive the sinners
What does Shakespeare roughly translate for Prospero’s speech in Act 5 Scene 1? a passage from Ovid, originally spoken by witch Medea -> association with black magic
Where does Prospero look when delivering his Act 5 speech in the 2013 Globe production? Effect? The Heavens -> seeking repentance?
How is Prospero’s epilogue speech spoken? Significance? rhyming couplets -> same as used for spells and incarnations
What does Colin McGinn argue about Prospero’s feelings when telling Miranda about their past? he displays ‘a notable anxiety of attention… that his intended audience will not be interested in what he has to say’
Who says that when explaining his backstory Prospero holds ‘a notable anxiety of attention… that his intended audience will not be interested in what he has to say’? Colin McGinn
What does critic Colin McGinn argue about Ariel? He is ‘the creative spirit in the artist’ and therefore is representative of Prospero’s imagination
Who argues that Ariel is ‘the creative spirit in the artist’ and therefore is representative of Prospero’s imagination? Colin McGinn
In what production does Ariel come across as quite resentful? 1993-94 RSC Beale production
What does Psychologist Carl Jung argue about Caliban? He is Prospero’s ‘Shadow’ – the part of himself he finds unacceptable and projects
Who argues that Caliban is is Prospero’s ‘Shadow’ – the part of himself he finds unacceptable and projects? Psychologist Carl Jung
What is a Renaissance Magus? In Renaissance culture a Magus is someone who understands the cosmos and man’s place within it. This knowledge is gained principally through study.

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