Romeo and Juliet Whole Story

Who tells Romeo that Juliet is dead? Balthasar
The ______________ sold the poison to Romeo illegally. apothecary
Why was the Friar Laurence trapped in his cell? because of a plague
Did Romeo recieved the letter from Friar Laurence about the plan? no
When does scene 1 start? wednesday evening in mantua
When does scene 2 start? thursday late morning in Friar’s cell
What are 3 things that change Romeo didn’t get the message from Friar, Capulet moved the wedding to Wednesday, and Juliet takes the potion earlier
When does scene 3 start? thursday evening with Paris and Page in Capulet’s graveyard
What is Romeo doing when Paris finds him? opening Juliet’s tomb
After Romeo kills Paris, where does Romeo place his body? in Juliet’s tomb
Does Balthasar leave or hide when Romeo tells him to? hide
What does Paris think when he finds Roemo in the graveyard? Romeo is destroying Juliet’s tomb
What is an example of dramatic irony in Act 5? Romeo thinks Juliet is dead
What is the main climax of the story? when Romeo and Paris die
What does Romeo dream of? Juliet found him dead and revived him with kisses
What is an example of situational irony in this act? Juliet expects everything is ok when she awakes
How did Lady Montague die? heart broken because of Romeo being exiled
When Friar Laurence tells the families about Romeo and Juliet, what does he lie about? that Romeo and Juliet were leaving together to Mantua
What is the main theme of the story? The battle of love and hate
When does the play end? friday morning
By the end of the play, what did both families decide to do? build a statue of Juliet
What news does Balthasar bring Romeo? He brings the news of Juliet’s death. A note from the Friar about death.
After hearing the news, where does Romeo plan to go? To the Capulet tomb for mourning.
Why is Romeo feeling cheerful at the beginning of scene 1? He had a dream that he was dead but Juliet kissed him and brought new life into his body.
What does the speed with which Romeo makes his decision tell you about his character? He is a bold and decisive person.
How is Friar John prevented from going to Mantua to deliver Friar Laurence’s letter? There was a plague in Mantua
Why does Paris go to the Capulet tomb? To lay flowers besides Juliet’s tomb and mourn her death.
How do you think Paris feels about Juliet? By this time, Paris is committed to marrying Juliet. He may not love her in the way Romeo does, as this was to be an “arranged” marriage. But by the end of the play he was obviously willing to fight for her and her family.
What is Romeo’s real reason for sending Balthasar away from the tomb? To deliver a letter that he had for Montague. But in reality Romeo didn’t want him around as he drank his poison.
Why does Paris think Romeo has come to the tomb? To spit upon Tybalts grave. (juliet and tybalt are in the same tomb)
What does Friar Laurence find when he enters the tomb? Romeo’s dead body and Juliet waking from her potion.
How does Juliet kill herself? First she tries kissing Romeo to get poison from his lips. But ultimately she uses a dagger to stab herself.
What causes Lady Montague’s death? Extreme grief over Romeo’s exile from Verona.
Who tells the story of the events to the Prince? Friar Lawrence
What does the Prince mean when he says, “All are punished.” Everyone has lost someone in this feud between the two families.
At the conclusion of the play, what happens between the Capulets and the Montagues? They put their differences aside and end their hatred for each other.
In this final act, how are Romeo’s actions guided more by emotion than reason? His love for Juliet and grief at the apparent loss of his lover led him to choose death rather than seek answers about why Juliet had died or if she even really was dead.
By family, list the people who have died in the play. Montagues: Juliet, TybaltCapulets: Romeo, Lady CapuletMercutio a friend of RomeoParis, neither a Capulet or Montague
Why is Friar Laurence reluctant to marry Paris to Juliet? Friar Lawrence is concerned because Paris does not “know the mind” of Juliet. In other words, Paris doesn’t know if she wants to get married to him.
How does Paris explain the sudden haste of the marriage plans? Paris explains that it is a good thing to rush the marriage because a long “mourning period” and extended sadness is dangerous. Paris explains that Capulet is smart to rush the marriage to stop Juliet’s crying.
What is ironic about the conversation between Juliet and Paris? Juliet and Paris talk about love and confession of love to Friar Lawrence. Juliet actually confesses her love for Romeo to Paris, but he remains unaware of her “confession.”
If Friar Laurence cannot help her, what does Juliet threaten to do? Juliet tells the Friar that she will kill herself by letting the “bloody knife play the part of the umpire.”
Why does Friar Laurence think that Juliet will accept his plan? Friar Lawrence thinks that Juliet will accept his plan because she is so willing to die rather than marry Paris. The Friar thinks that his plan that feigns death will be a good solution to the problem.
Describe the friar’s plan for Juliet. The Friar tells Juliet to go home and tell her parents that she is willing to marry Paris. After she tells them the news, she is to go into her bedroom and drink a vial of liquid. The liquid that she drinks will stop her pulse and turn her skin cold. Juliet will appear to be dead for 42 hours, after which she will wake up from a “pleasant sleep.”
What does Juliet say that makes her father happy? Juliet tells her father that she was wrong to disobey him. She asks him for her forgiveness and tells him that she will do whatever he asks of her.
How does Juliet show her maturity and independence in this scene? After hearing Juliet’s willingness to marry Capulet, he decides to move the wedding. The wedding will now be held the next day. This creates a problem in the timeline the Friar has established for the poison and notification of Romeo
If the potion does not work, what will Juliet do? At one point in the scene she questions whether she is doing the right thing. For only a moment she hints at asking the nurse for guidance with her decision. Juliet decides to go through with the plan established by her and the Friar without consulting anyone else.
If the potion does not work, what will Juliet do? As she has stated in the previous scene, Juliet will use a knife and take her own life if the poison does not work.
What are some of the fears Juliet has about the potion? Juliet is afraid the Friar may have mixed the potion incorrectly. She thinks it may be poison. Juliet also worries that she will wake up in the tomb before Romeo comes to save her. This worries her because she is not sure if she will have air inside the tomb causing her to die of suffocation. She also comments on the rotting body of Tybalt that is lying in the tomb.
What is happening in this brief scene? Scene IV is a very brief scene that shows all of the Capulets planning for tomorrow’s wedding. The servingmen are preparing logs for the fire and setting tables. The cooks are working in the food that will be served to the guests.
Describe the imagery Shakespeare uses in describing Juliet’s “death”? “Her blood is settled, and her joints are stiff” – lividity and rigor mortis”Death lies on her like an untimely frost upon the sweetest flower” – Frost will kill plants and flowers
What does Friar Laurence say to comfort the Capulet family? Friar tells the Capulets that heaven gave them Juliet, now heaven has a need for her and she will experience eternal life; therefore, we should be happy for her since she is resting in heaven.
What even are the Capulets now preparing for? The Capulets are now preparing for a funeral instead of the wedding. Capulet indicates they will use the same food and table settings; however, they will play sad music as his “joys” are buried.
Who is visiting Friar Laurence when Juliet arrives? Paris
What does Juliet threaten to do if she is forced to marry Paris? kill herself
How many hours is Friar Laurence’s sleeping potion supposed to last? 42 hours
How will Romeo be told Juliet is not dead? By whom? Friar Laurence will write a letter to Romeo. Friar John will deliver it.
What change does Capulet make in the wedding plans (be specific)? The wedding is moved to Wednesday.
I would I knew not why it should be slowed. (Friar Laurence says this to the audience.) aside
A statement that seems contradictory, but proves to be true paradox
Mercutio and Romeo, Tybalt and Benvolio foil
“Death is my son-in-law, Death is my heir;/ Mydaughter he hath wedded. I will die,/And leave him all.” personification
What does Juliet say that makes her father happy? She agrees to marry Paris.
If the potion does not work, what will Juliet do? She will use the dagger to kill herself.
What are some of the fears Juliet has about the potion Friar Laurence gives her? She fears it is actually poison, or that she will wake up too soon in a tomb.
What is Lord Capulet staying up all night to prepare for? The wedding of Juliet and Paris.
When Capulet moves the wedding up a day, what implications does this have for Romeo and Juliet? The letter with Friar Laurence’s plan for Juliet may not get to him in time for him to get to Juliet before she wakes up in the tomb.
Death lies on her like an untimely frostUpon the sweetest flower of all the field. imagery
Why is Paris at Friar Laurence’s Cell? (scene 1) To plan the wedding with Friar Laurence
What reason does Paris give for the hasty marriage?(1) Lord Capulet wants them to.
How does the Friar react to the news of this new marriage?(1) He feels pressured and knows that Juliet will refuse to marry Paris because of her strong love for Romeo.
Characterize the conversation between Paris and Juliet…(1) Juliet is short and sarcastic while Paris is clueless.
What is Juliet trying to do with her words?(1) She is trying to get rid of Paris.
How does Paris react to Juliet in these lines?(1) He does not realize what Juliet is trying to do.
The Friar is currently the young lovers’ only confidant and source for help. How do you think he is feeling about his decision to marry Romeo and Juliet in this moment? Why? Support your answer with specific examples from the text. (1) He is mad that he agreed to marry them because he realizes if Juliet has to get married to Paris she willl commit suicide.
How does the saying, “desperate times call for desperate measures” apply to this scene? Be specific in your response, citing support from the text. (1) Friar and Juliet are desperate for 2 different things. Friar is desperate for the plans for Romeo and Juliet and Juliet is desperate for Romeo.
What plan does the friar come up with to help Juliet in scene 1?(1) He gives her potion to fake her death
What are the specifics of his plan? (1) Juliet drinks the potion, fakes her death, gives Romeo the letter, Romeo comes and Romeo and Juliet will leave to Mantua.
How does Romeo fit in to the plan? (1) He is the person who is supposed to be there beside Juliet when she wakes up.
What complications do you think might come out of this plan? Why? Be specific. (1) Romeo will not get the Friar’s letter in time.
How does Juliet respond to Friar’s plan? Is this characteristic of Juliet? Why or why not? Be specific.(1) She takes the potion. it is different of Juliet do this because she was shy in the beginning but this shows that she is desperate.
