Romeo and Juliet Review

William Shakespeare (1564-1616) considered one of the finest playwrights, poets and writers in history. His plays include Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, and Macbeth
England birthplace of William Shakespeare. During Shakespeare’s lifetime it was ruled by James I and then Queen Elizabeth I.
playwright a person who writes plays for the theaterex: William Shakespeare, Tennessee Williams
Elizabeth I (1558-1603) Queen of England during the time of Shakespeare. During her leadership, England became an important naval and economic force in Europe and beyond.
tragedy a type of serious drama that usually ends in disaster for the main character
genre a major category or type of literatureShakespeare wrote tragedies, romances, comedies, and histories
prologue an introduction to a playIn Romeo and Juliet, this is written in the form of a poem called a sonnet. It summarizes the plot of Romeo and Juliet, two “star-crossed” (unlucky) lovers
Italy the setting of the play Romeo and Juliet. The town is Verona, Italy.
Lord Montague head of the Montague family, father of Romeo, enemy of Lord Capulet
sonnet a type of poem that has 14 lines. Each line has 10 syllables with the rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GG.
Lady Montague Romeo’s mother. She dies of grief when she hears about Romeo’s banishment
Romeo protagonist of the play. He is a “star-crossed” lover, whose love for Juliet is tragic. He drinks poison and dies because he thinks Juliet is dead (WSS:Tony)
Prince Escalus Prince of Verona. He wants to stop the feud between the Montagues and Capulets. He banishes Romeo for Tybalt’s death. His relatives, Count Paris and Mercutio, die as a result of the feud.(WSS:Detective Shrank)
Mercutio a relative of the Prince and friend of Romeo. Nurse thinks he is a rude boy. Before he is killed by Tybalt while defending Romeo, he curses both families. (WSS:Riff)
Count Paris a noble gentleman that wants to marry Juliet. He is a relative of the Prince. Before she meets Romeo, Juliet agrees to get to know him. He is killed by Romeo in the vault at the end of the play (WSS:Chino)
Benvolio Romeo’s cousin and friend. He tries to stop the fighting in the play. He tells the Prince how Mercutio and Tybalt were slain. Later he tells the Prince what led to Romeo’s death.
Juliet Lord Capulet’s 13-year-old daughter and Romeo’s wife. She defies her parents. She is a “star-crossed lover” that kills herself with a knife when she finds Romeo dead of poison. (WSS:Maria)
Tybalt an excellent swordsman and Juliet’s cousin. He is angry when he finds out Romeo is at the Capulet party and can’t fight him. Later Romeo will not fight him because he is now a cousin. He stabs and kills Mercutio in a fight.Romeo kills him as revenge for Mercutio’s death. (WSS:Bernardo)
Nurse Juliet’s confidante and messenger. She is a loyal but strange-looking person. At first she speaks well of Romeo then tells Juliet to marry Paris.(WSS:Anita)
Friar Laurence a priest and and plant expert that agrees to marry Juliet and Romeo so their families’ feud will end. He devises a plan so the lovers can be together, but the plan doesn’t work.(WSS:Doc)
Themes of Romeo and Juliet tragedy, conflict, marriage, love
balcony n. an area with a wall or bars around it that is joined to the outside wall of a building on an upper levelThis scene is one of the most famous scenes of all plays.
apothecary one who prepares and sells drugs for medicinal purposes. Like a modern drugstore pharmacistIn the story, he sells Romeo the poison because he needs the money
foreshadowing hints or clues in the story that show how the story will end.
Sunday Act 1+2:servants argue, Paris asks to marry Juliet, part and Juliet’s house, balcony scene
Monday Act 2+3: Romeo and Juliet married by Friar Laurence, Tybalt kills Mercutio, Romeo kills Tybalt, Romeo banished, Romeo and Juliet spend night together
banish to force someone to leave a place. Prince did this to Romeo
Tuesday Act 3+4:Lord Capulet insists Juliet marry Paris, Friar makes a plan, Juliet takes potion
Wednesday Act 4:Juliet found “dead”
Thursday Act 5:Romeo hears Juliet is dead and buys poison, Friar finds out his plan didn’t work, Romeo kills Paris at the vault and then poisons himself and dies, Juliet wakes up and kills herself with a knife, Lord Montague and Lord Capulet make peace
simile comparison using “like” or “as”ex: Her eyes shone like the sun.ex: Juliet says, “My bounty is as boundless as the sea.”
Metaphor Comparison stated without “like” or “as”ex:when Romeo says Juliet is the sunex: “[The light] is the east and Juliet is the sun.”
Personification giving human characteristics to nonhuman subjectsex: The giant wave angrily swallowed the small ship.ex: The morning smiles on the frowning night.
West Side Story American musical of New York City gangs. Story based on Romeo and Juliet
Sharks Puerto Rican New York gang in the West Side Story (WSS). Maria’s friends. (like the Capulets)
Jets American gang in the West Side Story (WSS). Tony’s friends. (Like the Montagues)
Wanted poster a piece of paper placed where people can see it which describes criminals (outlaws, fugitives) wanted by law.
headline the heading or caption of a newspaper article
alliteration repetition of beginning sound in poetryex: Broncos Beat the Bearsex: Tears for Tybaltex: Monstrous Murder
first person pronouns I, me, we, us
Lord Capulet Juliet’s father. He has a party at his house, where Romeo and Juliet meet.
Rosaline the girl Romeo is in “love” with at the beginning of the play
illiterate a person that can’t read or write. Romeo finds out about the party from a Capulet servant that can’t read.
plague any epidemic disease with a high death rate. This was a problem during Shakespeare’s time. The Friar’s letter does not reach Romeo in time because the person delivering it gets quarantined because of this disease.
vault a room where the bodies of people from the same family are put after their death

You Might Also Like