Romeo and Juliet key terms

A long speech performed by one actor for example: Mercutio Queen Mab speech act 1 scene 4 Monologue
Speaking one’s thoughts aloud regardless if anyone hears for example: Romeo (what light through yonder window breaks) act 2 scene 2 Sililoquy
A passage in the play heard by the audience but not the characters around them for example: Romeo (did my heart love till now) act 1 scene 5 Aside
What an actor is told to do whilst on stage for example: “they fight” Stage directions
A (love) poem of 14 lines that follows a strict rhyme scheme and specific structure for example: act 1 scene 5 (good pilgrim you do wrong your hand too much) Sonnet
A person of thing that is the direct opposite of something else for example: “o brawling love! O loving hate” Antithisis
When the audience knows more than the characters. (Romeo and Juliet’s death) dramatic irony
Lines of writing arranged with a metrical rhythm. Verse
Type of verse structure where repetition and antithesis is used. (Romeo and Mercutio’s conversation in act 1 scene 4 “nay gentle Romeo we must have you dance”) Stichomythia
unrhymed iambic pentameter (how most of Shakespeares plays are written) Blank verse
Descriptive language that appeals to the senses “it is east and Juliet is the sun” imagery
Comparison that is implied not stated “love is a smoke made with a fume of sighs” Metaphor
comparison using like or as “pricks like thorn” Simile
giving human qualities to non-human things “he jests at scars that never felt a wound” Personification
The use of contrast or opposites for effect “o she doth teach the torches to burn bright! It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night” Juxtaposition
Use of opposites and contrast for effect “ancient grudge break to new mutiny”. Antithesis
The use of literal opposites for effect “heavy lightness” Oxymoron
The use of exaggeration for effect “shut up in prison, kept without my food, whipt and tormented” Hyperbole
When we can read deeper meaning into objects or characters into to a text that teaches the reader about its context (eg: religious and mythical figures) “have saints not lips and holy palmers too”. Symbolism
Command “give me my long sword ho!” Imperative sentences
Used to indicate dependencies between events or conditions “if you ever disturb our streets again, your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace” Conditional sentences
rhetorical question “is love a tender thing?” Interrogative sentences
Statements “I am a plain dealing villain” Declarative sentences
Two lines of the same length that rhyme “well in that hit you miss: she’ll not be hit/ with Cupid’s arrow, she hath Dian’s wit” Rhyming couplets
Important Background Information (prologue “ancient grudge”) Exposition
What happens to produce discord (Juliet’s marriage arranged to Paris) Conflict
How this grows worse (Romeo and Juliet marry) Complication
Peak of the drama (Tybalt and Mercutio killed, Romeo banished). Climax
The conclusion of the events is delayed (Romeo doesn’t receive the friars letter). Suspense
How the events unfold (Romeo and Juliet die) Denouement
State of affairs at the end of the narrative (peace is made, prologue is fulfilled). Conclusion
The process of releasing strong emotions (the audiences reaction to Romeo and Juliet’s death) Catharsis
a fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero or heroine (Romeo doesn’t fully think things through and Juliet cannot live without Romeo which leads to their deaths) hamartia

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