the tempest

Whom does Caliban mistake for one of Prospero’s spirits sent to torment him trinculo
What was Prospero’s title before his position was usurped and he was forced to flee Italy? duke of milan
From which country is Alonso’s ship returning when it is caught in the tempest? tunis
How long have Prospero and Miranda been on their island? 12 years
What was the name of Caliban’s mother? sycorax
Over how many days does the action of The Tempest take place? 1
Which mythical figures appear in the wedding masque Prospero stages for Miranda and Ferdinand? ceres, iris, juno
prospero’s brother antonio
sebastian’s brother alonso
What do we see Miranda and Ferdinand doing in the play’s final scene playing chess
What shape does Ariel assume at the magical banquet in Act III, scene iii harpy
What do Prospero and Ariel set out as bait for Caliban, Trinculo, and Stephano “glistening apparel”
What does Caliban say must be done before Prospero can be killed? books must be seized
alonso’s daughter claribel
What does Prospero give as his reason for treating Caliban badly? caliban attempted to rape miranda
Who helped Prospero and Miranda to flee Italy gonzalo
Where does Ariel put the mariners and Boatswain after the tempest? asleep in ship in the harbor
where did sycorax imprison ariel in a cloven pine
What task are both Caliban and Ferdinand forced to perform carrying wood
Who persuades Sebastian to try to kill Alonso antonio
What does Prospero intend to “drown” after he has reconciled with his enemies his book
What does Caliban say is his “chief profit” from learning language? he knows how to curse
Which characters do Stephano and Trinculo most clearly parody? antonio and sebastian
What is the final task Prospero orders Ariel to perform give the fleet calm seas on its return to italy
We are told that one of the following characters has visited England. Which one? trinculo
The traditional description for the genre of The Tempest: romance
Says: “You taught me language, and my profit on’t/Is I know how to curse” caliban
significant symbols music, storm, magic
Says: “The rarer action is/In virtue than in vengeance.” prospero
a remorseless brother: antonio
essential tools for prospero’s magic: robe, staff, book
Said: “O brave new world that has such people in it!” miranda
Significant themes in The Tempest: Divestiture, Reconciliation, and Forgiveness
Which three characters were involved in an attempt to usurp a rightful ruler? trinculo, alonso, antonio
Favors a Utopian society with all things held in common: gonzalo
“those are pearls that were his eyes. nothing of him that doth fade. but doth suffer a sea change. into something rich and strange” ariel- song about drowned father and regenerative cycle. and leads in ferdinand to prospero when singing
“i the commonwealth i would by contraries execute all things for no kind of traffic. would i admit no name magistrate, letters should not be known; riches, poverty, and use of service, non; contract, succession gonzalo- talking about what he would do if he ruled island
“nimble marmoset” -caliban–small monkey (shows sensitivity to natural beauty)
abhorred slave, born devil on who nature and nurture cannot stick, thing of darkness (prospero) caliban
says “insubstantial pageant faded” prospero
says “then to the elements be free, and fare thou well” ariel
says “You taught me language, and my profit on’tIs I know how to curse. The red plague rid youFor learning me your language! caliban- to prospero and miranda
says “There be some sports are painful, and their labourDelight in them sets off. Some kinds of basenessAre nobly undergone, and most poor mattersPoint to rich ends. This my mean taskWould be as heavy to me as odious, butThe mistress which I serve quickens what’s deadAnd makes my labours pleasures” ferdinand to miranda about doing work for her is bearable
says “[I weep] at mine unworthiness, that dare not offerWhat I desire to give, and much less takeWhat I shall die to want. But this is trifling,And all the more it seeks to hide itselfThe bigger bulk it shows. Hence, bashful cunning,And prompt me, plain and holy innocence.I am your wife, if you will marry me.If not, I’ll die your maid. To be your fellowYou may deny me, but I’ll be your servantWhether you will or no” miranda declares love to ferdinand
says “be not afeard. The isle is full of noises,Sounds, and sweet airs, that give delight and hurt not.Sometimes a thousand twangling instrumentsWill hum about mine ears, and sometime voicesThat, if I then had waked after long sleepWill make me sleep again; and then in dreamingThe clouds methought would open and show richesReady to drop upon me, that when I wakedI cried to dream again” Caliban’s explanation to Stephano and Trinculo of mysterious music that they hear by magic.