Capulet is making arrangements for the wedding feast when Juliet appears to beg her father’s pardon and tell him she will marry Paris. This makes Capulet so happy that he decides to move the wedding up one day, from Thursday to Wednesday. Juliet asks Nurse to help her prepare for the wedding, but Lady Capulet wants to keep the wedding on Thursday so they have time to prepare. Lord Capulet decides he will stay up all night to make all then necessary arrangements and is in a wonderful mood now.(scene 2) Summary of Act 4 scene 2
Why does Capulet move the wedding up to Wednesday? (2) Because Juliet apologizes to her family about saying all the stuff about refusing to marry Paris.
Juliet continues to deceive her family in this scene. How and why does she do this? Be specific. (2) Juliet does this because she is only relying on Friar’s plan and for this plan to work.
What is the Capulets’ main concern here? What does this say about their characters? Be specific. (2) Their main concern is that there will not be enough time to prepare for the wedding. this goes to show that Lord and Lady Capulet do not truly care about Juliet.
How does this complicate things for the friar’s plan? (2) This shortens the amount of bump room for the plan to work for Romeo and Juliet.
1. Who is Juliet speaking to when she says, “Farewell! God knows when we shall meet again./ I have a faint cold fear thrills through my veins/That almost freezes up the heat of life.” 2. What are these lines an example of? How do you know?3. What do they add to the play? How so? Be specific. (scene 3) 1. to herself (Juliet).2. foreshadowing because she is doubting that she will never see Romeo or herself again.3. Dramatic irony because it adds suspense to the play.
How does Juliet explain the friar’s actions in her soliloquy? (3) Juliet thinks Friar Laurence is doing this plan to kill her.
Does she believe him to be a coward? Why or why not? (3) No because she knows he is trying to help her and romeo stay together and live.
Do you believe him to be a coward? Be specific. (3) Yes because Friar is the one person that gave in and married Romeo and Juliet, which rushed their marriage and he did this all for his gain if the 2 families’ feud ended.
How does Juliet feel about drinking the potion? Why do you think she feels this way? Identify a minimum of THREE lines explaining her feelings and support your opinion. (3) She is doubting the plan because she thinks the potion Friar gave her may actually be poison that will kill her, that she may wake up before Romeo is there to save her and she will suffocate, that she will be surrounded by voices and spirits if she wakes up in the tomb, and that she smell all the smells of her dead, rotting ancestors.
The Capulets and their servants are busily preparing for the wedding. Paris’ musicians can be heard (announcing his arrival) and Nurse is sent to awaken Juliet. (scene 4) Summary of Act 4 scene 4
What is Nurse going to find when she goes to awaken Juliet? Why do we know this? (4) She is going to find a dead Juliet because we know the thoughts and actions of Friars plan.
Describe the reactions of Nurse, Lady Capulet and Lord Capulet to Juliet’s “death.” How do you feel about their reactions? Why? (5) They are confused and angry; and they all do not really care about Juliet as a person.
1. Analyze “Death hath lain with thy wife. There she lies,/Flower as she was, deflowered by him./Death is my son in law, Death is my heir;/My daughter he hath wedded. I will die/And leave him all. Life, living, all is Death’s.” Who is the speaker and the audience. 2. What are these lines describing and why are they important? 3. What do they reveal about the character speaking? 4. What is the literary device being used? How do you know? 1. Speaker= Lord CapuletAudience= Friar Laurence2. these lines are describing that death has taken his daughter away( Romeo fits in the place of each death word used in the quote).3. he only cares about himself and no one else.4. Dramatic Irony because it is adding suspense toi the plot.
What may the Capulet family and Paris think caused Juliet’s death? Why would they assume this? They think Juliet may have died from grieving over Tybalt’s death because they are oblivious of what Juliet really loves in her life.
How does the friar respond to the commotion surrounding Juliet at this moment? What does he say to the adults? Why isn’t Friar worried? Friar gets upset because he says that they should all be happy that she is in Heaven and not mourning over a death of some one else. Friar is not worried because he knows about the plan he has created and the potion that has “killed” Juliet.
to plan the wedding with Friar Laurence why is Paris at Friar Laurence’s Cell? (scene 1)
Lord Capulet wants them to. what reason does Paris give for the hasty marriage?(1)
he feels pressured and knows that Juliet will refuse to marry Paris because of her strong love for Romeo. how does the Friar react to the news of this new marriage?(1)
Juliet is short and sarcastic while Paris is clueless. characterize the conversation between Paris and Juliet…(1)
she is trying to get rid of Paris. what is Juliet trying to do with her words?(1)
he does not realize what Juliet is trying to do. how does Paris react to Juliet in these lines?(1)
he is mad that he agreed to marry them because he realizes if Juliet has to get married to Paris she willl commit suicide. the Friar is currently the young lovers’ only confidant and source for help. How do you think he is feeling about his decision to marry Romeo and Juliet in this moment? Why? Support your answer with specific examples from the text. (1)
Friar and Juliet are desperate for 2 different things. Friar is desperate for the plans for Romeo and Juliet and Juliet is desperate for Romeo. How does the saying, “desperate times call for desperate measures” apply to this scene? Be specific in your response, citing support from the text. (1)
He gives her potion to fake her death What plan does the friar come up with to help Juliet in scene 1?(1)
Juliet drinks the potion, fakes her death, gives Romeo the letter, Romeo comes and Romeo and Juliet will leave to Mantua. What are the specifics of his plan? (1)
he is the person who is supposed to be there beside Juliet when she wakes up. How does Romeo fit in to the plan? (1)
Romeo will not get the Friar’s letter in time. What complications do you think might come out of this plan? Why? Be specific. (1)
she takes the potion. it is different of Juliet do this because she was shy in the beginning but this shows that she is desperate. How does Juliet respond to Friar’s plan? Is this characteristic of Juliet? Why or why not? Be specific.(1)
Summary of Act 4 scene 2 Capulet is making arrangements for the wedding feast when Juliet appears to beg her father’s pardon and tell him she will marry Paris. This makes Capulet so happy that he decides to move the wedding up one day, from Thursday to Wednesday. Juliet asks Nurse to help her prepare for the wedding, but Lady Capulet wants to keep the wedding on Thursday so they have time to prepare. Lord Capulet decides he will stay up all night to make all then necessary arrangements and is in a wonderful mood now.(scene 2)
because Juliet apologizes to her family about saying all the stuff about refusing to marry Paris. Why does Capulet move the wedding up to Wednesday? (2)
Juliet does this because she is only relying on Friar’s plan and for this plan to work. Juliet continues to deceive her family in this scene. How and why does she do this? Be specific. (2)
their main concern is that there will not be enough time to prepare for the wedding. this goes to show that Lord and Lady Capulet do not truly care about Juliet. What is the Capulets’ main concern here? What does this say about their characters? Be specific. (2)
this shortens the amount of bump room for the plan to work for Romeo and Juliet. How does this complicate things for the friar’s plan? (2)
1. to herself (Juliet).2. foreshadowing because she is doubting that she will never see Romeo or herself again.3. Dramatic irony because it adds suspense to the play. 1. Who is Juliet speaking to when she says, “Farewell! God knows when we shall meet again./ I have a faint cold fear thrills through my veins/That almost freezes up the heat of life.” 2. What are these lines an example of? How do you know?3. What do they add to the play? How so? Be specific. (scene 3)
Juliet thinks Friar Laurence is doing this plan to kill her. How does Juliet explain the friar’s actions in her soliloquy? (3)
No because she knows he is trying to help her and romeo stay together and live. Does she believe him to be a coward? Why or why not? (3)
Yes because Friar is the one person that gave in and married Romeo and Juliet, which rushed their marriage and he did this all for his gain if the 2 families’ feud ended. Do you believe him to be a coward? Be specific. (3)
she is doubting the plan because she thinks the potion Friar gave her may actually be poison that will kill her, that she may wake up before Romeo is there to save her and she will suffocate, that she will be surrounded by voices and spirits if she wakes up in the tomb, and that she smell all the smells of her dead, rotting ancestors. How does Juliet feel about drinking the potion? Why do you think she feels this way? Identify a minimum of THREE lines explaining her feelings and support your opinion. (3)
summary of Act 4 scene 4 The Capulets and their servants are busily preparing for the wedding. Paris’ musicians can be heard (announcing his arrival) and Nurse is sent to awaken Juliet. (scene 4)
she is going to find a dead Juliet because we know the thoughts and actions of Friars plan. What is Nurse going to find when she goes to awaken Juliet? Why do we know this? (4)
they are confused and angry; and they all do not really care about Juliet as a person. Describe the reactions of Nurse, Lady Capulet and Lord Capulet to Juliet’s “death.” How do you feel about their reactions? Why? (5)
1. Speaker= Lord CapuletAudience= Friar Laurence2. these lines are describing that death has taken his daughter away( Romeo fits in the place of each death word used in the quote).3. he only cares about himself and no one else.4. Dramatic Irony because it is adding suspense toi the plot. 1. Analyze “Death hath lain with thy wife. There she lies,/Flower as she was, deflowered by him./Death is my son in law, Death is my heir;/My daughter he hath wedded. I will die/And leave him all. Life, living, all is Death’s.” Who is the speaker and the audience. 2. What are these lines describing and why are they important? 3. What do they reveal about the character speaking? 4. What is the literary device being used? How do you know?
they think Juliet may have died from grieving over Tybalt’s death because they are oblivious of what Juliet really loves in her life. What may the Capulet family and Paris think caused Juliet’s death? Why would they assume this?
friar gets upset because he says that they should all be happy that she is in Heaven and not mourning over a death of some one else. Friar is not worried because he knows about the plan he has created and the potion that has “killed” Juliet. How does the friar respond to the commotion surrounding Juliet at this moment? What does he say to the adults? Why isn’t Friar worried?
How does Capulet respond after Juliet’s body is found? He is devastated, and his joy will be buried with her.
What does Juliet’s resolve to go ahead with the Friar’s plan indicate about her? Courage
What does Juliet fear most about carrying out the Friar’s plan? She worries about waking up before Romeo arrives and suffocating or going crazy and killing herself in her insanity.
After Juliet tells her father she will marry Paris and her father makes his decision, how does this cause more problems for Juliet? There will not be enough time to alert Romeo and have him return to Verona.
What does Capulet decide when Juliet agrees to marry Paris? He doesn’t want to wait until Thursday, so he moves it to Wednesday.
