Romeo and Juliet Test- Kaase

a reference in one work of literature to a person, place, or event in another work of literature or in history, art, or music allusion
an extended comparison showing the similarities between two things analogy
the character or force that works against the protagonist and introduces the conflict antagonist
no longer in use (old) archaic
words spoken by a character in a play, usually in an undertone and not intended aside
unrhymed iambic pentameter blank verse
the personality a character displays; also, the means by which the author reveals that personality characterization
offers comments between acts and usually reads the prologue and epilogue; in Elizabethan times was often just a single actor chorus
the point of greatest emotional intensity, interest, or suspense climax
humor after serious events comic relief
secondary character in which the main character confides confidante
a struggle (between two opposing forces or characters) conflict
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme couplet
a conversation including two or more people dialogue
a writer’s choice of words for clarity, effectiveness, and precision diction
a contrast between what the audience perceives and what a character does not know dramatic irony
the structure of a play dramatic structure
a descriptive adjective or phrase used to characterize someone or something epithet
language that is not intended to be interpreted in a literal sense figurative language
a character who sets off another character by contrast foil
feeling that something bad is going to happen foreboding
the use of hints or clues in a narrative to suggest action is to come foreshadowing
tragic flaw; Greek- to miss the mark hamartia
unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable iambic meter
a line of 5 beats where the beat lands on every other syllable (each line is a total of ten syllables) iambic pentameter
language that appeals to any sense or any combination of the senses imagery
literary technique that portrays differences between appearance and reality irony
these characters grow and mature throughout the course of the play; they cause events to happen and change maturing characters
comparison between two unlike things with the intent of giving added meaning to one of them metaphor
a reason that explains or partially explains why a character thinks, feels, acts, or behaves in a certain way motivation
the main character in a play or story protagonist
the humorous use of a word or phrase to suggest more meanings at the same time pun
the return of a word, phrase, stanza for, or effect in any form of literature repetition
a long, uninterrupted speech presented in front of other characters monologue
a figure of speech that combines apparently contradictory terms oxymoron
a figure of speech in which an animal, natural force, or idea is given a personality and described as a human personification
a comparison made between two dissimilar things through the use of a specific word of comparison such as like or as simile
a contrast between what is expected and what really happens situational irony
a speech in which a character is alone on stage and expresses thoughts out loud soliloquy
a 14 line poem, usually written in iambic pentameter, that has several rhyme schemes sonnet
these characters do not change or grow; they act how we expect them to act static characters
any object, person, place, or action that has a meaning in itself and that also stands for something larger than itself- such as a quality, attitude, belief, or value symbol
that quality of a literary work that makes the reader or audience uncertain or tense about the outcome of events suspense
a narrative about serious events that ends unhappily tragedy
the central idea of a work of literature theme
a contrast between what is said and what is meant verbal irony
In what city is the play set? Verona
In what country is the play set? Italy
What two families are fighting? Capulets & Montagues
In the very beginning, who starts the brawl? Two servants from the opposing families
Who is Benvolio related to? Romeo
Who is Tybalt related to and what is his personality? Juliet & he’s very belligerent
What is Tybalt’s response? He pulls out his sword
What family is Romeo from? Montague
What family is Juliet from? Capulet
What background information does the Prince provide about the feuding families? They’ve started 3 brawls in Verona because of their feud. The townspeople are sick of it and it’s been going on for decades/
what does Prince Escalus say the penalty is if they continue to brawl? They will die/lose their children
Why doesn’t Lady Capulet want her husband to get involved in the fight? He has some kind of leg injury.
At the beginning of the story, why is Romeo upset? How has he been spending his days? He’s upset because Rosaline (his love interest) has taken a chastity vow and won’t love him; he’s been pining for her and acting depressed and gothic and walking in the woods at night
What strategies has Romeo used to attempt to woo Rosaline? Why doesn’t she like Romeo? Songs, letters, gifts, looking at her with loving eyes. She made a pledge of celibacy
What does Benvolio tell Romeo to do in order to forget the girl who doesn’t want him? Find another girl and fall in love; go to the party
What are Capulet and Paris talking about (Act I, Scene 2)? What does Paris ask Juliet’s father? Juliet; he wants to marry juliet
How old is Juliet? What are her father’s thoughts about allowing her to marry? 13; he must wait until she’s 14 and is in love with him
Lord Capulet’s willingness to allow Juliet to have a say in whom she marries is pretty progressive, since most marriages for this social class at the time would have been arranged by parents. Why do you suppose Capulet is willing to take Juliet’s feelings into consideration? He’s a nice person and doesn’t want to force his daughter into anything. He doesn’t want to pressure his daughter to say yes but he thinks she will.
