Romeo and Juliet quiz

1. How does the word dignity in line 1 of the prologue suggest both houses are alike?In social standing.2. Where does the play take place?Verona, Italy.3. The grudge between feuding families is described as _______.Ancient.4. The feud between the Capulets and Montagues has caused ______________.Violence and death in both families.5. Romeo and Juliet are ______________.From feuding families.6. What ultimately ends the feud between the Capulets and Montagues?The deaths of Romeo and Juliet.7. In Act 1, Prologue, the chorus asks the audience to be what?Patient.8. The prologue is supposed to ______________.Give a brief overview of the story.9. Romeo and Juliet’s love is described as star-crossed, which means ____________.Ill-fated.10. How long does the prologue predict the play will be?Two hours.11. Civil blood has made civil hands unclean because ____________.Members of both families have killed one another.12. The chorus promises that anything left out of the prologue will be __________.Covered during the events of the play.13. Who do Sampson and Gregory first encounter in the city square in Act 1, Scene 1?Abram and Balthasar, of the Montagues.14. Who tries to discourage the battle in Act 1, Scene 1?Benvolio.15. In Act 1, Scene 1, Tybalt accuses Benvolio of what?Cowardice.16. The Prince reveals that there have already been ____________.Three battles between families.17. Prince Escalus declares that the next time the families disturb the peace, they will pay ________.With their lives.18. Who does Montague ask for an account of the brawl in Act 1, Scene 1?Benvolio.19. At the beginning of the play, Montague and Lady Montague are concerned about Romeo because _________.He hides in his room and has been miserable lately.20. Romeo claims he is in love as the play opens, but is unhappy because ______________.The girl he loves does not love him.21. The girl Romeo loves “has Dian’s wit,” which means _______.She is chaste, and therefore not interested in an affair with Romeo.22. In lines 186-196, Romeo compares love to all of the following EXCEPT what?A clenching pain in the heart.23. Romeo alludes to Cupid because ____________.Cupid is the god of love.24. In the play’s first scene, Benvolio advises Romeo to _________.Forget Rosaline.25. At the beginning of Act 1, Scene 2, Capulet and Paris discuss _________.The feud between the families.26. Capulet’s initial objection to Paris courting his daughter is due to what?Juliet’s age.27. Capulet allows that his consent is one part of the courtship agreement, but the other part is ___________.Juliet’s consent.28. When will Paris will get his first chance to woo Juliet?At Capulet’s party that evening.29. What irony faces Capulet’s servant in Act 1, Scene 2?He cannot read the list of invited guests, and asks a Montague’s help.30. In Act 1, Scene 2, Romeo compares his thwarted love for Rosaline to ______________.Madness and imprisonment.31. The Capulet servant approaches Romeo in Act 1, Scene 2 to ask him what?If Romeo can read.32. Which friend of Romeo’s is on Capulet’s list of invited guests?Mercutio.33. The Capulet servant tells Romeo and Benvolio they may attend the party if ___________________.They are not of the house of Montague.34. After reviewing the Capulet servant’s list, Benvolio discovers that _________________.Rosaline will be attending the Capulet’s party.35. Benvolio suggests Romeo attend the Capulet party in order to ______________.Compare Rosaline to other beauties.36. At the end of Act 1, Scene 2, Romeo agrees to do what?Attend the party to admire Rosaline.37. Who is looking for Juliet at the beginning of Act 1, Scene 3?Lady Capulet.38. Juliet’s behavior toward her mother could be described as __________.Obedient.39. In Act 1, Scene 3, Lady Capulet first asks the nurse to do what?Leave the room, then asks her to stay.40. The nurse’s dialogue reveals Juliet’s age to be how old?Thirteen.41. In Act 1, Scene 3, Lady Capulet has summons Juliet to discuss what?Her potential marriage to Paris.42. The nurse’s long speech in Act 1, Scene 3 reveals she had what?A daughter of her own named Susan.43. Why does Lady Capulet not feel Juliet is too young to get married?She herself was a mother at Juliet’s age.44. The nurse’s attitude toward Paris could be described as what?Admiring.45. Lady Capulet compares Paris to what?A beautiful book.46. The nurse’s statement, “Women grow by men,” alludes to what?Pregnancy.47. in Act 1, Scene, what does Juliet agrees to do?Consider Paris as a husband, if that is what her parents want.48. Finally, the nurse advises Juliet to ____________.Seek happy nights to happy days.49. Where are Romeo and his friends going during Act 1, Scene 4?To the Capulet’s party.50. Why is Romeo down as the men travel to the Capulet party?Romeo is still upset over Rosaline.51. In lines 11 and 12, Romeo says, “Give me a torch, I am not for this ambling./Being but heavy, I will bear the light.” This is an example of what?A pun.52. In Act 1, Scene 4, Romeo describes love as ________.Too rough.53. Who advises Romeo to “beat love down”?Mercutio.54. Romeo’s last speech during Act 1, Scene 4 reveals what?He fears something bad will happen as a result of the night’s activities.55. The first action Romeo takes at the Capulet party is to do what?Ask a servant who Juliet is.56. When Tybalt discovers Romeo’s presence at the Capulet party, he does what?Tells Capulet, who advises Tybalt to ignore Romeo.57. At the Capulet party, Romeo takes Juliet’s hand, then offers to do what?Kiss her hand to make up for his rough touch.58. Throughout their first meeting, what do Romeo and Juliet compare themselves to?Pilgrims.59. What does the nurse say about the man who is lucky enough to marry Juliet?He will gain her money with the marriage.60. What does Juliet discover about Romeo through the nurse at the end of Act 1?He is a Montague, and therefore an enemy to her.61. What young affection does the prologue of Act 2 refer to?Romeo and Juliet’s new love for each other.62. Why must Romeo and Juliet must “steal” their