Why does Friar Lawrence suggest this plan to Juliet? He will have time to bring Romeo there to rescue her.
What plan does the Friar suggest to Juliet? He gives her a sleeping potion that will make it appear that she is dead for forty two hours.
How does Juliet behave when she encounters the person on the road to see Friar Lawrence? Acts excited about her upcoming marriage to Paris, but is vague
Whom does Juliet meet when she goes to see Friar Lawrence? Paris
Why is Paris at Friar Laurence’s Cell? (scene 1) To plan the wedding to Juliet.
What reason does Paris give for the hasty marriage? (1) Lord Capulet wants them to.
How does the Friar react to the news of this new marriage? (1) He feels pressured and knows that Juliet will refuse to marry Paris because of her strong love for Romeo.
Characterize the conversation between Paris and Juliet…(1) Juliet is short and sarcastic while Paris is arrogant.
What is Juliet trying to do with her words? (1) She is trying to get rid of Paris.
How does Paris react to Juliet in these lines? (1) He does not realize what Juliet is trying to do.
The Friar is currently the young lovers’ only confidant and source for help. How do you think he is feeling about his decision to marry Romeo and Juliet in this moment? Why? Support your answer with specific examples from the text. (1) He is mad that he agreed to marry them because he realizes if Juliet has to get married to Paris she willl commit suicide.
How does the saying, “desperate times call for desperate measures” apply to this scene? Be specific in your response, citing support from the text. (1) Friar and Juliet are desperate for 2 different things. Friar is desperate for the plans for Romeo and Juliet and Juliet is desperate for Romeo.
What plan does the friar come up with to help Juliet? He gives her a potion to fake her death.
What are the specifics of Friar Lawrence’s plan? Juliet drinks the potion, fakes her death, gives Romeo the letter, Romeo comes and Romeo and Juliet will leave to Mantua.
How does Romeo fit in to the plan? (1) He is the person who is supposed to be there beside Juliet when she wakes up.
What complications do you think might come out of this plan? Why? Be specific. (1) Romeo will not get the Friar’s letter in time.
How does Juliet respond to the Friar’s plan? She takes the potion even though she has doubts.
What happens to put Capulet into such a good mood? Juliet apologizes to him and agrees to marry Paris.
Why does Capulet move the wedding up to Wednesday? Because of Juliet’s apology.
Juliet continues to deceive her family in this scene. How and why? She pretends to be happy and lets them think that she will marry Paris because she knows that there is no other way for her to be with Romeo.
What is Lady Capulet most concerned about when she hears that her husband has moved up the wedding date? She is concerned that there will not be enough time to prepare for the wedding.
How does Capulet moving up the date of the wedding complicate things for the friar’s plan? (2) This shortens the amount of time for him to arrange Juliet’s “death” and get his message to Romeo.
1. Who is Juliet speaking to when she says, “Farewell! God knows when we shall meet again./ I have a faint cold fear thrills through my veins/That almost freezes up the heat of life.” 2. What are these lines an example of? How do you know? 1. To herself2. foreshadowing because she is doubting that she will never see Romeo or herself again.
How does Juliet explain the friar’s actions in her soliloquy? (3) Juliet thinks Friar Laurence may be trying to kill her to save himself.
Does she believe him to be a coward? Why or why not? (3) No because she knows he is trying to help her and Romeo stay together and live.
Do you believe him to be a coward? Be specific. (3) Yes because Friar Lawrence married Romeo and Juliet despite their young age in order to stop a feud.
How does Juliet feel about drinking the potion? Why do you think she feels this way? What are the three scenarios that she comes up with? She is doubting the plan because she thinks the potion Friar gave her may actually be poison that will kill her, that she may wake up before Romeo is there to save her and she will suffocate, that she will be surrounded by voices and spirits if she wakes up in the tomb, and that she may go insane.
Who is sent to wake up Juliet? The Nurse
What is Nurse going to find when she goes to awaken Juliet? She is going to find a dead Juliet.
Describe the reactions of Nurse, Lady Capulet and Lord Capulet to Juliet’s “death.” They are confused and upset.
1. Analyze “Death hath lain with thy wife. There she lies,/Flower as she was, deflowered by him./Death is my son in law, Death is my heir;/My daughter he hath wedded. I will die/And leave him all. Life, living, all is Death’s.” Who is the speaker and the audience. 2. What are these lines describing and why are they important? 3. What is the literary device being used? How do you know? 1. Speaker= Lord CapuletAudience= Friar Lawrence2. These lines are describing that death has taken his daughter away (Romeo fits in the place of each death word used in the quote).3. Dramatic Irony because we know that Juliet isn’t dead, but Capulet doesn’t.
What may the Capulet family and Paris think caused Juliet’s death? Why would they assume this? They think Juliet may have died from grieving over Tybalt’s death because they are unaware that Juliet loves Romeo.
How does the friar respond to the commotion surrounding Juliet at this moment? What does he say to the adults? Why isn’t Friar worried? The Friar gets upset because he says that they should all be happy that she is in Heaven and not mourning over her death. Friar is not worried because he knows about the plan he has created and the potion that has “killed” Juliet.
Iambic pentameter Noun, The most common meter in English verse. It consists of a line 10 syllables long containing five pairs of unstressed and then stressed syllables
Prose Noun, The ordinary form of spoken or written language
Aside Noun, A part of an actors lines supposedly not heard by others on the stage and intended only for the audience or another character
Monologue Noun, a prolonged talk by a single character to other characters on stage
Soliloquy Noun, a speech delivered by character alone on stage. This speech reveals his/her inner thoughts and feelings. The character “thinking out loud”.
Pun Noun, humorous play on words using different meanings, words that sound alike etc.
Oxymoron Noun, a combination of words that have opposite or very different meanings
Foil Noun, a character that shows qualities that are in sharp contrast with the qualities of another character, to highlight the traits of the other character
Comic relief Noun, or humorous speech, scene, incident introduced into a serious elements of a play/novel, to provide temporary relief from sadness
Allusion Noun, The act or practice of making a reference to something
Civil Adjective, of the Commonwealth or state, polite
Shrift Noun, The giving of forgiveness by a priest, after confession
Kinsman Noun, a blood relative, especially a male; a relative by marriage
Romeo Montague, Begins loving Rosaline, Secretly loves Juliet
Juliet Capulet, Falls in love with Romeo,
Benvolio Montague, Romeo’s cousin, tries to stop the violence
Tybalt Capulet, Juliets cousin, Agressive, voilent, Prideful, Killed by Romeo
Lady Capulet Juliets Mom, wants Juliet to marry Paris
Capulet Juliet’s father, Montague’s enemy
Lady Montague Romeo’s mom
Montague Romeo’s Dad
Friar Lawrence Friend to Romeo and Juliet, Secretly marries them in hope of piece of both their families
Mercutio Romeos friend, witty and imaginative, Died by Tybalt, wishes a “plague on both their houses”
Nurse Juliet’s Caretaker, Juliet trusts her
Prince Exiles Romeo for killing Tybalt
Fate Un-avoidable ending, “Star-crossed lovers”
The party Where Juliet and Romeo fell in love
Verona Where the story takes place
Pun Word play or jokes using words that sound alike, but have different meanings
Personification Giving non-living objects the characteristics of people
Aspostrophe The pairing of words that are opposites
Metaphor A comparison without “like” or “as”
Elizabethan Sonnet A 14-line poem written in iambic pentameter with a rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
Couplet A pair of lines with rhyming words at the end of both lines
Allusion When a parson talks to non-living objects as if they can hear
Blank Verse Poetry written in unrhymed iambic penameter
Oxymoron References to an earlier work of literature mythology, history, etc.
Alliteration Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Foreshadowing Author puts clues to hint what will happen next
Simlie Comparison using “like” or “as”
Iambic pentameter Noun, The most common meter in English verse. It consists of a line 10 syllables long containing five pairs of unstressed and then stressed syllables
Prose Noun, The ordinary form of spoken or written language
Aside Noun, A part of an actors lines supposedly not heard by others on the stage and intended only for the audience or another character
Monologue Noun, a prolonged talk by a single character to other characters on stage
Soliloquy Noun, a speech delivered by character alone on stage. This speech reveals his/her inner thoughts and feelings. The character “thinking out loud”.
Pun Noun, humorous play on words using different meanings, words that sound alike etc.
Oxymoron Noun, a combination of words that have opposite or very different meanings
Foil Noun, a character that shows qualities that are in sharp contrast with the qualities of another character, to highlight the traits of the other character
Comic relief Noun, or humorous speech, scene, incident introduced into a serious elements of a play/novel, to provide temporary relief from sadness
Allusion Noun, The act or practice of making a reference to something
Anon Adverb, in a short time; soon
Discourse(s) Verb, speaks
Semblance Noun, Outward appearance (what something looks like)
Hoodwinked Verb, blindfolded, tricked
Perilous Adjective, severe; dangerous
Peppered Adjective, slang: done for/Finished off (when meat is seasoned, it is “finished”)
Commend Verb, to present, mention, or praise as worthy of confidence, notice, kindness, etc.; recommend
Civil Adjective, of the Commonwealth or state
Envious adjective, full of, or feeling envy; also malicious (intending harm)
Shrift Noun, The giving of forgiveness by a priest, after confession
Discord Noun, a conflict or disagreement
Kinsman Noun, a blood relative, especially a male; a relative by marriage
Soft Interjection, an exclamation meaning wait
Bark Noun, boat
Vial Noun, a small bottle for liquids
Inconstant Adjective, not constant; changeable; fickle variable
Conceit Noun, true understanding
Fester(ing) Verb, to develop pus; rot
Lamentable Adjective, distressing
Woe Now, grievous distress, affliction or trouble
Beguile(d) Verb, todeceive or trick
Hither Adverb, to or toward this place
Prodigious Adjective, monstrous, unnatural
Loathsome Adjective, disgusting
Banished Verb, to be exiled
Fray Noun, fight
Scourge Noun, punishment
Contract No, betrothal
Borrowed Adjective, temporary
Haste Noun, urgent need of quick action; hurry; rush
According to the summary of Act 2, Scene 1, where does Romeo go after the party? into the Capulet orchard
Which sentence best explains Romeo’s statement in lines 10-11 from Act 2, Scene 2? I love Juliet, and I wish she knew it
Shakespeare uses Romeo’s aside to reveal that Romeo does not know what to say
Juliet is afraid that the love between Romeo and herself is: has come to quickly
Juliet tells Romeo that if he loves her, he will: marry her
Friar Laurence is hesitant to marry Romeo and Juliet because he thinks Romeo is being fickle
Tybalt sends a letter to Romeo to: challenge Romeo to a fight
Which event in Friar Lawrence’s cell happens last in scene 3? Friar Laurence agrees to marry Romeo and Juliet
ROMEO SAYS THIS PERSON WOUNDED HIM. JULIET
JULIET IS WOUNDED BY ROMEO
HE SAID, “YOUNGER THAN SHE ARE HAPPY MOTHERS MADE.” PARIS
ROMEO SAYS HE WILL BE THE TORCHBEARER OR CANDLE HOLDER
ROSALINE HAS SWORN TO LIVE CHASTE
JULIET SAID THAT AND ROMEO WERE RUSHING THINGS.
