Shakespeare’s Tragedy: Romeo and Juliet-Dramatic Elements

Romeo Montague
Juliet Capulet
Play acted live on stage; real people; physical setting
Script the play’s text/story line broken into scenes; set instructions, stage directions; character names; narrator parts
Stage directions in script; appearance; props and where they should be placed, how characters should speak; emotions; suggestions to be interpreted by actors
Dialogue conversation between 2 or more characters
Monologue one character having a long, one-sided “conversation” with audience or another character
Soliloquy one character talking to him/herself
Aside comical comment/side note that only the audience can “hear”
Tragedy heroism that ends in heroic death; death has a purpose/ teaches a life lesson
Tragic heroes A noble character that has a weakness that leads to his/her downfall
Foil character who contrasts the protagonist (tragic hero), highlighting his/her tragic flaw often by showing an opposite virtue. Tries to help tragic hero see/overcome his flaw, but it is often too late
Tragic flaws hero’s weakness that eventually destroys him/her, e.g pride, greed, or ambition

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