Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet

Shakespeare lived during the period know as the English _____, a time period during which English artists, playwrights, and scholars produced a diversity of influential works. Renaissance
Shakespeare wrote for people from all walks of life: the rich and the _____, the literate and the _____ poor, illiterate
The playwright _____ ______, one of Shakespeare’s colleagues as well as a major rival, said that Shakespeare’s works were “not of an age, but for all time.” Ben Jonson
Shakespeare was born in the year _______ in the town of _______. 1564, Stratford-upon Avon
Often called England’s _________, “The Bard of Avon,” or simply “The Bard” national poet
Responsible for ____ plays and ______ sonnets (that we know of) 38, 154
None of Shakespeare’s works were ever _________ during his lifetime. published
What were three major political and social developments prior to Shakespeare’s birth that made people more likely to indulge in a night (or day in most cases, as most plays relied upon natural lighting or candles) at the theater? -Growth of English economy-Growth of Middle Class-Growth of overall literacy
Shakespeare grew up with access to a good education, most notably in the form of ________, which were still seen as a great luxury in England and most of Europe. books
At age 18, he married the _____-year-old Anne Hathaway; they had ______ children. 26, 3
By the year ______, Shakespeare was writing plays and performing them in London. 1592
Not much is known about Shakespeare between 1585 and 1592, giving this time period the name of “___________.” the lost years
However, in 1592, he was well-known enough on the London stage to be criticized by the playwright ____________. Robert Greene
Most Shakespearean scholars assume his career began anywhere from the _________ to right before Greene’s remarks. mid-1580s
Greene’s criticism was the first mention of Shakespeare’s name in the arena of ________. theater
From 1594 on, his plays were performed by his own troupe, the _______________. Lord Chamberlain’s men
In 1599, Shakespeare’s theater company built the _________, and a few years later, when King James I ascended to the throne of England, Shakespeare’s troupe became known as the _____________. Globe, King’s Men
One of the early supporters of Shakespeare’s acting troupe, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, was none other than Queen _____________. Elizabeth
Elizabethan theater performances relied heavily on the actors to maintain a sense of realism, as the playhouses typically featured _______ lighting, scenery, and no amplification for the actors’ voices. minimal
The original Globe was destroyed by a fire in ______; it was rebuilt in 1614 and closed again in _______. 1613, 1642
The Globe was set up in a _______ style a small landing behind the stage (used for the balcony scene in Romeo and Juliet, among others), and a door behind the stage to keep costumes and props. familiar
_________ around the stage for wealthy members of society Balconies
A small ________ behind the stage (used for the balcony scene in Romeo and Juliet, among others) landing
All of the women’s parts in Shakespearean plays, as well as in all drama of the Elizabethan Age, were played by ________. young boys
The wide-open portion in front of the stage with no seats was called the ______; pit
The individuals who stood in the pit were referred to as _____________. groundlings
Originally patronized by Queen Elizabeth, the LCM changed their name in 1603 to the __________ when James I ascended to the throne and continued to support them. King’s Men
The rhythm of Shakespeare’s verse is best described as _________ _________, a line of verse composed of five two-syllable pairings made up of an unstressed, and then a stressed, syllable. iambic pentameter
All of Shakespeare’s plays are arranged basically the same way: they have ______ acts with ______ scenes in each act. 5, 5-6
Most Shakespearean works feature ___________, which are speeches where a character expresses his or her thoughts aloud, and __________, where a character talks directly to the audience. soliloquies, asides
Shakespeare’s original play would have most likely resembled the _________ of traditional plays. three-act structure
As his plays became more widely published, publishers began to impose the _________ on Shakespeare’s plays for various reasons. five-act structure
Shakespeare got the idea for the play from Arthur Brooke’s “________________,” published in 1562. The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet
The major action takes place in _______, Italy, where Romeo, a member of the Montague family, falls in love with Juliet, a Capulet; the families are bitter ________, which creates some “problems.” Verona, enemies
The Quarto version of Romeo and Juliet that was published in ______ (also called Q1) was actually very different from the version you might buy at your local bookstore. 1597