JULIET THE PERSON WHO PROPOSED
JULIET GOES FROM OBEDIENT TO DEFIANT
SINCE JULIET CHANGES, SHE IS A DYNAMIC CHARACTER.
What does the chorus say will happen to the two lovers? That they will take their life
What does Escalus say he will do to anyone who fights in the future? He will sentence them to death
How does Benvolio say the fighting began The Capulets and the Montagues servants were fighting and he was trying to break it up
According to Benvolio and Mercucio, how has Romeo been acting recently? He locks himself in his bedroom during the day and roams through the nighf
What remedy does Benvolio suggest for Romeos problem? To find another girl
In scene 2 what does Capulets tell Paris he will have to do in order to marry Juliet? Has to get Juliet to like him
Why does the sermon ask Romeo to read the list of guests who are invited to the party at the Capulet’s The servant cannot read
What makes Romeo decide to go to the party He wants to see Rosaline
In scene three we learn that juliet is how old 13-14
What is the nurses opinion of Paris? She said he’s a man of wax
How do Romeo and friends plan to hide their identities at the Capulets party? They wear masks
Who is Queen Mab A fairy who controls dreams
What feelings about dreams does express in his Queen Mab monologue? Not to take dreams seriously
At the end of scene 4 how does Romeo react when he first sees juliet? To what does he compare to her he falls in love with her and compares her to a jewel in an ethiop’s ear
At the end of scene 4 what does Romeo fear He we die at the party
How does juliet react to Romeo in their first meeting? She falls in love with him
How does Tybalt react to the news that Romeo is at the party? How does Capulet react? Tybalt wants to Romeo to be killed but Capulet told Tybalt to leave him alone and to calm down
Foil A character in literature who contrasts another character in the story
Foreshadowing Refers to hints about future events into the story
Hyperbole Exaggeration that is not meant to be taken literally
Pun A play on words
Conflict Struggle between opposing forces
Adversary Enemy
Augmenting Adding
Deformities Disfigurements
Discreet Showing good judgement
Disparagement Criticism
Nuptial Wedding
Obscured Hid
Pernicious Harmful
Portentous Ominous
Posterity Future generations
Prodigious Terrible
Profane Dishonor
Propagate Increase
Purged Expelled
A pair of star-cross’d lovers take their like;Whose misadventur’d piteous overthrowsDoth with their death burt their parents strife. Chorus
What, drawn, and talk of peace! I hate the wordAs I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee:Have at thee, coward! Tybalt
Here’s much to do with hate, but more with love:—Why then, O brawling love! O loving hate! Romeo
Go girl, seek happy nights to happy days. Nurse
I’ll look to like, if looking liking more:But no more deep will I endart mine eyeThan your consent gives strength to make it fly. Juliet
If love be rough with you, be rough with love; Mercutio
Did my heart love till now? forswear it sight!For I ne’er saw true beauty till this night. Romeo
HE WANTS TO KILL ROMEO. TYBALT
My only love sprung from my only hate!Too early seen unknown, and known too late!Prodigious birth of live it is to me,That I must love a loathed enemy. Juliet
She demands Romeo’s death Lady Capulet
He says Romeo only did what the law would have done. Lord Montague
He exiles Romeo. Prince Escalus
Romeo’s punishment exile or banishment
LADY CAPULET COMPARES PARIS TO A BOOK
THE MOON WHAT ROMEO TRIES TO SWEAR BY
FICKLE DEFINITION MEANS CHANGEABLE
DEFINITION OF SHRIFT CONFESSION
REASON THE FRIAR AGREES TO THE WEDDING TO END THE FIGHTING
FRIAR LAWRENCE SAYS “THESE VIOLENT DELIGHTS HAVE VIOLENT ENDS.”
THE NURSE IS TOLD THAT HER FAN IS FAIRER THAN HER FACE.
SHE LIES ABOUT THE FIGHT BETWEEN ROMEO AND TYBALT. LADY CAPULET
ROMEO SAYS THAT HE HAS TO LOVE TYBALT.
Why do Mercutio and Benvolio laugh at Romeo in Act 2? He lept over the Capulet’s wall to the garden.
What might happen to Romeo if he is found in the Capulet’s garden? Death
Juliet is Romeo’s? Sun
Why doesn’t Juliet want Romeo to swear by the Moon? The moon is fickle and changes often.
Friar Laurence agrees to marry Romeo and Juliet because..? He hopes it will end the Feud between the Capulet and the Montague family.
Friar Laurence is suprised by Romeo visit.. why? Romeo is so changeable in love.
“What is a Montaque?, It neither hand, nor foot, nor arm, nor a face… I wish you had some other name. What is a name..?” (Translate) Romeo’s name is an accident of birth. It is not an essential part of who he really is.
Friar Laurence marry… Romeo and Juliet at the end of Act 2.
Mercutio and Romeo are unkind and ridicule the..? Nurse
The nurse arrives late to see Juliet with news about the wedding.. because…? She is testing Juliet’s patience. She left at 9 and was supposed to return to Juliet with news at 9:30.
Why did Tybalt send a letter to Lord Montague? To challenge Romeo for “crashing the Capulet party”
She is called a bright angel. Juliet
He says he will be newly baptized. Romeo
He agrees to perform the wedding ceremony. Friar Laurence
He is called a man of wax. Paris
He is killed by Tybalt. Mercutio
He is killed by Romeo. Tybalt
He is the ruler of Verona Escalus
confession shrift
someone who makes medicine apothecary
Where is the play set? Verona
What does “star-cross’d” mean? The relationship of the two lovers is doomed to fail.
What are some details that confirm the Prologue is a sonnet? The prologue is 14 lines in length. It is written in iambic pentameter (10 syllables per line that alternate between an unstressed and a stressed syllable). The rhyme scheme is abab, cdcd, efef, gg.
Give examples of words that represent two in the Prologue. Here are a few examples: two, both, alike, pair, their, children’s, hours, we, parents’. This mirrors the two households (Capulets and Montagues) who are against one another and how two (one from each household) will come together.
Give examples of words that are related to hatred and violence in the Prologue. Here are a few examples of words that are associated with hatred and violence: grudge, break, mutiny, blood, unclean, foes, fatal, piteous, death, strife, rage. This certainly foreshadows the violence and hatred that will come.
What family do Sampson and Gregory work for? Sampson and Gregory work for the House of Capulet.
Which group of people do they appear to be angry with? Sampson and Gregory are angry with the “dogs” in the House of Montague.
Identify examples of puns in the exchange between Sampson and Gregory. Some examples of puns are: coals, coalminers, colliers, choler, collar.
For whom are Abram and Balthasar working? Abram and Balthasar work for the House of Montague.
To which families are Tybalt and Benvolio connected? Tybalt is a Capulet and Benvolio is a Montague.
What does Benvolio’s name mean? Benvolio means “good will.”
How is Tybalt related to Juliet? Tybalt is Juliet’s cousin.
Who says this: Part, fools! Put up your swords, you know not what you do. Benvolio
What, drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word,/As I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee./Have at thee, coward. Tybalt
What are the bills and partisans mentioned here? Bills are weapons with long handles and axe-heads. Partisans are long staves with axe-heads.
Who broke up the fight? The Prince broke up the fight.
After the fighting has stopped, the Prince makes a promise regarding further fighting. What is it? The Prince said that “If ever you disturb the streets again,/Your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace.” (1.1.90-91) This means that they will be condemned to death if they fight again.
What does Montague means by the following:Who set this ancient quarrel new abroach? (1.1.98) Montague is asking Benvolio why this old feud has started up again.
Which character in this scene does Benvolio describe as “fiery.” Tybalt is described as “fiery”.
Lady Montague asks Benvolio if he has seen Romeo. What does Benvolio reveal about Romeo’s mood? Benvolio saw Romeo but Romeo avoided him. He seemed to want to be alone.
What examples of Romeo’s strange behaviour do Benvolio and Montague discuss? Benvolio said that Romeo is avoiding him. Old Montague says that Romeo “Shuts his windows, locks fair daylight out,/And makes himself an artificial night.” Romeo is locking himself in his room and shutting the curtains to make it really dark. He is clearly depressed about something but his mother and father do not know why he is sad.
Name that literary term: When the author makes a reference to something outside the play, like a Greek God. This is an allusion. In this case, there is an allusion to Aurora.
Who is Aurora? Aurora is the Goddess of the Dawn. Romeo is shutting the curtains on her and not letting her in!
What does this mean?See where he comes. So please you step aside,/I’ll know his grievance or be much denied. Benvolio says that he will try to figure out what is troubling Romeo unless he is stubborn and won’t tell him. This is a rhyming couplet. Notice how the people of status talk as opposed to those who are not rich.
What does Romeo mean by this …Out of her favour where I am in love. (1.1.162) Romeo is in love with someone but she does not love him back.
What is an oxymoron? An oxymoron is a figure of speech that links contradictory (opposite) terms or ideas. “Jumbo shrimp” is an example of an oxymoron.
What are the oxymorons that Romeo uses in lines 165-177? Some oxymorons in this section include:Brawling loveLoving hateHeavy lightnessBright smokeCold fireSick healthStill-waking sleep
Why would Romeo use oxymorons in this speech? Answers will vary. Oxymorons could illustrate his mixed emotions (loving the woman but hating her because she doesn’t love him back). It also speaks to the topics of love and hate in this play as a whole. Is it such a thin line between love and hate?
