Romeo and Juliet Review- McDonald

When is Shakespeare’s birthday? April 23, 1564
When was Shakespeare baptized? April 26, 1564
Where was Shakespeare born and to whom? Born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England, to a glove maker (former mayor) and a member of the Catholic community
How much schooling did Shakespeare have? graduated from grammar school (9th grade)
Who did Shakespeare marry? Anne Hathaway (he was 18, she was 26)
How many kids did Shakespeare have? three (Susanna, Judith, Hamnet)
7 Dark Years From 1585 to 1592, when William Shakespeare left his family. It was believed that he acted with a stage name or went out of the country
Lord Chamberlain’s Men Shakespeare’s acting company that was later renamed to “The King’s Men” for Queen Elizabeth
How were plays viewed? -many plays/theaters were shut down because of the plague-churches thought plays were sinful
Shakespeare’s works 37 plays and 154 sonnets
What kinds of plays did Shakespeare write? tragedies, comedies, and histories
How old was Shakespeare when he wrote Romeo and Juliet? 26
When did Shakespeare retire? 1610
When and where did Shakespeare die? April 23, 1616 in Stratford
What color flag was flown for tragedies? black
What color flag was flown for comedies? white
What color flag was flown for histories? red
The Globe Theater Shakespeare’s theater (also known as the Wooden O)-continuous action-minimal scenery
Who played women’s roles in plays? young boys
Where was Shakespeare buried? Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-upon-Avon, the same church he was baptized in
“O, be some other name! What’s in a name? That which we call a rose by any other word would smell assweet.” Juliet said this on her balcony to herself (a soliloguy) while talking about Romeo and how it does not matter that he is a Montague
“I do protest, I never injured thee, but love thee better than thou canst devise till thou shalt know the reasonof my love.” Romeo said this while telling Tybalt why he won’t fight him
“A plague o’ both your houses! They have made worms’ meat of me. I have it, and soundly, too. Yourhouses!” Mercutio said this as he was dying
“But first let me tell you, if you should lead her in a fool’s paradise, as they say, it were a gross kind ofbehavior, as they say.” Nurse
“Hang thee, young baggage, disobedient wretch! I tell thee what; get thee to church o’ Thursday, or neverafter look me in the face…” Lord Capulet
“Deny thy father and refuse thy name.” Juliet during soliloquy on balcony about Romeo
“I fear too early, for my mind misgives some consequence yet hanging in the stars/ shall bitterly begin his fearful date/ with this night’s revels, and expire the term of a despised life closed in my breast/ by some vile forfeit of untimely death.” Romeo before Capulet party/he’s worried that the stars are going to make something happen tonight to cause his death
” And too soon marred are those so early made. Earth hath swallowed all my hopes but has she; She is thehopeful lady of my earth. But woo her, gentle Paris, get her heart; My will to her consent is but a part.” Lord Capulet says this to Paris about Juliet
” These violent delights have violent ends, and in their triumph die, like fire and powder, Which, as they kiss,consume.” Friar Lawrence says this to Romeo to warn him
“There is no world without Verona walls, but purgatory, torture, hell itself. Hence ‘banished’ is ‘banishedfrom the world,’ And the world’s exile is death.” Romeo says this while talking about how being banished is just as bad as being dead
“Come bitter conduct, come, unsavory guide! Thou desperate pilot, now at once run on. The dashingrocks thy seasick weary bark! Here’s to my love. O true apothecary, Thy drugs are quick. Thus with a kiss Idie.” Romeo says this as he is about to kill himself (makes reference to being a ship and Fate steering again)
“O, I am slain! If thou be merciful,/Open the tomb, lay me with Juliet.” Paris says this to Romeo as he is dying
“My only love, sprung from my only hate! Too early seen unknown, and known too late!” Juliet says this to her nurse at the ball after she finds out Romeo is a Montague
“If ever you disturb our streets again,/ Your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace.” The Prince says this after the street fight
“Tomorrow night look that thou lie alone;/Let not the nurse lie with thee in thy chamber./Take thou vial,being then in bed,/And this distilling liquor drink thou of.” Friar Lawrence says this when he is explaining the plan to Juliet
“See what a scourge is laid upon your hate,/That heaven finds means to kill your joys with love./ Have lost a brace of kinsmen: all are punished.” The Prince says this while telling the families what happened (love/hate/death)
“I am fortune’s fool!” Romeo says this to Benvolio after killing Tybalt
