Romeo and Juliet Explication

“O, she is rich in beauty, only poor/That when she dies, with beauty dies her store” C :Romeo to Benvolio in the streets of Verona at around 9 in the morning after the (first) fight between the Capulets and Montagues, about Rosaline’s chastityA: Romeo’s statement upholds the cultural hegemony of women only considered useful in terms of beauty and reproductions (cultural allusion). The goddess of chastity is Diana (mythical allusion). Also upholds the cultural hegemony of the power of women as seen in Queen Elizabeth, as Rosaline demonstrates strength through independence (cultural allusion)L: Iambic pentameter, assonance, and rhyming couplets that demonstrate that Romeo is attempting to be poetic, however he perverts the language of love by not using the sonnet structure – evidence for his lustT: Romeo’s statement is evidence that Romeo does not accept/respect and love Rosaline as a person, but instead dehumanizes Rosaline as an object whose usefulness (of beauty and reproduction) is temporary. Therefore proving that Romeo does not love, but lusts for Rosaline. (Motifs of love and love). Romeo is able treat Rosaline poorly (and attempt to coerce/persuade her into having affection for him, as well as sex) by disregarding her embedded, strong traits such as independence, and focusing only on her temporary traits to dehumanize her as a consumable object -Romeo dehumanizes Rosaline to make her an easier target for his possessive lustAI: Shakespeare demonstrates that as a protagonist, Romeo must develop to understand the difference between lust and love. Shakespeare is also highlighting unjust gender relationships and the cultural hegemony of desire to see women as objects.
O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!” C: Romeo (either to a servingman or a soliloquy) about Juliet’s beauty, at the masquerade in Capulet’s house, directly after Romeo sees Juliet for the first time A: Romeo’s statement upholds the cultural hegemony of women’s worth being based on their physical appearance (cultural allusion). Romeo’s statement of Juliet’s brightness could be foreshadowing her (soon to be discovered) family’s humor: choler. Also, this quote alludes to Prometheus, who is represented by fire and knowledge. Juliet is being described as bright, which is a quality of fire. Romeo also realizes what love is here, so he is obtaining knowledge. L: This line is written in iambic pentameter, however it does not follow the rest of the criteria for sonnets, Romeo attempts to use the language of love and speak poetically, but perverts it with rhyming couplets – If this quote is a soliloquy of Romeo, it proves that Romeo’s thoughts of Juliet.. T : At this point in the play, light still represents beauty, so Romeo is stating how he considers Juliet as the most beautiful individual, as she is the brightest light source in the room – outshining the torches (motif of light and dark) Romeo is not speaking in the structure of a sonnet, and is perverting the language of love, which could be an indicator that at this point in the play, Romeo does not love Juliet, he only lusts for her beauty AI: Romeo’s character proves to be very fickle, as he has been obsessing and sulking over Rosaline on drastic measures, going as far as being suicidal – however Romeo is able to quickly turn his strong affections to Juliet by merely glimpsing Juliet
“Verona brags of him/ To be a virtuous and well-governed youth” C: Capulet in his own house at the masquerade, to Tybalt in defense of Romeo after Tybalt’s approaches Capulet about killing/harming Romeo for crashing Capulet’s party A: ‘well governed’ = humors balanced out, ironic since Romeo’s humors are not balanced out at all (AH) Capulet is offering Xenia to Romeo by refusing to kill him, and peacefully allow him into his house -does so in the guise of Bacchus (cultural/mythical allusion) L: Written in prose. The statement is ironic because Romeo is not well-governed by ethical means, but instead lust (might be to demonstrate the warped view of Italians compared to English men) T: Capulet’s decision to defend Romeo and allow him into his household is an act of freewill that is not controlled by fate, and therefore any consequences that arise from Romeo in the Capulet’s household are caused by the free willed Capulet (motif of fate vs freewill). AI: Capulet’s decision to offer Xenia to Romeo could be evidence of his characteristics of forgiveness, that could have possibly lead to peace between the feuding households
“…he’s the courageous captain o’ compliments.” C: Mercutio to Benvolio about Tybalt in response to Benvolio’s questioning of Tybalt, in the streets of Verona, as Benvolio and Mercutio look for Romeo who is meeting with Friar Lawrence about his marriage to Juliet A: Mercutio is referring to Tybalt as a master of fencing etiquette, to say that Tybalt is clever with a sword (cultural allusion) – Tybalt being clever with a sword could be seen as a sexual innuendo upholding the cultural hegemony that young men are respected if they are sexually active L: Use of consonance proves Mercutio’s fast wit. The alliteration shows sarcasm. T: The sexual innuendo of Tybalt’s cleverness with swords relates to Tybalt’s lust AI: ‘Captain of compliments’ is an insult because he fights by the book. So Mercutio is insulting Tybalt, maybe implying that Tybalt fighting is unoriginal and bad (Doing it and reading it are different concept?)
