Romeo and Juliet Figurative Language Test

Allusion A reference to a work of literature, an actual even, a person, a place, or known information that the writer or speaker expects his/her audience to recognize.
Archetypes An original model or type after which other similar things are patterned (the hero, the outcast, star-crossed lovers).
Aside A character briefly speaks his or her thoughts (1 or 2 lines) to the audience, and the audience is to realize that the character is unheard by the other characters on stage.
Climax The most intense, emotional moment in a play when the audience (reader) realized how the conflict will end in the final act.
Dialogue A conversation between two or more characters.
Dramatic Irony When there is contradiction between what the characters of the play know, and what the audience knows.
Dynamic Character A character who undergoes a permanent change in outlook or attitude during the story.
Extended Metaphor A metaphor introduced and then further developed throughout all or part of a literary work.
Flat Character A character who may not be fully described or defined but is useful in carrying out some narrative purpose of the author. A “one sided” character (minor character).
Foil Character One character who contrasts sharply with another character.
Foreshadowing The use of hints or clues in a passage to suggest action that is to come later in the story.
Hyperbole An obvious exaggeration or overstatement used for effect or to make a point.
Metaphor A comparison made between two unlike things.
Monologue A long speech presented by a single character expressing their thoughts and feelings to other characters.
Motif A recurring element that has symbolic significance in a story. Through its repetition, it can help produce and/or enhance other literary devices such as theme, mood, and/or foreshadowing.
Oxymoron A figure of speech in which opposite or contradictory terms appear side by side for effect.
Personification An author gives human characteristics to nonhuman things (animals, natural forces, objects, ideas, etc.).
Pun The use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings or the meaning of another word similar in sound.
Rhetorical Question A question to which the answer is obvious and not meant to be answered aloud.
Round Character A character presented in-depth from many angles (major character).
Simile A comparison made between two unlike things using the words like or as.
Situational Irony A discrepancy between what is expected to happen, and what actually occurs.
Soliloquy A character is alone on stage speaking his or her thoughts and feelings, thereby also sharing them with the audience.
Static Character A character who undergoes little or no inner change; a character who does not grow or develop.
Tragedy A drama, often in verse, in which the main character is brought to ruin or suffers extreme sorrow, especially as a consequence of a tragic flaw, moral weakness, or inability to cope with unfavorable circumstances.
Tragic Flaw The weakness in the hero/heroine that leads to his/her downfall.
Verbal Irony The intended meaning of a statement differs from the meaning that the words appear to express.
Personification “the winds…hissed him in scorn.”
Hyperbole “…Adding to clouds more clouds with his deep sighs.”
Simile “But to himself so secret and so close,/ so far from sounding and discovering,/ As is the bud bit with an envious worm / Ere he can spread his sweet leaves to the air/or dedicate his beauty to the sun.”
Oxymoron “…O heavy lightness! serious vanity! / …Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health!”
Metaphor “Love is a smoke raised with the fume of sighs / …a fire sparkling in lovers’ eyes… a sea nourished with lovers’ tears…a madness…a gall…a sweet.”
Allusion “She hath Dian’s wit / And, in strong proof of chastity well armed.”
Personification “When well-appareled April on the heel of limping winter treads…”
Hyperbole “…Ne’er saw her match since first the world begun.”
Pun “You have dancing shoes/With nimble soles; I have a soul of lead so stakes me to the ground I cannot move.”
Allusion “Borrow Cupid’s wings and soar with them above common bound.”
Rhetorical Question “Is love a tender thing? It is too rough, too boisterous.”
Pun Romeo: “I dreamt a dream to-night.”Mercutio: “And so did I.”Romeo: “Well, what was yours?”Mercutio: “That dreamers often lie.”Romeo: “In bed asleep, while they do dream things true.”
Metaphor “I talk of dreams/Which are the children of an idle brain…”
Personification “…the wind who woos/even now the frozen bosom of the North/ And, being angered, puffs away from thence/Turning his face o the dew-dropping South.”
Foreshadowing “…I fear, too early; for my mind misgives/some consequence, yet hanging in the stars/shall bitterly begin his fearful date/With this night’s revels and expire the term/Of a despised life, clos’d in my breast,/By some vile forfeit of untimely death.”