love?They cannot reveal it to either family.63. Why is Romeo no longer interested in Rosaline in Act 2?He is now in love with Juliet.64. According to the Prologue of Act 2, what lends the couple power?Passion.65. What “extremities” do Romeo and Juliet overcome in their love for one another?The violence and hatred between their families.66. The prologue of Act 2 reveals that despite difficulty, __________________.The lovers will still have a chance to meet and be together.67. What does Romeo decide to do at the start of Act 2, Scene 1?Return to the Capulet’s house to find Juliet.68. At the beginning of Act 2, Scene 1, Benvolio asks Mercutio to do what?Call for Romeo.69. Mercutio attempts to “conjure” Romeo by in Act 2, Scene 1 by doing what?Listing Rosaline’s virtues.70. Benvolio warns Mercutio that taunting Romeo will ________.Anger him.71. Benvolio and Mercutio believe Romeo is hiding in Act 2, Scene 1 because __________________.He is still pining for Rosaline.72. At the end of Act 2, Scene 1, what do Benvolio and Mercutio decide to do>Go home without Romeo.73. In Romeo’s opening speech in Act 2, Scene 2, he refers to Juliet as __________.The sun.74. Juliet’s soliloquy in Act 2, Scene 2 suggests Romeo’s name alone ___________.Does not make him her enemy.75. Romeo claims he does not know what name he should identify himself by because _______________.His name is an enemy to Juliet, and therefore hateful to him.76. Why is there more “peril” in Juliet’s eye than in her kinsmen’s swords?Because the risk of loving Juliet puts him in danger.77. Why does Juliet tells Romeo not to swear his love by the moon?The moon is constantly changing.78. At the end of the Act 2, Scene 2, Romeo promises to ___________.Send word to Juliet about his intentions.79. In Act 2, Scene 3, the friar believes Romeo never went to bed because ___________.He was with Rosaline.80. In Act 2, Scene 3 Romeo confesses that he has come to see the friar because ___________.He wants to marry Juliet today.81. Friar Laurence chastises Romeo for what?Being fickle in love.82. Romeo claims his love for Juliet is different from his love for Rosaline because ________________.Juliet loves him back, where Rosaline did not.83. When the friar says Romeo’s love “could read by rote, that could not spell,” what is he suggesting?Romeo was simply playing the part of a lover, but not really in love.84. Friar Laurence believes the alliance between families might _______________.End the feud.85. in Act 2, Scene 4, why are Benvolio and Mercutio discussing Tybalt?Tybalt has challenged Romeo.86. When Romeo arrives in Act 2, Scene 4, he apologizes for ___________.Leaving his friends behind the previous night.87. Who arrives to talk to Romeo in Act 2, Scene 4?The Nurse.88. Mercutio asks Romeo to leave the nurse and do what?Come to his father’s house for dinner.89. In Act 2, Scene 4, what does the nurse warn Romeo against?Falsely leading Juliet on.90. Romeo arranges to send a man to the nurse with _______________.Ropes to make a ladder to climb to Juliet’s room.91. What is Juliet waiting for at the start of Act 2, Scene 5?For the nurse to arrive with news of Romeo.92. When the nurse finally arrives at Juliet’s room in Act 2, Scene 5, she claims ___________.She is too tired to talk.93. In Act 2, Scene 5, the nurse says that Juliet’s choice in Romeo is ___________.Simple or foolish.94. At the end of Act 2, Scene 5, the nurse finally reveals that Romeo will __________________.Marry Juliet at the friar’s cell that afternoon.95. What will be Juliet’s excuse for leaving the house to go to church that afternoon?She will say she is going to confession.96. In Act 2, Scene 5, the nurse shares Romeo’s plan to do what?Climb into Juliet’s room using a rope.97. What advice does the friar give Romeo about love at the start of Act 2, Scene 6?Love moderately.98. in Act 2, Scene 6, the friar prays that the heavens will do what?Smile upon Romeo and Juliet’s marriage.99. Romeo dares death to ________________.Do what he dare if Romeo is allowed to marry Juliet.100. The friar compares too-passionate love to what?Fire and gunpowder.101. Juliet considers herself wealthy in Act 2, Scene 6 because __________.She has true love.102. The friar will not let Romeo and Juliet stay alone together until what?They are married.103. Why does Romeo refuse to fight Tybalt?Romeo is trying to respect Tybalt as Juliet’s family since they are now married.104. Mercutio says the two houses have made “worm’s meat” of him because ___________________.Their feud has caused his death.105. What finally causes Romeo to fight?Mercutio’s death and Tybalt’s triumph.106. Why does Lady Capulet doubt Benvolio’s version of the events of Act 3, Scene 1?Benvolio is a Montague, and she believes he is biased.107. What is the Prince’s judgment for Romeo at the end of Act 3, Scene 1?The Prince exiles Romeo.108. Who dies during Act 3, Scene 1?Mercutio and Tybalt.109. In Act 3, Scene 2, Juliet compares her impatience to see Romeo to what?A child who has new robes but cannot wear them yet.110. Juliet first believes that who is dead in Act 3, Scene 2?Romeo.111. Juliet calls Romeo “beautiful tyrant” and “fiend angelical,” which are examples of ____________.An oxymoron.112. Juliet will not speak badly about Romeo even after he kills Tybalt because _________________.He is her husband.113. Why does Juliet refuse to go to her grieving parents?She suggests she will go to her room and kill herself out of grief for Romeo.114. What does Juliet asks the nurse to give Romeo in Act 3, Scene 2?A ring.115. What is Romeo doing at the start of Act 3, Scene 3?Hiding in the friar’s cell.116. In Act 3, Scene 3, the friar tells Romeo that the Prince ____________.Has ordered him banished, not killed.117. Who arrives to speak to Romeo and the friar in Act 3, Scene 3?The nurse.118. Why does the friar tell Romeo his “tears are womanish”?Romeo is overwrought with grief and refuses to be comforted.119. Romeo finds relief from his anguish in Act 3, Scene 3 when _____________.The nurse gives him Juliet’s