Romeo and Juliet Literary Devices

Pun a play on words in which a humorous effect is produced by using a word that suggests two or more meanings or by exploiting similar sounding words having different meanings. (Act III, i, 34-35)
Iambic pentameter a line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable (Act II i, 2-20)
Alliteration the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words (Act I, i, 5-6)
Aside is a dramatic device in which a character speaks to the audience, either addressed to the audience directly or as an unspoken thought which no one on stage can hear. (Act V, iii, 10)
Oxymoron a figure of speech in which contradictory terms appear with each other. (Act III, ii, 75-76)
Metaphor a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action that is usually not similar to the object or action. (Act I, iii, 81-93)
Simile a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind (Act II, ii, 124-126)
Allusion an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference. (Act I, i, )
Personification the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman (Act II,
Foreshadowing a literary device in which a writer gives an advance hint of what is to come later in the story. (Act I, v, 135) .
Extended metaphor refers to a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in at least a paragraph or more.(Act II, ii,)
Blank verse is a literary device defined as un-rhyming verse written in iambic pentameter.
Soliloquy a literary device used to reveal the innermost thoughts of a character in a poetic or paragraph form (Act I, i, 1-4)
Foil a character that shows qualities that are in contrast with the qualities of another character with the objective to highlight the traits of the said other character. (Tybalt is the opposite of Romeo)
Hyperbole exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally. (Act III, iii, 17-18)
Malapropism the action of a character replacing words with incorrect and absurd utterances that sounds similar to the word it replaces but has an entirely different meaning. (Act II. iv. 19-20)
Paradox a statement that contradicts itself but still expresses a new idea from itself (Act II, iii, 6-7)
Figurative language is language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation.
Imagery used for language and description that appeals to our five senses; smell, sight, taste, touch, or hearing. (Act I, v 43-43)
Couplet two successive rhyming lines in a verse that has the same meter to form a complete thought. (Act I scene III)
Monologue is any speech of some duration addressed by a character to a second person. (Act V, iii, 3020-3070)
Quatrain is a verse with four lines, or even a full poem containing four lines, with at least one line containing rhyme.
Rhyme scheme is a poet’s deliberate pattern of lines that rhyme with other lines in a poem or a stanza.
Tragedy branch of drama that treats in a serious and dignified style the sorrowful or terrible events encountered or caused by a heroic individual.
Dramatic irony occurs when the audience knows something the characters do not. Because of this understanding, the words of the characters take on a different meaning.
Rhyme identity in sound of some part, especially the end, of words or lines of verse. 2. a word agreeing with another in terminal sound:
Anecdote defined as a short and interesting story or an amusing event often proposed to support or demonstrate some point and make readers and listeners laugh.
Tragic flaw a character trait that brings about the downfall of the protagonist; ironically, in some works, this “flaw” is the character’s greatest strength taken to an extreme. ((Romeo’s tragic flaw can be seen through the whole story. (falling in love too fast, making rash decisions, etc.))
Meter is a unit of rhythm, the pattern of the beats having a number of syllables in it, usually two or three syllables. The difference in types of meter is which syllables are accented and which are not
Sonnet a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line.

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