Romeo and Juliet Study Guide

Chorus gives the prologues to Acts (sums up the Acts)
Escalus (Prince) Prince of Verona
Friar Lawrence Franciscan
Apothecary gave Romeo poison
Paris a young count, kinsman to the Prince
Mercutio kinsman to the Prince and friend to Romeo
Lord Montague father of Romeo
Lady Montague wife to Montague, mother of Romeo
Romeo son to Montague
Benvolio nephew to Montague and friend to Romeo
Balthasar servant to Romeo
Abram servant to Montague
Lord Capulet father of Juliet
Lady Capulet wife to Capulet, mother to Juliet
Juliet daughter to Capulet
Tybalt nephew to Lady Capulet
Sampson servant to Capulet
Gregory servant to Capulet
Nurse Juliet’s caretaker
Peter servant to Juliet’s nurse
In, the Prologue, what does the chorus say will happen to the two lovers? Romeo and Juliet will both die
What does Escalus say he will do to anyone who fights in the future? they will be sentenced to death
How does Benvolio say the fighting began? Mercutio went out of his way to start a fight with Tybalt who had no interest in fighting him
According to Benvolio and Mercutio, how has Romeo been acting recently? Romeo has been crying and sighing a lot (depressed, distant, and moody)
What remedy does Benvolio suggest for Romeo’s problem? he tells Romeo to put himself back out there and find himself another girl
In Scene 2 of Act 1, what does Capulet tell Paris he will have to do in order to marry Juliet? he will have to wait two years to marry Juliet
Why does the servant ask Romeo to read the list of guests who are invited to the party at the Capulets? the servant can’t read and therefore unable to invite the guests. He accidentally bumped into Romeo and asked him to read the guest list
What makes Romeo decide to go to the party? he wants to go see Rosaline
In Scene 3 of Act 1 we learn that Juliet is how old? Juliet is thirteen years old, but it about two weeks away from turning fourteen
What is the nurse’s opinion of Paris? she finds Paris to be handsome
How do Romeo and friends plan to hide their identity at the Capulet’s party? they were going to masquerade the party and wear masks and costumes
Who is Queen Mab? she’s the midwife of the fairies (queen of Fairyland). She drives her chariot on people’s faces at night and makes them dream dreams of love
What feelings about dreams does Mercutio express in his Queen Mab monologue? he doesn’t trust dreams. He thinks dreams lie
At the end of Scene 4 of Act 1, what does Romeo fear? he is afraid to go to the party because he had a dream that going to the party would end in his own death
How does Romeo react when he first sees Juliet? To what does he compare her? Romeo is instantly infatuated by her beauty; He compares her to burning torches, a jewel, and a dove
How does Juliet react to Romeo in their first meeting? she immediately falls in love with him and flirts with him
How does Tybalt react to the news that Romeo is at the party? How does Capulet react? Tybalt gets very angry. Capulet says that Romeo is young, has never done anything to him, is behaving himself – not posing him as a threat, and tells Tybalt to enjoy the party
What does Romeo compare Juliet to in Scene 2 of Act 2? Romeo compares her to the sun
Who do Mercutio and Benvolio think Romeo is with? they think that he is with Rosaline
Why does Juliet want Romeo to have some other name? their families hate each other, so they can’t be together. If Romeo had a different last name, they could be together with no problems
When Juliet discovers Romeo at her balcony, what does she fear? she’s afraid that he’ll get caught
Why does Juliet fear the love that she and Romeo share? their families had an argument which made them enemies, Is she chooses to be with Romeo, her family might disown her. If she were to marry Romeo, he would be disowned and therefore she would not be accepted to his family. They;re really on their own. Her only gain for Romeo would be love and potentially happiness.