ring.120. At the end of Act 3, Scene 3, Romeo leaves the friar to do what?Go visit Juliet.121. In Act 3, Scene 4, Capulet informs Paris of what?That Juliet is too grief-stricken to speak with him.122. What does Lady Capulet plan to speak to Juliet about in the morning?Juliet’s upcoming marriage to Paris.123. In Act 3, Scene 4, Capulet tells Lady Capulet to do what?Prepare Juliet for the wedding tonight.124. Capulet believes Juliet will cooperate with the wedding plans fully because __________________.She has always been obedient to him.125. What is Paris’ response to the scheduled wedding date?He wishes it would come sooner.126. The marriage of Paris and Juliet has been planned for what day?Thursday.127. Juliet claims the nightingale is still singing because ________________.She wants to believe it is still dark so Romeo can stay.128. The nurse arrives in Act 3, Scene 5 to tell Juliet what?Her mother is coming to speak to her.129. What is Juliet’s reaction to her mother’s news that the wedding has been planned for Thursday?She refuses to go through with the wedding.130. When Capulet hears of Juliet’s refusal to marry Paris, he does what?Threatens to disown her.131. How does Lady Capulet respond to Juliet’s plea for help regarding the impending marriage to Paris?She says she is done with Juliet.132. How does Juliet react to the nurse’s suggestion that she marry Paris?Juliet believes she can no longer trust the nurse.133. The friar claims he is uneasy about Paris’ wedding to Juliet because _________________.It is being rushed, and Paris is not sure of Juliet’s feelings.134. Juliet threatens to do what in Act 4, Scene 1?Kill herself.135. The friar suggests Juliet consent to the marriage with Paris in order to ________________.Deceive her parents so she can go through with her plans.136. Juliet claims she would do all of the following to be with Romeo EXCEPT what?Murder Paris and Capulet.137. The potion Juliet plans to take will do what?Cause her to appear dead for almost two days.138. After Juliet takes the potion, the friar will do what?Send a letter to Romeo telling him to come get Juliet.139. In Act 4, Scnee 2, Juliet apologizes to her parents for ________________.Her disobedience.140. In Act 4, Scene 2, Capulet hopes the friar was able to do what?Influence Juliet to marry Paris.141. Juliet claims she met Paris at the friar’s cell and ____________.Encouraged him modestly.142. Capulet is so thrilled with Juliet’s behavior in Act 4, Scene 2 that he __________________.Moves the wedding up to the following day.143. After Act 4, Scene 2, Juliet asks the nurse to do what?Help her choose what she will wear to the wedding.144. At the end of Act 4, Scene 2, Capulet plans to do what?Stay up and plan for the wedding the next day.145. In Act 4, Scene 3, Juliet asks the nurse to leave her alone _______________.So she can take the poison on her own.146. What does Juliet say to her mother and the nurse instead of “goodnight”?Farewell.147. Juliet worries that she will wake before Romeo arrives andSuffocate in the tomb.148. At the end of her speech in Act 4, Scene 3, Juliet drinks to who/what?Romeo.149. In Act 4, Scene 3, Juliet has a fleeting suspicion that ______________.The potion might actually be a poison.150. Before she falls unconscious, Juliet thinks she sees ______________.Tybalt’s ghost seeking Romeo.151. At the beginning of Act 4, Scene 4, Lady Capulet and the nurse are _____________.preparing for the wedding day.152. The nurse tells Capulet to go to bed so that ______________.He will not be sick for the wedding day.153. Capulet calls the servant “loggerhead,” which means __________.Blockhead.154. Capulet is in a rush in Act 4, Scene 4 because ______________.Paris has already arrived.155. What name does Capulet call the nurse in Act 4, Scene 4?Angelica.156. Finally, at the end of Act 4, Scene 4, Capulet tells the nurse to do what?Waken Juliet because Paris has already arrived.157. Who discovers that Juliet appears to be dead?The nurse.158. In Act 4, Scene 5, Capulet compares Juliet to what?A flower covered by an untimely frost.159. Why is Juliet ready to go to church, but “never to return”?Because she will go to church for her funeral, but never come home.160. In Act 4, Scene 5, the friar claims that Juliet is ___________.In Heaven.161. Friar Laurence advises the Capulets to do what in Act 4, Scene 5?Prepare for Juliet’s funeral.162. Why do the musicians refuse to play at the end of Act 4, Scene 5?Because Juliet is dead and the familiy is mourning.163. Ironically, in Act 5, Scene 1, Romeo’s dreams have hinted at _____________.Joyful news.164. What news does Balthasar give Romeo at the beginning of Act 5?Juliet is dead.165. When Romeo hears the news about Juliet, he plans to do what?Kill himself so he can be with her again.166. Why does Romeo visit the apothecary in Act 5, Scene 1?He wants to buy poison so he can kill himself and be with Juliet.167. Why is the apothecary hesitant to sell Romeo poison?It is against the law.168. Why does the apothecary finally take Romeo’s money?He is poor.169. Why has Friar John come to visit Friar Laurence in Act 5, Scene 2?He has come to tell Friar Laurence he could not deliver Romeo’s letter.170. Why was Friar John prevented from delivering Romeo’s letter?He was quarantined due to an infectious illness in the town.171. Who gave the letter to Romeo explaining about Juliet?No one was able to deliver the letter.172. Friar Laurence tells Friar John that ____________.Neglecting the letter could cause danger.173. Friar Laurence plans to remedy the situation by doing what?Writing again to Mantua after he rescues Juliet.174. Friar Laurence heads to the burial monument in Act 5, Scene 2 because _____________.Juliet will wake in three hours alone.175. Before he can enter the tomb, Romeo encounters who?Paris.176. When Romeo sees Juliet in Act 5, Scene 3, he is struck by _______________.How beautiful she is, even in death.177. Friar Laurence arrives in Act 5, Scene 3 _______________.After Romeo dies, but before Juliet kills herself.178. Because Juliet finds Romeo dead, she _____________.Stabs herself with his dagger.179. What proof does the Prince find for the events that took place?The Prince reads Friar Laurence’s letter to Romeo.180. What peace has arrived in Verona at the end of the play?Peace between the Montagues and Capulets. 