Romeo and Juliet Vocab Emily Romero

prologue An introduction or preface, especially a poem recited to introduce a play.
pun A play on words
soliloquy A dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener.
monologue A long speech by one actor in a play or movie, or as part of a theatrical or broadcast program.
aside A device in which a character in a drama makes a short speech which is heard by the audience but not by other characters in the play
dramatic irony Irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play.
situational irony An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected
blank verse A line of poetry or prose in unrhymed iambic pentameter
iambic pentameter A common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
couplet A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem
oxymoron A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
anachronism something or someone out of place in terms of historical or chronological context
symbol A person, a place, an object, or an activity that stands for something beyond itself
allusion A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance.
dynamic character A character who grows, learns, or changes as a result of the story’s action
static character a literary or dramatic character who undergoes little or no inner change; a character who does not grow or develop.
flat character A character who embodies a single quality and who does not develop in the course of a story
round character A character who demonstrates some complexity and who develops or changes in the course of a work
foil A character who contrasts and parallels the main character in a play or story.
apostrophe A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
comedy A humorous work of drama
tragedy A serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character
motif A recurring subject, theme, or idea in a literary work.
chorus A group of characters in Greek tragedy (and in later forms of drama), who comment on the action of a play without participation in it.
tragic hero a great or virtuous character in a dramatic tragedy who is destined for downfall, suffering, or defeat
genre A category or type of literature (or of art, music, etc.) characterized by a particular form, style, or content.
act perform a fictional role in a play, movie, or television production
parody A humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing
scene A real or fictional episode; a division of an act in a play
idiom A common, often used expression that doesn’t make sense if you take it literally.
tone Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character
mood Feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
parallel Also referred to as parallel construction or parallel structure, this term comes from Greek roots meaning “beside one another.” It refers to the grammatical or rhetorical framing of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs to give structural similarity.
assonance Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity
consonance Repetition of consonant sounds within a line of verse
meter A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
iamb A common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable.
foot A metrical unit composed of stressed and unstressed syllables.
internal rhyme a rhyme involving a word in the middle of a line and another at the end of the line or in the middle of the next.
end rhyme Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
alliteration Repetition of consonant sounds
rhyme scheme A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
repetition The duplication, either exact or approximate, of any element of language, such as a sound, word, phrase, clause, sentence, or grammatical pattern.
sonnet 14 line poem
enjambment A run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next.
refrain A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem.
verse A single line of poetry
ballad A narrative poem written in four-line stanzas, characterized by swift action and narrated in a direct style.
ode a lyric poem in the form of an address to a particular subject, often elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter
petrarchan sonnet one of the most important types of sonnets, composed of an octave with abba abba rhyme scheme and ending in a sestet with cde cde rhyme scheme; also called an Italian sonnet
shakespearean sonnet a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg
prose Any material that is not written in a regular meter like poetry

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