The Odyssey: Webquest

Muses 9 goddesses of inspiration in literature, science, and the arts. Daughters of Zeus.
Zeus God of the sky and lightening; king of the gods
Helios God of the Sun ; The personification of the Sun. He is one of the Titans. Odysseus killed some of his cattle and he was extremely angry
Aeolus Keeper of the winds, son of Hippotes. In the Odyssey, he gives Odysseus a bag of winds that could take them home . But when Odysseus men think the bag is full of riches, they open it and the ship is blown crazily.
Athena Goddess of wisdom, purposeful battle, and womanly arts. Favors Odysseus. She is the daughter of Zeus and helps both Odysseus and Telemachus
Poseidon god of the sea. He is Odysseus antagonist, and tries to keep him from getting home
Laertes Odysseus’ father
Odysseus The protagonist of the Odyssey. He fought in Troy and is returning home to his kingdom is Ithaca. Known for his cleverness
Penelope Wife of Odysseus; mother of Telemachus. She is known for her faithfulness
Telemachus Son of Odysseus and Penelope; lacks confidence, but has a good heart
Tiresias Theban prophet in the Underworld, He shows Odysseys how to return to Ithaca
Calypso Beautiful nymph who captures and falls in love with Odysseus
Circe Beautiful enchantress who holds Odysseus and his men captive
Cyclops One-eyed monster wounded by Odysseus
Sirens Beauties who seduce men with their singing
Scylla Man-eating, six-headed monster
Charybdis Whirlpool that sinks ships
Ithaca Odysseus’ home island (Greek island)
Underworld Place where souls go after death (afterlife)
Epic Poem Long, serious narrative about a hero
Epic Hero Brave, noble character in an epic poem
Hubris Excessive pride or self confidence (arrogance)
Apollo god of music. He is also known for his task of moving the sun across the sky. He tried to help Odysseus get home
Antinous The most arrogant of Penelope’s suitors. He wants Telemachus killed.
Eumaeus First mortal that Odysseus meets after returning to Ithaca. He is a shepherd and helps Odysseus reclaim his throne
Eurylochus Second in command of Odysseus ship, very cautios
Nausicaa Daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians. She finds Odysseus on the beach and ensures his safety and amenity at her parents palace
Melanthius Treacherous and opportunistic goatherd, supports the suitors, abuses the Odysseus when he disguises as a beggar
Argos Odysseus faithful dog
Cyclops/Polyphemus Was the giant son of Poseidon, one of the Cyclopes described in the Odyssey.
Lotus Eaters Were a race of people living on an island dominated by lotus plants
Aeaea mythological island was the home of the sorceress Circe
Olympus – The dwelling of the Olympian Gods
Troy Setting for Homer’s Iliad in which he recounts the final year of the Trojan War

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