The Crucible ACT 3

Why is Giles Cory expelled from court? Why won’t Danforth hear his evidence? Why is Cory arrested? Giles is arrested after being held in contempt of court for refusing to reveal the name of his informant to the court. Giles deposition is an attempt to prove that Putnam wants Jacob’s to hang so he will forfeit his property. Danforth refuses to hear the evidence unless Giles reveals the name of the person.
Why is Mary Warren in court? What does she tell Danforth? Why is Danforth suspicious of her and of Proctor? Why does Proctor remind her of the angel Raphael? Mary Warren is in court because Proctor needs her to tell the court the truth and free his wife. Danforth is suspicious because this is the first he’s heard of this and he doesn’t believe everyone could have lied. Mary tells Danforth that she was lying and that all of the girls are lying. Danforth is suspicious of Mary and Proctor because he thinks Proctor is threatening Mary into this confession. He tells her that God dam ns all liars – didn’t she realize that “people would hang by her evidence?” Proctor reminds Mary of the angel Raphael that says “Do that which is good, and not harm will come to thee.” Proctor wants her to believe that she is doing the right thing by telling the truth, yet this is irony – we know that the signers of the deposition have already come to harm.
How does Parris invalidate Proctor’s testament? How is Giles’s deposition turned against him? Parris invalidates them by calling Proctor a bad Christian and telling the court how he doesn’t go to church and even works on Sunday, Sabbath day. Giles deposition is turned against him when he is unwilling to betray anyone else.
What is the professed purpose of the court? Why doesn’t the court need witnesses? What does this suggest about the proceedings? The purpose of the court is justice and rid Salem of the Devil and sin. The government is a theocracy, therefore God is the only true witness. This is wrong because anyone can accuse any person of witchcraft whether they witnesses it or not.
Why does Proctor confess lechery? Why does he think Danforth and Hathorne will believe his confession? Why don’t they believe him? John Proctor confesses because he wants to save his wife from being accused of witchcraft. This is difficult for the crime of lechery or adultery is a grave offense. Proctor is deeply ashamed of this truth. He thinks Danforth and Hathorne will believe him because because his wife is a good woman. However, Danforth doesn’t trust Proctor’s word.
How is Elizabeth’s testimony used against Proctor? Why is this an unfair test of Elizabeth’s word against John’s? She knows lechery is a grave sin, but she also knows that her husband is remorseful. It is unfair because she does not know that John confessed to his sin, and by lying for him, is in essence, condemning him. This is unfair for we know she is trying to protect her husband from death.
How does Abigail turn the court against Mary Warren? Proctor asked Mary to testify that the girls are lying. Abigail, fearing retribution from Danforth, claims to see evil spirits in the courtroom.
What is motivating Hale to have a change of heart and give weight to the accused? Will Hale give into his proud self, or will he come around and see that these trails are merely a sham? Hale is starting to feel guilt based on his signature of the death warrants. Hale has signed away many people to die by request of the court, but he is beginning to recognize the true motives (Putnam’s motivation for land; Parris’ need for power; Abigail’s revenge. The courts are not delivering due justice.
Why were Danforth and Hathorne so devoted to find Proctor guilty of not practicing good Christian morals? The Puritan government roots are theocracy. Therefore, their justice is connected to the moral code of the theocracy. You are bound by the theocracy to go to church on Sunday and it is considered a sin to work on Sabbath day. In addition, Proctor is debasing the witchcraft and both Danforth and Hathorne profess to be experts in this field. By admitting the court is wrong, their power is weakened.
Do you think that Abby and the girls had it planned out that they were going to pretend to see a bird? This is difficult to know beyond a shadow of doubt. Abby is the “ringleader” and certainly capable of this pretense. The rest of the girls are following her lead, perhaps in fear of retribution to her as well as the court.
I feel that everyone already knows that Abby is the one who is guilty but they are scared of her. Do you feel the same way? Could it be that everyone is just scared that they will be accused of witchcraft if they were to speak up as Proctor did? This is an opinion based answer. My opinion is that I would be scared of Abby too. She has become like Moses – a leader, that others follow. However, she is more akin to Hitler, a leader whose powers of persuasion intimidated many to commit many atrocities.

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