How does the fight begin Something small years ago that snowballed more each year. Benvoleo and Tybalt mouthed off to each other
Name the 2 families fighting Capulet family; Montague family
Who is the head of the Montague family Lord Montague
Who is the head of the Capulet family Lord Capulet
What comment does Prince Escalus make about peace between the 2 families? He wants it to stop or the Lords will be killed for their family’s starting a fight.
What does Lady Capulet call for when Capulet calls for a sword? A crutch
What traditional Italian insult starts the brawl? biting the thumb
Where has Benvolio found Romeo walking before dawn? sycamore grove
How many brawls have there been between the families? three
Why can’t Romeo have Rosaline? She has sworn never to marry
“Part, fools, put up your swords, you know not what you do?” Who said it? Benvolio
“Bright smoke… cold fire… sick health…” Who said it? Romeo
“What? Drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word…” Who said it? Tybalt
“Let two more summers wither in their pride, ere we may think her fit to be a bride.” Who said it? Lord Capulet
How old is Juliet? 13
What time does Romeo return from his lonely walks? dawn
What “lengthens Romeo’s hours”? Not having his love returned or sadness
Approximately how old is lady Capulet? 26
Why do Sampson and Gregory fight with Montague’s men? Sampson bites his thumb at one of the Montagues.
Benvolio and Tybalt come upon the servants fighting. How do they react to the fight? Benvolio wants to stop the fight, but Tybalt wants to get into the fight.
When Montague and Capulet enter and see the disturbance, they want to fight, too. What do their wives say? The old guys should stop all the fighting.
What ended the opening fight? The Prince of Verona warned them they would be punished with death if they would fight.
Why is Romeo so sad? Rosaline, the girl he loves, doesn’t love him back.
In Act 1.2, Paris asks Capulet for Juliet’s hand in marriage. What is Capulet’s reply? Paris should wait until Juliet is older.
Why does Romeo decide to go to the feast even though (being a Montague) he is not invited? Rosaline, the girl he loves, will be at the party!
Romeo He believes LOVE is wonderful, but he might make you crazy or insane.
Benvolio He thinks his friend should find someone else, an get over Rosaline. Love can be a poison!
Lord Capulet He doesn’t want Juliet to grow up too fast, but he learns that it’s Juliet’s decision to marry any way.
Paris He has marriage on his mind! Age doesn’t matter in a relationship!
Lady Capulet Admits that Juliet is young but also says that there are girls younger than Juliet who are ready to get married.
Nurse Would love to see Juliet married soon! She basically raised Juliet.
Juliet Never thinks of marriage, and doesn’t want to marry unless she is in LOVE and her parents consent.
Lady Montague the sixth death
The third death Paris
apothecary Sells Romeo the poison
death the punishment for selling poison
gold Worse poison than actual poison
a letter Romeo gives this to Balthasar to take to his father.
a convent Where Friar Laurence proposes to hide Juliet when he realizes that Romeo is dead.
Friar John Was quarantined and did not deliver the Friar’s letter to Romeo
Balthasar Saw Juliet’s funeral and told Romeo that she was dead
a dagger Juliet’s method of suicide
Mercutio Dies cursing both families.
The character who plays the role of foil to Tybalt is Benvolio
The Prince warns the Montagues and Capulets that the punishment for more fighting is death
Tybalt can best be described as quick tempered
To his father, Romeo seems to be moody and depressed
Romeo plans to attend the Capulets’ feast to see Rosaline
Romeo’s biggest problem appears to be that he falls in love too easily
When Juliet sees Romeo, she falls in love with him
“there lies more peril in thine eye Than twenty of their swords!” is an example of what literary device? hyperbole
Romeo asks Friar Lawrence to perform a marriage
On the street, Tybalt calls Romeo a villain
Romeo’s reaction to Tybalt’s insults is to tell Tybalt that he loves him
When Tybalt draws his sword and Romeo moves to stop him, the result is that Mercutio is struck and dies
What literacy device is used is used in the following: “Beautiful tyrant!” “fiend angelica!” “Dove-feathered raven” “wolvish ravening lamb!”? oxymorons
When Juliet discovers that Tybalt is dead and Romeo is banished, her mood is sorrowful
At the end of Act 3, Scene 5, the Nurse advises Juliet to accept Paris as her husband
Capulet arranges with Paris for a marriage to Juliet
Juliet wants to die when she learns about her upcoming marriage to Paris
When Juliet says, “I have a faint cold fear thrills through my veins/That almost freezes up the heat of life,” she is afraid
Capulet says, “Death is my son-in-law,” which is an example of personification
Romeo’s reaction to Balthasar’s news shows that he is taking action without thinking clearly
Romeo goes to the apothecary because he wants to buy poison
The first to arrive at Juliet’s tomb is Paris
Once Juliet awakens, Friar Lawrence plans for her to become a nun
How Juliet dies by stabbing herself
The last person to die in this tragedy is Lady Montague
The Prince’s speech at the end of the play tells the audience that there was never a sadder story than this
Who does Tybalt want to attack at the Capulet’s masked ball Romeo
How many children does Lord Capulet have one
The city where most of the story of Romeo and Juliet is set is Verona
The street fight in the opening scene is between which two families? Capulets and Montagues
Which character was a hothead of the Capulets who loved to fight? Tybalt
The excuse Juliet uses to see Friar Laurence after having a fight with her father confession
what Juliet tells Romeo not to swear by since it changes moon
In what format is the Prologue to Act 2 written? sonnet
What literary term is demonstrated by the following line? “Now old doth in his death-bed lie.” personification
When Mercutio cannot find Romeo at the beginning of the act, what does Mercutio assume? He assumes that Romeo still pines away for Rosaline.
What does Romeo mean when he says “She speaks, yet she says nothing. Her eye discourses.”? Juliet is voiceless, yet her thoughts and feelings can be read in her face.
What does Juliet mean when she says “Wherefore art thou Romeo?” She is wondering why the man she loves has to be Romeo, a member of the Montague family.
What does Romeo mean when he says “Alack, there lies more peril in thine eyes than 20 of their swords.”? He means that a cruel look from Juliet would be more painful than a fight
Why does Juliet bid Romeo to “swear not by the moon”? The moon changes often, and she fears that swearing by it might make his love just as variable.
When Juliet says, “I have no joy of this contract tonight,” what does the word “contract” mean? the exchange of vows
What does Friar Lawrence assume when he discovers that Romeo has been up all night? He assumes that Romeo’s love for Rosaline has left him sleepless.
Why does Friar Lawrence agree to help Romeo wed Juliet? He hopes their love will resolve the conflict between the Capulets and the Montagues.
Whom does Mercutio call the “Prince of Cats”? Tybalt
What literary device is used in: ” Now is he for the numbers Petrarch flowed in.” allusion
How does Mercutio feel when Romeo begins jesting with him? He is hurt
What does Romeo ask of the Nurse when she finds him with his friends? To tell Juliet to go to Friar Laurence so they can be married.
After she returns from the visit with Romeo how does the Nurse increase Juliet’s suspense? She complains about her aching bones and lack of breath.
What word best describes Juliet’s feelings as she waits to hear the message Romeo sent? impatient
Why does Mercutio decide to fight with Tybalt? He is embarrassed for Romeo.
Why does Romeo finally kill Tybalt? because Tybalt kills Mercutio
What penalty does Prince Escalus decree for Romeo after Tybalt’s death? he is banished
Who tells Juliet of Tybalt’s death? Nurse
Where does Romeo go to hide after he kills Tybalt? Friar Laurence’s cell
What does Capulet say he will do if Juliet does not marry Paris? he will disown her
What does Nurse advise Juliet to do? What reasons does she give? Nurse tells Juliet to marry Paris because Romeo is not coming back
To whom does Juliet decide to go for help? Friar Laurence
“A plague o’ both your houses!/They have made worms’ meat of me . . .” Mercutio said this.
“Let Romeo hence in haste,/Else, when he’s found, that hour is his last.” Prince Escalus said this.
“O serpent heart, hid with a flowering face!/Did ever dragon keep so fair a cave?” Juliet said this when angry with Romeo.
“Affliction is enamored of thy parts,/And thou art wedded to calamity.” Friar Laurence said this to Romeo.
“In what vile part of this anatomy/Doth my name lodge? Tell me, that I may sack/The hateful mansion.” Romeo said this to Friar Laurence.
“And you be mine, I’ll give you to my friend;/Andyou be not, hang, beg, starve, die in the streets . . .” Lord Capulet said this to Juliet.
consort to keep company or associate with
After Capulet’s ball why does Romeo run away from his friends Benvolio and Mercutio? Because he must be with Juliet
Who overhears Juliet speaking aloud her loving thoughts of Romeo? Romeo
Why does Juliet say she does not want Romeo to swear his love by the moon? Because the moon always changes.
Before parting, the young lovers decide to do what the next day? Juliet will arrange for a messenger to meet Romeo and bring back news of the wedding.
Why is Mercutio worried about Tybalt’s challenge to the Montagues? Tybalt is an excellent duelist and Romeo has already been stabbed to death by love.
Why does Romeo say this line, “He jests at scars that never felt a wound”? He thinks that Mercutio shouldn’t make fun of him because he doesn’t know what it’s like to be hurt in love.
Who speaks these lines, “But soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the East, and Juliet is the sun!”? Romeo
These lines have an example of what literary term, “Good night, good night! Parting is such sweet sorrow That I shall say good night till it be morrow.”? oxymoron
These lines have an example of what literary term?”The gray-eyed morn smiles on the frowning night.” Personification
What does Tybalt’s letter to Montague tell him? He wants a duel with Romeo.
When a character delivers a soliliquy, he or she expresses private thoughts when the character is or thinks he or she is alone.
What does Juliet mean when she says, “Deny thy father and refuse thy name”? Pretend you’re not a Montague.
What does Romeo compare Juliet to when he sees her on the balcony? the sun and an angel
What does Friar Lawrence collect when he first appears in the play? Weeds and flowers.
Benvolio is a round character because he has many personality traits.
What makes Romeo’s love for Juliet different from his love for Rosaline? Unlike Rosaline, Juliet return Romeo’s love.