1. Why is the play called “The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet”?The play is called a tragedy because, as the prologue explains, the title characters will kill themselves before the end of the play. Their feuding families caused their deaths, and only their deaths could end the feud between the families.2. What is the cause of the current feud between the two families, according to the Act 1 prologue?The prologue does not specify a cause for the feud, only referring to it as an ancient grudge. The word ancient implies that the feud may be so old no one remembers the cause. However, the old grudge has broken out into new fights recently.3. What, according to the Act 1 prologue, will comprise the traffic of the stage?The story of Romeo and Juliet’s love, their difficulties in pursuing it, and the ongoing battle between their parents will be the main events of the play.4. How are Romeo and Juliet’s families alike, and why might this be important?The prologue claims that the families are alike in social status, and that implies that the only factor reasonably keeping them apart is the feud between their two families. The ongoing feud continues to cause new conflict for Romeo and Juliet, who might otherwise run in the same circles.5. What are Sampson and Gregory saying about the Montagues as they approach the city square?Sampson and Gregory claim they will kill the male Montagues, and behead or rape the females. The feud is so prevalent now that Sampson and Gregory are waiting for a fight as they enter the square.6. What gesture does Sampson make toward Abram?Sampson bites his thumb at Abram, an offensive gesture that is designed to provoke a fight with the approaching Montagues.7. What is Benvolio trying to do as the fight breaks out in the square?Benvolio attempts to keep peace between the two parties as the fight breaks out. He fails because Tybalt arrives and challenges him.8. Why is Prince Escalus angry with the Montagues and Capulets?Prince Escalus is angry because the two families have disturbed the peace of Verona three times for trivial reasons. People have been wounded and died because of the hate between the two families. The prince knows that Montague and Capulet can choose to end the feud, but are too proud and stubborn to do so.9. How does Capulet respond to Paris’ proposal to court Juliet?Capulet is reluctant at first because of Juliet’s youth and believes young brides are “too soon marred.” Capulet also claims that Juliet is his last hope for happiness. He does relent to Paris’ courtship, however, when he invites Paris to a party later that evening.10. How do Romeo and Benvolio find themselves invited to a party at the Capulet’s?Romeo and Benvolio happen upon the illiterate servant Capulet has sent out to invite his guests to the party. Since they are able to read the servant’s list of guests, they learn the details of the party and decide to attend.11. What freedom does Capulet seem to be offering Juliet in her choices for marriage?Capulet implies that he can only give his permission for Juliet to marry; he will not force her to love someone she does not love. Therefore he advises Paris to win Juliet’s heart, as that appears to be the only way to guarantee the match.12. Why does Benvolio attempt to convince Romeo to pursue other loves?Benvolio believes that a new romance would “cure” Romeo of his unhappiness by distracting him. Benvolio is looking for ways to cheer Romeo up and pull him out of his melancholy state.13. How does Lady Capulet appear to feel about Paris as a prospective groom for her daughter?Lady Capulet appears to feel Juliet is old enough for marriage, and describes Paris as “valiant.” She also makes several other favorable comparisons and appears to feel that Paris is a good match for Juliet.14. What story does the nurse tell about Juliet in Act 1, Scene 3?The nurse tells a story about Juliet falling down as a child. The nurse’s husband comforted her and told her she would be smart enough to fall on her back rather than her face when she got older.15. How does the nurse respond to Lady Capulet’s questions about marriage?The nurse responds positively to the mentions of both marriage and Paris himself. She encourages Juliet to find happiness in marriage with Paris. She is also nostalgic about Juliet growing up, as she has raised Juliet since she was a baby.16. What is the difference between Lady Capulet’s behavior toward Juliet and the nurse’s behavior?Lady Capulet appears to present her questions in a matter-of-fact manner, while the nurse gushes and reminisces about Juliet’s growing up. While Lady Capulet is practical, the nurse is emotional.17. How does Benvolio respond to Romeo’s concerns about attending the Capulet’s party?Benvolio seems to be unconcerned about negative consequences of attending the party, including getting caught. However, he does express concern that they will be late for the party.18. What is the general meaning of Mercutio’s speech about Queen Mab?Mercutio distracts and entertains Romeo with the story of Queen Mab, who influences one’s dreams and causes general mischief. His story implies that Queen Mab has caused Romeo’s present heartbreak, and that Romeo should not be overcome by it.19. How does Juliet respond to Romeo’s advances when they meet at the party?Juliet seems open to Romeo’s advances and engages in a conversation with him. She also allows him to kiss her twice, indicating she is interested in his attentions toward her.20. Why does Capulet discourage Tybalt from confronting Romeo?Capulet says he does not want to disturb his guests at the party, and says that Romeo is behaving like a gentleman at the party. Capulet is also offended by Tybalt’s disrespectful