“My mind misgives some consequence yet hanging in the stars Shall bitterly begin his fearfuldateWith this night’s revels, and expire the term Of a despised life within my breast By some vileforfeit of untimely death. But He that hath the steerage of my course Direct my suit!” Romeo says this to Benvolio before he goes to the party/ ”I am a ship and Fate steers it¨
“Do thou but close our hands with holy words, Then love-devouring death do what he dare; It isenough I may but call her mine” Romeo says this to Friar Lawrence while talking about marring Juliet (even if we die, marrying her will be worth it)
Romeo depressed because he is in love but that love is not returned
Juliet promised to wed at 16
Benvolio peacemaker cousin
Lord Capulet level-headed father who wants his child to wait to get married
Count Paris wants to marry Juliet
Prince Escalus condemns anyone who starts a fight in the streets of Verona
Lord Montague concerned father who doesn’t understand his child’s depression
Servant inadvertently invites Romeo to the Capulet party
Tybalt hot-headed cousin who likes to fight
Lady Capulet is deeply concerned with family status and appearances
Nurse Juliet’s closest confidant
In the prologue, what information does the audience learn? -the setting is Verona-the two families hate each other-Romeo and Juliet will die
According to the prologue, the Capulets and Montagues have a long time feud
The play’s opening engages the audience by using -a street brawl-a lewd gesture-a dirty reference
The fight scene in scene one is important to the plot because the prince warns of a death sentence
When the play opens, Romeo is -in love with Rosaline-avoiding his family and friends-solitary and sullen
Lord Capulet suggests to Count Paris that he should check out other girls
Benvolio suggests to Romeo that Romeo should check out other girls (to forget Rosaline)
The turning point in the characters’ fate is when Benvolio and Romeo help the Capulet servant (learn about Capulet party & Rosaline= they go)
Romeo is open minded to Benvolio’s idea on getting over Rosaline because Romeo wants to prove Benvolio wrong
When Romeo first sees Juliet, he immediately -forgets Rosaline-falls in love with Juliet-compares her to a jewel (she=light to his darkness)
When Juliet first meets Romeo, she acts on her attraction (”Palmer’s Kiss”)
One point that is both symmetrical and foreshadowing is that both Romeo and Juliet reference their deaths
At the beginning of act II, Benvolio and Mercutio are looking for Romeo; their speeches are ironic because they believe Romeo is still in love with Rosaline
During his soliloquy, Romeo compares Juliet to stars, moon, sun
In Juliet’s soliloquy, she states that she loves Romeo even though his name is Montague
Juliet compares Romeo to a rose
At the end of the balcony scene, Romeo and Juliet have agreed to marry
Juliet chides Romeo for swearing by the moon; this is important because -she believes his love will fluctuate like the moon-she wants him to swear on himself-it is dramatic irony as his love does fluctuate
In Friar Lawrence’s soliloquy, he ponders the positive and negative of the earth, the good and bad of humans, and the healing and deadly properties of plants
When Romeo tells Friar Lawrence of his love for Juliet, the friar is concerned because Romeo was so recently in love with Rosaline
Friar Lawrence agrees to marry Romeo and Juliet because Lawrence believes a marriage might end the fued
In scene 4, the plot is complicated by Tybalt challenging Romeo to a duel
The comic relief relieves some of the tension of the scene; what is the comic relief of scene 4? Mercutio and Benvolio teasing the nurse (hoar/hare joke)
As Juliet waits to hear the news from the nurse, Juliet is frustrated because the nurse makes excuses for not revealing Romeo’s message (tired/out of breath/where’s Lady Cap)
The plan for Romeo and Juliet’s wedding is that she will use the excuse of _________ to meet Romeo going to confession
As Friar Lawrence and Romeo wait for Juliet, Friar Lawrence warns Romeo that this passion could end violently
The most obvious piece of dramatic irony in this act is that Mercutio and Benvolio believe Romeo still loves Rosaline
Why does Benvolio want to get out of the street? He is worried that a brawl will start
Why doesn’t Romeo want to fight Tybalt? They are now related through marriage
How does Romeo react when Tybalt and Mercutio start fighting? He tries to break them up
What does Romeo do after killing Tybalt? He runs away (”I am fortune’s fool”)
What is Romeo’s punishment for killing Tybalt? Banishment
The friar gives three reasons that Romeo should be happy. What were they? 1. Juliet is alive and loves him2. He is alive [greatest swordsman(Tybalt) didn’t kill him]3. He is only banished not killed
What does the Nurse give to Romeo? Juliet’s ring
Where does Romeo go before daybreak? Mantua