“..he’s a man of wax…he’s a flower…a very flower” C: Juliet’s nurse about Paris’ attractiveness, in Juliet’s chambers as the nurse tries to help Lady Capulet persuade Juliet into accepting Paris’ love at the upcoming masquerade A: By stating that Paris is a man of wax, the nurse is saying that Paris is the epitome of a beautiful man as artists used a wax model to base their clay molds off of (cultural allusion). The flower comparison is also usually only used for women, not men (cultural allusion). L: repetition of words used for emphasis. The flower is being compared to Paris as a metaphor, and flowers are typically feminine and compared to women, not men T: Each compliment the nurse gives Paris has faulty characteristics as the wax within a mold is eventually melted (by metal?) and flowers eventually die, demonstrating that Paris’ superficial beauty of his physical appearance is temporary, and therefore the nurse and Lady Capulet are encouraging Juliet to not love and accept Paris as a human, but lust for him AI: The nurse’s flattery of Paris is partially what causes Juliet to accept Romeo’s romantic advances at the dance, as she is obediently flirting with an attractive man that is courting her. Goes against cultural double standard because a noble man is being compared to something very feminine, which was not common at the time.
“A damned saint, an honorable villain” C: Juliet to her nurse about Romeo’s vileness, in her chambers after she learns that Romeo has killed Tybalt A: Juliet refers to Romeo as a saint, which means that she interprets/did interpret Romeo as a virtuous and basically holy man (cultural allusion) Also- Biblical allusion to Lucifer because of serpent references, Lucifer is good on the outside and bad inside- like Romeo L: Blank verse, antithesis/oxymoron, duality of outside and inside of person, chop logic, monologue/ dialogue T: Romeo makes the decision to kill Tybalt, and Juliet is acknowledging that because Romeo made this decision under his own free will that he has sinister traits to him – however Romeo does not take responsibility for his actions and indirectly blames Juliet for making him effeminate with love, which therefore lead to the death of Mercutio which Romeo had to avenge AI: Juliet’s statement makes it evident that she is not (at least completely) blinded by love as she does hold remorse for her family being killed, however because she loves Romeo and therefore accepts even his (murderous) faults, Juliet forgives Romeo (cultural hegemony of faithful wife?)
“Out, you green-sickness carrion. Out, you baggage!/ You tallow face!” C: Capulet to Juliet in Juliet’s chambers after he learns that Juliet is refusing to marry Paris – Capulet threatens to kick Juliet out of his household A: green-sickness refers to a form of amenia that girls were thought to obtain during puberty that caused them to become pale, carrion literally translates to dead flesh, and tallow refers to animal fat that was used in making candles, once again referring to Juliet’s paleness (cultural allusion) – Capulet upholds the cultural hegemony of women being treated as property, who can be sold off in marriages like produce (without any say in the matter) L: Capulet’s use of cacophony emphasizes his current spite for his disobedient daughter – written in prose emphasizing Capulet’s unbridled (and thus unstructured) anger T: The freewill of Juliet is denied, and Capulet proves that he does (at least not fully) love his daughter as he is not respecting her opinion or consent on a very large, and personal issue of hers, and Capulet is instead overthrown by his possessive lust for money (in the form of a dowry) AI: Capulet referring to Juliet’s paleness is foreshadowing her death – which is caused by Capulet not accepting his daughter’s wishes, which he establishes during this tirade – also demonstrates the fickleness of Capulet, as when he was speaking to Paris about Juliet’s marriage, he stated that her consent was necessary, and now Capulet is outraged by Juliet’s will
“She’ll not be hit/ with cupid’s arrow… From love’s weak childish bow she lives unharmed” C: Romeo to Benvolio, at nine in the morning in the streets of Verona after the fight with/ between(?) the servants, about Romeo’s unrequited love for Rosaline A: Historical allusion to Cupid who is in Greek mythology the love child of Aphrodite and Ares, who had golden butthshafts/ arrows that would cause a person (if shot with the arrows) to have obsessive lust for whatever they laid eyes on next – Cupid usually depicted as a child Also Diana- goddess of virginity L: Use of iambic pentameter and rhyming couplets to pervert the language of love T: Due to Romeo’s misinterpretation between greedy lust, and respectful love, he considers love to be harmful AI: Romeo demonstrates with his whining that he has an entitled perspective on being able to have sex with any woman he lusts for
