Aspects of real places -Mediterranean: on the way from Africa-Ariel fetches water from Bermuda-Triculo thinks he has been a dead Indian-Setebos (caliban’s God) is from South Africa
Prospero -Artist/King+white magician- moral ends+Autocrat+Conjuror of visions+God- tests people and reedeems them-Only has power on the island- must complete actions there-Bad qualities- Arrogant, angry, self-pity, racist, sexist, jealous, over-protective, seeking revenge (initially)-Source of Prospero’s power-Watches everything that happens, with help from Ariel, and manipulates events-Getting back to Milan means becoming a ruler again-Maintaining rule over the island-Marrying off Miranda to a political enemy-Ariel was enslaved, freed, enslaved, freed
Prospero’s Illusions -Test designed to make men face their true natures-Only the loyal and true man (Gonzalo) notices that things are an illusion- after the shipwreck nothing torn or ruined-Wedding Illusion- Ceres, Iris and Juno promise fruitful and happy marriage
Visitors of the Island represent decadent Milan-Knig Alonzo and his retinue (Sebastian, Antonio)- guilty of usuption, attempted murder, conspiracy- refuse to accept the island’s magic; Gonzalo- understands the magic; sees good in things-Ferdinand- innocent-Stephano/Trinculo- comic foils satirizing Sebastian and Antonio
Colonialization -Prospero imposes Western morality on the island-Control the natives Caliban, Ariel-Trinculo and Sebastian want to exploit Caliban for money b/c he is a freak-Getting Caliban drunk- corrupting power of Europe over native lands
Shipwreck -Death by Water=rebirth/redemption
Love Story -Both are young, innocent, blameless-Prospero makes believe he is disapproved to blind the lovers more closely together-Ferdinand is compared to Caliban-also a suitor for Miranda- Ferdinand must wait for consummation; Caliban tried to rape her
Caliban -Sympatheitic or not: rapist-Child of nature- the natural man grown up without the rules of civilization-Child of witch, but natural King of the Island-Hates civilization b/c it has nothing good to teach him- language only allowed him to curse better-Caliban is enslaved 2 times: once agianst his will and once with his consent
Romance part comedy/ rate tragedy/ part masque- not based on anything but imagination- Coleridge
Autobiography -Prospero: playwrighter- in control of all that happens in the story
1623 Folio text has very few corrections, changes, and errors
Performed 1611, 1613 at Court of King james- wedding masque added as celebration of the wedding- probably performed before though
not popular in day very popular since; most popular in historical colonized countries
masque court entertainment with singing, dancing, acting, elaborate costumes, (masks) and staging- highly reguarded and created by the best playwrights of the time
Background Sources Virginia Company Shipwreck (1609) all but one ship saved from a storm and those men showed up in bermuda, written in a letter by William Strachey: Aeneid (Of the Cannibals” Montaigne (translated 1603); Medea in Ovid’s metamorphasis
Very ellaborate stage directions -Special effects, special costumes; increased musical interludes
Love at First sight -elizabethans thought that eyebeams went from the eyes of one lover to another, causing them to fall in love instantly
Themes -master/Servant and Parent/Child-Colonization: incomes vs natives-loss/ recovery-Legitimate ruler vs. usurper
Questions to ask Why plot to kill king? they are ship wreckedAlonzo sympathetic b/c he thinks Ferdinand’s death is karma for exciling Prospero?Why doesnt Antonio repentIs it wronfg for prospero to manipulate everyone?What happens to Ariel? Does he exist with the illusionist gone?

You Might Also Like