Benvolio and Mercutio’s sociability helps to emphasize Romeo’s ____________ moodiness/depression
What does Romeo say about Juliet’s eyes? They are so bright they could replace the stars in heaven.
Why is Juliet embarrassed that Romeo overheard her balcony speech? Because he might think that she is too quickly won; she gave her love too easily
What is Mercutio’s nickname for Tybalt? Prince of Cats
Why does Romeo tell Juliet that if his name was written on a piece of paper, he would tear it? Names are what cause all the problems between them.
Fill in the blank:”O Romeo, O Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo? Deny thy _________ and refuse thy name.” father
who does Mercutio say “sends dreams”? Queen Mab
Who doth teach the torches to burn bright? Juliet
What does Lady Capulet call for when Capulet calls for a sword? A crutch
What traditional Italian insult starts the brawl? biting the thumb
Where has Benvolio found Romeo walking before dawn? in a grove of trees
How many brawls have there been between the families? three
Who recognizes Romeo at the ball? Tybalt
Why can Romeo not have Rosaline? She has sworn never to marry
“Part, fools, put up your swords, you know not what you do?” Benvolio
“Bright smoke… cold fire… sick health…” Romeo
“True, I talk of dreams which are the children of an idle brain.” Mercutio
Who calls Romeo “a virtuous and well-governed youth”? Lord Capulet says this when Tybalt wants to fight Romeo.
“What? Drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word…” Tybalt
“Part, fools, put up your swords, you know not what you do?” Who said it? Benvolio says this when trying to stop the fight.
Close to Juliet, provides comic relief, has only 4 teeth Nurse
Juliet will turn 14 in a little over __ weeks. 2
A man of wax Paris
“Brawling Love” is a/an oxymoron
When Sampson and Gregory make jokes about choler, collars, and colliers, they are using which literary device? pun
Love is a smoke . . . metaphor
What term applies to saying that love is rude? personification
After Capulet’s ball why does Romeo run away from his friends Benvolio and Mercutio? Because he must be with Juliet
Who overhears Juliet speaking aloud her loving thoughts of Romeo? Romeo
Why does Juliet say she does not want Romeo to swear his love by the moon? Because the moon always changes.
Before parting, the young lovers decide to do what the next day? Juliet will arrange for a messenger to meet Romeo and bring back news of the wedding.
What does Friar Lawrence observe in his soliliquy about the herbs and plants he gathered in his basket? They are both deadly and healthful.
Who agrees to perform the wedding ceremony of Romeo and Juliet? Why? Friar Lawrence because he thinks it will bring the two families together.
Why is Mercutio worried about Tybalt’s challenge to the Montagues? Tybalt is an excellent duelist and Romeo has already been stabbed to death by love.
What excuse does Juliet use for going to Friar Lawrence’s cell? She needs to go to shrift (confession).
How does Romeo plan to enter Juliets house on their wedding night? By rope ladder.
Why does Romeo say this line, “He jests at scars that never felt a wound”? He thinks that Mercutio shouldn’t make fun of him because he doesn’t know what it’s like to be hurt in love.
Who speaks these lines, “But soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the East, and Juliet is the sun!”? Romeo when he is looking at the balcony
These lines have an example of what literary term?”The gray-eyed morn smiles on the frowning night.” Personification
These lines have an example of what two literary terms?”Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,Who is already sick and pale with griefThat thou her maid art far more fair than she.” Metaphor and Personification
What does Tybalt’s letter to Montague tell him? He wants a duel with Romeo.
In Act II, the action focuses on the plans of Romeo and Juliet. When the Nurse brings Juliet the message from Romeo, the Nurse instensifies the moment by Going on about her aches and pains, thus leaving Juliet in suspense.
When a character delivers a soliliquy, he or she expresses private thoughts when the character is or thinks he or she is alone.
In the balcony scene, Romeo says directly to the audience, “Shall I hear more, or shall I speak at this?”What is this form of speech called? aside
What does Juliet mean when she says, “Deny thy father and refuse thy name”? Pretend you’re not a Montague.
Why does Friar Lawrence initially question Romeo’s love for Juliet? Because he was just in love with Rosaline.
What does Juliet mean when she says,” Good night, good night! Parting is such sweet sorrow that I shall say good night till it be morrow”? She doesn’t want to leave Romeo, but is happy she will see him the next day to get married.
What happens at the end of Act II that is not written to necessariy be seen on stage? Romeo and Juliet get married.
What does Romeo compare Juliet to when he sees her on the balcony? the sun
What does Friar Lawrence collect when he first appears in the play? Weeds and flowers.
Benvolio is a round character because he has many personality traits.
What makes Romeo’s love for Juliet different from his love for Rosaline? Unlike Rosaline, Juliet return Romeo’s love.
Benvolio and Mercutio’s sociability helps to emphasize Romeo’s ____________ moodiness/depression
Juliet sends the nurse to Romeo for what purpose? To find out the time and place of the wedding.
How long is the nurse away before returning? 3 hours.
Friar Lawrence agrees to marry Romeo and Juliet because: He believes it will end the family feud.
Juliet’s change of mind about marriage is an example of what type of irony? Situational irony
What does Romeo say about Juliet’s eyes? They are so bright they could replace the stars in heaven.
Why is Juliet embarrassed that Romeo overheard her balcony speech? Because he might think that she is too quickly won; she gave her love too easily
At the end of Act II, what two people, other than Romeo and Juliet, know about the marriage between the young lovers? Friar Lawrence and Nurse
What is Mercutio’s nickname for Tybalt? Prince of Cats
Why does Romeo tell Juliet that if his name was written on a piece of paper, he would tear it up (“Had I it written, I would tear the word.”)? Names are what cause all the problems between them.
Fill in the blank:”O Romeo, O Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo? Deny thy _________ and refuse thy name.” father
Why does Mercutio decide to fight with Tybalt? because Romeo is now related by marriage to Tybalt and is trying to keep the peace and won’t fight
Why does Romeo finally kill Tybalt? because Tybalt kills Mercutio
What penalty does Prince Escalus decree for Romeo after Tybalt’s death? he is banished or exiled
Where does Romeo go to hide after he kills Tybalt? Friar Laurence’s cell
“Tybalt, the reason that I have to love thee/Doth muchexcuse the appertaining rage/To such a greeting.” Who says it and why? Romeo-he doesn’t want to fight/kill Tybalt because they are now family
“A plague o’ both your houses!/They have made worms’ meat of me . . .” Who says it and why? Mercutio-he curses both families because he got caught up in the fight and will die
“O serpent heart, hid with a flowering face!/Did ever dragon keep so fair a cave?” Who says it and why? Juliet about Romeo-Juliet is surprised that Romeo (who is so handsome and kind to her) could have killed Tybalt
consort to keep company or associate with
abhors to loathe (hate), to detest (dislike) strongly
What does Juliet send to Romeo when he is hiding in Friar Laurence’s cell? a ring
Why does Mercutio decide to fight with Tybalt? because Romeo is now related by marriage to Tybalt and is trying to keep the peace and won’t fight
Why does Romeo finally kill Tybalt? because Tybalt kills Mercutio
What penalty does Prince Escalus decree for Romeo after Tybalt’s death? he is banished
Who tells Juliet of Tybalt’s death? Nurse
Where does Romeo go to hide after he kills Tybalt? Friar Laurence’s cell
“Tybalt, the reason that I have to love thee/Doth muchexcuse the appertaining rage/To such a greeting.” Who says it and why? Romeo-he doesn’t want to fight/kill Tybalt because they are now family
“A plague o’ both your houses!/They have made worms’ meat of me . . .” Who says it and why? Mercutio-he curses both families because he got caught up in the fight and will die
“O serpent heart, hid with a flowering face!/Did ever dragon keep so fair a cave?” Who says it and why? Juliet about Romeo-Juliet is surprised that Romeo (who is so handsome and kind to her) could have killed Tybalt
consort to keep company or associate with
abhors to loathe (hate), to detest (dislike) strongly
foil a character who has qualities that are in sharp contrast to another character
foreshadowing refers to hints in a piece of literature indicating what will happen later
irony an outcome of events contrary to what was expected
pun usually a humorous use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings; a play on words
conflict a struggle between two opposing forces
metaphor a direct comparison between things that are not truly alike
imagery words and pictures that appeal to the five senses
soliloquy longer speech that reveals the innermost thoughts and feelings of the character who speaks it
malapropism comical mistake uttered by certain characters
theme the underlying meaning or message of a work of literature
repetition increases the tension and emotional impact of a speech or scene
oxymoron when contradictory words are paired
hyperbole obvious exaggeration
After Capulet’s ball why does Romeo run away from his friends Benvolio and Mercutio? Because he must be with Juliet
Who overhears Juliet speaking aloud her loving thoughts of Romeo? Romeo
Why does Juliet say she does not want Romeo to swear his love by the moon? Because the moon always changes.
Before parting, the young lovers decide to do what the next day? Juliet will arrange for a messenger to meet Romeo and bring back news of the wedding.
What does Friar Lawrence observe in his soliliquy about the herbs and plants he gathered in his basket? They are both deadly and healthful.
Who agrees to perform the wedding ceremony of Romeo and Juliet? Why? Friar Lawrence because he thinks it will bring the two families together.
Why is Mercutio worried about Tybalt’s challenge to the Montagues? Tybalt is an excellent duelist and Romeo has already been stabbed to death by love.
What excuse does Juliet use for going to Friar Lawrence’s cell? She needs to go to shrift (confession).
How does Romeo plan to enter Juliets house on their wedding night? By rope ladder.
Why does Romeo say this line, “He jests at scars that never felt a wound”? He thinks that Mercutio shouldn’t make fun of him because he doesn’t know what it’s like to be hurt in love.
Who speaks these lines, “But soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the East, and Juliet is the sun!”? Romeo
These lines have an example of what literary term, “Good night, good night! Parting is such sweet sorrow That I shall say good night till it be morrow.”? oxymoron
Who speaks these lines, “The earth that’s nature’s mother is her tomb; What is her burying grave that is her womb.”? Friar Lawrence
What is Friar Lawrence warning of in this line, “These violent delights have violent ends And in their triumph die, like fire and powder.”? This impulsive and hasty marriage could end violently.