“I cannot bound a pitch above dull woe/ Under love’s heavy burden I do sink” C: Romeo to Mercutio as an argument for being unable to dance, and therefore Romeo must hold the torch, directly before Romeo and the other maskers crash the Capulet’s party (in the streets of Verona?) A: Cultural hegemony of young men needing to have sex for a satisfied/ fulfilled lifestyle – Romeo is saying that his unrequited lust for Rosaline, who refuses to have sex with him, is making him heavy with sperm L: Pun on the word bound – uses it twice within his verse in reference to Mercutio’s use of the word – means both limit and leap – pun’s purpose along with the use of iambic pentameter is to emphasize…humor? T: Establishes Romeo’s excessive lust for sex, as well as demonstrating Romeo’s warped view on his ‘love’ (actually lust) for Rosaline as he identifies love to be heavy. If it was really love he would feel light, not heavy. AI: Foreshadows how in future situations where Romeo doesn’t get his way, he will not attempt to make his situation better, but instead sulks in self-pity (seen in this example when he mopes for Rosaline instead of dancing and attempting to enjoy himself). He also allows women to have this effect on him. Though he is unwilling to admit it, he chooses to be under the influence of lust, which leads to all of his self-pity.
“An eagle, madam/ Hath not so green, so quick, so fair an eye” C: The nurse to Juliet in Juliet’s chambers after Capulet threatens to throw Juliet out of his household if she refuses to marry Paris – The nurse is attempting to persuade Juliet into considering Paris to be the optimal suitor over Romeo A: Allusion to the greek myth of the God Zeus in the form of an eagle spying the attractive boy Ganymede, and abducting him to be Zeus’ cupbearer on Mt. Olympus partially so that none of the other Gods could ‘have’ Ganymede – the color green is an allusion to two things – in Shakespeare green is considered the color of jealousy, and Zeus was jealous of Ganymede in wanting only himself to have access to Ganymede, green is also the color of the royal family, and Paris is blood-related to the prince L: Iambic pentameter and monosyllabic words are used to place emphasis on the extremity of Paris’ qualities – as well as the nurse’s bawdy tone (green is linked with envy, so Paris’ allusion as the eagle may be a keen person who is envious and sees only the beauty of Juliet-dehumanization) T: The allusion of Paris to the jealous Zeus foreshadows how if Juliet were to marry Paris, Paris would have possessive lust over Juliet, and would probably dehumanize her (as he has already done by bartering for her hand in marriage with her father) and isolate Juliet to make sure that she is entirely ‘his’ – although the nurse loves Juliet and wants her to be happy and realizes that Juliet is in love with Romeo, the nurse still advocates for Paris because she thinks that in cultural standards, Juliet will be better off AI: The nurse’s attempt at persuading Juliet to favor Paris causes Juliet to not inform the nurse about her plans to use Friar Lawrence’s poison and fake her own death, which leads to the tragic death of Romeo and Juliet that could have potentially been avoided with the nurse’s aid/ intervention
“You are a saucy boy” C: Capulet to Tybalt at Capulet’s house, rebuking Tybalt for wanting to kill/harm Romeo for crashing Capulet’s party A: Cultural/historical allusion to Xenia , as Capulet is treating Romeo as a guest and not allowing harm to come upon him – Capulet is calling Tybalt insolent and full of choler L: Use of iambic pentameter to emphasize Capulet’s current distaste for Tybalt T: Capulet acts with free will when he stops Tybalt from harming Romeo and treats Romeo as a guest AI: Capulet’s act of free will that allows Romeo to stay at the party, simultaneously allows to speak and by extension fall in love with Juliet – both events which allow the tragedy to unfold
