Shakespeare and Hamlet (Final)

The Globe Theater, Lord Chamberlin’s Men/The King’s Men, Stratford-upon-Avon, Sonnet structure theater made by his production company, two names of his company, town he was from, iambic pentameter
Shakespearean Sonnets 3 quatrains and a a couplet. Starts with a question, tentative answer, then turn, and final answer
Sonnet 18 Be familiar with the Sonnet
Play within the play within the play First: War between Denmark and Norway. Second: Hamlet and his family. Third: actors
How is Hamlet the Tragic Hero he loses something in the end (his sanity and his life)
Revenge Tragedy entire plot is about exacting revenge on those who Hamlet feels have wronged him
The Ghost: Ultimatum/damning of Hamlet he is damning his son if Hamlet does follow through with killing Claudius
Themes of Deception and Truth The themes of deception and truth are shown with Claudius covering up his lies about killing his brother. Hamlet knows the truth, but Claudius deceives the people of the kingdom as well as Hamlet’s mother that he didn’t kill the king.
Hamlet’s “Get thee to a nunnery speech” to Ophelia Hamlet telling Ophelia that she should not have interest in him for it will only result in children who are sinners. He tells her to go to a nunnery where she will be void of any connections to men
Hamlet’s visit to his mother’s chamber where he confides about the Ghost The Queen, horrified at what Hamlet has done, tries to chastise him, but Hamlet says his deed is nowhere as bad marrying the old king’s wife. Hamlet goes on to explain to the Queen all that he believes she has done wrong. The ghost enters. The Queen thinks Hamlet is mad (crazy), because she cannot see the ghost Hamlet sees. The ghost reminds Hamlet that Hamlet is to leave the judgement of Gertrude to God and not to harm her. Hamlet tries to convince Gertrude that the ghost is real, but fails. He asks her to tell Claudius that she believes that Hamlet is of sound mind, that he is only pretending to be mad. He also warns her not to try and play the type of game he is playing.
Hamlet’s lewd and inappropriate behavior towards Ophelia and examples At the play he makes many sexual references towards her and calls her things similar to being “unchased”
Hamlet’s guilt and self-loathing after actor recites Hecuba speech Act II Hamlet sees the actor put so much emotion and effort into something that isn’t to significance for himself. Hamlet reprimands himself for not acting well enough for a cause he is deeply connected to and is self-loathing for not exacting his revenge on Claudius sooner.
‘A Disordered Universe’ – Social Hierarchy (of the throne) The throne was supposed to go to King Hamlet then Hamlet THEN Claudius, but Claudius skipped over Hamlet.
Eliminating the Competition: King Hamlet’s death, Hamlet’s going to England Claudius is attempting to eliminate all competition to keep the throne to himself. First by killing his own brother, King Hamlet. This started his power-driven scheme. His next step was attempting to get rid of Hamlet, and he tried to do so by sending him to England to be killed, but this was unsuccessful in the end.
Hamlet’s vengeance The majority of the plot is based off Hamlet’s desire for revenge against Claudius for killing his father.
King Hamlet’s Ghost King Hamlet’s ghost appeared to Hamlet, telling him that Claudius murdered him and he gave him the ultimatum saying that he has to murder Claudius to get revenge or that he will be damned and so will King Hamlet.
Restoration of Order – The Rightful Heir After King Hamlet died, the throne was rightfully supposed to go to Hamlet, but Claudius (his brother) intervened. By quickly marrying Queen Gertrude, he became the next King instead of Hamlet.
Do you think Gertrude knew about King Hamlet’s death? Give specific examples No, at one point in the play, Hamlet accuses Gertrude not just of knowing that Claudius is a killer, but of being a killer herself this is because she did not grieve for her husbands death and she remarried so quickly. however there is no actual evidence that gertrude was aware that her husband was murdered.
Fortinbras and Hamlet’s relationship At the end, Hamlet wants Fortinbras to have the throne, says if anything happens to Hamlet then the throne is Fortinbras’. He gets a proper burial from Fortinbras as a way of respecting/repaying him.
“I am but mad north-north-west. When the wind is Southerly, I know a hawk from a handsaw.” Hamlet is speaking to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern saying he is only mad when he chooses to be.
“The plays the thing wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the king.” Hamlet is speaking in his soliloquy saying that he will put on the play to get Claudius to show his guilt in killing his brother
“O, my offense is rank, it smells to heaven. It hath the primal eldest curse upon’t, a brother’s murder.” Claudius is praying to God, admitting his guilt in the chapel after the play, saying that his offense has caused other offenses to take place.
“I did enact Julius Caesar. I was killed I’the Capitol. Brutus killed me.” Polonius is talking to Hamlet. Caesar was killed by those who he least expected to betray him (Brutus). Shakespeare this is irony, referring to King Hamlet’s death
“Thus conscience does make cowards of us all…and enterprises of great pitch and moment…lose the name of action.” Hamlet is saying a soliloquy, and he is saying that everyone is afraid of death, and overthinking makes everyone too afraid to carry out actions they should’ve already done (killing Claudius)
“Behind the arras I’ll convey myself, to hear the process…Tis meet that some more audience than a mother, since nature makes them partial…” Polonius is saying to Claudius that he will hide to over hear the conversation between Hamlet and his mother to make sure she is not too partial to her son.
“But I am pigeon-livered and lack gall to make oppression bitter, or ere this I should have fatted all the region kites with this slave’s offal.” Hamlet is saying in his soliloquy that he is weak because he has not been able to kill Claudius yet

You Might Also Like