Romeo and Juliet Lit terms- Danay Dunn

Aside Def: part of an actor’s lines supposedly not heard by others onstage and intended only for the audience.Example: [Aside to Gregory] Is the law of our side if I say ay? Act 1 Scene 1 pg 7 verse: 40
Conflict Def: the struggle found in fictionExternal: Man vs. Manexample: The capulets and the montages fighting
Conflict External: Man vs. Fateexample: Romeo thinks about going to the Capulet’s party even though he knows that something bad will happen in the future.
Conflict Internal: Man vs. selfexample: Romeo in the beginning is being hurt about how Rosaline doesn’t love him
Couplet Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhymeexample: “Could we but learn from whence his sorrows grow, We would as willingly give cure as know.” act 1 scene 1 pg 13 verse 145-146
Epithet A word or phrase preceding or following a name, which serves to describe the characterexample: “A pair of star crossed lovers take their life;” Shakespeare calling them “star crossed lovers” The prologue pg 3 verse 6
Soliloquy is when a character is alone on stage thinking his/her thoughts aloud. It can also be an actor talking to himself/herself oblivious to any hearers present example: Friar Lawerence is talking to himself about the world in the beginning of act 2 scene 3
Foil a person or thing that makes another seem better by contrast — emphasizes differences between two characters.example: Mercutio is the complete opposite of Romeo because they have different opinions between things that they think about.
Metaphor comparison of two unlike things.Example: Romeo’s example about how Juliet is like a hawk”My niĆ«sse” Act 2 scene 2 pg. 61 verse 168
Similie comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as.”example: “Is love a tender thing? It is too rough too rude, and it pricks like a thorn” Act 1 Scene 4 verse 25-26 pg 31
Pun a word or phrase that is used in such a way to suggest more than one possible meaning.example: “My naked weapon is out” act 1 scene 1 verse 30 pg. 5
Analogy comparison of two pairs which have the same relationshp — Similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilarexample: Juliet comparing Romeo to a rose
Paradox a true statement which contradicts itself. A seemingly contradictory statement that may nonetheless be true: The paradox that standing is more tiring than walking OR stonewalls do not a prison make, nor iron bars a cage.example: “Parting is such sweet sorrow” act 2 scene 2 pg 63 verse 184
Imagery words appealing to one of one’s senses: sight, taste, touch, hearing, smell.example: “This bud of love, by summers ripening breath.” act 2 scene 2 verse 121 pg 59
Dramatic Irony When an audience perceives something that a character in the literature does not know.example: Benvolio and Mercutio thinks that Romeo still loves Rosaline but in real life Romeo loves Juliet.
Situational Irony discrepancy between the expected result and actual result.example: “contest thee, gentle coz, let him alone” Capulet lets Romeo stay at the party Act 1 scene 5 verse 64 pg 41
Verbal irony author says one thing and means something else.example: Romeo describing Juliet as his “foe”
Monologue an extended, uninterrupted speech or poem by a single person. The person may be speaking his or her thoughts aloud or directly addressing other persons, e.g. an audience, a character, reader, or an inanimate object.example: Juliet’s long monologue on her balcony
Oxymoron two contradictory words together “found missing”example: Romeo describing his feelings for Rosaline as “stick health”
Personification giving human qualities to animals or objects example: Romeo describing Juliet as the sun that shines
Allusion a literary reference to a familiar person, place, thing or event.example: “Young Abraham Cupid, he that shot so trim” Act 2 scene 1 pg 51 verse 13
Alliteration the repetition of a initial consonant sounds in words: “it is the happy heart that breaks.”example: “Come, he hath hid himself among these trees” act 2 scene 1 pg 51 verse 30
Hyperbole an exaggeration or overstatement: “I have seen a river so wide it had only one bank.”Example: “But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun!”
Symbol person, place, thing, or event used to represent something else, e.g. a dove symbolizes peaceexample: Romeo and Juliets love is like a rose with thorns on it
Protagonist (hero) main character(s) of the storyexample: romeo and juliet
Antagonist (villain) character(s) or thing working against the protagonist-heroexample: fate
Motivation a reason that explains or partially explains why a character thinks, feels, acts, or behaves a certain wayexample: Tybalt wanted to kick Romeo out of the party because he is a montegue
Theme a message or lesson conveyed by a written text. This message is usually about life, society, or human nature. Themes often explore timeless and universal ideas. Most themes are implied rather than explicitly stated.example: The theme of the play can be love
Cause and effect noting a relationship between actions or events such that one or more are the result of the other or others.example: The cause is when Romeo and Juliet met each other and the affect is when they died.

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