“Death, that hath sucked the honey of thy breath, Hath had no power yet upon thy beauty” C: Romeo to what he thinks is the corpse of Juliet, in the Capulet’s tomb, directly before he plans to commit suicide, about Juliet’s beauty A: Juliet being a flower, and honey comes from flowers, Capulet losing his produce by treating Juliet as a plant (AH) L: Use of (sometimes broken?) iambic pentameter to emphasize passionate grief for Juliet – Dramatic irony because Juliet is not yet dead T: Romeo’s lust is still evident to some extent, as he is defining her by her beauty AI: invokes sympathy for Romeo.. (To the crowd, it shows that Romeo has ‘feminine’ characteristics since cultural hegemony believes woman talk a lot before they die)
“Therefore love moderately: long love doth so…” C: Friar Lawrence to Romeo in the church, before Juliet enters to be married to Romeo, advising Romeo to develop his relationship with Juliet at a reasonable/healthy pace A: addressing the sanguine nature of Romeo and Juliet’s relationship L: ironic for two reasons – Friar Lawrence doesn’t technically have experience with love seeing as he is a friar and therefore strictly married to Christ – Friar Lawrence is advising Romeo to love in moderation and to develop his relationship slower to be successful, and yet he is marrying Romeo and Juliet when he knows they have known eachother for a very short amount of time T: Friar Lawrence is establishing that for a healthy loving relationship, time is required because to accept and respect a person, a large extent of knowledge of the person is required, and therefore so is time to be able to get to know the person – gluttonous lust that is quick to ‘consume’ is not substantial, whereas love is long lasting AI: Demonstrates how Friar Lawrence’s scheming of allowing Romeo and Juliet to thrust themselves together is not completely justifiable for peace between the two feuding families, as he acknowledges that his actions of allowing a rushed marriage could result in an unhealthy relationship
“The obsequies that I for thee will keep/ Nightly shall be to strew thy grave and weep” C: Paris to the supposedly dead Juliet about the rituals he promises to keep for the dead Juliet, at the Capulet’s tomb, as he places flowers on Juliet’s closed tomb, directly before Romeo comes to commit suicide and ends up killing Paris also A: maybe cultural allusion to the phlegm humor of melancholy? – Is there a meaning behind Paris planning on placing flowers on Juliet’s grave every night? L: Use of iambic pentameter, assonance, and a rhyming couplet to emphasize Paris’ melancholy(?) T: Paris doesn’t have a lover’s perspective (as Romeo and Juliet do) on the night/dark, and considers darkness to be ugly, unlikable, and in this case painful as Paris plans night to be the time that he will mourn for Juliet – motif of love vs. lust here: Paris thinks that love is coming to Juliet’s grave every night to cry and lust after her. AI: Reverse roles here, where the wife is supposed to be (According to cultural hegemony) loyal, etc, weeping, for husbands’ death. Maybe alludes to England possibly mourning for Queen Elizabeth if she died, because Juliet and Queen Elizabeth are both important to their respective husbands (Paris and England)
“Content thee, gentle coz. Let him alone” C: Capulet to Tybalt at Capulet’s house, attempting to calm Tybalt after he schemes outloud to kill/harm Romeo for crashing Capulet’s party A: Allusion to the humor choler that invokes aggressiveness/violence that Tybalt demonstrates towards Romeo. Although Capulet is Tybalt’s uncle and not cousin, Capulet refers to Tybalt as coz as a term for familiarity L: Use of iambic pentameter as well as maybe assonance (for maybe an exasperated tone?) T: Capulet indirectly causes Juliet’s death by using his free will to decide that he will allow Romeo as a guest, and thus allows Romeo the chance to meet, and fall in love with Juliet – the theme of how can people treat each other so poorly: through choler and rashness (Tybalt to Romeo) not directly related(?) AI: Demonstrates the possible peace that could have occurred between the two families without death through Lord Capulet’s character developement (and others)