These lines have an example of what literary term?”The gray-eyed morn smiles on the frowning night.” Personification
These lines have an example of what two literary terms?”Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,Who is already sick and pale with griefThat thou her maid art far more fair than she.” Metaphor and Personification
These lines have an example of symbolism. What is the symbol and what does it symbolize?”What’s in a name? That which we call a roseBy any other name would smell as sweet.So Romeo would, were he not Romeo called,Retain that dear perfection which he owes”Without that title. . . The rose symbolizes love.
What does Tybalt’s letter to Montague tell him? He wants a duel with Romeo.
In Act II, the action focuses on the plans of Romeo and Juliet. When the Nurse brings Juliet the message from Romeo, the Nurse instensifies the moment by Going on about her aches and pains, thus leaving Juliet in suspense.
When a character delivers a soliliquy, he or she expresses private thoughts when the character is or thinks he or she is alone.
In the balcony scene, Romeo says directly to the audience, “Shall I hear more, or shall I speak at this?”What is this form of speech called? aside
What does Juliet mean when she says, “Deny thy father and refuse thy name”? Pretend you’re not a Montague.
Why does Friar Lawrence initially question Romeo’s love for Juliet? Because he was just in love with Rosaline.
What does Juliet mean when she says,” Good night, good night! Parting is such sweet sorrow that I shall say good night till it be morrow”? She doesn’t want to leave Romeo, but is happy she will see him the next day to get married.
What happens at the end of Act II that is not written to necessariy be seen on stage? Romeo and Juliet get married.
What does Romeo compare Juliet to when he sees her on the balcony? the sun
What does Friar Lawrence collect when he first appears in the play? Weeds and flowers.
The contrasts between Romeo’s character and those of both Friar Lawrence and Mercutio help to emphasize Romeo’s attitude about __________. Love
Benvolio is a round character because he has many personality traits.
What makes Romeo’s love for Juliet different from his love for Rosaline? Unlike Rosaline, Juliet return Romeo’s love.
Benvolio and Mercutio’s sociability helps to emphasize Romeo’s ____________ moodiness/depression
Juliet sends the nurse to Romeo for what purpose? To find out the time and place of the wedding.
How long is the nurse away before returning? 3 hours.
Friar Lawrence agrees to marry Romeo and Juliet because: He believes it will end the family feud.
Juliet’s change of mind about marriage is an example of what type of irony? Situational irony
What does Romeo say about Juliet’s eyes? They are so bright they could replace the stars in heaven.
Why is Juliet embarrassed that Romeo overheard her balcony speech? Because he might think that she is too quickly won; she gave her love too easily
This character teases the Nurse and Romeo in Act II, scene iv. Mercutio
At the end of Act II, what two people, other than Romeo and Juliet, know about the marriage between the young lovers? Friar Lawrence and Nurse
What is Mercutio’s nickname for Tybalt? Prince of Cats
Why does Romeo tell Juliet that if his name was written on a piece of paper, he would tear it up (“Had I it written, I would tear the word.”)? Names are what cause all the problems between them.
Fill in the blank:”O Romeo, O Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo? Deny thy _________ and refuse thy name.” father
Who doth teach the torches to burn bright? Juliet
What does Lady Capulet call for when Capulet calls for a sword? A crutch
What traditional Italian insult starts the brawl? biting the thumb
Where has Benvolio found Romeo walking before dawn? in a grove of trees
How many brawls have there been between the families? three
Why can Romeo not have Rosaline? She has sworn never to marry
“Part, fools, put up your swords, you know not what you do?” Who said it? Benvolio
“Bright smoke… cold fire… sick health…” Who said it? Romeo
“What? Drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word…” Who said it? Tybalt
“Let two more summers wither in their pride, ere we may think her fit to be a bride.” Who said it? Lord Capulet
How old is Juliet? 13
What time does Romeo return from his lonely walks? dawn
What “lengthens Romeo’s hours”? Not having his love returned
Approximately how old is lady Capulet? 26
Close to Juliet, provides comic relief, has only 4 teeth Nurse
Juliet will turn 14 in a little over __ weeks. 2
A man of wax Paris
“Brawling Love” is a/an oxymoron
When Sampson and Gregory make jokes about choler, collars, and colliers, they are using which literary device? pun
Love is a smoke . . . metaphor
What term applies to saying that love is rude? personification
who does Mercutio say “sends dreams”? Queen Mab
Who doth teach the torches to burn bright? Juliet
What does Lady Capulet call for when Capulet calls for a sword? A crutch
What traditional Italian insult starts the brawl? biting the thumb
Where has Benvolio found Romeo walking before dawn? in a grove of trees
How many brawls have there been between the families? three
Who recognizes Romeo at the ball? Tybalt
Why can Romeo not have Rosaline? She has sworn never to marry
“Part, fools, put up your swords, you know not what you do?” Benvolio
“Bright smoke… cold fire… sick health…” Romeo
“True, I talk of dreams which are the children of an idle brain.” Mercutio
Who calls Romeo “a virtuous and well-governed youth”? Lord Capulet
“What? Drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word…” Tybalt
“Let two more summers wither in their pride, ere we may think her fit to be a bride.” Lord Capulet
How old is Juliet? 13
What time does Romeo return from his lonely walks? dawn
What “lengthens Romeo’s hours”? Not having his love returned
Approximately how old is lady Capulet? 26
Where is Romeo and Juliet set? Verona
What two families are fighting? Montague and Capulet
What does the Prince say will be the punishment if there is another fight in the street? Death
Who first tries to break up the fight between the servants? Benvolio
How does Romeo feel at the beginning of the play? Sad
Who is Romeo in love with at the beginning of the play? Rosaline
Who is hosting a party in Act I? Capulet
Who, other than Romeo, is trying to marry Juliet? Paris
Who invites Romeo and Benvolio to the party? Peter
How come the servant needs Romeo’s help to know who to invite to the party? He is unable to read the list
How old is Juliet? 13
How does the Nurse feel towards Juliet? She loves her
Does Lady Capulet think that Juliet is old enough to be married? Yes
Describe Tybalt in one word. Hot-headed
Where is Romeo and Juliet set? Verona
What two families are fighting? Montague and Capulet
What does the Prince say will be the punishment if there is another fight in the street? Death
Who first tries to break up the fight between the servants? Benvolio
How does Romeo feel at the beginning of the play? Sad
Who is Romeo in love with at the beginning of the play? Rosaline
Who is hosting a party in Act I? Capulet
Who, other than Romeo, is trying to marry Juliet? Paris
Who invites Romeo and Benvolio to the party? Peter
How come the servant needs Romeo’s help to know who to invite to the party? He is unable to read the list
When Romeo predicts that going to the party will lead to his downfall this is an example of what? Foreshadowing
“Love is a smoke raised with the fume of sighs,” is an example of what type of literary device? Metaphor
How old is Juliet? 13
Why did Romeo finally agree to attend the party? To see Rosaline
How does Tybalt recognize Romeo at the party? His voice
How does the Nurse feel towards Juliet? She loves her
Does Lady Capulet think that Juliet is old enough to be married? Yes
Describe Tybalt in one word. Hot-headed
What does Capulet do when Tybalt tries to fight Romeo at the party? Stops him
Why does Benvolio think that Romeo should go to the party? to meet other women
allegory a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another.
analysis this process as a method of studying the nature of something or of determining its essential features and their relations.
anecdote a short account of a particular incident or event, especially of an interesting or amusing nature.
antagonist a person who is opposed to, struggles against, or competes with another; opponent; adversary.
appeals an earnest request for aid, support, sympathy, mercy, etc.; entreaty; petition; plea.
connotation the associated or secondary meaning of a word or expression in addition to its explicit or primary meaning.
context credibility capable of being believed in a particular context.
data gathering process of collecting data.
denotation the explicit or direct meaning or set of meanings of a word or expression, as distinguished from the ideas or meanings associated with it or suggested by it.
dialogue conversation between two or more persons.
epic noting or pertaining to a long poetic composition, usually centered upon a hero, in which a series of great achievements or events is narrated in elevated style.
monologue a form of dramatic entertainment, comedic solo, or the like by a single speaker.
mood a prevailing emotional tone or general attitude.
personification the attribution of human nature or character to animals, inanimate objects, or abstract notions, especially as a rhetorical figure.
protagonist the leading character, hero, or heroine of a drama or other literary work.
sonnet a poem, properly expressive of a single, complete thought, idea, or sentiment, of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to one of certain definite schemes, being in the strict or Italian form divided into a major group of 8 lines (the octave) followed by a minor group of 6 lines (the sestet), and in a common English form into 3 quatrains followed by a couplet.
summary a comprehensive and usually brief abstract, recapitulation, or compendium of previously stated facts or statements.
tone an attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience.
word choice A writer’s selection of words as determined by a number of factors, including meaning, specificity, level of diction, and tone.
Act A main division of a drama. Shakespeare’s plays consist of five of these divisions
Alliteration The repetition of the same initial sound in two or more consecutive or closely associatedwords
Allusion A reference to a literary, historical, or mythological person or event to explain a presentsituation.
Aside A brief remark made by a character and intended to be heard by the audience but not by othercharacters
Comic relief A humorous scene or speech in a serious drama which is meant to provide relief fromemotional intensity and, by contrast, to heighten the seriousness of the story
Foreshadowing A hint of what is to come in the story. It is often used to keep the audience member ina state of expectancy
Imagery A term used to describe words or phrases that appeal to the five senses
Irony A contrast between what is and what appears to be
Metaphor A figure of speech that implies or states (without using “like” or “as”) a comparisonbetween two unlike things which are similar in some way
Oxymoron A contrast of two contradictory terms for the sake of emphasis
Personification A figure of speech in which human qualities are attributed to inanimate objects,animals, or ideas
Scene A small unit of a play in which there is no shift of time or locale
Simile A figure of speech that states a comparison between two essentially unlike things that aresimilar in one aspect. This figure of speech is usually introduced by “like” or “as.”