Simile “It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night/Like a rich jewel in an Ehthiop’s ear…”
Rhetorical Question “What light through yonder window breaks?/It is the East…”
Metaphor “…and Juliet is the sun!”
Personification “Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,/Who is already sick and pale with grief…”
Hyperbole “The brightness of her cheek would shame those stars…”
Rhetorical Question “O Romeo, Romeo! wherefore art thou Romeo?/Deny thy father and refuse thy name!”
Hyperbole “Alack, there lies more peril in thine eye/Than twenty of their swords!”
Allusion “At lover’s perjuries,/They say Jove laughs.”
Metaphor “This bud of love…/May prove a beauteous flower when next we meet.”
Simile “My bounty is as boundless as the sea…”
Simile “Love goes toward love as schoolboys from their books;/But love from love, towards school with heavy looks.”
Allusion “Else would I tear the cave where Echo lies…”
Hyperbole Juliet: “What o’clock to-morrow/Shall I send to thee?”Romeo: “By the hour of nine.”Juliet: “I will not fail. Tis twenty years ’til then.”
Oxymoron “Parting is such sweet sorrow…”
Personification “The grey-eyed morn smiles on the frowning night…”
Foreshadowing/Oxymoron “These violent delights have violent ends/And in their triumph die…”
Simile “Thy head is as full of quarrels as an egg is full of meat.”
Pun “Ask for me to-morrow and you shall find/me a grave man.”
Foreshadowing “This day’s black fate on more days doth depend;/This but begins the woe that others must end.
Personification “Come, civil night,/Thou sober-suited matron,all in black/…hood my unmann’d blood, bating in my cheeks/With thy black mantle.”
Oxymoron “Beautiful tyrant! Fiend angelical! Dove-feathered raven! Wolvish-ravening lamb!”
Rhetorical Question “But wherefore, villain, didst thou kill my cousin?/That villain cousin would have kill’d my husband.”
Hyperbole “That banished,’that one word ‘banished,’/Hath slain ten thousand Tybalts.”
Personification “For exile hath more terror in his look,/Much more than death…”
Simile “Thy wit…like powder in a skilless soldier’s flask,/Is set afire by thine own ignorance…”
Personification “A pack of blessing light upon thy back;/Happiness courts thee in her best array.”
Hyperbole “With twenty hundred thousand times more joy/Than thou went’st forth in lamentation.”
Personification “…and jocund day/Stands tiptoe on the misty mountain tops.”
Allusion “Tis but the pale reflex of Cynthia’s brow.”
Foreshadowing “O God I have an ill-divining soul!/Methinks I see thee, now thou are below,/ As one dead in the bottom of a tomb,/Either my eyesight fails, or thou look’st pale.”
Rhetorical Question “What, wilt thou wash him from his grave with tears?/An if thou couldst, thou couldst not make him live.
Personification/Allusion “For Venus smiles not in a house of tears.”
Metaphor “The roses in thy lips and cheeks shall fade…”
Hyperbole/Personification “For I have need of many orisons/To move the heavens to smile upon my state,”
Rhetorical Question “Nurse!–What should she do here?/To whose foul mouth no healthsome air breathes in,”
Simile “Death lies on her like an untimely frost/Upon the sweetest flower of all the field.”
Simile “See, there she lies,/Flower as she was…”
Personification “Death is my son-in-law, Death is my heir;/My daughter he has wedded.”
Rhetorical Question “Is it even so? Then I defy you, stars!”
Simile/Personification “That the life-weary taker may fall dead,/And that the trunk may by discharged of breath/As violently as hasty powder fired/Doth hurry from the fatal cannon’s womb.”
Metaphor/Personification “There is thy gold–worse poison to men’s should,/Doing more murder in this loathsome world,/Than these poor compounds that thou mayst not sell.”
Personification “The sun for sorrow will not show his head.”
Metaphor/Personification/Oxymoron “Thou detestable maw, thou womb of death,/Gorged with the dearest morsel of the earth,/Thus I enforce they rotten jaws open,/ And in despite I’ll cram thee with more food.”
Rhetorical Question “O, what more favor can I do to thee/Than with that hand that cut thy youth in twain/To sunder his that was thine enemy?/Forgive me, cousin.”
Metaphor “Here, here will I remain/With worms that are thy chambermaids.”
Personification “Shall I not then be stifled in the vault,/To whose fould mouth no healthsome air breathes in,”

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