Romeo and Juliet mrs. Mel.

allusion reference to a different story, ex. in R and J the phrase “love is blind” refers to cupid who is blind and makes people fall in love
anastrophe verb before subject. ex. “saw you him today?”
anachronism blooper, out of time or place ex. lord cap. orders servant to quench the fire.
animal imagery wonton’s bird, crow, swan etc.
antithesis two opposite words that don’t touch. ex. “too early seen unknown, and known too late”
apostrophe when someone speaks to an inanimate object or un present person.ex. “oh happy dagger!”
archaic language use of older words ex. wherefore, thou
aside a short speech delivered by an actor directed to the audience. the actor often places his hand beside his mouth to keep other characters from hearing the speach.
astrology references ex. ” star crossed lovers”
blank verse blank or bored of rhyme
catastrophe following the falling action. r+j die
catharsis “cleansing” of the story
chiasmus literary device for repetition. mentions a pair of words and reverses them in the next line ex. strike moved, moved strike
chorus narrator
coincidence ex. friar john, out of all the places he could travel gets sick and quarantined
comic relief the Nurse provides comic relief with her frequently inappropriate remarks and speeches
compression of time in R+J events took less than a week. when presented with a shortness of time it cost the families and ended in tragety .
couplet conclusion or application in a sonnet . gg
date of R+J 1595
dramatic irony the audience knows, characters don’t. ex. crowd knows juliet is alive when romeo doesn’t.
R+J Is written in ….. early modern english
epithet Short descriptive phrase after someone’s name. Ex. When mercutio calls tybalt ” the good king of cats” (tybalts name is a tag name for a cat)
exposition or inciting incident, followed by rising action. conflict between the two families is presented
extended metaphor Comparison that extends/ goes on for more than one line
flat character not fully know by audience
round character well know by audience. main characters
foils characters that are opposite ex. nurse vs. lady capulet, benvolio and tybalt.
falling action following the climax or crisis, and ending in catastrophe. romeo is banished, lovers must separate, juliet finds herself alone.
forshadowing ex. romeo ……… that something bad will happen at the capulet’s party
fraytag’s tragic pyramid exposition, rising action,turning point climax/ crisis, falling action, catastrophe/resolution/climax/ denoument/ catharsis
globe theatre where the plays took place, main center of entertainment, shakespear partly owned it, royalty and peasants could attend it’s plays.
grave mark backwards accent mark that elongates a word by one syllable ex. à
heroic couplet two lines, end rhyme, iambic contamiter
hyperbole exaggeration ex. ” a thousand times goodnight”
iamb unstressed, stressed
iambic pentameter higher class speak in this
imagery bird/flower/ star bird- swan and crow, juliet wants to call romeo with a whistle like a falconer, ” i wish you were my wonton’s bird” flower-” our love is like a flower bud.
imagery light/ dark swans are white and crows are black
inciting incident or exposition, presents conflict between the montagues and the capulets.
local color ( for shakespears time not only when the play took place) particular to area or region. archery- “i aimed so near” ” a right good markman”
malapropism wrong word wrong time. nurse often uses this. “putting her foot in her mouth”
metaphor comparison, not using like or as ex. romeo compares juliet to the moon or ” juliet is the sun”, romeo compares poison to cordial.
monologue long uninterrupted speech in the presence of others
oxymoron two words side by side that contradict. Ex. Heavy lightness, loving hate, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health, still-walking sleep
paradox Puzzle, have to look at it twice, confusing at first ” I sell the poison, (poison -money) though has sold me none”
personification ex. tomb eats tybalt and juliet, friar lawrence,” the grey eyed morn smiles on the frowning night”
prose line of poetry
puns take a word and manipulate it’s meaning or use words that sound the same.
quatrain in a sonnet the first 3 stanzas consist of 4 lines each called…….
queen mab speech Famous monologue by mercutio with great imagery
repartee bickering or quick exchange of words between two characters
rising action following the exposition, R +J meet at capulet’s party, declare their love and are married. not yet struck by tragedy.
scansion making stressed and unstressed syllables
setting 14th century verona itali
shakespear is known for… his language and writing. not his plots
soliloquy long uninterrupted speech with no one to hear it
split line iambic pentameter two characters sharing the same 10 syllablesjuliet: “take all myself”romeo: “i take thee at thy word”
tag name (same name symbolism) Benvolio= goodTybalt – from a character from a previous story – in that story the cat is named tybalt
turning point climax tybalt kills mercutio and romeo kills tybalt
vocation job
avocation hobby
“wedding song” juliet waiting for her groom to return
shakespear was born in ….. and died in ……. on ….. 1564, 1616, on april 23rd
shakespear lived in the …….era elizabethan era
shakespear wrote ……. plays and …… sonnets 37,154
shakespear was…. a play writer and an actor
shakespear lived in stratford-upon- avon
the prolouge for act 1+2 are in the form of… a sonnet
litterary term? “arise fair sun, and kill the envious moon.” personification
drama, two early forms + difference miracle- christian stories and miraclesmortality plays- vices + virtues, good people
literary term(s) – “good night, good night! parting is such sweet sorrow” who said it ? alliteration, oxymoron- juliet to romeo
why was friar john unable to deliver juliets plan to romeo he was quarantined
literary term(s)? ” the sun for sorrow will not show his head” personification, alliteration
what roman god is alluded ? ” alas that love, whose view is muffled still, should without eyes see pathways to his will” cupid
literary term(s)? “and we mean well in going to this masque, but’tis no wit to go” forshadowing
shakespear often ends his scenes with a couplet

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