Why is the Capulet servant upset about having been given a list of party guests to find? He can’t read
Why does Benvolio want to crash the party? He wants Romeo to cheer up.
Why does Romeo agree and how does he get invited to the party? Romeo gets invited by reading the list of names and decides he wants to win back Rosaline
What does Romeo want to happen to his eyes if they find someone other than Rosaline desirable at the party? What does this tell us about Romeo? He wants his tears to catch on fire, he’s impulsive and irrational, but passionate.
Does Lady Capulet want Juliet to love Paris? Yes.
What is Juliet’s reaction to her mother’s request of her to marry Paris? What does this show us? She doesn’t want to be married. She has a strong personality.
How old was Juliet’s mom when she had her? 13
Describe the nurse’s personality. She’s very dirty and wants to impress people by using words she doesn’t know.
How does Romeo’s mood contrast with his friends? He’s a lover, very sensitive. His other friends are agressive.
According to Mercutio, who or what is Queen Mab, and what does she do? The goddess of dreams, and she’s a prostitute
What does Romeo say about the value of dreams? They’re important and prophetic.
What does Mercutio say about the value of dreams? They’re useless and mean nothing.
What evidence of foreshadowing is there in this scene? Romeo’s dream tells of death if he goes to the party, and he goes
What does Romeo wear to the ball? A mask
Who is Mercutio related to? the prince
Who does Romeo originally say is the prettiest lady he has ever seen? Rosaline
How does Tybalt recognize Romeo at the party? His voice
What does Tybalt want to do and who stops him (at the party)? He wants to fight Romeo then and there. Capulet makes him not.
Why won’t Capulet let Tybalt fight Romeo? It’ll look bad if he lets him
How does Romeo find out Juliet’s last name? the nurse
How does Juliet find out Romeo’s last name? the nurse
Do Romeo and Juliet know who each other are at first? No
After Capulet’s party, where does Romeo go? Juliet’s house, outside her window.
At this point, who does Mercutio think Romeo is in love with? Rosaline
How does Mercutio view love? He thinks of it as a plaything
Where is Juliet when she freely proclaims her love for Romeo? On her balcony
At first does Juliet know Romeo is there (when she proclaims her love)? No.
What dos Romeo say helped him climb over the high walls of the Capulet orchard and find Juliet’s window> the wings of love
What does Romeo want to swear by that he loves Juliet? the moon
Why does Juliet not want Romeo to swear by the moon? Because the moon constantly changes
Which one is the first to mention marriage? What does this show us about this character? Juliet; she’s just as impulsive as Romeo
What does Juliet instruct Romeo to send her the next day? The date, time, and location of their marriage
At the beginning of Scene 3, what is Friar Laurence doing? Cutting flowers and herbs (probably to make potion)
With whom does Friar Laurence assume Romeo has spent the night? Rosaline
Is the relationship that Romeo and Friar Laurence have a close one? Explain. Yes; it’s clear that Romeo confides in the friar often.
At first is the Friar happy with Romeo’s decision to get married? Explain. No, he thinks they’re too young.
Why does the friar agree to marry them? He thinks it might help to end the feud between the Capulets and Montagues
When and where will the wedding take place? Monday afternoon; Friar Laurence’s Abbey
Who did Romeo receive a letter from and why? Tybalt; he was declaring a duel between the two
Who made fun of the nurse the most when she came to find Romeo? Mercutio
How does Mercutio treat the nurse?A. He adores her and wants her to be his momB. He mistakenly thinks that she is RosalineC. He makes rude jokes about her C
What instructions does Romeo tell the Nurse to pass on to Juliet? They’ll get married at Friar Laurence’s Abbey; she’ll say she’s going to confession
Who does the nurse say also wants to marry Juliet? What does she say Juliet’s feelings are for this other suitor? Lord Paris (he’s related to the prince); she has no love towards him and doesn’t want to marry him
How long was the nurse gone on her errand to find Romeo? 3 hours
Why is Juliet nervously awaiting her nurse’s return? She wants to know if Romeo still wants to get married or if he’s changed his mind
What is humorous about the way the Nurse treats Juliet in this scene? She keeps on changing the subject from what Juliet wants to hear about and continually messes with her
What evidence is there to show that the Nurse views love only as a physical thing? Who else views love in this way? She only cares about Romeo and Paris’s beauty; Mercutio
Why does Juliet lose patience with the nurse? she kept on changing the subject and she wanted to know
What excuse will Juliet give her parents to go meet Romeo? She’s going to confession
Is Romeo fearful of the future? Explain. No, he believes it’s all fate and what happens happens.