“It is the east, and Juliet is the sun!” C: Romeo’s soliloquy about Juliet as he hides behind a bush in Juliet’s garden and sees her on her balcony A: Romeo is referring to Juliet as the sun (could be an allusion to the God Apollo- the god of music, poetry, and archery amongst other things) and continues with this sentiment in saying that the moon is dimmed by the light of the sun, and is therefore green with jealousy – allusion to Diana, the Goddess of chastity and the moon, which Romeo takes into account by stating that Juliet should not be a maid/virgin of Diana who is Goddess jealous of Juliet’s great beauty (that Romeo probably thinks shouldn’t be wasted as Rosaline’s, and therefore Juliet should have sex with him) -Juliet as the sun could also be Romeo addressing that Juliet is closer to the heavens, whereas he is below her L: Romeo’s use of soliloquy provides insight to his wonder for Juliet T: At this point in the play the motif of lightness still translates to beauty, so Romeo is calling Juliet a life-giving beauty, by referring to her as a sun – demonstrates respect for Juliet and therefore love – however could also be interpreted as lust as he is mainly speaking about her physical attractiveness. Also love vs. lust: Romeo lusts to take away Juliet’s virginity, based purely on her physical appearance. Fate vs. free will: Romeo comes to Juliet’s balcony because he thinks he is fated to sleep with Juliet because of their supposed ‘love.’ How can people treat others so poorly: through their own lust for them (Romeo objectifies Juliet) AI: Evidence that Romeo is developing towards understanding the favorable qualities of love
“If love be rough with you, be rough with love” C: Mercutio to Romeo addressing how to fix Romeo’s melancholy about Romeo’s unrequited lust for Rosaline, before Romeo and the other maskers crash the masquerade ball at Capulet’s house A: Maybe an allusion to Mercutio’s unrequited love/lust for Romeo – Mercutio understands that unrequited love/lust is difficult to deal with, as he has experience by loving/lusting for Romeo L: monosyllabic iambic pentameter to place emphasis on the repeated words that demonstrate Mercutio’s pointed bawdiness T: Mercutio feeds Romeo’s misinterpretation for lust for love, adding to the idea that love is painful AI: Demonstrate how young men, including Romeo have very warped views on love, and how to handle difficult romantic situations due to the cultural hegemony allowing them to consider love as possessive/gluttonous lust – Mercutio’s trope as a bawdy character is established
“Compare her face with some that I shall show,/ And I will make thee think thy swan a crow.” C: Benvolio to Romeo, in the streets of Verona after they meet the servant of Capulet and learn about Capulet’s party- Benvolio explaining to Romeo how he plans to help Romeo stop obsessing over Rosaline by showing him the beauties of other women at Capulet’s party A: Upholds cultural hegemony of women’s worth to men being based on physical attractiveness L: use of rhyming and iambic pentameter for comedic effect, and the Iambic pentameter and mainly monosyllabic words could be of further use to emphasize the words of importance T: Benvolio acknowledges that Romeo is mainly fixated on Rosaline due to her physical appearance – evidence that Romeo does not love, but lusts for Rosaline – A swan with white feathers relates to the motif of lightness which at this point in the play still translates to beauty, whereas a crow with black feathers relates to the motif of darkness that is the equivalent of ugliness AI: At this point in the play Romeo’s character has yet to develop to understand the difference between love and lust – as well as the beauty in darkness
“He jests at scars that never felt a wound” C: Romeo’s soliloquy about Mercutio joking about love which Romeo considers him to have no true knowledge of – Romeo in the the garden of Juliet after he hears Benvolio and Mercutio searching for him A: scars of love, (AC) stereotypical Italians L: Use of cacophony and iambic pentameter to emphasize Romeo’s resentful tone T: = AI: Romeo scorning Mercutio’s perspective is evidence that he is developing away from the cultural hegemony allowing men to consider their gluttonous lust as love and beginning to truly understand love
“Be patient, for the world is broad and wide” C: Friar Lawrence’s attempt in calming down the suicidal and panicked Romeo who has just learned of his banishment – occurs within the church A: Romeo’s rebuking of Friar Lawrence’s sentiment by stating that there is no world outside of the world of Verona relates to the close mindedness of the time period, and the importance of a person’s ethnicity/hometown – Romeo’s rigidity in his ideas could relate to the humor of black bile, foreshadowing his death L: Use of iambic pentameter to express Friar Lawrence’s anxiety in attempting to have Romeo understand that suicide should not be an option T: Friar Lawrence is indirectly revealing the point that Romeo’s love for Juliet still has possessive qualities to it, as he refuses to let her go, and prefers death over a life separate from her, even through if he chose to live in banishment, they could both still have a chance at relatively happy lives AI: The warped view Romeo has on life is demonstrated by his suicidal thoughts – obviously Romeo and Juliet’s love is not the healthiest of relationships as they both become suicidal over loss