behavior and eventually sends Tybalt away angrily.21. How is Romeo’s love for Juliet different from his love for Rosaline, according to the Act 2 prologue?Romeo’s love for Juliet is “matched,” where his love for Rosaline was never returned. The new affection for Juliet replaces the appeal of Romeo’s desire for Rosaline.22. What limitations do Romeo and Juliet face as lovers?According to the Act 2 prologue, Romeo and Juliet will not have as many opportunities to meet and speak the vows that other lovers may speak freely. Romeo is also not free to ask for Juliet’s hand in marriage, being a Montague.23. Why are Benvolio and Mercutio teasing Romeo in Act 2, Scene 1?Benvolio and Mercutio tease Romeo because they believe he is simply pouting over his love for Rosaline. They believe he is hiding from them so he can be alone with his thoughts, and, as his friends, they are used to this kind of behavior from him.24. Benvolio suggests Romeo would be angry if he heard Mercutio talking about Rosaline, but how does the audience know this is not true?The audience knows Romeo is now in love with Juliet and has forgotten his desire for Rosaline. Therefore, Mercutio’s taunts and invocations in her name would not offend or anger him.25. Why does Juliet wish Romeo had another name?Romeo’s name makes him Juliet’s enemy. If he had any other name he would still be Romeo, and she would still love him. She could love him happily if he were not a Montague.26. What “satisfaction” does Romeo ask Juliet for?Romeo asks Juliet to vow her love faithfully in exchange for his vow.27. What is the “change” Friar Laurence claims to observe in Romeo?Friar Laurence claims there is a radical change in Romeo’s attitude because he was pining for Rosaline the day before, and now he claims to love Juliet. He was miserable in his love for Rosaline and is now overjoyed about Juliet.28. How, in Act 2, scene 3, does the friar promise to assist Romeo?The friar agrees to help Romeo marry Juliet in secret so that the families might be united and stop feuding.29. Why is Mercutio discussing Tybalt’s character in Act 2, Scene 4?Tybalt has issued a challenge to Romeo, and Benvolio and Mercutio discuss whether or not he will answer the challenge. Mercutio’s dialogue reveals that he does not think highly of Tybalt.30. Why does Romeo ask Mercutio’s pardon in Act 2, Scene 4?Mercutio is acting offended because Romeo left them behind at the party the previous evening. Romeo cannot reveal his reasons, but tries to make amends anyway.31. Why is Juliet so impatient for the nurse’s return in Act 2, Scene 5?Juliet is impatient for the nurse to return because she is waiting for news of Romeo. Romeo claimed to want to marry her, and Juliet knows the nurse will have this news, as well as the specifics of Romeo’s plans.32. Why does the nurse prolong Juliet’s anxiety in Act 2, Scene 5?The nurse jokes and teases Juliet because her character always turns to humor when asked for a straight answer. She teases Juliet because she knows Juliet is anxious to hear of Romeo’s reply.33. Why is the friar concerned about the intensity of Romeo and Juliet’s love for one another?The friar states that “violent delights have violent ends,” meaning that anything so intense and passionate will die just as passionately. He is also concerned that Romeo and Juliet will burn themselves out on one another, like “fire and powder.”34. How do Romeo and Juliet describe their feelings for each other in Act 2, Scene 6?In Act 2, Scene 6, Romeo claims he will welcome even death if he is allowed the happiness of marrying Juliet, and Juliet says she considers herself wealthy compared to those who can merely “count” their riches because she has so much love for Romeo.35. Why does Mercutio fight Tybalt instead of Romeo?Mercutio is disgusted by Romeo’s “submission” to Tybalt, and he will no longer bear Tybalt’s insults. He fights Tybalt to defend Romeo’s honor.36. Why does the Prince banish Romeo instead of ordering his death?The Prince states that his own kinsman has died because of the feud, and that Romeo’s banishment will be a stronger, more painful fine.37. What is Juliet’s first speech about in Act 3, Scene 2?In her final speech in Act 3, Scene 2, Juliet is asking the night to hurry its approach so she can spend her wedding night with Romeo. She also talks about her own impatience, and her willingness to “lose a winning match,” meaning she would give her virginity to gain his love.38. Why is Juliet so upset that Romeo is banished?Knowing that Romeo is alive, but not being able to see him is too painful a thought for Juliet. She compares Romeo’s banishment to the deaths of all the people she loves, and still finds it unbearable.39. What reasons does Friar Laurence give Romeo to be happy in Act 3, Scene 3?In Act 3, Scene 3, the Friar tells Romeo to be happy that Juliet is alive and still loves him, that he is only banished instead of sentenced to death, and that Tybalt, who wished to kill him, is dead.40. How has Romeo’s name “murdered” Juliet?Romeo’s name is Juliet’s enemy, and the feud between their families has caused the death of Juliet’s cousin. Romeo compares his name to a bullet that has murdered her kinsman and has murdered her happiness.41. In Act 3, Scene 4, Lady Capulet says she will “know Juliet’s mind” early the next day. What does this suggest about Juliet’s role in the marriage?Lady Capulet’s statement implies that Juliet will have some say in the marriage plans, or that she will be asked if she wants to marry Paris, rather than told to do it.42. Why does Capulet plan Juliet’s wedding even though she has not professed a love for Paris yet?Capulet plans the wedding because he believes Juliet is distraught over Tybalt’s death, and he wants to distract her and cheer her up.43. What statement does Juliet make to Romeo in Act 3, Scene 5 that foreshadows both their deaths?In Act 3, Scene 5, Juliet tells Romeo she sees him as if he were lying dead in a tomb because he looks so pale.44. Why does Juliet decide to lie to the nurse in Act 3, Scene 