Most versions of Romeo and Juliet nowadays borrow heavily from _________, or Q2, because they see it as a more reliable text than Q1. Quarto 2
Allusion A reference to a familiar literary or historical person or event (red death=black death)
Apostrophe A statement, question, or request addressed to an inanimate object or concept or to a nonexistent or absent person (“to autumn” poem)
Aside A comment made by a stage performer that is intended to be heard by the audience but supposedly not by other characters
Comic relief The use of humor to lighten the mood of a serious or tragic story (grave digger in Hamlet)
Conceit An elaborate, fanciful metaphor, especially one of a far-fetched nature
Denouement French for “untying”; the final outcome to the main dramatic complication in a literary work; resolution
Dramatic foil A character who by contrast helps to accentuate another character’s opposite personality (e.g., Romeo and Tybalt)
Hyperbole Exaggeration for effect (I have 100 tests tomorrow)
Iambic pentameter The rhythm of Shakespeare’s verse; consists of small groups of syllables called iambs, which consist of an unstressed followed by a stressed syllable; five of these iambs in a line of verse
Unstressed symbol U
Stressed symbol /
Iamb Symbol pairing with unstressed then a stressed syllable
Imagery Language that evokes one or all of the five senses
Metaphor Figure of speech that expresses an idea through the image of another object
Meter Rhythm of line of poetry
Monologue A speech given by a single individual
Paradox Statement that appears illogical or contradictory at first, but may actually point to an underlying truth (“cold fire”)
Soliloquy A monologue in a drama used to give the audience information and to develop the speaker’s character. It is typically a projection of the speaker’s innermost thoughts
Tragic flaw Character defect that causes the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy; also called hamartia
What does “wilt thou” mean in Shakespearean language? will you
What does “prithee” mean in Shakespearean language? beg of you
What does “thy” mean in Shakespearean language? your
What does “droppeth” mean in Shakespearean language? drops
What does “a” mean in Shakespearean language? he
What does “anon” mean in Shakespearean language? later on
What does “sirrah” mean in Shakespearean language? sir
What does ” ’tis ” mean in Shakespearean language? it is
What does “whither” mean in Shakespearean language? where
What does “thither” mean in Shakespearean language? there
What does “hither” mean in Shakespearean language? here
What does “thence” mean in Shakespearean language? from there
What does “knave” mean in Shakespearean language? villian
What does “woo” mean in Shakespearean language? win over
What does “alack” mean in Shakespearean language? alas
Romeo Montague’s son, who is loved and respected in Verona. He is initially presented as a comic lover, with his inflated declarations of love for Rosaline. After meeting Juliet, he abandons his tendency to be a traditional, fashionable lover, and his language becomes intense, reflecting his genuine passion for Juliet. By avenging Mercutio’s death, he sets in motion a chain of tragic events that culminate in suicide when he mistakenly believes Juliet to be dead.
Montague Romeo’s father, who is concerned by his son’s melancholy behavior.
Lady Montague In contrast with Lady Capulet, Lady Montague is peace-loving and dislikes the violence of the feud. Like her husband, she is concerned by her son’s withdrawn and secretive behavior. The news of Romeo’s banishment breaks her heart, and she dies of grief.
Benvolio Montague’s nephew and friend of Romeo and Mercutio. Benvolio is the peacemaker who attempts to keep peace between Tybalt and Mercutio. After the deaths of Mercutio and Tybalt, Benvolio acts as a Chorus, explaining how events took place.
Abram A servant to Montague.
Balthasar Romeo’s servant. He brings Romeo the news in Mantua that Juliet is dead.
Juliet Capulet’s daughter. She is presented as a young and innocent adolescent, not yet 14 years old. Her youthfulness is stressed throughout the play to illustrate her progression from adolescence to maturity and to emphasize her position as a tragic heroine. Juliet’s love for Romeo gives her the strength and courage to defy her parents and face death twice.
Capulet Juliet’s father is quick-tempered and impetuous but is initially reluctant to consent to Juliet’s marriage with Paris because Juliet is so young. Later, he changes his mind and angrily demands that Juliet obey his wishes. The deaths of Romeo and Juliet reconcile Capulet and Montague.
Lady Capulet Lady Capulet is vengeful and she demands Romeo’s death for killing Tybalt. In her relationship with Juliet, she is cold and distant, expecting Juliet to obey her father and marry Paris.
