Romeo and Juliet vocabulary, comprehension, Globe Theatre, theatre terms, Shakespeare

Who wrote Romeo and Juliet? William Shakespeare
What type of work is Romeo and Juliet? a play
What is the full title of Romeo and Juliet? The most Excellent and Lamentable Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet
What language was Romeo and Juliet published in? English
What is the genre of Romeo and Juliet? Tragic drama
What year was Romeo and Juliet first published? 1597
Who published Romeo and Juliet? Thomas Creede
What is the climax? The deaths of Romeo and Juliet
Who are the protagonists? Romeo and Juliet
What tense is Romeo and Juliet written in? Present
Who are the antagonists? The Capulet and Montague families, Tybalt, Prince Escalus, the citizens of Verona, fate
When is Romeo and Juliet set? The renaissance, 14th or 15th century
Where is Romeo and Juliet set? In the cities of Verona and Mantua, in northern Italy
Who’s point of view is Romeo and Juliet written from? Usually Romeo or Juliet, occasionally Montague or Capulet servants
What is the falling action? When the families find the bodies in the tomb and decide to put their feud aside
In the Globe Theatre, what were the heavens? The canopy over the stage, decorated with signs of the zodiac. There was a space above here from which actors could be lowered as gods or angels.
In the Globe Theatre, what was the musicians’ gallery? Used in acting for a wall or balcony, or live music was played here.
In the Globe Theatre, what were the pillars? Trunks of oak trees used to hold up the heavens.
In the Globe Theatre, what was the yard? Groundlings would stand in the yard, the cheapest part of the theatre, to watch the play.
In the Globe Theatre, what were the lords’ rooms? The best place to sit if you were a lord or lady, because everybody could see you, but your view was probably not very good
In the Globe Theatre, what was the trapdoor? A room below the stage from which actors playing ghosts, witches and devils could come in.
In the Globe Theatre, what were the gentlemen’s rooms? Rich playgoers could sit here on cushioned seats.
In the Globe Theatre, what was the tiring house? An area behind the stage where props and costumes were kept and where actors changed.
The Globe Theatre was meant to represent the universe. What were the three sections? Heaven, Earth and Hell.
Where was William Shakespeare born? Stratford-on-Avon, in England
What was William Shakespeare’s wife named? Anne Hathaway
What were Shakespeare’s kids named? Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judeth
What did William Shakespeare study in school? Latin and Literature
What did Shakespeare’s father do? He was a grain, leather and wool merchant.
When did Shakespeare marry? 1582
When did Shakespeare die? 1616
What were two early jobs that got Shakespeare into the acting business? Stage manager at The Theatre, joined the acting company at The Theatre
Who did Shakespeare work with to build the Globe Theatre? Robert Burbage and other actors
What was the structure of the Globe Theatre? Open stage
What was the scenery at the Globe Theatre? Minimal
What was the purpose of the costumes in Shakespeare’s plays? To help the audience place the characters socially (rank)
What was the purpose of the music and sound effects in Shakespeare’s plays? To create the atmosphere
In addition to plays, Shakespeare also wrote_____. Sonnets
What is the exposition, in a play? The introductory section of a play in which the characters, time, place and situations are introduced.
What is the rising action, in a play? The series of events leading to the high point of action
What is the exciting force, in a play? Initiates action in a play.
What is the catastrophe, in a play? The highest point of action.
What is the turning point, in a play? The events following the high point of the action.
What is the falling action, in a play? The final revelation or outcome of a tragedy.
Where is stage right? The area of the stage on the actor’s right.
Where is stage left? The area of the stage on the actor’s left.
Where is upstage? The area of the stage away from the footlights.
Where is downstage? The area of the stage close to the footlights.
What is the audience? The viewers, who need to be responsive to the action on the stage.
What is the protagonist? The hero or main character in a play.
What are props? The stage furnishings, which add reality to a play.
What is motivation? The reason behind a character’s actions.
What is a tragedy? A play in which the hero meets defeat or death.
What is dialogue? The conversation of a play.
What is a comedy? An amusing play that ends happily.
What is an act? A subdivision of the play.