On what day does Lord Capulet plan for Juliet to be married to Paris? Thursday
What does Juliet claim is making the birdcalls they hear? A nightingale (when in reality is a lark)
How do both Romeo and Juliet appear as they say goodbye to each other? They see each other like they’re already dead and in a tomb
How does Juliet react to news of her arranged marriage with Paris? With horror and anger (please just postpone; why can’t it be someone else)
What is Capulet’s reaction when Juliet refuses to marry Paris? He yells at her, he curses her, he calls her names, threatens to hit her, and he vows to disown her
What does the Nurse advise Juliet to do? Forget Romeo and marry Paris (causes Juliet to vow to cut ties with Nurse)
What does Juliet plan to do if Friar Lawrence can’t help her? Kill herself
What does Paris think has upset Juliet so much? Tybalt’s death
How does Juliet respond to Paris? With indifference/aloofness
What is Friar Lawrence’s plan for Juliet She will fake her own death and run away with Romeo
How does Juliet surprise her parents? By agreeing to marry Paris
How does Capulet react to Juliet’s decision? He moves up the wedding from Thursday to Wednesday
What does Juliet fear may happen when she drinks the potion? She will die (poisoned by Friar), wake up alone in the tomb, or go crazy from potion
Why does Juliet think Friar Lawrence might betray her? To hide his role in her marriage
Whose ghost does Juliet see before drinking the potion? Tybalt’s
Who discovers Juliet’s seemingly dead body? The nurse
Romeo’s premonition in lines 1-11 is what? He dreams that he is dead and Juliet kissed him back to life
What news does Balthasar (Romeo’s servant) bring? How does this disrupt the plan? Balthasar says that Juliet is dead. This disrupts the plan because now Romeo believes Juliet is actually dead.
Line 34 is saying what? Romeo will kill himself tonight to be with Juliet
After speaking to Balthasar, Romeo decides to what? Is this shocking or does it reinforce his impulsive behavior? Kill himself; this is not shocking because of Romeo’s past rash decisions
Why was Friar John was unable to deliver the letter from Lawrence to Romeo? He was quarantined because of the plague
Why is Paris at Juliet’s tomb? Paris has come to Juliet’s tomb to bring flowers and weep
Why does Romeo believe Paris is at Juliet’s tomb? Paris thinks that Romeo must hate the Capulets so much that he has returned to the tomb to dishonor (vandalize, rob, etc) the corpses of Tybalt and Juliet
How does Romeo feel about Paris after killing him? He feels bad about killing him
What does Romeo do with Paris’s body? He buries him with Juliet
In lines 91-96, what does Romeo notice about Juliet? How is this dramatic irony? He notices that she looks beautiful and not dead at all. There is color in her cheeks, her lips are soft, she almost looks like she is breating. This is ironic because she ISN’T DEAD.
What is the light and dark imagery spoken by Romeo? Romeo is carrying a torch. He speaks about light splitting dark. He says that he will remain in darkness with her because she is “dead.” Seeing her is like a strike of lightning.
How does Romeo personify death? The tomb is like a stomach that he is about to cram with more food/death; Death has fallen in love with Juliet and kept her beautiful
Who/what does Romeo blame for all this misfortune? Is he correct? fate
What is the reference to fate that Romeo makes? He says he is a ship that is about to crash into rocks, but he doesn’t care. He makes a reference to the stars.
In line 167, what does Juliet realize as she awakens? That Romeo died only seconds ago
What does Friar Laurence mean when he says, “A greater power than we can contradict”? He is speaking about love
Is Laurence more worried about Juliet or himself? himself (F: We gotta go/ J: No; I’m staying/ F: Alright then, I’m gonna go now)
What is the contradiction/paradox in Juliet’s last lines? the dagger is happy that it got to hurt someone and she is also happy that she gets to fufill her promise in death
How does Friar Laurence explain the events of the last few days? He is completely honest and does not leave anything out
Does he take blame or protect himself? He takes full responsibility for his part in the deaths of Romeo and Juliet even though he did not kill anyone.
Explain the Prince’s references to love, hate, and death in his speech. -your hate is like the plague-their love is what killed them
What does the audience learn of Lady Montague? Lady Montague dies of grief over the banishment of Romeo 🙁
What do Lord Capulet and Lord Montague agree to do? Build gold statues of the other’s child
Being a tragedy, there is always a large “death toll” at the end; by the end of the play, how many lives have been taken because of this feud? six (Mercutio/Tybalt/Lady Montague/Ct. Paris/Romeo/Juliet)

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