Soliloquy A speech given by a character alone on a stage to let the audience know what the character isthinking and feeling
Tragedy A type of drama of human conflict that ends in defeat and suffering
Who does Mercutio say “sends dreams”? Queen Mab
Who doth teach the torches to burn bright? Juliet
What does Lady Capulet call for when Capulet calls for a sword? A crutch
What traditional Italian insult starts the brawl? biting the thumb
Where has Benvolio found Romeo walking before dawn? sycamore grove
How many brawls have there been between the families? three
Who recognizes Romeo at the party? Tybalt
Why can’t Romeo have Rosaline? She has sworn never to marry
“Part, fools, put up your swords, you know not what you do?” Who said it? Benvolio
“Bright smoke… cold fire… sick health…” Who said it? Romeo
“True, I talk of dreams which are the children of an idle brain.” Who said it? Mercutio
Who calls Romeo “a virtuous and well-governed youth”? Lord Capulet
“What? Drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word…” Who said it? Tybalt
“Let two more summers wither in their pride, ere we may think her fit to be a bride.” Who said it? Lord Capulet
How old is Juliet? 13
What time does Romeo return from his lonely walks? dawn
What “lengthens Romeo’s hours”? Not having his love returned or sadness
Approximately how old is lady Capulet? 26
pun a humorous play on words
oxymoron a figure of speech that combines two contradictory terms
metaphor a comparison of two unlike things, not using like or as. “Your eyes are stars”
simile A comparison of two unlike things using like or as
allusion a reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or some other branch of culture
foreshadowing the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
aside a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage
blank verse unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
soliloquy in drama, a character speaks alone on stage to allow his/her thoughts and ideas to be conveyed to the audience
foil anything that serves by contrast to call attention to another thing’s good qualities
protagonist the main character, who must overcome obstacles and resolve the conflict
antagonist the character who works against the protagonist in the story
comic relief A humorous scene or speech intended to lighten the mood
dramatic irony occurs when another character(s) and/or the audience know more than one or more characters on stage about what is happening
iambic pentameter a poetic meter that is made up of 5 stressed syllables each followed by an unstressed syllable
Romeo The son and heir of Montague and Lady Montague.
Juliet The daughter of Capulet and Lady Capulet.
Friar Laurence He secretly marries the impassioned lovers in hopes that the union might eventually bring peace to Verona.
Nurse Juliet’s faithful confidante and loyal intermediary in Juliet’s affair with Romeo.
Mercutio A kinsman to the Prince, and Romeo’s close friend.
Tybalt A Capulet, Juliet’s cousin on her mother’s side. Vain, fashionable, supremely aware of courtesy and the lack of it, he becomes aggressive, violent, and quick to draw his sword when he feels his pride has been injured. Once drawn, his sword is something to be feared. He loathes Montagues.
Lord Montague Romeo’s father, the patriarch of the Montague clan and bitter enemy of Capulet. At the beginning of the play, he is chiefly concerned about Romeo’s melancholy.
Lady Montague Romeo’s mother, Montague’s wife. She dies of grief after Romeo is exiled from Verona.
Lord Capulet The patriarch of the Capulet family, father of Juliet, husband of Lady Capulet, and enemy, for unexplained reasons, of Montague.
Lady Capulet Juliet’s mother, Capulet’s wife. A woman who herself married young (by her own estimation she gave birth to Juliet at close to the age of fourteen), she is eager to see her daughter marry Paris. She is an ineffectual mother, relying on the Nurse for moral and pragmatic support.
Paris A kinsman of the Prince, and the suitor of Juliet most preferred by Capulet. Once Capulet has promised him he can marry Juliet, he behaves very presumptuous toward, acting as if they are already married.
Benvolio Montague’s nephew, Romeo’s cousin and thoughtful friend, he makes a genuine effort to defuse violent scenes in public places, though Mercutio accuses him of having a nasty temper in private. He spends most of the play trying to help Romeo get his mind off Rosaline, even after Romeo has fallen in love with Juliet.
Prince Escalus The Prince of Verona. A kinsman of Mercutio and Paris. As the seat of political power in Verona, he is concerned about maintaining the public peace at all costs.
Friar John A Franciscan friar charged by Friar Lawrence with taking the news of Juliet’s false death to Romeo in Mantua. Friar John is held up in a quarantined house, and the message never reaches Romeo.
Balthasar Romeo’s dedicated servant, who brings Romeo the news of Juliet’s death, unaware that her death is a ruse.
Sampson & Gregory Two servants of the house of Capulet, who, like their master, hate the Montagues. At the outset of the play, they successfully provoke some Montague men into a fight.
Abram Montague’s servant, who fights with Sampson and Gregory in the first scene of the play.
The Apothecary An apothecary in Mantua. Had he been wealthier, he might have been able to afford to value his morals more than money, and refused to sell poison to Romeo.
Peter A Capulet servant who invites guests to Capulet’s feast and escorts the Nurse to meet with Romeo.
Rosaline The woman with whom Romeo is infatuated at the beginning of the play. Rosaline never appears onstage, but it is said by other characters that she is very beautiful and has sworn to live a life of chastity.
Play a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage
Tragedy A serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character
Tragic Hero A literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy
Tragic flaw the character flaw or error of a tragic hero that leads to his downfall
Comedy light and humorous drama with a happy ending
Dialogue the lines spoken by characters in drama or fiction
Monologue a (usually long) dramatic speech by a single actor
Soliloquy in drama, a character speaks alone on stage to allow his/her thoughts and ideas to be conveyed to the audience
Aside a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage
Stage Directions italicized instructions in a play written by the playwright; describe the setting, entrances and exits of the characters, and how characters look, speak, and react to events or to others; suggest use of props, lighting, scenery, sound effects, and costumes
Drama another name for a play
Sonnet a 14-line poem written in iambic pentameter
Mercutio The ape is dead, and I must conjure him.I conjure thee by Rosaline’s bright eyes,By her high forehead and her scarlet lip.By her dine foot, straight leg, and quivering thigh,And the demesnes that there adjacent lie, That in thy likeness thou appear to us.
Romeo But soft, what light through yonder window breaks?It is the east and Juliet is the sun!
Friar Lawrence But come, young waverer, come go with me,In one respect I’ll thy assistant be;For this alliance may so happy proveTo turn your households’ rancour to pure love.
Nurse Scurvy knave! I am not of hisflirt-gills; I am none of his skains-mates. And thou must standby too, and suffer every knave to use me at his pleasure?
Nurse But first let me tell ye, if ye shouldlead her in a fool’s paradise, as they say, it were a very grosskind of behaviour, as they say; for the gentlewoman is young,and therefore, if you should deal double with her, truly it were an ill thing to be offered to any gentlewoman, and veryweak dealing.
Romeo Bid her deviseSome means to come to shrift this afternoon,And there she shall at Friar Lawrence’s cellBe shrived and married. Here is for thy pains.
Romeo Draw, Benvolio, beat down their weapons.Gentlemen, for shame, forbear this outrage.Tybalt! Mercutio! The Prince expressly hath Forbid this bandying in Verona streets.Hold, Tybalt! Good Mercutio!
Romeo This gentleman, the Prince’s near ally, My very friend, hath got this mortal hurtIn my behalf- my reputation stainedWith Tybalt’s slander- Tybalt that an hourHath been my cousin. O sweet Juliet, Thy beauty hath made me effeminateAnd in my temper softened valour’s steel.
Prince Escalus And for that offenceImmediately we do exile him hence.I have an interest in your hearts’ proceeding;My blood for your rude brawls doth lie a-bleeding.But I’ll amerce you with so strong a fineThat you shall all repent the loss of mine.I will be deaf to pleading and excuses.Nor tears nor prayers shall purchase out abuses.Therefore, use none. Let Romeo hence in haste,Else, when he is found, that hour is his last.Bear hence this body, and attend our will.Mercy but murders, pardoning those that kill.
Juliet Blistered be thy tongueFor such a wish. He was not born to shame.Upon his brow shame is ashamed to sit, For ’tis a throne where honour may be crowndSole monarch of the universal earth.O, what a beast was I to chide at him.
Juliet O now be gone, more light and light it grows.
Romeo More light and light: more dark and dark our woes
Lady Capulet Some grief shows much of love,But much of grief shows still some want of wit.
Capulet Hang thee young baggage, disobedient wretch!I tell thee what- get thee to church a ThursdayOr never after look me in the face.
Friar Lawrence Hold, daughter. I do spy a kind of hopeWhich craves as desperate an executionAs that is desperate which we could prevent.
Capulet How now, my headstrong: where have youbeen gadding?
Capulet Send for the County, go tell him of this.I’ll have this knot knit up tomorrow morning.
Romeo Is it e’en so? Then I defy you, stars!
Romeo I pay thy poverty and not thy will.
Friar Lawrence Unhappy fortune! By my brotherhood,The letter was not nice but full of charge,Of dear import, and the neglecting itMay do much danger. Friar John, go hence, Get me an iron crow and bring it straight Unto my cell.
Balthazar As I did sleep under this yew tree hereI dreamt my master and another fought,And that my master slew him.
Prince Escalus Where be these enemies? Capulet, Montague,See what a scourge is laid upon your hate,That heaven finds means to kill your joys with love;And I, for winking at your discords too, Have lost a brace of kinsmen. All are punished.
Where is Romeo and Juliet set? Verona
What two families are fighting? Montague and Capulet
What does the Prince say will be the punishment if there is another fight in the street? Death
Who first tries to break up the fight between the servants? Benvolio
How does Romeo feel at the beginning of the play? Sad
Who is Romeo in love with at the beginning of the play? Rosaline
Who is hosting a party in Act I? Capulet
Who, other than Romeo, is trying to marry Juliet? Paris
Who invites Romeo and Benvolio to the party? Peter
How come the servant needs Romeo’s help to know who to invite to the party? He is unable to read the list
When Romeo predicts that going to the party will lead to his downfall this is an example of what? Foreshadowing
“Love is a smoke raised with the fume of sighs,” is an example of what type of literary device? Metaphor
How old is Juliet? 13
Why did Romeo finally agree to attend the party? To see Rosaline
How does Tybalt recognize Romeo at the party? His voice
How does the Nurse feel towards Juliet? She loves her
Does Lady Capulet think that Juliet is old enough to be married? Yes
Describe Tybalt in one word. Hot-headed
What does Capulet do when Tybalt tries to fight Romeo at the party? Stops him
Why does Benvolio think that Romeo should go to the party? to meet other women

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