Romeo and Juliet (Honors) Test Prep. Wright-THS

Imagery light vs. darkness
Juxtaposition for contrast Placement of two things (characters, images, ideas) closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts
Motifs EX: hands, kisses, stars, dreams and shipsMotifs are recurring structures, contrasts, or literary devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes.
Celestial Imagery relates to stars, moon, sun…anything in the sky or in heaven.
Letters as motif There are three important letters in the play: Tybalt to Romeo challenging him to a duel, Friar to Romeo to tell of his plan to save Juliet, Romeo to his father to explain his suicide in Act 5.
Plot Complication Capulet changes the wedding from Thursday to Wednesday.Friar John can’t deliver the letter.Romeo kills Tyabalt.
Setting Verona, Italy, 1300’sThe play takes place is 5 days, from Sunday to Thursday.
Themes— Fate (destiny, fortune)Love vs. hateAppearance vs. reality
Turning Point(s)— Romeo kills TybaltJuliet sides with Romeo instead of her family.
Pun a play on the double meaning of words.
Tragedy— Romeo and Juliet is classified as a tragedy because the main characters die.
Elements of Tragedy Peripeteia, Anagnorisis, Catharsis and Hamartia
Peripeteia (Reversal of circumstances) reversal of fortune for the protagonist–from failure to success or success to failure. Act III.
Anagnorisis (Recognition) —point in the play during which the tragic hero experiences a kind of self-understanding; the discovery or recognition that leads to the peripeteia or reversal of fortune. Act III
Catharsis A purgation or emotional cleansing: According to Aristotle, the end of tragedy is the purgation of emotions through pity and terror. Act V
Hamartia the tragic flaw Acts I-V
Irony humor based on using words to suggest the opposite of their literal meaning
Dramatic Irony a situation, or the irony arising from a situation, in which the audience has a fuller knowledge of what is happening in a drama than a character does
Situational Irony incongruity between what actually happens and what might be expected to happen,
Verbal irony something said or written that uses humor based on words suggesting the opposite of their literal meaning
Apothecary He is a poor man in the story who sells drugs and potions.He is breaking the law by selling poison to Romeo.
Balthasar He is Romeo’s servant.He brings Romeo news of Juliet’s “death”.
Facts:is a peacemaker and tries to stop the fighting at the beginning of the nephew to Lord Montague.saw Romeo walking around before the sun came up (Act I).He and Romeo learn of the Capulet party because they read an invitation list for a servant who cannot read.his answer to Romeo’s problem in Act 1 is to have him look at other girls and see that Rosaline is not that beautiful or desirable. Benvolio
Factsis very overprotective of Juliet because she is his only child. All his other children have died.arranges Juliet’s marriage to Paris after the death of Tybalt to give Juliet something nice to think about. He is concerned that she is too much in He does not know that she is really crying over Romeo’s banishment.most likely wants Juliet to marry Paris even though he acts like he doesn’t really care.he and his wife are very upset when Juliet refuses to marry Paris because she has never disobeyed them before. Capulet
Facts:begins his day by gathering herbs which can be used for medicine or Romeo’s ghostly confessor because Romeo tells the Friar his secrets.agrees to marry Romeo and Juliet because he hopes to bring the two families together.cautions Romeo to slow down. He feels it is dangerous to go into things too quickly.Marries Romeo and Juliet in hopes of ending the feud.After the death of Tybalt, Friar wants Romeo to look on the bright side of things and not be so negative.advises Juliet to lie and pretend that she is willing to marry Paris and then take the potion. His potion was to last 42 hours.his friend, Friar John, is unable to deliver the letter to Romeo because of the plague.goes to the tomb to be with Juliet when she not blamed for the deaths of the two young people because of Romeo’s letter. Friar
Golden mean Aristotle’s term for describing ethical behavior as a midpoint between extremesThe Friar believes in a doctrine of moderation in all things; taking nothing to excess
Juliet’s age is almost fourteen years old; she is just two weeks short of her birthday. Her only friend in the play is the Nurse.
Juliet’s turning point decides that she must side with Romeo, her husband, rather than with her family.
Juliet’s fear fears that she will wake too soon and be trapped in a tomb with dead bodies.
Juliet’s passion She feels that Romeo’s banishment is equal to the death of her whole family.She threatens to kill herself if the Friar does not help her in Act IV.