Nurse Juliet’s nursemaid, who acts as confidante and messenger for Romeo and Juliet. Like Mercutio, the Nurse loves to talk and reminisce, and her attitude toward love is bawdy. The Nurse is loving and affectionate toward Juliet, but compromises her position of trust when she advises Juliet to forget Romeo and comply with her parents’ wishes and marry Paris.
Tybalt Lady Capulet’s nephew and Juliet’s cousin. Tybalt is violent and hot-tempered, with a strong sense of honor. He challenges Romeo to a duel in response to Romeo’s attending a Capulet party. His challenge to Romeo is taken up by Mercutio, whom Tybalt kills. Romeo then kills Tybalt.
Petruchio Tybalt’s companion and Capulet’s cousin.
Sampson Servant of the Capulet household.
Gregory Servant of the Capulet household.
Peter A Capulet servant attending the Nurse.
Escalus, Prince of Verona The symbol of law and order in Verona, but he fails to prevent further outbreaks of the violence between the Montagues and Capulets. Only the deaths of Romeo and Juliet, rather than the authority of the prince, restore peace.
Paris A noble young kinsman to the Prince. Paris is well-mannered and attractive and hopes to marry Juliet. Romeo fights and kills Paris at the Capulet tomb when Paris thinks that Romeo has come to desecrate the bodes of Tybalt and Juliet.
Mercutio Kinsman to the prince and friend of Romeo. His name comes from the word mercury, the element which indicates his quick temper. Mercutio is bawdy, talkative, and tries to tease Romeo out of his melancholy frame of mind. He accepts Tybalt’s challenge to defend Romeo’s honor and is killed, thus precipitating Romeo’s enraged reaction during which Romeo kills Tybalt.
Friar Lawrence A brother of the Franciscan order and Romeo’s confessor, who advises both Romeo and Juliet. The Friar agrees to marry the couple in secret in the hope that marriage will restore peace between their families. His plans to reunite Juliet with Romeo are thwarted by the influence of fate. The Friar concocts the potion plot through which Juliet appears dead for 42 hours in order to avoid marrying Paris. At the end of the play, the Prince recognizes the Friar’s good intentions.
Friar John A brother of the Franciscan order, sent by Friar Laurence to tell Romeo of his sleeping potion plan for Juliet. The Friar is prevented from getting to Mantua and the message does not reach Romeo.
Apothrcary A poverty-stricken chemist, who illegally sells poison to Romeo.
(Act 1 Scene 1) How does Shakespeare start the play so that he gains the attention of the “common people” in the audience?
(Act 1 Scene 1) What threat does Prince Escalus make against “enemies of peace” (83)?
(Act 1 Scene 1) What is Romeo’s mood, and what has caused it?
(Act 1 Scene 1) What is Benvolio’s advice for altering this mood (236)? How does Romeo react to this suggestion?
(Act 1 Scene 1) The ancient grudge between the two families becomes a mutiny within the city—civil disobedience and disruption erupt on a city-wide scale. Even the citizens of the town are angry with the two families. What effect does this constant fighting have on the rest of Verona?
(Act 1 Scene 2) In his talk with Capulet, what proposal does Paris make?
(Act 1 Scene 2) What are Capulet’s two reasons for not wanting to go along with Paris’ proposal? On what condition will Capulet agree to his daughter’s marriage?
(Act 1 Scene 2) Notice how Romeo’s scenes of wooing are immediately followed by those of Paris doing the same. How do the men compare as potential suitors/husbands so far? If you had a daughter, which one would you want her to marry?
(Act 1 Scene 2) From the servant who cannot read, we learn that Rosaline, with whom Romeo believes he is in love, will be at the Capulet party. Why does this excite Benvolio? What is his plan?
(Act 1 Scene 2) Why does Romeo agree to go to the party?
(Act 1 Scene 2) What coincidence takes place in this scene? Explain what theme is being developed.
(Act 1 Scene 3) What is the Nurse’s relationship with Juliet? What is her one wish for Juliet, and why?
(Act 1 Scene 3) How would you describe the Nurse’s personality?
(Act 1 Scene 3) When Lady Capulet asks Juliet how she feels about being married, what is Juliet’s answer, and what does it reveal about her personality? How is her attitude about love (70) different from Romeo’s?
(Act 1 Scene 3) The Nurse and Lady Capulet are both excited and pleased by Paris’ proposal, but for different reasons. The Nurse says Paris is a “man of wax” (82) and at the end of the scene encourages Juliet to “Go, girl, seek happy nights to happy days” (113). What does the Nurse see in Paris, and what does it reveal about her attitude toward love and marriage?