What is the plot? The main actions or events of a play
What is the theme? The main idea of a play
What does “aye” mean? Yes
What does “thee” mean? You
What does “shrift” mean? Confession
What does “whither” mean? Where
What does “fair” mean? Beautiful
What does “thy” mean? Your
What does “good-den” mean? Good afternoon
What does “good-morrow” mean? Goodbye
What does “thrice” mean? Three times
What does “fortnight” mean? Two weeks
What does “visage” mean? Face
What does “fray” mean? Fight
What does “hither” mean? There
What does “anon” mean? Soon
What does “coz” mean? Cousin
True or false? The feud between the Capulets and the Montagues has been going on for a long time before the play starts. True
True or false? The servants from the two feuding families are friendly with one another. False
True or false? Tybalt arrives just in time to stop the fight between Benvolio and Gregory. False
True or false? Romeo was depressed because Juliet didn’t love him. False
True or false? Prince Escalus announces his intention to impose the death penalty on the next person to disturb the peace on the streets of Verona. True
True or false? Benvolio believes that he can help Romeo to forget Rosaline. True
True or false? Juliet is almost 14 years old. True
True or false? Juliet refuses to marry Paris because she loves someone else. False
True or false? Tybalt is glad Romeo is able to attend the Capulet party. False
True or false? Romeo and Benvolio overhear Capulet talking about his party and decide to sneak in. False
True or false? Romeo forgets about Rosaline when he sees Juliet. True
True or false? Juliet is very upset when she learns that Romeo is a Montague. True
True or false? Nurse is not really very fond of Juliet, she thinks her own daughter is much prettier. False
True or false? Juliet’s mother informs her that Paris wants to marry her. True
True or false? Romeo has some feelings of foreboding on the night of the party. True
Capulet said, “She hath not seen the change of fourteen years”. Who was he talking about? Juliet
Romeo said, “She hath forsworn to love, and in that vow Do I live dead that l live to tell it now”. Who was he talking about? Rosaline
Nurse said, “Why, he’s a man of wax!” Who was she talking about? Paris
Romeo said, “Oh she doth teach the torches to burn bright”. Who was he talking about? Juliet
Juliet said, “Go ask his name. If he is married, my grave is like to be my wedding bed.” Who was she talking about? Romeo
What does “conjure” mean? To bring forth
What does “jest” mean? To scoff, jeer or mock
What does “prorogue” mean? To postpone
What does “perjury” mean? Lie (noun)
What does “adieu” mean? Goodbye
What does “chide” mean? Scold
What does “rancor” mean? Hatred
What does “wench” mean? Young woman
What does “scurvy” mean? Evil, low (also a sickness caused by a lack of vitamin C)
What does “bandy” mean? Hurry
Where does Romeo go after the party? Capulet Orchard.
How do Benvolio and Mercutio feel about Juliet? They do not know about Juliet.
Romeo is not afraid to tell Juliet how he feels because_________. He overheard her speaking of her feelings for him first.
During their conversation, Romeo and Juliet decide to__________. Marry secretly
What does Friar Laurence tell Romeo during their conversation in Act 2? That he should take it slowly, that young men love only for beauty, and that he will perform the ceremony.
Who said, “These violent delights have violent ends”? Friar Laurence
Who said, “Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, who is already pale and sick with grief, That thou her maid art far more fair than she”? Romeo
Who said, “What’s in a name? What which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet”? Juliet
Who said, “Then hie you hence to Friar Laurence’s cell, there stays a husband to make you a wife”? Nurse
What does, “I am peppered, I warrant, for this world” mean? My time in this world is short.
What does, “And in my temper soften’d valour’s steel” mean? My temper bout my courage
What does, “And fire-ey’d fury be my conduct now” mean? I will behave ferociously now
What does, “His agile arm beats down their fatal points” mean? He used his able arm to kill it
What does, “And pay no worship to the garish sun” mean? And not love the sun, which shows off.
What does, “Romeo, that kill’d him, he is banished” mean? Romeo is exiled
What does, “The prince will doom thee death” mean? The prince will have Romeo killed
What does, “Being a divine” mean? Being holy
What does, “Thou fond mad man” mean? My crazy friend
What does, “These times of woe afford no time to woo” mean? We can’t love in sad times
Why doesn’t Romeo want to fight Tybalt? Because his marriage to Juliet makes them related.
Why is Juliet distressed? Romeo killed Tybalt, Tybalt is dead, Romeo is banished
After the duel with Tybalt, where does Romeo hide? Friar Laurence’s cell
What does Nurse bring to Romeo after the duel? Juliet’s letter and ring.
Why do the Capulets think Juliet is crying? Her cousin Tybalt is dead.