How many people know of the marriage? Who are they? 4; Romeo, Juliet, Friar Laurence, and the Nurse
Why does Romeo need a rope ladder? So him and Juliet can have their honeymoon.
What happens at the very end of Act 2, Scene 6? Friar Laurence takes them to be married
Why is Tybalt searching for Romeo in the beginning of Act 3? He wants to fight him/kill him
Does Romeo know about the letter of challenge Tybalt sent him? No
Why does Romeo refuse Tybalt’s challenge? What logical explanation do the others believe? He married Juliet, so him and Tybalt are like family now; He’s making fun of Tybalt
Who steps in and fights Tybalt anyways? Mercutio
What is Tybalt’s nickname? Prince/King of Cats
How does Mercutio die? He was stabbed by Tybalt
Who kills Tybalt? Romeo
What changes Romeo’s mind about Tybalt? Tybalt killed his best friend
Who gives an account of what happened to Prince Escalus? Benvolio
What is Romeo’s punishment for the murder? Banishment to Mantua
Who was Mercutio related to? Prince Escalus
What did Mercutio curse as he was dying? “A plague on both your houses!”/ he curses both families with the plague
Why does Juliet wish darkness to come? So she and Romeo can have their honeymoon
At first, who did Juliet think was dead? Romeo
Is Juliet more upset over Tybalt’s death or Romeo’s punishment? Explain. Romeo’s punishment. She thinks it worse than if her entire family was murdered.
Why is Juliet so upset with the prince’s judgement? Because he changed the rules and banished him instead of putting him to death
Where does the nurse go to find Romeo? Friar Laurence’s Abbey
Why is Romeo so upset with the Prince’s judgement? He can’t go to Juliet for their honeymoon.
Describe how the Friar feels about Romeo at this point. What advice does he give Romeo? The friar is fed up with Romeo. He comes up with a plan and tells Romeo to go to Mantua and wait for his servant. (who will give him updates)
What is Romeo’s condition when the nurse finds him? He’s on the floor, crying.
What does the nurse give Romeo that was a token of Juliet’s continuing love? Juliet’s ring
What city does the friar say Romeo should go to? Mantua
Where does Romeo go before leaving town? He goes to Juliet’s
When does Romeo have to leave town? He has to leave by morning
Why would Capulet be so confident that Juliet will obey him and marry Paris? She’s never disobeyed him before and he doesn’t know about the Romeo thing
What day does Capulet move the wedding? Why? Thursday; he doesn’t want it to be too soon because Tybalt just died
Why do Juliet’s parents believe she is upset? What is their plan to help cheer her up? Tybalt’s death; they tell her about the plan to kill Romeo
Why is Capulet so upset by his daughter’s refusal to marry? What punishment does her threaten? He thinks that she thinks he’s not a suitable husband; he calls her a bug and says he’ll drag her to the wedding himself and he also threatens to disown her
What advice does the nurse give Juliet? Romeo’s been banished; just marry Paris
Where does Juliet turn for help? Friar Laurence
Who does Juliet see at the friar’s cell? Paris
What does Paris want Juliet to say to the friar? That she loves him
What does Juliet say she will do if the friar doesn’t have a plan? stab herself
When the friar agrees to help, what does he tell her to tell her parents? She’s okay with the wedding
What effect does the friar hope the potion he has given to Juliet will have? She’ll fall into a comatose state
How long will the potion be in effect? 42 hours (almost 2 days)
Who is Friar Laurence planning on sending to tell Romeo of the plan? Another friar with a letter (Friar John)
Juliet was supposed to marry Paris on Thursday, but what has her father decided? They’ll get married early Wednesday morning
Who will stay up all night to make sure the wedding party preparations are complete? Capulet
In case the potion doesn’t work, what item does Juliet keep with her in the bed? a knife (to kill herself)
Describe the three things Juliet thinks might go wrong if she takes the potion. She might die, or stay asleep too little or too long
Will the nurse be with Juliet as she takes the potion? No