Facts:-she and Paris never spend any time alone.-learns of Tybalt’s death from the Nurse.-refuses to marry Paris because she is already married to Romeo, but cannot tell the real reason to her parents.-scolds the Nurse for speaking ill of Romeo even though he just killed Tybalt.-thinks she sees Tybalt’s ghost before she takes the potion.-After their only night together, Juliet has a premonition (foreshadowing) that she will never see Romeo alive again. Juliet
Facts: -and Lady Montague both think their husbands are too old to fight.-wants to disown Juliet when she refuses to marry Paris.-was never close to Juliet.-is aunt to Tybalt. He is her brother’s son. Lady Capulet
Facts:-gives the famous Queen Mab speech in Act I.-is a punster because he loves to make jokes by playing with the double meanings of words.-is killed because Romeo tried to stop the fight with Tybalt.-mistakes Romeo’s reluctance to fight for cowardice.-never learns that Romeo loves Juliet.-says that one has to be rough with love if love is rough with him.-was kinsman (related) to the Prince.-dying remarks include a curse on both the Montagues and the Capulets.-calls Tybalt the “courageous captain of compliments.” Mercutio
-feared that Romeo might do himself harm in Act I.-says that he will have a statue made in Juliet’s honor (end of Act V). Montague
-has been taking care of Juliet since she was a baby.-is a romantic go-between for Romeo and Juliet.-is very sexual as well as comic in her language.-is rejected by Juliet when she give unwanted advice.-expresses herself in a rambling manner. She starts by talking about one thing and then changes thoughts almost in mid-sentence.-says that Juliet should forget about Romeo and marry —-Paris now that Romeo is banished. Nurse
-goes to the tomb of Juliet to lay flowers there and to grieve over her death.-is called a man of wax because he is perfect, rich and handsome, everything a girl could want in a husband.-is first told that Juliet is too young to marry. Then he is told to woo her and get her heart. If she is willing to marry, Lord Capulet will agree.-is the handsome suitor who wants to marry Juliet.-represents the traditional Elizabethan suitor who goes to the father for the girl’s hand in marriage. Paris
-did not help the Nurse when Mercutio was making fun of her.-is the servant to the Nurse. Peter
-Escalus is Prince of Verona.-Exiles Romeo because he killed Tybalt who had just killed Mercutio.-Forgives the Friar for his deception-Is related to both families.-Reappears at the end of the play.-Warns Capulet and Montague that there must be no more fighting in the streets or someone will be put to death. Prince
-Marries Juliet in Friar Laurence’s cell.-confides his love for Juliet only to the Friar.-did not want to fight with Tybalt because he had just married Tybalt’s cousin.-feels that banishment is worse than death because he cannot be with Juliet.-feels that fate has caused all his problems.-goes to the party with several of his friends.-has a premonition that he will meet someone at the -Capulet party that will change his life and bring about his untimely death.-has had nothing to do with the early violence in the play.-hides in Mantua during his exile.-is a melancholy person at the beginning of the play.-is confused about love before he meets Juliet.-is in love with Rosaline when the play begins.-learns of Juliet’s “death” from his servant. Romeo
-leaves a letter for his father explaining the events that led -up to his death and freeing the Friar from any blame.-overhears Juliet confessing her love for him because he is hiding below her balcony in the dark.-returns to Verona in Act 5 to die in Juliet’s tomb.-says the difference between Rosaline and Juliet is that Juliet returned his love.-slays Tybalt because Tybalt killed Mercutio. It was a crime of passion on Romeo’s part.-tells the apothecary that money is more deadly than his poisons.-was an excellent swordsman even though he did not like violence.-was supposed to be present when Juliet awakened but did not get the letter from the Friar.
-is a Capulet.-is niece to Lord Capule-never appears in the play.-swore to remain chaste. Rosaline
-start the fight at the beginning of the play. The fighting has divided the whole town. Servants
-called the “Prince of Cats”.-nephew to Lady Capulet and Juliet’s cousin.-shown to be very fiery. He has a hot temper and loves to fight.-recognizes Romeo’s voice at the Capulet feast.-swears revenge because Romeo came uninvited to the party.-wanted to fight Romeo because Romeo had “crashed” the Capulet party.-wants to fight Romeo at the feast but Lord Capulet prevents it. Tybalt

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