Romeo and Juliet Literary Terms

“She’ll not be hit with Cupid’s arrow. She hath Dian’s wit” Romeo is using an allusion to Diana, the Goddess of Chastity, because the girl Romeo loves has sworn off boys, so she doesn’t want to be with Romeo or anyone else.
“Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona” The chorus is setting the scene of two families in Verona (Italy).
“He’s a man of wax” Juliet’s nurse used a metaphor to wax to explain that Paris is a man of high class and money, like he is a GOOD man.
“From ancient grudge break to new mutiny” The chorus describes the conflicts between the two families
“My only love, sprung from my only hate!” Juliet has just found out that Romeo is a Montague and remarks that Romeo (her only love) is the son (sprung from) of her biggest enemies (her only hate)- the Montagues.This is an example of situational irony, because it is not what Juliet expected.It also adds conflict to the story
“Is she a Capulet? O dear account! My life is my foe’s debt!” Romeo is reacting to just hearing that Juliet, his love, is the daughter of his parents enemy. This is situational irony, because neither Romeo or Juliet expected to be enimies. It also adds conflict to the story
“I will bite my thumb at them” Sampson is trying to pick a fight with Abram and Balthazar (both Montague servants) by insulting him.He is therefore adding conflict to the story
“My mind misgives some consequence…shall bitterly begin his fearful date with this night’s revels” Romeo explained to the other party crashers that he was not feeling good about this party, because he felt it could put them all in danger. This foreshadows some events in the future where Romeo and his friends are put into danger, because they went to the party.
“Three civil brawls…have thrice disturbed the quiet of our streets…If you ever disturb our streets again, your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace” The Prince is warning and foreshadowing a fourth brawl between the people and what is going to happen when they do battle again (everyone will be killed).
“It is an honor that I dream not of” Juliet is explaining to her eager mother and nurse that she has never thought of getting married, because she is young.This a characterization of Juliet.
“Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon.” Romeo is using a metaphor by comparing his own love for Juliet to the sun and his love for Rosaline to the moon to show that his love for Juliet is far greater than his love for Rosaline. This also shows how his love for Rosaline has been replaced by his love for Juliet. This can also be considered an apostrophe to the fair sun.
“What’s in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.” Juliet uses a metaphor by comparing Romeo’s name to a rose’s name to state that changing Romeo’s name wouldn’t change anything about him, so to her names don’t later.This is also a part of Juliet’s soliliquy
“O swear not by the moon, the inconstant moon,” Juliet uses a metaphor that compares the moon’s inconsistency, which can be seen throughout the month as it changes in appearance and the inconsistency that Romeo’s promise would be if he swore by the moon.
“These violent delights have violent ends…” Friar Laurence foreshadows the fate of Juliet and Romeo’s relationship by warning them that when two people rush into love they usually end the relationships just as quickly and rather violently.
“Therefore love moderately: long love doth so;” this quote, of Friar Lawrence before the wedding, could foreshadow that if loving moderately means the love will last, then the violent and hastened love that Romeo and Juliet share will not last.
“For, by your leaves, you shall not stay alone till Holy Church incorporate two into one.” Friar says this before the wedding in his monologue
sonnet abab cdcd efef gg
Act I,scene 1 Benvolio and Tybalt Benvolio=peaceful and Tybalt= aggressive(dramatic foils)
Act I, scene 4 Romeo= melancholy and Mercutio= carefree
Act II, scene 2 Romeo= impulsive and Juliet=cautious
Act III, scene 1 Romeo= peacful and Mercutio= aggressive and Tyablt= aggressive
“Ask for me tomorrow and you shall find me a grave man,” Mercutio uses this play on words (could be a pun) to say that he is about to die which would make him a sad/somber/grave man.
“I am fortune’s fool!” Romeo personifies fortune in this quote. It is also a theme of him blaming fate for the consequences of his own actions because, afterall, Romeo was the one who killed Tybalt, no one made him.
“A plague a both your houses! They have made worms’ meat of me.” Mercutio uses a metaphor after cursing the two households, Montague’s and the Capulet’s, and shows the reader that he blames both of the households in part for causing his death.
“For blood of ours shed blood of Montague” Lady Capulet creates another conflict, as she reveals that she thinks Romeo should be killed for killing Tybalt. Her blood thirstiness might also be viewed as characterization
“His fault concludes but what the law should end.” Lord Montague used a metaphor to explain to the Prince, that while Romeo did make a mistake, he just did what the law would have done
“Let Romeo hence in haste, Else, when he is found, that hour is his last.” As the Prince is announcing Romeo’s punishment, to leave immediately and remain in exile for ever; he is also foreshadowing what will happen when/if Romeo gets caught- he will be killed within that hour.