What concerns does Friar Lawrence have about Romeo and Juliet’s relationship? he thinks that their relationship is going too fast and their plan for their marriage would most likely back-fire on them
Why does Friar Lawrence agree to help the two? he wants the feud between the two families to stop
Why has Tybalt sent a letter to Romeo’s house? he wants to fight Romeo, but he knows Romeo will never pick up a sword
What warning does the nurse give Romeo? she doesn’t want Romeo to mess with Juliet unless it’s serious
What message does Romeo give the nurse to tell Juliet? he tells the nurse to have Juliet meet him at Friar Lawrence’s cell so they can be married at the church
Why is Juliet annoyed at the beginning of Scene 5 Act 2? she is annoyed because the nurse is taking too long to return from her meeting with Romeo and his answer
What fears does Friar Lawrence express in Scene 6 of Act 2? he fears that the outcome of Romeo and Juliet’s marriage will cause more fighting between the two families
What is an example of dramatic irony from Act 2? Romeo doesn’t want to fight Tybalt because he knows that they’re now cousins and Romeo and Juliet fall in love
What is an example of foreshadowing from Act 2? when Juliet talks to Romeo as if he was her pet bird, she’d smother him with her love: this is foreshadowing this play because they kill themselves
Why has Tybalt come looking for Romeo? Tybalt wants to fight Romeo
What does Mercutio do? he taunts Tybalt (fights Tybalt)
How does Romeo contribute to Mercutio’s death? Tybalt challenged Romeo to a duel, but Romeo would not fight him. Mercutio fought him instead, and he was killed by Tybalt
What is the outcome of the fight between Romeo and Tybalt? Romeo kills Tybalt for killing Mercutio
What punishment does Escalus give Romeo? he exiled Romeo from Verona, promising death if he ever returned
Why does Juliet defend Romeo’s actions? Romeo is her husband
At the end of Scene 2 of Act 3, what does Juliet ask the nurse to do? Juliet wants the nurse to go get Romeo from Friar Lawrence’s cell so he can say good-bye to Juliet before he leaves town
What is Romeo’s reaction when Friar Lawrence tells him that Escalus has banished him? Romeo is grief-stricken because he doesn’t want to leave Juliet; they have love for each other
What is Friar Lawrence’s plan for Romeo? for Romeo to go to Mantua, wait to hear word from him
In Scene 4 of Act 3, what does Capulet tell Paris? he tells Paris to get ready for the wedding and pick Juliet up
At the beginning of Scene 5 of Act 3, why do Romeo and Juliet discuss whether it is morning or not? if is morning Romeo has to leave, but if it’s not, he can stay. They don’t want to part ways
What is Capulet’s reaction when he learns that Juliet refuses to marry Paris? he is outrage and offended that Juliet would refuse the offer when he considers her to be fortunate. He raves about her ungratefulness and tells her if she doesn’t marry Paris, he will disown her
What does the nurse tell Juliet she should do? she tells Juliet to go ahead and get married to Paris. He is rich and in her opinion good-looking
At the end of Scene 5 of Act 3, why is Juliet so angry with the nurse? Juliet is angry at the nurse because the nurse thinks she should marry Paris and that she won’t be able to see Romeo because of his banishment. She thinks Paris is a better guy for Juliet instead of Romeo
How are Juliet’s beliefs about love and marriage different from her parents? Juliet’s beliefs for love and marriage: marry the person that she wanted to marry. She though it was her choice to decide on whom she should marryParents’ beliefs for love and marriage: marriages were supposed to be arranged by the parents
When talking to her parents in this act, explain how some of Juliet’s lines are filled with double-meaning? Juliet often found herself engaged in conversations she couldn’t afford to tell the truth. On the other hand, it is wrong to tell a boldfaced lie, so she equivocated: she said things which could be understood one way by the people she was talking to and another by herself. They think she can’t marry because she’s still grieving, but instead it’s because she’s already married
Describe the change in Juliet’s behavior toward her parents? Juliet is more outspoken, speaks her mind, and agrees to do what they ask
How does Paris think Juliet feels about him? Paris thinks that Juliet likes him
What does Juliet ask of Friar Lawrence? Juliet asks Friar Lawrence to marry her and Romeo first, so she can get out of the marriage with Paris
What does Juliet say she will do if she cannot find a way to avoid marrying Paris? Juliet will kill herself
How does Juliet respond to Paris’ complements in Act 4? she is trying to be polite but does not want to admit that she will marry Paris, since she has no intention of doing so (she uses double-meaning)
What does Friar Lawrence say will happen when Juliet drinks the potion? she will become near-death, her veins will go cold, her heart will stop for two days
How will Romeo learn of Friar Lawrence’s plan? Romeo is supposed to hear it from Balthasar, but Friar Lawrence doesn’t tell Balthasar, but sends the message with Friar John instead. As a result, Romeo never learns of Friar Lawrence’s plan.
What does Friar Lawrence say Romeo and Juliet will do after Juliet awakens? go to Mantua together
In Scene 2 of Act 4, what does Juliet tell her father? she will marry Paris at the church
What activities occur in the Capulet household at the start of Scene 2 of Act 4? everyone is getting prepared for the wedding
Describe Capulet’s character at the end of Scene 2 of Act 4. he’s in a good mood and is organizing details for the wedding
Describe the various fears Juliet has as she gets ready to drink Friar Lawrence’s potion. Juliet fears that either the potion might not work and she’ll have to marry Paris the next morning, and that she might die
What effect might Capulet’s change of plans have on the friar’s arrangements? Friar Lawrence had a schedule set up where Juliet would take the potion Wednesday night and wake up 42 hours later for Romeo to come and get her, sometime Friday night. Presumably he sent Friar John with that message.But when Capulet set the wedding for Wednesday morning, Juliet had to take the potion on Tuesday night, a day earlier. So it didn’t matter that Friar John’s message did not get through because Romeo would have come a day too late anyway. However, for some reason, the Friar does not seem to be worried that Romeo is not going to be warned to come Thursday to get Juliet.