5?Juliet decides to lie to the nurse in Act 3, Scene 5 because Juliet believes the nurse can no longer be trusted since she first praised Romeo, then spoke against him. Also, the nurse is encouraging her to commit a sin by marrying a second man when she is already married.45. How will the potion free Juliet from the commitment to marry Paris?The potion will cause Juliet to appear dead for forty-two hours, allowing her to escape to the burial vault, where Romeo and the friar will meet her and take her to Mantua.46. Why does Juliet threaten to kill herself in Act 4, Scene 1?Juliet threatens to kill herself because she would sooner die than commit the sin of marrying Paris when she is already married to Romeo, her true love.47. What is ironic about Capulet’s statement that the city is “bound” to the Friar?Capulet’s statement is ironic because the friar has actually caused Juliet’s current predicament by agreeing to marry her to Romeo without her parent’s permission. Furthermore, he has only convinced her to apologize to her parents because she plans to deceive them that evening when she takes the potion.48. In Act 4, Scene 2, what language reveals Capulet’s anger toward his daughter before she apologizes to him?Capulet calls her “a peevish, self-willed harlotry,” and refers to her as “it.” He also calls her “my headstrong.” All of this harsh language reveals his anger for her disobedience to him.49. How do Juliet’s verbalized fears in Act 4, Scene 3 foreshadow upcoming events?In Act 4, Scene 3, Juliet voices her fears that the potion will harm, rather than save her. It does harm her, though not as poison does. She fears the poison will cause her death, and, indirectly, it does, because she kills herself as a result of Romeo’s suicide over her “death.” She also envisions waking in the burial vault to be surrounded by the dead, and that event occurs as well.50. What does Juliet plan to do if the potion does not work?Juliet is so afraid that the potion will not work that she keeps a dagger at her side in order to kill herself, rather than be married to Paris.51. Why is Capulet so happy in Act 4, Scene 4?Capulet is relieved that Juliet has come around to the marriage, and he is excited about the preparations for it. He even jokes with his wife about his roving eye because he is excited about he day’s events.52. Why are the preparations for Juliet’s wedding to Paris so rushed?The preparations for the wedding are rushed because Capulet has planned the wedding on such short notice. His rush to end their grieving over Tybalt and settle the question of Juliet’s marriage has caused him to act hastily, and has created a need for urgency in the household.53. What consolation does the friar offer the Capulet family when Juliet is found dead?The Friar tells Juliet’s family that she is in Heaven and, therefore, safe from any further harm. He also suggests that she can not be more “advanced” than to go on to Heaven before her parents, rather than finding social advancement through a prominent marriage.54. What are Capulet’s final instructions for the wedding day?Capulet instructs the servants to change all the celebratory preparations to mourning preparations, changing the hymns to dirges, and the wedding feast to a burial feast.55. Why does Romeo believe he can get the apothecary to sell him poison, though it is illegal?The apothecary is so poor that Romeo believes he will sell anything out of desperation. He knows that enough money will overcome the apothecary’s concerns.56. In what way has Romeo sold the apothecary “poison”?Romeo believes that money has corrupted the world, and that, in giving the apothecary money, he has contributed to his corruption.57. Why does Friar Laurence ask for an “iron crow” when he learns that Romeo did not get his letter?Friar Laurence knows he will have to go rescue Juliet from the vault since Romeo is not coming. He will need an iron crow bar to wrench the burial vault open.58. What is Friar Laurence’s plan for Juliet now that the letter has failed to reach Romeo?Friar Laurence will rescue Juliet from the vault and bring her back to his cell until he can reach Romeo by letter.59. Why does Paris try to prevent Romeo from entering the vault?Paris believes Romeo is there to desecrate the burial vault because he is a Montague, and Paris will defend it.60. Why does the Friar leave Juliet alone in the vault at the end of the play?The Friar is afraid to stay in the vault because he hears people approaching outside, and he does not want to be caught inside the vault. He is afraid his deeds will be revealed.
AbramA servant of the Montague’s, this character appears in the first scene of the play and quarrels with two Capulet servants.AnthonyThis character is a servant of the Capulet household.ApothecaryThis character is a druggist in Mantua, and sells the male protagonist a deadly, fast-acting poison.AttendantsThese characters are described as the prince’s Train in I.i.BalthazarThis loyal servant to mail protagonist rushes to Mantua to bring the news of the protagonist’s love’s “death” to him.BenvolioA cousin and friend to the male protagonist, this character is a loyal friend and a peace-maker.Capulet (Lady Capulet)This character is the wife of a Lord and the female lead’s mother.Capulet (Lord Capulet)A leading citizen of Verona and head of one of the two feuding families, this character’s moods seems to fluctuate between light-hearted and enraged.Catling (Simon Catling)This character is a musician.ChorusThis group speaks twice in the play, functioning as a commentator on the action and basic meaning of the play.Citizens of VeronaThese consists of unnamed townspeople who appear in public street scenes.ClownThis character is a servant who is given the responsibility of delivering a prominent family’s party invitation to certain people in Verona, but he cannot read.Escalus (Prince Escalus)The ruler of Verona, this character makes the laws and the decisions in Verona, and pronounces insightful commentary of the actions which have occurred in