says “Our revels now are ended. These our actors,As I foretold you, were all spirits, andAre melted into air, into thin air;And, like the baseless fabric of this vision,The cloud-capped towers, the gorgeous palaces,The solemn temples, the great globe itself,Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve;And, like this insubstantial pageant faded,Leave not a rack behind. We are such stuffAs dreams are made on, and our little lifeIs rounded with a sleep” The sadness in the tone of the speech seems to be related to Prospero’s surprising forgetfulness at this crucial moment in the play: he is so swept up in his own visions, in the power of his own magic, that for a moment he forgets the business of real life.
shakespeare’s farewell -S identifies with prospero, ends career as he ends career as magician.-and distillation of many elements of previous works.
motifs: magic, storm, music, disguise, parent child, brother conflicts
arc of play anger that prosper feels and his attempt to seek revenge on thosse those who attempted to kill him and wronged him
themes: nature vs. nurture, pastoral world of island vs. urban world of naples, chastity, divestiture,
sebastian and antonio view gonzalo as: soft hearted fool, naive
prospero in pursuit of knowledge– magical knowledge makes him very powerful. and chief power learned from books. -rules as artist king over imaginary world and promotes renewed faith in goodness-creates illusion of loss to test enemies and makes them reveal true selves-responsibilites cause him to behave magisterially and be resented by spirits of isle
miranda -compassionate, generous, loyal, passive heroine, speaks up about sexuality. nonjudgmental and naive perceptions of others
ariel -spirit helper to prospero-creature of nature, not part of humanity-mischievous and ubiquitous -travels at speed of light and changes shapes at will-controls elements to create illusion-longs to be free
caliban -servant to prospero-dark and earthy slave-son of dead sycorax and believes island rightfully belongs to him and prospero stole it-coarse and brutal speech and behavior-referred to as monster-taught lang and manners from prospero-connects w/ stephano and trinculo-born evil and part of humanity -books are enemy and wants to destroy in attempt at rebellion
ferdinand son and heir of alonso-represents link bw 2 worlds. -young, innocent and hopeful
alonso -king of naples/sicily, father of ferdinant, brother to sebastian-helped antonio unseat prospero-both sides of evil and good
antonio prospero’s brother and usurping duke of milan-power hungry and foolish
sebastian alonso’s bro-aggressive and coward-attempts to kill alonso-malicious and corrup but clear headed intentions-thinks people essentially corrupt
gonzalo -old, honest lord-altruistic, charitable, idealistic view of world-wants socialists heaven for everyone to share equally-believes in goodness of human nature
trinculo -drunk and stupid-jester-foil to stephano
stephano -drunken butler, foil to trinculo
boatswain -only in 1st and last scene-good natured-demands pratical help in shipwreck. awaken from long sleep at end
shakespeare’s farewell- has many elements -romantic comedy: magic, supernatural, love, reconcilliation-history problem-tragedy-revenge vs forgiveness-redemption
multiple plots: 3 -antonio gonzalo and sebastion and alonso: killing of alonso-calivan, stephano and trinculo: join forces to kill prospero-ferdinand and miranda: marriage and unity
symbols staff, robe/clothes, book
motifs -magic, storm, music, disguise, parent/child, brother conflicts
themes divestiture, reconilliaton, forgiveness, nature vs nurture, pastoral vs urban, chastity, anti colonial, imagination vs reason, illusion vs reality, actor vs audience, prospero vs shakespeare

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