According to the plan, what two people will be there when Juliet wakes up? Romeo and Friar Laurence
What time in the morning is it at the beginning of scene 4? 3 am
In the midst of all the cooking and prepping, Paris arrives for his wedding date. Given the answer to the previous question, what does this arrival show us about Paris? He’s excited for the wedding- he’s in love
Who is the first to find Juliet’s body and think that she’s dead in Scene 5? The nurse
In what 3 ways does Capulet say he can tell Juliet is dead? She’s cold, her blood has stopped, and her joints are stiff
What does the friar advise Juliet’s parents to do with her body? Whose body, newly buried, is already there? Bring her to the friar’s abbey; Tybalt’s body
Who is the one person present in the end of Act 4 who knows what’s really going on? Friar Laurence
Who brings Romeo news from Verona? What is the news? Balthasar; Juliet has died
Write down 3 odd things Romeo noticed in the apothecary shop. tortoise shell, stuffed alligator, skins of strange fish
Why is it difficult to get poison in Mantua? Why does Romeo believe this apothecary will sell him some despite this? it’s illegal to sell there; the apothecary is poor and Romeo has a lot of money
In Act 5, Scene 2, what is Friar John’s excuse for not having delivered the letter to Romeo? He was quarantined in a plague house
What is Friar Laurence’s plan of action once he realizes Romeo hasn’t received his letter? Go to Juliet’s tomb and make her stay there until Romeo gets there
Who is the first person to arrive at Juliet’s tomb in Act 5, Scene 3? Why is he there? Paris; to put flowers on her grave
Explain Paris’ logic in thinking that Romeo is responsible for Juliet killing herself. Romeo killed Tybalt, and Juliet was grief stricken because of it.
Did Paris love Juliet? Give evidence to support your answer. Yes, he said he’d water the flowers on her grave every day, and showed up to their wedding at 3 am.
Romeo comments that Juliet looks just as beautiful in death as she did in life, with roses in her cheeks and lips. He doesn’t realize that the “death” is just a potion that’s wearing off. Instead, why does he figure Juliet is still so beautiful? Because even death is in love with her.
Does Juliet wake up just before Romeo dies or just after? Just after
Who is present when Juliet awakens? Why doesn’t this person stay? Friar Laurence; the watchmen were on their way.
Why does Juliet kiss Romeo’s lips even after he already died? She’s going to join him in death.
Juliet says, “Thy lips are warm!” This is, arguably, one of the saddest lines in the play. Why are these 4 little words so meaningful? She barely missed him. He had died a minute ago.
How does Juliet kill herself? with a knife
Which two characters are detained by the watchmen after Juliet’s death? Friar Laurence and the Page
Who else died the same night as Romeo and Juliet? How do we find out? Lady Montague; her husband
How many people died in this play? List their names in order of their deaths. 6; Mercutio, Tybalt, Lady Montague, Paris, Romeo, Juliet
Who is an antagonist in the play? Tybalt
What is an archaic word in the play? Apothecary
What is the climax of the play? Romeo killing Tybalt
Who is the comic relief of the play? Mercutio
Who is Romeo’s confidante in the play? Friar Laurence
What is the main conflict in the play? Capulets and Montagues
What is a couplet in the play? Parting is such sweet sorrowThat I shall say goodnight till it be morrow
What is an example of dramatic irony in the play? Romeo thinks Juliet is dead, but the audience knows she’s faked her death
What two characters are foils in the play? Mercutio/Romeo
What is an example of foreboding in the play? Romeo’s dream; Going to the Capulet party will lead to tragedy and death
What is an example of foreshadowing in the play? Juliet threatens to kill herself with a knife many times.
Who is the protagonist? Romeo
What is an example of repetition in the play? “O Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo?”
What is an example of a simile in the play? their breath smells like candy

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