Romeo and Juliet Vocab

“blushing pilgrims” The metaphor Romeo uses to describe his lips when he is talking to Juliet for the first time before they kiss
Dramatic irony irony in action; when the audience knows something that the characters don’t
Apostrophe when the character addresses an idea, person, or object that is not real
Chiasmus Two or more clauses balanced against each other; reversal of order; interchangeable clauses
Double endentre A phrase with double meaning, one of which is usually sexual
Prose A block of text that is in plain speech, has no particualar rhyme or pattern to it.
Tragedy A sad story concerning the downfall of the main character(s) and has an unhappy ending
Wednesday it is the day when Juliet is supposed to marry Paris but she is found “dead” so they have a funeral instead
Stars The characters in the play often refer to stars and fate as responsible for their actions and the course of their lives. Metaphors are also made referring to stars and hinting at R+J’s death
Plague A sickness; the letter was unable to get through to Romeo because Friar John was stuck in a quarrantined house
Sonnet 14 line poem written in iambic pentameter; the prologues in R+J are sonnets and R+J’s first meeting is written as a sonnet in iambic pentameter
Friar John the other priest that was supposed to deliver the letter telling romeo about Friar Lawrence’s plan but failed
Letter The letter was written to Romeo telling him not to panic because Juliet wasn’t actually dead and about the Friar’s plan
Balthazar Romeo’s servant; goes with him to the tomb, gets arrested in the end and plays witness to the scene
“tallow-face” hollow-faced, thin, ugly; Capulet insults Juliet after she refuses to marry Paris
Opposites/antithesis a contrast or opposition between 2 things; used to create tension by contrasting emotions and thoughts
Oxymoron a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction
Apothecary an herbal medicine shop; Romeo goes there to get the poison he uses to kill himself
Rosaline the girl that Romeo loved initially but rejected him; Romeo is lovesick because of her and this is what causes him to go to the party where he meets Juliet
Queen Mab the Fairy Queen that Mercutio talks about; Romeo claims that dreams can be real or true because they reflect reality, while Mercutio’s speech goes on to claim that they reflect the individual’s desires and passions
Quatrain a stanza of four lines, especially one having alternate rhymes; some of R+J is written like this, used to characterize some characters
The County The Count; Paris; suitor to Juliet
Chorus a group of actors who described and commented upon the main action of a play with song, dance, and recitation
Prince the highest form of royalty in R+J; he delivers the verdicts and is related to almost everyone in the play
Couplet two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit; delivers resolution to a sonnet
Blank verse verse without rhyme, especially that which uses iambic pentameter; almost whole play is written in blank verse

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