At what time does Scene 4 of Act 4 occur? Thursday morning
How do Capulet, his wife, the nurse, and Paris react when they find Juliet? they are heartbroken
What does Friar Lawrence say to the family? be happy for her being in a better place. in addition heaven is giving her more than they ever could’ve
According to Lord Capulet, what will happen now to all the preparations that were made for the wedding? the wedding decorations will be turned to funeral decorations
Why is Romeo feeling cheerful at the beginning of Scene 1 of Act 5? he had a “wonderful” dream about Juliet
What news does Balthasar bring Romeo? Balthasar brings Romeo the tidings of Juliet’s death, telling his master that he saw her laid in Capel’s monument
After hearing the news, where does Romeo plan to go? back to Verona
What does the speed with which Romeo makes his decision tell you about his character? he is a bold and courageous character
How is Friar John prevented from going to Mantua to deliver Friar Lawrence’s letter? there was a plague in Mantua at the time so he didn’t want to go in; also, the police wouldn’t have let him go in
Why does Paris go to the Capulet tomb? he is sad about losing Juliet and wishes to spread flowers around her and promises to water those flowers every night
How do you think Paris feels about Juliet? he loves her very much
What is Romeo’s real reason for sending Balthasar away from the tomb? he didn’t want Balthasar to see him with Juliet
Why does Paris think Romeo has come to the tomb? to vandalize the Capulet’s tomb. Paris is a very unimaginative man and so all he can rely on is the idea that Montagues must hate Capulets.
What does Friar Lawrence find when he enters the tomb? he finds Romeo’s dead body and a woeful Juliet waking from her fake death, only to kill herself to keep her parents from finding out
How does Juliet kill herself? she stabs herself with Romeo’s knife/dagger
What causes Lady Montague’s death? her grief from Romeo’s banishment
Who tells the story of the events to the Prince? Friar Lawrence
What does the Prince mean when he says, “All are punished.”? everyone has lost someone during the feud between the two families. The Prince lost his cousin, Lord Montague lost his wife and son, and the Capulets lost their daughter and cousin.
At the conclusion of the play, what happens between the Capulets and the Montagues? their feud ends
In this final Act, how are Romeo’s actions guided more by emotion than reason? he feels like he can’t live without Juliet
By family, list the people who have died in the play. Tybalt kills Romeo’s friend Mercutio, so Romeo kills Tybalt. Romeo kills Paris and thinks that Juliet is dead. Juliet wakes up from her sleep seeing Romeo dead, kills herself. At the end we find out that Romeo’s mother dies because of grief over the banishment of her son.In the end those dead are: Mercutio, Tybalt, Paris, Romeo, and Juliet. (all in a battle of a sort) (Romeo and Juliet died for their fight of love) Also, Lady Montague died from her heart attack when she was in depression for Romeo’s banishment
What is a lambic pentameter? a poetic meter consisting of lines with ten “feet” (groups of syllables) in each, and having an “iamb” foot (unstressed then stressed syllable) dominant in each – and has a rhythm that goes like de-DUM-de-DUM-de-DUM-de-DUM-de-DUM
What is a blank verse? an unrhymed iambic pentameter
What is a dramatic foil? Who might be considered the dramatic foil to Romeo? a character that will by contrast help to accentuate another character’s opposite personality; 1. Romeo and Friar Lawrence2. Juliet and the Nurse
What is a Soliloquy? a lengthy speech in which a character, alone on stage expresses his or her feelings thoughts to the audience
What is a Monologue? a long speech addressed to other characters
What is an Aside? a brief remark to the audience unheard by other characters
What is Dramatic Irony? a contradiction between what a character thinks or says and what the audience knows
What is Tragedy? a drama in which the central character meets with disasters or misfortune
What is a Tragic Flaw? What do you believe Romeo’s and/or Juliet’s Tragic Flaw is? the character flaw that leads to their downfall; Romeo – to spontaneous, does things without thinking them out. (marries Juliet in a day, kills Tybalt his cousin, and ending his own life over Juliet)Juliet – too loyal to Romeo. Willing to kill herself when he dies.

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