Romeo and Juliet Figurative Language (TEST)

alliteration (definition) the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words
Example of alliteration. “A gentler judgment vanished from his lips: Not *b*ody’s death, *b*ut *b*ody’s bbgentler judgment vanished from his lips: Not *b*ody’s death, *b*ut *b*ody’s bbgentler judgment vanished from his lips: Not *b*ody’s death, *b*ut *b*ody’s *b*anishment.”
metaphor (definition) a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable (w/o like or as)
Example of metaphor. 1.) “I had fallen through a trapdoor of depression”- (not Romeo and Juliet)2.) “
conceit (definition) a fanciful expression in writing or speech; an elaborate metaphor
Example of conceit. When the Nurse describes Paris like a book (p 39-40).
oxymoron (definition) a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction
Example of oxymoron. Icy hot, Great Depression, Jumbo shrimp, Cruel to be kind, Pain for pleasure, Clearly confused
soliloquy (definition) an act of speaking one’s thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play
Example of soliloquy. When Juliet is talking to herself on the balcony.
dramatic irony (definition) the full significance of a character’s words or actions are clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character
Example of dramatic irony. When Juliet “dies”, but the audience knows she actually is not dead. Romeo does not know this.
sonnet (definition) a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line (iambic pentameter)
iambic pentameter (definition) (2 syllables) 10 syllables per line
Example of sonnet. A—–B First QuatrainAB——C—–D Second QuatrainCD——-E——-F Third QuatrainEF——-G COUPLETG
Example of an iambic pentameter. Prologue
pun (definition) a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings
Example of a pun. “[Romeo] shall find [Mercutio] a grave man.”
personification (definition) the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form
Example of personification. 1.) “The grey-eyed morn smiles on the frowning night, Chequering the eastern clouds with streaks of light” -Romeo & Juliet2.) Screaming sun, yelling chair – not Romeo & Juliet
foreshadowing (definition) be a warning or indication of (a future event)
Example of foreshadowing. “I fear too early, for my mind misgives / Some consequence yet hanging in the stars.”
aside (definition) a remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play
Example of an aside. Shakespeare indicates these with stage directions – Act 2, Scene 2

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