“There is no world without Verona’s walls,” Romeo uses a hyperbole to illustrate that there is nothing else for him in exile, because outside of Verona there is no Juliet, who has become his world.
“For then thou canst not pass to Mantua, where thou shalt live till we can find time to blaze your marriage, reconcile your friends, beg pardon of the Prince, and call thee back…” Friar Lawrence is playing his part as a confidaunt by giving Romeo a plan and asking him to stick to it. There is a metaphor in this quote, because they aren’t really going to “blaze the marriage” they are just going to tell people about it.
“A Thursday let it be – A Thursday, tell her. She shall be married to this noble earl.” Lord Capulet tries to comfort his daughter over her lose of her close cousin by arranging for her to be married on Thursday. This added conflict is an example of dramatic irony because we know that Juliet and Romeo are already married and, therefore, Juliet cannot marry Paris; but Lord and Lady Capulet do not know that.
“It was the nightingale, and not the lark, that pierced the hollow of thine ear.” Juliet is using an allusion to night time and daytime birds so that Romeo can stay longer by saying that it is the nightingale, a night time bird, that they are hearing.
“Methinks I see thee, now art thou so low, As one dead in the bottom of a tomb.” Juliet does some major foreshadowing by using a simile to say that Romeo looks like a dead/dying man.
“Romeo is banished…I think it best you married with the County.” This quote by the nurse tells us about the character of the nurse: she is practical and gives up easily on love; but it also tells about Juliet: when she gets advice she didn’t want to hear she finds another source of advice (Friar).
“Thou and my bosom henceforth shall be twain” Juliet uses this metaphor to explain that she feels all alone in this, because she realizes she cannot trust the Nurse anymore.
“For Venus smiles not in a house of tears” Paris uses an allusion to Aphrodite (the goddess of love) to say that Marriage and love cannot by sad with tears, but instead happy. This is dramatic irony, because we know of all the pain and sadness that has passed between Juliet and Romeo’s love, and what will become of Paris’s love.
“Give me some present counsel; or behold, ‘twixt my extremes and me this bloody knife shall play the umpire….” Juliet is saying to the Friar that if he cannot get her out of the wedding she will kill herself
“Henceforth, I am ever ruled by you” Juliet uses verbal irony by promising her father that she will marry Paris when she knows that it is a lie, because she plans to take the potion in her pocket instead and cannot marry anyone anyway (she is already married).
“Send for the County. Go tell him of this. I’ll have this knot knit up tomorrow morning.” Capulet uses a metaphor for knots and Juliet and Paris’s marriage to explain that he will move up the date of the wedding to Wednesday morning.
“Farewell! God knows when we will meet again.” Juliet uses verbal irony: the nurse and her mom think Juliet is saying I’m just going to sleep and will not see you until morning, but Juliet knows that she probably will never see them again because she is faking her death.
“Romeo, Romeo, Romeo. I drink to thee Romeo.” Juliet uses this apostrophe within her soliloquy to illustrate that she will drink the poison and why she will drink the poison; she will drink it for Romeo. Also: repitition
“Death is my son-in-law.” Capulet uses personification to say that instead of Paris marrying Juliet death did, because he believes that she is dead. This is dramatic irony, because what Capulet does not know is that Romeo is his son-in-law, not death.
“Dry up your tears…and as the custom is, and in her best array, bear her to church.” Friar uses verbal irony to tell the family that heaven is waiting for her so all will be ok, but what he really means is Romeo is waiting for her, but the point is she still will be in peace if the plan goes as plans.
“I am slain! If thou be merciful, open the tomb, lay me with Juliet” Paris is about to die and he wants to be laid in the tomb. This is irony, because he is asking his killer, Romeo, to be mercy full. It also gives credit to Romeo’s love for Juliet, because Romeo does indeed put him in the grave and recognizes the love they share for Juliet
“Thus with a kiss I die” Romeo has just completed his soliloquy with this line when he kisses Juliet and dies.
“Go hence and have more talk of these sad things, For never was there a tale of more woe, than that of Juliet and her Romeo.” The Prince captures the theme of this entire play with a catharsis when he mentions that two the families need to go talk to each other, and need to communicate with each other.

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