Romeo and Juliet/Poem Vocab

alliteration repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words.
allusion An implied or indirect reference in literature to a familiar person, place or event.
assonance The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables in a line of poetry.
blank verse Lines of poetry that do not rhyme.
caesura A break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line.
compression Certain letters are dropped in a line of poetry in order to make better rhythm.
connotation The range of associations that a word or phrase suggests in addition to its dictionary meaning.
denotation The dictionary meaning of a word or phrase.
consonance The repetition in two or more words of final consonant sounds preceded by different vowel sounds in a line of poetry
couplet two lines of poetry that do not rhyme &two lines of poetry that do rhyme
end stop When a line break coincides with the end of the sentence
enjambment When a sentence continues on to the next line.
figurative language Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling.
hyperbole An exaggeration or overstatement.
imagery Descriptive or figurative language in a literary work / The use of language to create sensory impressions.examples: Sight, Sound, Touch, Taste, Smell
metaphor The comparison of two unlike things in which no words of comparison (like or as) are used.
meter the rhythmical pattern of a poem; determined by the number and type of stresses or beats in each line.
onomatopoeia imitate sounds in a line of poetry.
personification An object or abstract idea given human qualities or human form.
pun A humorous play on words.
refrain A repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song.
rhyme scheme A regular pattern of rhyming words.
rhyme the repetition
slant rhyme Occurs when the rhyming words at the ends of lines have similar sounds. EX: “prove and glove”
exact rhyme Occurs when words at the ends of lines rhyme exactly. EX: “He saw a cat/Wearing a hat”
end rhyme Rhyming words come at the end of a line.
internal rhyme Rhyming words are in the same line.
rhythm The pattern of beats or stresses in spoken or written language.
simile A comparison of two unlike things in which a word of comparison (like or as) is used.
speaker The imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem. Do not assume that the writer and the speaker are the same person.
symbol Something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
Shakespearean Sonnet Fourteen line poem that has alternating end rhymes and a rhyming couplet at the end. Follows the rhyme scheme: A-B-A-B-C-D-C-D-E-F-E-F-G-GThree quatrains that present a problem and one couplet that presents the solution.
Italian Sonnet Fourteen line poem written in iambic pentameter that has alternating end rhymes and a rhyming couplet at the end. Follows the rhyme scheme: A-B-A-B-C-D-C-D-E-F-G-E-F-GOne octave (eight line stanza) that present a problem and one sestet (six line stanza) that presents the solution.
epic poem A lengthy narrative poem with a hero, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation.
narrative poem a poem that tells a story
limerick A type of humorous verse in which the first, second and fifth lines rhyme with each other and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet.
haiku A Three-line Japanese verse form having a definite syllable count. Convey a precise, specific image (often) of nature. Lines 1 & 3: Five SyllablesLine 2: Seven Syllables
lyric poem A highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker. Ancient lyric poems were sung.
concrete poetry / shape poetry poetry in which the typographical arrangement of words is as important in conveying the intended effect as the conventional elements of the poem, such as meaning of words, rhythm, rhyme and so on.
aside When a character speaks something for only the audience to hear, or few characters to hear.
Character Foil or Dramatic Foil A person whose character traits are the opposite and therefore accentuates the traits of another character.
dramatic irony When the audience knows something that the characters of the play do not.
Iambic Pentameter a commonly used type of metrical line in traditional English poetry and verse drama.
monologue An extended speech spoken by one speaker, to others or alone
oxymoron Conjoining contradictory terms.
soliloquy dramatic speech revealing inner thoughts and feelings, spoken alone
tragedy A play dealing with tragic events and having an unhappy ending- especially dealing with the downfall of the main character.

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