(Act 1 Scene 3) Lady Capulet’s lines from 85-100 compose a conceit whereby she makes a comparison between Paris and an unbound book. What does Lady Capulet see in Paris that would make him a good match for Juliet? What is Lady Capulet’s attitude toward love and marriage?
(Act 1 Scene 3) Explain Juliet’s answer to her mother when asked if she can love Paris (103-105). What does it reveal about her knowledge of being in love? What is her attitude toward love and marriage?
(Act 1 Scene 4) Why does Romeo feel uneasy about going to the party?
(Act 1 Scene 4) Although Mercutio and Romeo are best friends, they have very different attitudes towards life. Explain how their contrasting moods are brought out in this scene.
(Act 1 Scene 4) What does Mercutio’s long Queen Mab speech (58-100) reveal about his character? What decision does Romeo make, and what is the thematic importance of this decision?
(Act 1 Scene 5) We learn from Romeo’s soliloquy (a speech delivered while the speaker is alone, and which reveals his or her thoughts) that he is struck by love at first sight when he sees Juliet at the party. Paraphrase Romeo’s speech (51-60). To what does he compare Juliet? How does this speech about Juliet compare to his speeches about being in love with Rosaline?
(Act 1 Scene 5) Tybalt recognizes Romeo’s voice and tries to start a fight. What two reasons does Lord Capulet give for stopping him? What threat does Tybalt make as he agrees to withdraw (100-103)?
(Act 1 Scene 5) In lines 104-117, Romeo and Juliet speak to each other. Their lines form a sonnet. Paraphrase the lines of the sonnet.
(Act 1 Scene 5) Dramatic irony is when the audience knows something the characters do not. What is ironic about Juliet’s words in line 149?
(Act 1 Scene 5) Briefly describe the following characters based on Act I:Tybalt-Montague-Capulet-Romeo-Benvolio-Lady Capulet-Juliet-Nurse-
(Act 2 Scene 1) Summarize the words of the Prologue.
(Act 2 Scene 1) Why does Romeo hide from his friends? With whom do Benvolio and Mercutio think Romeo is in love?
(Act 2 Scene 2) Juliet is on the balcony outside her window but cannot hear the words that Romeo says to himself as he looks at her from his hiding place below. Answer the following questions about lines 2-26:a. Romeo repeats the light and dark imagery he introduced when he saw Juliet for the first time. Why does he compare Juliet to the sun?b. Why does he want the sun to kill the envious moon? Why is the moon envious?c. Why does he compare Juliet’s eyes to the stars? Why is this comparison to stars another example of foreshadowing?
(Act 2 Scene 2) What does Juliet mean when she says, “Wherefore art thou Romeo” (36)?
(Act 2 Scene 2) What is Juliet’s attitude toward the feud that has separated the two families?
(Act 2 Scene 2) After Juliet asks some pertinent questions (lines 56-84), she realizes that Romeo has overhead her intimate thoughts about him. How does her attitude change in lines 90-111? What is she worried about?
(Act 2 Scene 2) What new identities do the lovers pledge to assume from this night onward? What do they resolve to do the next day?
(Act 2 Scene 3) Using the analogy of a poisonous herb, what point does Friar Lawrence make about men?
(Act 2 Scene 3) What does Romeo tell Friar Lawrence, and what does he want from the Friar? What is Friar Lawrence’s reaction to hearing of Romeo’s new love?
(Act 2 Scene 3) What is the Friar’s warning to Romeo about the impetuous suggestion of marriage? Why does he consent to marry Romeo and Juliet anyway?
(Act 2 Scene 4) What changes in Romeo’s personality have been noticed by Mercutio and Benvolio?
(Act 2 Scene 4) This scene shows us more of the Nurse’s character as she trades quips and puns with Mercutio. What pun (play on words that has two meanings) does the Nurse use?
(Act 2 Scene 4) What message does Romeo urge the Nurse to give to Juliet (183-186)?
(Act 2 Scene 5) Juliet is very impatient to hear news from Romeo. What images does she use in her soliloquy (1-17) to express this?
