Romeo and Juliet Theater Notes

playwright- a person who writes plays Ex- Shakespeare
act- a major division of a play, used to indicate a change of plot (exposition, rising, action, climax, falling action, resolution) Ex- the five acts in Romeo and Juliet
scene- divisions within an act; used to indicate a change of setting Ex- the third scene in act one in Romeo and Juliet takes place in a room in Capulet’s house.
stage directions- a playwright’s descriptive comments that provide the readers(and actors) with information about what’s going on in the play Ex- in Act 1, Scene 1, Line 56 [Enter Abraham and Balthasar]
Monologue- a type of long speech by a character, often reflecting on a specific problem or situation Ex- Even or odd, of all days in the year,Come Lammas-eve at night shall she be fourteen.Susan and she.God rest all Christian souls!.Were of an age: well, Susan is with God;She was too good for me: but, as I said, On Lammas-eve at night shall she be fourteen;That shall she, marry; I remember it well.’Tis since the earthquake now eleven years;And she was wean’d,.I never shall forget it,.Of all the days of the year, upon that day: For I had then laid wormwood to my dug,Sitting in the sun under the dove-house wall;My lord and you were then at Mantua:.Nay, I do bear a brain:.but, as I said,When it did taste the wormwood on the nippleOf my dug and felt it bitter, pretty fool,To see it tetchy and fall out with the dug!Shake quoth the dove-house: ’twas no need, I trow,To bid me trudge:And since that time it is eleven years;For then she could stand alone; nay, by the rood,She could have run and waddled all about;For even the day before, she broke her brow:And then my husband.God be with his soul!A’ was a merry man.took up the child: ‘Yea,’ quoth he, ‘dost thou fall upon thy face?Thou wilt fall backward when thou hast more wit;Wilt thou not, Jule?’ and, by my holidame,The pretty wretch left crying and said ‘Ay.’To see, now, how a jest shall come about! I warrant, an I should live a thousand years,I never should forget it: ‘Wilt thou not, Jule?’ quoth he;And, pretty fool, it stinted and said ‘Ay.’
soliloquy- a long speech in a play by a character who is ALONE on stage. Reveals the private thoughts characters and emotions of that character Ex- In act 2, scene 2, lines 2 to 26, Romeo express his thoughts when he sees Juliet appear on the balcony
aside- words spoken by an actor directly to the audience, which are not “heard” by the other characters on stage during a play In Act I, Scene 1, in which the servants of the feuding Montagues and Capulets fight in the streets of Verona, Sampson and Gregory, servants of Capulet speak to each other amongst the fray.Sampson [Aside to Gregory] Is the law of our side, if I say aye? Gregory [Aside to Sampson] Say “Better.” Here comes one of my master’s kinsmen.
foil- a character whose purpose is to contrast with another character Juliet has a foil with her parents because they want her to marry Paris and she doesn’t want to. She marries him anyway just to keep her parents happy although she doesn’t like Paris.
comic relief- a humorous scene/speech or character which is intended to relieve tension Ex- the nurse
tragic hero- the protagonist, mental character; usually fails or dies because of a character flaw or cruel twist of fate Ex- Romeo is a tragic hero because of his traits of loving easily and believing in fate.
pun- play on words; a joke on the use of words or more than one word, which has more than one meaning but the same sound Ex- Romeo and Juliet begins with a triple pun on the word collier (coal vendor) which sound like choler (anger) and collar(hangman’s noose).
allusion- a reference to a literary or historical person or event that the audience is supposed to know Ex- Cupid and Diana’s wit
illusion- false perception Ex- magic
alliteration- words begin with letters belonging to the same sound group or same letter of the alphabet Ex- “From forth the fatal loins of these two foes” (Prologue from Act 1)
verbal irony- when a writer/speaker/character says one thing but really means another Ex- When your mom says “Looks like you’ve cleaned your room,” when it’s actually really dirty.
situational irony- when there is a contrast between what is expected to happened and what actually happens Ex- Romeo is in love with Rosaline and wants her to be in love with him. Benvolio suggests that he goes to the Capulet’s Ball and make her fall in love with him. Romeo expected Rosaline will fall in love with him. Instead, he falls in love with Juliet who falls in love with him.
dramatic irony- when the audience knows something that the characters in the play do not know Ex- The audience is aware that the two star-crossed lovers kill themselves, but the characters in the play do not know what happens till the end.

You Might Also Like