Romeo and Juliet – Mercutio

Mercutio attitude towards Romeo Act 2 Scene 4 – ‘wit combat’ Friendlier tone with RomeoFriend and equal – confident that Romeo will duel for family honourDifferent meaning of masculinity – put on a frontDifferent meaning of love- physical (A1S4) and in terms of family honour (A3S1) Both rash
Mercutio attitude towards Tybalt Act 3 Scene 1 – Mercutio’s wit is bitter towards TybaltQuarrelsome , purposefully looking to antagonise TybaltHolds some respect for Tybalt as a swordsman (A2S4 – “more than a Prince of Cats”) yet also insults himBoth rash
Mercutio’s Function Theatrical – jesting even in death (A3S1)Foil for Romeo – contrasts melancholic RomeoComedy and ConflictDeath – death of comedy start of tragedyExample of collateral damage caused by the feudCatalyst, trigger for future tragediesQuickens the plot to its tragic endingSignify Romeo unwillingness to fight (A3S1)
Mercutio’s influence Themes: tragedy and inevitabilityCatalyst further pushing lovers to their doomMercutio’s misguided feelings, assiduously encouraging the fued – contribute to Romeo deathPersuades Romeo to go Capulet Ball – LOVEDirectly and indirectly causes CONFLICTBreaks up TRAGEDY with COMEDYHis DEATH causes conflict – (A3S1 – CLIMAX)
A3S1 Summary Time – Monday morning 1 hour after marriageMercutio and Benvolio are in the streets of VeronaMercutio provokes Tybalt to start fightingMercutio dismayed by Romeo’s ‘cowardice’Tybalt fatally wounds MercutioRomeo avenges Mercutio’s death by killing TybaltPrince exiles Romeo from Verona as he has killed Tybalt but Tybalt has also killed Mercutio
Significance of A3S1 The scene follows the marriage significant of love yet in this scene it marks a major turning point with tragedy.In a moment the movement towards tragedy beginsIronic that Romeo tries to prevent conflict, misguided sense of Mercutio that brings it aboutMarks the final appearance of Mercutio
Dramatic Tension in A3S1 Start – Benvolio’s doubts , Tybalts politeness. Mercutio is antagonistic and wants to fightMiddle – Benvolio’s plea for both parties to consider their actions in a public place. Alternative options to fighting. Semantic field of deathEnd – Tybalt sees Romeo and tries to walk away from Mercutio politely. Mercutio stands aggressively using double meanings.
What the effect could be Intellectually – by conveying ideas/impressions/suggestions to the audience/makes us realise somethingImaginatively – conveying sensory impressions, especially visual and auditory effectsEmotionally – creating feelings within the audience e.g. fear, excitement , pity, anger, suspense – own emotions as well as the characters
Analysing Structure Sequence – Chronology, how are characters, setting introduced, build towards a key momentFocus – Shifts in mood, balance with action and dialogue, focus on character – imbalanceCoherence – different parts connected, links within dialogue, long or short used to create effectSentences – short and sharp, multiple subordinate clauses, long sentences, change in pace
PEE structure Terminology,Analytical Phrase,Short Quotation,Explanation of what that suggest/reflectsUnderline key quotations – highlight use of quotation Range of points including language,structure and imageryfurther the analysis
Extra Tips – Analytical Phrases & Connectives Analytical PhrasesSuggests/Reflects/Emblematic Of/Represents/Symbolises/Emphasises/Demonstrates/Implies/Creates a sense ofConnectivesHowever/Moreover/Furthermore/Consequently/ Subsequently/In contrast/This idea is further reinforced
Extra Tips – PEE Point – Adjective/Abstract noun – clear ideaEvidence – One or two quotations that proves ideaExplanation – Analyse the most interesting words/structure fro the quotations explaining the effectWhy – Why does Shakespeare do this? What is he trying to make the audience realise? What contextual links/messages does this relate to?

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