(Act 2 Scene 5) The Nurse knows Juliet is impatient, but she delays in giving Juliet Romeo’s message. Why does the Nurse do this? Why does the Nurse agree to help Juliet marry Romeo?
(Act 2 Scene 6) What is the Friar’s reaction to the lovers’ insistence that he marry them without delay?
(Act 2 Scene 6) What ominous notes and examples of foreshadowing appear in this scene?
(Act 3 Scene 1) Why do you think Tybalt approaches Mercutio and Benvolio and wants a “word” with one of them?
(Act 3 Scene 1) Mercutio tries to provoke Tybalt to fight. Why doesn’t Tybalt want to fight him (57)?
(Act 3 Scene 1) After Tybalt insults Romeo, Romeo responds (63-66). Explain his lines. What is the “reason” Romeo has for ignoring his insult?
(Act 3 Scene 1) Read lines 69-73. Explain the meaning of the lines and the dramatic irony of the situation.
(Act 3 Scene 1) Why does Romeo’s answer to Tybalt’s insults upset Mercutio? What does he think Romeo is doing?
(Act 3 Scene 1) Romeo tries to stop Mercutio and Tybalt from fighting by reasoning with them. Paraphrase his words in lines 88-91.
(Act 3 Scene 1) Even when he is dying, Mercutio continues to joke and make puns. Explain the pun he makes in line 102. What is his attitude toward what has just happened to him?
(Act 3 Scene 1) After Mercutio dies, why does Romeo decide to kill Tybalt instead of accepting Mercutio’s death as an unfortunate accident?
(Act 3 Scene 1) What reasoning does Lady Capulet use in begging the Prince for vengeance for Tybalt’s death? What is Lord’s Montague’s reasoning in his attempt to persuade the Prince not to kill Romeo for killing Tybalt? What is the Prince’s decree, and what are the reasons he gives for making it?
(Act 3 Scene 2) What examples of light imagery similar to those seen earlier in the play can be found in Juliet’s speech in lines 1-33?
(Act 3 Scene 2) What misconception does Juliet make when the Nurse tells her about the fight?
(Act 3 Scene 2) When Juliet receives news of Tybalt’s death, what is her first reaction? When the Nurse agrees with Juliet, Juliet has a different reaction to Romeo’s killing of Tybalt. Explain this shift.
(Act 3 Scene 3) What is Romeo’s reaction when he learns that he has been banished by the Prince? How does he show in this scene the impulsive behavior that he demonstrated earlier in the play?
(Act 3 Scene 3) Friar Lawrence tells Romeo to count his blessings. What are they? What is his plan for bringing the two young lovers together?
(Act 3 Scene 4) What shift in attitude does Capulet reveal about Juliet and marriage? Why? How is the theme of haste present in this scene?
(Act 3 Scene 5) Lady Capulet misunderstands Juliet’s sadness, and Juliet does not want her to know what has happened between Romeo and herself. What does Juliet say about Romeo and Tybalt to keep the truth from her mother?
(Act 3 Scene 5) What is Juliet’s response when she is told the news that she will marry Paris? How has she changed from Act I? What is her mother’s reaction to Juliet’s response? What is Lord Capulet’s response to Juliet’s refusal to marry Paris?
(Act 3 Scene 5) What does the Nurse advise Juliet to do? What is her reasoning?
(Act 3 Scene 5) After the Nurse leaves and Juliet is alone, what does she decide to do (254-255)?
(Act 4 Scene 1) Why is Paris visiting Friar Lawrence? When Juliet enters and converses with Paris, we see how she really feels about him. Explain her feelings and give examples of her desperation.
(Act 4 Scene 1) The Friar says that he has thought of a way for Romeo and Juliet to get out of their predicament. What does it require? What is Juliet’s answer to the Friar?
(Act 4 Scene 1) Summarize the Friar’s plans as described in lines 91-121.
(Act 4 Scene 2) How does Juliet deceive her parents?
(Act 4 Scene 3) What misgivings enter Juliet’s mind before she takes the potion (24-55)?
(Act 4 Scene 4) What is ironic about the hurried preparations for the wedding?
(Act 4 Scene 5) Explain what Friar Lawrence tells the family once they discover that Juliet is “dead.”
(Act 4 Scene 5) What is ironic about the family’s lamentations?
(Act 5 Scene 1) What premonition does Romeo have at the beginning of this scene?