the play.Friar JohnSee JohnFriar LawrenceSee LawrenceGentlemen of both housesThese characters appear in public scenes involving the feuding households.Gentlewomen of both housesThese characters appear at the party, when the prince pronounces the sentence of banishment on the male protagonist, and at to the Capulet monument at the end of the play.GregoryAs a servant of the Capulets, this character accompanies the character who bit his thumb as a gesture of defiance in order to provoke a fight, and jokes and puns with his friend.GuardsThese characters may be referred to as the watch.John (Friar John)This character is a Franciscan friar who has been asked to carry an important letter to the male protagonist in Mantua.JulietThis character is about two weeks shy of her fourteenth birthday and falls in love with a boy from a rivaling family.Lady CapuletSee CapuletLady MontagueSee MontagueLawrence (Friar Lawrence [in some editions, Laurence])This Franciscan monk serves as an adviser to the male protagonist and later to the female lead, and he develops several plans for the young lovers to follow.MaskersThese characters wear masks and accompany the male protagonist and his friends to a rivaling family’s party.MercutioA kinsman to the prince and friend to the male protagonist, this character is eloquent and tends to dominate his companions with his teasing and quick wit.Montague (Lady Montague)The male protagonist’s mother and wife of a patriarch, this character seems to be a person of reason and restraint.Montague (Lord Montague)Head of the household and the male protagonist’s father, this character finally realizes that the feud must be laid aside after his son’s death.MusiciansThese characters are addressed as Simon Catling, Hugh Rebeck, and James Soundpost, and they are present at a prominent family’s house to play for the marriage between the female lead and a man she does not love.NurseA servant in a prominent household, this character is a companion and adviser to the female lead, is trusted and informed about the prominent family’s intimate affairs.Old ManThis older relative of the prominent family throwing a party, and functions dramatically to show the age of the father in that prominent family.Page to ParisThis character accompanies his boss to the female lead’s tomb and is instructed to stay alone in the churchyard and whistle a warning if anyone approaches.PagesThese characters are young male servants to people of higher social standing.ParisA young nobleman, this character seeks the female lead’s hand in marriage, though he does not appear to be aware of her feelings at all.PeterThis character is the nurse’s servant and carries the nurse’s fan for her on her errand to the male protagonist from the female lead.PetruchioA mute follower, this character is with the female lead’s cousin in the marketplace brawl.PotpanThis character, along with one other character, is named as a servant of the Capulet household.Rebeck (Hugh Rebeck)See MusiciansRomeoThe son of a prominent family and one of the two main characters, he is first lovesick over another girl, then falls in love with the female lead, and marries her, though their love meets a tragic end.SampsonA servant of one prominent family, this character quarrels with the servants of he female lead’s family and bites his thumb as a gesture of defiance in order to provoke a fight.ServantsThese characters are employed by prominent households, and announce the arrival of guests, set out napkins, silverware, and trenchers of food, and serve meals.Soundpost (James Soundpost)See MusiciansTorch-BearersThese charactetrs carry light to the party in I.iv.TybaltThis character is a cousin to the female lead, and he demonstrates an angry, resentful, and stubborn nature.WatchmenThese characters patrol at night to protect the town and to make sure that the prince’s rulings are carried out. The prologue tells exactly what is the play is going to be about. It explains that there are two families that are feuding. The two lovers in this story are from opposing households. This raises two questions for the audience. The first is if Romeo and Juliet’s deaths could have been avoided if their families had stopped their feud. The second is will their deaths show the families that there has been enough bloodshed and maybe help them find peace. The chorus begs the audience to stay and find out.Act 1, Prologue AnalysisMany plays in Shakespeare’s time would start one or more acts with prologues to tell the audience what is going to happen. Many people in Shakespeare’s time were illiterate. Therefore, playbills were ineffective and this was only way the people would know what the play was about.
Prologue to Act 1The prologue tells the audience that this story will be about two prominent families of Verona, Italy, whose ancient feud is erupting anew and that a “pair of star-cross’d lovers” from these families will end the violence by ending their own lives.Act 1In scene 1, Capulet servants, Sampson and Gregory, and Montague servants, Abraham and Balthasar, start a street fight that is joined by Benvolio, a Montague relative, and Tybalt a Capulet relative. Escalus, the Prince of Verona, learns about the fight and angrily decrees a death penalty for anyone caught in further feuding. Benvolio finds Romeo and learns that Romeo is forlorn because the girl he loves, Rosaline, will not return his affection because she has chosen to remain chaste. Benvolio advises Romeo to move on with his life and look at other girls. Romeo, however, is quite sure that he cannot forget Rosaline.Scene 2 opens with Lord Capulet being approached by Count Paris, a relative of Prince Escalus, about marrying Capulet’s daughter, Juliet. Capulet thinks Juliet is too young to marry but agrees to let the two meet at a party he is hosting that night. By accident, Romeo and Benvolio find out about the party, and Benvolio encourages Romeo to crash the party with him.It is in scene 3 that the audience meets the garrulous nurse and learns that Juliet is only 14 years