Romeo and Juliet Fantasy Overture

home key Bm
despite the home key being Bm, what does the piece start in? F# dominant minor
ambiguity between what two keys signifies what? Fm and Ab major juxtaposes sweetness of dream-like young love with foreboding uncertainty
how does T modulate? through semitones e.g. Fm to Em
how is there tonal instability leading to first subject? between F#m and Bm first inversion
what is used to increase tension in the first subject? rising chromatic bass line
what key is the love theme introduced in? Db major since overture drops by a semitone
what two keys does the development explore? Bm and F#m
what keys is there tonal ambiguity between in the reacpitulation? Bm/D
what key is the coda in? B major
what is the structure of the piece and why? loose sonata form as first subject is the conflict theme and second subject is the love theme
why can Tchaikovsky’s overture be argued not to be sonata form? because the love theme isn’t developed before the recapitulation
describe opening friar theme in low register like a bassoon and clarinet chorale, similar to chanting monks due to the vocal-like quality of the clarinet
how does Tchaikovsky provide thematic development and give an example? changes in instrumentation e.g. b.21 where flute motif is moved to the violins
what are the stab chords in the first subject used to give an impression of? a swordfight
describe what happens in b 260 after the love theme drastic change in mood as the cor anglais plays held notes with chromatic sourness as well as dramatic register drop in clarinet alluding to friar theme like a warning
what theme does the coda have snippets of with what in the timpani? love theme with heartbeat motif in timpani
how does Tchaikovsky use instrumentation to portray a religious atmosphere in the opening which recurs throughout the overture? ascending Fm arpeggios in the harps
how does Tchaikovsky use instrumentation in the development of the friar theme and what does it portray? high register of flutes to give angelic feel
what does Tchaikovsky’s use of the middle register of instrumentation signify? the level of earth opposed to higher religious powers shown through high instrumental registers
how is a sense of urgency leading up to the conflict enforced in the friar theme? excessive accentuation emphasised by ascending semi-chromatic scale in the cor anglais
what texture does Tchaikovsky use to signify opposing forces? antiphonal texture as same chord is passed between the woodwind and strings
what type of texture is used to introduce the first subject? homorhythmic
what texture is used to portray the two families in the first subject? interrupting canon between the strings and woodwind which slowly leads to a loss of clear rhythmic beats reflecting the disorientating nature of battle
what texture is used to introduce the second subject? homophonic accompaniment in gentle syncopation
describe the texture Tchaikovsky uses during the reinstatement of the love theme appogiature counter-melody in cor anglais with oscillating harmonic support
what type of texture is used in the love theme during the recapitulation? canon between the cello and bassoon against the flute and oboe
as urgency grows in the recapitulation, what happens to the repetitive canonic idea between the horns and the flute against the oboe and clarinet? it is shortened by rhythmic diminution emphasised by the accompaniment changing into triplets

You Might Also Like