Shakespeare – Macbeth & Random Facts

Scenes to Know *1.3.130-142 (Macbeth’s soliloquy) *1.4.18-27 (M naturally serving D – traditional)*1.5.1-29 (letter from Macbeth)*1.5.37-53 (“unsex me here” – no more gender role constraints)*1.7.1-62 (Macbeth has second thoughts on killing Duncan)*2.1.32-48 (“a dagger of the mind”)*2.3.24-34 (jester scene)*3.1.1-10 (Banquo thinks Macbeth killed King – who will be the heirs)*3.1.57-72 (Macbeth needs to kill Banquo & Fleance)*3.2.46-47 (Role Reversal – Macbeth in charge) *3.4.97-111 (Banquo’s ghost)*3.6.24-39 (Macduff goes to England/Malcolm for help)*4.1.72-116 (BARD ON ROCKS SCENE – Macbeth back to the witches – prophecies) *4.1.132-146 (The line of kings)*5.1.34-45 (Lady M feels she cannot be cleaned of her guilt)*5.3.24-30 (Macbeth has nostalgia for traditional society) *5.5.17-28 (Lady M suicide – similar to “All The World’s A Stage”)*5.8.8-22 (Macbeth vs. Macduff)*5.8.60-64 (Malcolm epilogue)
No Reward -Duncan says he owes Macbeth for his service but Macbeth-says that he owes no reward because he feels unconditional love for Duncan (like a father/community=big family)-for Macbeth, duty is it’s own reward-he’s not looking out for himself as an individual (community is more important)
Reward -Duncan does end up rewarding Macbeth by giving him a new title – Thane of Glamis AND Thane of Cawdor
The Witches On his way to see Duncan, Macbeth sees the witches who inject radical individualism and personal ambition into his soul (new spirit is like acid – destroying fabric of traditional society)
Having a soliloquey is a sign of ___? Sickness/deviance from a traditional standpoint (shows individualism & having your own thoughts)
Letter to Lady Macbeth After Macbeth meets the witches, he writes a letter to his wife – she gets the witches message and runs with it (we can be free to follow our own ambitions and desires, we need not be loyal to the community and the old way of doing things) THIS MEANS FREEDOM*Her worry about Macbeth is that he might be too traditional (too tied to community) and he might still have trouble thinking for himself as an individualist
The Porter jokey interlude/comic relief the morning after the murder
Lady Macbeth’s Transformation -before murder – a very active, strong, dominant figure-adter murder – Macbeth is the driving figure (plans to kill Banquo w/o telling Lady M about it)-Why does she change? They need heirs which she doesn’t want
The Ghost -murderers kill Banquo but Fleance escapes-at dinner, the ghost of Banquo appears to Macbeth-Lady M tries to make excuses for him saying he is sick
Hecate Scene -after the ghost scene you get an interspersed scene ft. Hecate-written by Thomas Middleton, not Shakes (group writing was very common)
Macduff “Thane of Fife” -leaves wife & children at home where they are slaughtered by Macbeth-Macduff goes to England to visit w/ Malcom
Malcom in England -celebrates England as a source of strength & opposition to the weirdness of the witches and the corruption of Macbeth-Scotland goes to England to ask for help (make Malcom king, NOT Macbeth)
Publication Shakespeare didn’t publish any of his plays – made money off of ticket sales – but some plays were published without his permission (these bootleg copies probs reflect actual scripts for performers rather than Shakespeare’s original stories – QUARTOS)
4 Types of Shakespeare Plays TragediesComediesHistoriesRomances
Comedies -focus on love & sexuality-flexibility in identity-usually end in a marriage-tragedies narrowly diverted (serious undertones)
Tragedies -focus on power & ambition-often start with a traditional/medieval society that is utterly destroyed by ambitions and manipulated by characters-have a funny subtext – comedies narrowly diverted
Histories -plays that retell major events in English history-Shakespeare’s fave source is Holinshed’s Chronicles
Romances -classification for unclassifiable plays (NOT about love duh)-mixture of comic & tragic elements-mostly written at the end of Shakespeare’s career
What kind of play is Macbeth considered to be? -History Play (basic idea from Holinshed’s Chronicles)-Tragedy Play (shaped & sculpted basic story to explore tragic themes)
Basic Formula for Tragedy Starts w/ “Medieval” world where:-identity is fixed-stable hierarchy-women/youth have little freedom & power-love & desire count for nothing-tradition and past are highly respected-little room for individualism *very similar starting point to comedies, but in tragedies there is no “safe space” or “second world”
Modern Values -identity is flexible-women are equal to men and young people matter-should be free to act on love & desire-freedom right now is more important than past events-community counts for less than the individual
What are the “bad” characters in most of Shakespeare’s plays considered to be? Individualists
Who notices Macbeth’s first soliloquy? Banquo (draws attention to new individualism in Macbeth and shows he now has personal ambitions and desires)
Where does Malcolm flee to? Donalbain? Malcolm flees to England and Donalbain flees to Ireland
What do the witches warn Macbeth when he returns to see them again? -Beware the Thane of Fife” (i.e. Macduff)-“none of woman born shall harm Macbeth”-“Macbeth shall never vanquished be untilGreat Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane HillShall come against him.”
Who gives the epilogue? Malcolm

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