What happens with Juliet’s wedding date after the duel? It is hastened
What warns Romeo that dawn is coming? The lark
What will Capulet do if Juliet does not obey him? Disown her
Who said, “Farewell, farewell, one kiss and I’ll descend”? Romeo
Who said, “I’ll to the friar to know his remedy. If all else fail, myself have power to die”? Juliet
Fill in the blank: And in his wisdom hastes our marriage, to stop the ______ of her tears Inundation
What does inundation mean? Flood, overflow
Fill in the blank: My leisure serves me, ____ daughter, now Pensive
What does pensive mean? Thoughtful in a serious way
Fill in the blank: God ______ I should disturb devotion Shield
In the line, “God shield I should disturb devotion,” what does shield mean? Forbid
Fill in the blank: O ________day! Lamentable
What does lamentable mean? Sad
Fill in the blank: A cold and drowsy humor, for no pulse, Shall keep his native progress, but ______. Surcease
What does surcease mean? Stop
Fill in the blank: To you and your ________, I am enjoined Behests
What does behest mean? Order
Fill in the blank: My heart is wondrous light, since this same _____ girl was so reclaimed Wayward
What does wayward mean? Difficult to control, misbehaving, rebellious
Fill in the blank: No madam, we have ________ such necessaries Culled
What does cull mean? To select, set aside
Fill in the blank: And shrieks like _______ torn out of the earth Mandrakes
What is a mandrake? A plant used in medicine. It supposedly shrieks when pulled out of the ground.
Fill in the blank: Our solemn hymns to sullen _______ change Dirges
What is a dirge? A mournful song or poem
Who is at Friar Laurence’s cell when Juliet arrives? Paris
What does the friar suggest Juliet do to avoid marrying Paris? Take a potion to appear dead. Romeo is supposed to find her and take her to Mantua.
How long will the “death” potion last? 42 hours.
What does Juliet threaten to do if she has to marry Paris? Commit suicide
Who does Juliet ask for forgiveness for being disobedient? Her father, Capulet.
Who finds Juliet “dead”? Nurse
Why did Lady Capulet and Nurse think Juliet wanted to be alone? To pray
Why did Juliet want to be alone? To fake death
How did Juliet feel about taking the potion? Scared, nervous
Where is Romeo during Act IV? Mantua
How did the Capulets feel after Juliet “died”? Distressed
What word comes from the Latin prae (before) and sagire (to perceive)? What does the word mean? The word is presage, which means a sign or warning that something bad will happen
What word comes from the Latin importare (to introduce or bring in), and what does the word mean? Import, meaning to bring in a good or service
What word comes from the Middle English bischrewen (to curse), and what does the word mean? Beshrew, meaning to curse or blame
What word comes from the Latin in (not) and exorabilis (easily persuaded, and what does the word mean? Inexorable, meaning unstoppable or not easily persuaded
What word comes from the Latin detestari (to curse by calling on the gods to witness), and what does the word mean? Detestable, meaning unfavourable
What word comes from the Latin in (not) and auspicium (favorable omen), and what does the word mean? Inauspicious, meaning unlucky or unpromising
What word comes from the Latin un (not) and sapere (to taste), and what does the word mean? Unsavory, meaning unpleasant to the taste
What word comes from the Latin re (again) and staurare (make strong), and what does the word mean? Restorative, meaning having the ability to restore health or strength
Who breaks the law by selling Romeo a deadly poison? A poor apothecary in Mantua
Who is delayed by a quarantine? Friar John
Who tells Romeo of Juliet’s death? (Juliet is not actually dead, but Romeo thinks she is) Balthasar
Who brings flowers to Juliet’s tomb? Paris
Who commits suicide with a dagger? Juliet
Who takes poison? Romeo
Who died of grief over her son’s exile? Lady Montague
Who confesses everything to the parents and prince? Friar Laurence
Who plans to build a statue of Juliet? Montague
Who says he should not have let the feud continue so long? Prince Escalus
Who said, “That is that banished haughty Montague that murdered my love’s cousin”? Paris
Who said, “O true apothecary! Thy drugs are quick. Thus, with a kiss, I die”? Romeo
Who said, “Then I’ll be brief. O happy dagger”? Juliet
Who said, “O brother Montague, give me thy hand”? Capulet
Who said, “For never was a story of more woe than this of Juliet and her Romeo”? Prince Escalus
After Romeo reads the Capulet guest list, what two events are caused? He learns Rosaline is on the list, he decides to go and meets Juliet
After Romeo overhears Juliet on the balcony, what two events are caused? They confess their love, they decide to marry
After Romeo finds Tybalt and Mercutio quarrelling, what two events are caused? Tybalt and Mercutio fight after Romeo refuses to, Romeo kills Tybalt later on
After Friar John is quarantined, what two events are caused? His letter cannot get to Romeo, Romeo thinks Juliet is actually dead
What date is Juliet’s birthday? August 1st (Lammastide)

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