The Odyssey

Who wrote The Odyssey? Homer
What story came before The Odyssey? The Illiad
Who is the epic hero Odysseus
The term for many gods polytheism
Held Odysseus for several years Calypso
Goddess of war and wisdom Athena
The cyclops blinded by Odysseus Polyphemus
Son of Odysseus Telemachus
Men trying to marry Penelope Suitors
Why does Penelope unravel the burial shroud? to stall choosing a suitor for marriage
The messenger god Hermes
What happens when Odysseus leaves Calypso’s island? Poseidon hurls a storm at him for 20 days.
With lotus flowers they drugged the crew Lotus Eaters
How did Odysseus escape the Cyclops? Blind the giant and escape under sheep
What mistake did Odysseus make when leaving Polyphemus? He identified himself.
How did Aeolus help Odysseus? He captured strong winds in a bag.
Goddess who turned men into animals Circe
Why did Odysseus visit the Land of the Dead? He wanted to find a way home.
What mistake did the crew make on the island of Helios? They ate the cows.
Why did the men put beeswax in their ears? Protect themselves from man-eating Sirens
6-headed man-eating monster Scylla
whirlpool monster Charybdis
What do the suitors plan when Telemachus returns from his travels? ambush and kill him
Why does Odysseus delay seeing Penelope when he gets home? Find out if she is loyal and check out the suitors
How does Odysseus safely walk among the suitors when he returns? He is disguised as an old beggar.
What contest must a suitor win to marry Penelope? String Odysseus’s bow and shoot an arrow through 20 axe handles.
What goddess helps Odysseus kill 108 suitors? Athena
How does Penelope test Odysseus when he returns? She says she’ll move the tree bed, and he objects.
Where is Odysseus’s home Ithaca
After the war, how long does it take Odysseus to get home? 10 years
Why is Poseidon angry at Odysseus? He blinded Poseidon’s son, Polyphemus.
What were some complications in the plot? Cyclops, Circe, Calypso, the Underworld, Scylla, Charybdis
Name one of Odysseus’s external conflicts. Polyphemus, sea storms, suitors
What was an internal conflict for Odysseus? wanted to rush home, but needed to see who was loyal
What was the setting of The Odyssey? Ancient Greece
What is a long narrative poem that tells the story of a hero? Epic
the hero of an epic epic hero
When we know Odysseus is alive, but Penelope does not, this is an example of what? dramatic irony
When something in a story happens differently than how the reader expects situational irony
something that stands for something else symbol
Who was responsible for the death of the crew? Zeus sank the ship after the crew ate Helios’s cows
Explain how Athena helped Odysseus begged her father, Zeus, to release Odysseus
Why were the Lotus Eaters dangerous? They caused the men to forget home.
How did Odysseus trick Polyphemus with his name? He said he was “Nohbdy”
To whom does Polyphemus pray for revenge? his father, Poseidon
Does Odysseus listen to the Sirens? Explain. He had the crew tie him to the mast.
What does Scylla do when the ship passes through the Straits of Scylla? Scylla eats 6 men.
Explain the symbolism of the Straits of Scylla and Charybdis. Odysseus needed to choose between two bad choices.
How is Helios’s island symbolic? Humans need to listen to the gods.
Odysseus never gave up on getting home when he was with Calypso. What theme does this show? You should never give up on reaching goals.
Give an example of dramatic irony from the story. We know the beggar is Odysseus, but Penelope does not know.
Approximately when was The Odyssey written? 3000 B.C., 2000-1500 B.C., 900- 700 B.C., or 500 A.D. 900-700 B.C.

You Might Also Like