(Act 5 Scene 1) What news does Balthasar bring? How does this disrupt the Friar’s plan? What does Romeo decide to do after hearing Balthasar’s story?
(Act 5 Scene 1) What arguments does Romeo use to convince the Apothecary to sell him the liquid?
(Act 5 Scene 2) What prevents Friar John from getting through to Mantua with the letter from Friar Lawrence? What alternate plans does Friar Lawrence have for Romeo and Juliet?
(Act 5 Scene 3) What are Paris and Romeo’s intentions for visiting the tomb of Juliet? What mistaken notions do they have about Juliet’s “death”?
(Act 5 Scene 3) Why does Paris feel justified in attempting to kill Romeo? What is ironic about Romeo killing Paris (76-78)?
(Act 5 Scene 3) What light imagery does Shakespeare use in this scene?
(Act 5 Scene 3) Why does the Friar fail to arrive in time to prevent Romeo’s suicide?
(Act 5 Scene 3) What does the Friar try to persuade Juliet to do, now that Romeo is dead?
(Act 5 Scene 3) Why does the Friar flee the tomb? Is he justified in doing so?
(Act 5 Scene 3) How does Juliet achieve her desire to be with Romeo?
(Act 5 Scene 3) Where is the Friar found hiding?
(Act 5 Scene 3) What has become of Lady Montague?
(Act 5 Scene 3) What does the Prince have to say about the tragedy? Why are his closing words (316-321) ominous?
(Act 5 Scene 3) What gestures of reconciliation do Capulet and Montague make?
“Alas that love, so gentle in his view, Should be so tyrannous and rough in proof!” (I.i.174-175)
“O heavy lightness, serious vanity, Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms, Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health, Still-waking sleep that it not what it is!” (I.i.183-186)
“This precious book of love, this unbound lover, To beautify him only lacks a cover.” (I.iii.93-94)
“Patience perforce with willful choler meeting Makes my flesh tremble in their different greeting. I will withdraw; but this intrusion shall, Now seeming sweet, convert to bitt’rest gall.” (I.v.100-103)
“O, Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo? Deny thy father and refuse thy name; Or, if thou wilt not, be but sworn my love, And I’ll no longer be a Capulet” (II.ii.36-39).
“Two such opposèd kings encamp them still In man as well as herbs—grace and rude will; And where the worser is predominant, Full soon the canker death eats up that plant” (II.iii.28-31).
“These violent delights have violent ends, And in their triumph die, like fire and powder, Which, as they kiss, consume.” (II.vi.9-11)
“No, ’tis not so deep as a well, nor so wide as a church door, but ’tis enough. ‘Twill serve. Ask for me tomorrow, and you shall find me a grave man.” (III.i.100-102)
“Shall I speak ill of him that is my husband? Ah, poor my lord, what tongue shall smooth thy name When I, thy three-hours wife, have mangled it?” (III.ii.106-109).
“In what vile part of this anatomy Doth my name lodge? Tell me, that I may sack The hateful mansion” (III.iii.115-117).
“I think you are happy in this second match, For it excels your first, or, if it did not, Your first is dead, or ’twere as good he were As living here and you no use of him.” (III.v.235-238)
“What if it be a poison which the Friar Subtly hath ministered to have me dead, Lest in this marriage he should be dishonored Because he married me before to Romeo? I fear it is. And yet methinks it should not, For he hath still been tried a holy man.” (IV.iii.25-30)
“Death is my son-in-law; death is my heir. My daughter he hath wedded. I will die And leave him all. Life, living, all is death’s.” (IV.v.44-46)
“There is thy gold, worse poison to men’s souls, Doing more murder in this loathsome world Than these poor compounds that thou mayst not sell. I sell thee poison; thou hast sold me none.” (V.i.84-88)
“Thou are not conquered. Beauty’s ensign yet Is crimson in thy lips and in thy cheeks, And death’s pale flag has not advanced there.” (V.iii.94-96)
“Where be these enemies?—Capulet, Montague, See what a scourge is laid upon your hate, That heaven finds means to kill your joys with love. And I, for winking at your discords too, Have lost a brace of kinsmen. All are punished.” (V.iii.302-305)
Important Themes in Romeo and Juliet -The inevitable nature of fate/destiny/chance-The impermanence of time-The individual vs. society-The forcefulness of love-The role of women in society

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