The Odyssey: Part One Study Guide

Odysseus The main character/epic hero of the Odyssey
Telemachus Odysseus’ son
Athena Goddess of wisdom and war, helps Odysseus over the Cyclops
Polyphemus Son of Poseidon, the Cyclops that Odysseus and his men blind, curses Odysseus and prays against him to poseidon
Poseidon God of the sea, curses Odysseus’ travel home to Ithica
Elpenor Crewmate that dies and meets Odysseus and his men in Hades
Calypso Sea of Nymph who keeps Odysseus on her island as she tries to make him fall in love with her
Laertes Odysseus’ father
Circe Enchantress goddess, sends Odysseus to the Land of The Dead with a warning about the sirens and the cattle of the sun of god
Scylla Six-headed sea monster who lives near the whirlpool Charybdis; she eats six of Odysseus’ men
Helios The sun of god whose cattle Odysseus’ men slaughter against his warning
The Sirens Creatures who tempt Odysseus and his men with their voice
The Lotus Eaters Offer the Lotus plant to Odysseus’ men that makes them forget their homeland
Invocation a petition for help or support
Epic Simile A long extended comparison
Allusion a reference to a work of literature in another piece of literature
myths traditional stories told through generations about cultural beliefs, customs, and/or religions
narrative a story told
Epithet word or phrase that characterizes a persons nature
Muses nine sisters, goddess of the fine arts
Epic a long narrative poem
Epic hero main character in an epic
simile comparison using like or as
Monster of the grey rock scylla
overlord of high noon helios
Raider of cities odysseus
Eater of guests polyphemus
Where is Odysseus’ home Ithica
What happened at the land of Cicones the men fought and took women and children; many of Odysseus’ men died in battle
Why is the lotus plant so dangerous it makes men forget about home; has characteristics of addictive drug
How does Odysseus get his men out of the land of the lotus eaters drags them out and ties them to the ship
How do we know that Cyclopes are uncivilized they dont have laws, dont farm, dont have community meetings
What does it say about Odysseus that he wanted to stay at the Cyclops’ island he is prideful, curious, take risks, etc.
Why doesn’t Odysseus kill the Cyclops in the cave Only Polyphemus could remove the boulder from the opening of the cave
How does Odysseus and his men escape the Cyclopes’ cave they tie themselves to the bottom of his sheep
What does Odysseus do upon leaving the Cyclopes island? What do his men think about it? he yells to the Cyclops, giving away their location. the men think its reckless and dangerous
What does Polyphemus do that alters the course of Odysseus’ journey he curses him and preys to poseidon that ODysseus’ men would die, that he would return to bitterness at home on a strangers boat
What is the first thing odysseus and his men do upon their arrival in the Land of the Dead sacrifice sheep to the dead
Who is Elpenor? What does he ask of Odysseus? a crewmate who died in Circe’s hall; he asks Odysseus to build him a monument
What does terisias say to odysseus in hades Poseidon wants revenge for his blinded son, polyphemus denial of self and restraint of his men are the only way to get home he must not harm the cattle of helios all of his men will die and he will return on a strangers boat
Who are the Sirens beautiful and enchanting creatures who sing to lure sailors to their island
How does Odysseus keep his men from hearing the Sirens’ songs puts beeswax in their ears
What does he ask from his men to do with him tie him to the ship
What happens at Scylla and Charybdis Odysseus and his men get caught between the monster scylla and the whirlpool Charybdis; scylla eats some of the men
What is the first thing that Odysseus tells his men once they arrive to the island of the sun of god dont eat the cattle
Who do the cattle belong too? what is the gods name? Helios, sun of god
Why does Odysseus leave his men alone he goes to a cave to pray and falls asleep
What does Eurylechus say is the worst way to die starvation
How does he convince the rest of the men to slaughter the cattle after odysseus warning he tells them that they will sacrifice the cattle to helios and then build him a temple when they return to Ithica
How does Zeus punish Odysseus destroys his ship and all of his men die
Where do the winds drive Odysseus who has been drifting at sea after the ship was destroyed scylla and charybdis
Where does he land after nine days of floating after leaving scylla and charybdis caylpso’s island
The end of part 1 reminds the reader of what the entire story is a flashback, a story being recounted to Alcinous
To whom is Odysseus telling his story King Alcinous of Phaecia
List 5 characteristics of an Epic vast setting; begins in the middle of the story, has a hero, long narrative poem, supernatural forces, long speeches, formal diction, etc.
List 5 characteristics of an Epic Hero important and well known; good in battle, has supernatural strength, receives help from supernatural forces, women temptress, goes into the underworld, accomplishes his tasks, brings problems on himself, etc.

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