old. Lady Capulet discusses the idea of marriage to Paris with Juliet, who has not yet given marriage any thought, but she obediently agrees to consider the match.Scene 4 finds Mercutio, another relative of the prince, joining Romeo and Benvolio and other friends on their way to the party. Mercutio teases the lovesick Romeo by scoffing at love. As they reach the party, Romeo expresses a feeling of impending doom.Scene 5 takes place at the Capulet’s party where a disguised Romeo spies Juliet and falls instantly in love. Lady Capulet’s nephew Tybalt discovers Romeo’s presence but is prevented from attacking Romeo by Lord Capulet who does not want such a disturbance at his party. In a brief encounter with Romeo, Juliet too falls in love. Later, they each learn separately from the nurse the family identity of the other.Prologue to Act 2The chorus dramatizes the complications faced by both Romeo and Juliet in their love for one another but predicts that passion will lend them the power needed to be together.Act 2In a very short scene 1, Benvolio and Mercutio try to find Romeo, who has climbed a wall to hide in the Capulet orchard. His friends give up when Romeo will not respond to their calls.Scene 2 is the famous balcony scene in which, ignoring the danger, Romeo hopes for a glimpse of Juliet outside her window. Romeo overhears Juliet talk about her love for him. He then approaches her, and, after declaring their love, the two decide to marry. Juliet promises to send Romeo a messenger in the morning to make plans for their wedding.In scene 3, Romeo goes to see Friar Laurence to arrange the wedding. Friar Laurence agrees to marry the two in hopes that their union will end the feud.In scene 4, Romeo meets his friends Mercutio and Benvolio, who are discussing a challenge sent by Tybalt to Romeo. Juliet’s messenger, the nurse, arrives and speaks privately to Romeo. The wedding is set for later that day.In scene 5, the nurse returns to Juliet and, after much teasing to exasperate the eager Juliet, she reveals her news. Juliet uses the excuse of going to confession to get to Friar Laurence’s cell.A tiny scene 6 accomplishes the wedding of Romeo and Juliet.Act 3In scene 1, later that day, Benvolio and Mercutio encounter Tybalt and are already sparring with words when Romeo arrives. Tybalt attempts to provoke Romeo into a fight, but Romeo will not fight because, although unknown to the others, he and Tybalt are now relatives by marriage. Instead, Mercutio challenges Tybalt and is killed by a deceitful stab from Tybalt when Romeo tries to separate them. Tybalt flees and Mercutio dies. Romeo is so enraged that he tracks down Tybalt and kills him. Benvolio urges Romeo to flee. Just then, Escalus arrives and banishes Romeo from Verona.In scene 2, the Nurse tells Juliet that Romeo has killed Tybalt. Despite her intense grief over Tybalt, Juliet’s love for Romeo wins out, and she asks the Nurse to find Romeo.Scene 3 finds Romeo in Friar Laurence’s cell. Romeo learns of the banishment order and almost commits suicide when he realizes he may not be able to see Juliet again. However, the Nurse’s arrival and the Friar’s confidence that the crisis will blow over if Romeo will just hide out in Mantua for a while encourages Romeo to go see Juliet.A brief scene 4 finds Capulet deciding that marrying Paris will soothe what Capulet assumes is Juliet’s grief over Tybalt’s death. Capulet sets the wedding for three days away and instructs his wife to tell Juliet.Scene 5 takes place at dawn after Romeo and Juliet have spent the night together. Just after their heart-wrenching farewell, Juliet’s mother arrives and tells Juliet that she is to marry Paris. Juliet refuses, and a terrible fight with her parents ensues. The nurse counsels Juliet to forget Romeo and marry Paris. Feeling betrayed by all, Juliet makes another excuse to see Friar Laurence.Act 4Scene 1 is back at Friar Laurence’s, where he tells Juliet to take a potion that will cause her to appear dead until Romeo can come to rescue her and take her away with him to Mantua.In scene 2, Juliet claims that she has repented of her disobedience and agrees to marry Paris. Lord Capulet is so pleased, he moves up the wedding to the next morning.Scene 3 finds Juliet asking the nurse to leave her alone that night. She then worries about trusting the friar, but she takes the potion anyway.Scene 4 shows the whole Capulet household working through the night to prepare for the wedding.In scene 5, the nurse finds Juliet apparently dead. The wedding preparations are changed to those of a funeral.Act 5Scene 1 takes place in Mantua as Romeo’s servant Balthasar arrives, bringing the news of Juliet’s death. Romeo decides to risk his own life by returning immediately to Verona. He buys poison from an apothecary with the intent of dying beside Juliet.In scene 2, Friar Laurence learns that his letter to Romeo explaining Juliet’s deception was not received. His messenger, Friar John, was confined by quarantine. Friar Laurence sends another letter to Mantua and heads off to the Capulet burial chamber to be there when Juliet awakens.In the final scene, Paris goes to Juliet’s tomb to mourn her but finds Romeo there and assumes that, as a Montague, Romeo is desecrating Juliet’s grave. A fight ensues and Paris is killed. Romeo places him beside Juliet, then takes the poison, kisses Juliet, and dies. Friar Laurence finally arrives, but Juliet awakens and sees Romeo. Upon hearing noises, Friar Laurence runs away, but Juliet will not leave. Juliet kisses Romeo, stabs herself, and dies. The arriving guards find the bodies, send for the prince, and discover the friar in hiding. The prince, the Capulets and the Montagues all arrive, and Balthasar, Paris’s page, and Friar Laurence explain everything. Escalus confronts the two families with the results of their feud and the two lords reconcile with promises to build gold statues to each other’s lost child. The play concludes with the prince’s declaration:

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