“Love’s heralds should be thoughts” C: Juliet within her chambers complaining about the slowness of her nurse that she sent out to gain information about Romeo’s wedding plans A: Juliet’s impatience could relate back to her sanguinity (also shows some of her Capulet side, with choler), where everything is best done quickly – Relates back to cultural hegemony that Juliet wasn’t able to go out herself and get the information seeing as she is basically unallowed out of the house, mainly to protect her valuable virginity -I think the fact that the Nurse was the one who had to protect Juliet’s virginity applies here somehow L: soliloquy that demonstrates her anxiety for news about Romeo T: Juliet’s impatience to learn about the news about her marriage could be interpreted to indicate that her love for Romeo is sanguine, meaning that it was fast to develop, and could potentially be quick to change AI: Within the three days of the play, Juliet develops as to experience the humors cycle of life, and at this point she is still at her relatively carefree, sanguine stage
“Death lies on her like an untimely frost/ Upon the sweetest flower of all the field” C: Capulet about his remorse for what he thinks is Juliet’s corpse, in Juliet’s chambers after he has just learned of his daughter’s death -speaking to Lady Capulet/ the nurse A: Allusion to the humors cycle where black bile is considered as both death, and winter – continues to uphold the cultural hegemony of women’s worth being in their beauty and marriageability, as he refers to her as a frost covered flower – flowers’ (could be a reference to Juliet’s virginity) main use are to look pretty, and Capulet’s main reason of remorse is that his long cared for ‘crop’ has unseasonably been killed (by frost) before he was able to sell it – objectifies Juliet L: ambiguity of flower as Juliet’s virginity->sexual implication which leads to authors intent to engage the groundlings T: Capulet’s lust for money overthrows the (potential?) love for his daughter AI: Demonstrates that Juliet is seemingly never fully appreciated by her parents for the strong person she was – Capulet doesn’t develop but the audience can understand that h is lust was a controlling factor in his loss
“Now, by the stock and honor of my kin,/ To strike him dead I hold not a sin” C: Tybalt maybe to Capulet? in Capulet’s house after Romeo enters Capulet’s house during the ball, about killing Romeo for participating in the masquerade ball without invitation A: Tybalt is easily related to the humor choler of aggressiveness and irrationality, as Prince Escalus has specified that the feuding families should not succumb to violence, and yet Tybalt is succumbing to violence (cultural allusion) L: Iambic pentameter and rhyming couplets to emphasize i T: Tybalt is easily able to justify killing Romeo by using rather unreasonable logic to understand the murder of the member of the family his family is feuding with, to bring honor upon him (despite the fact that there is no clear reason to why the feuding is occuring) AI: Making mock of ‘noble dignity’ by showing them making rash decisions about something pretty minor? Emphasizes that honor to one’s household is vital
“Love goes toward love as schoolboys from their books” C: Romeo to Juliet about not wanting to say goodbye, in Juliet’s garden, after they make plans to get married A: Although lovers enthusiastically go towards each other, as children enthusiastically run from their books/school, children are less educated the more they run from their books, and lovers can have their vision clouded by their strong emotions L: Prose T: possessive lust is apparent again, as the language of love is no longer in use in their conversation, and both Romeo and Juliet refuse to allow each other to go AI: Romeo and Juliet’s love is not fully developed yet, as seen in their possessiveness. Foreshadows that Romeo and Juliet will make rash decisions based on their supposed love because of their clouded vision mentioned earlier.
“These violent delights have violent ends” C: Friar Lawrence to Romeo, in the church before he marries Romeo and Juliet, addressing Romeo’s statement of being content with death once he has Juliet as his own A: allusion to the humor of phlegm, which is the part of the humors cycle that applies to the age of Friar Lawrence, which revolves around caution. Allusion/foreshadowing to Romeo/Juliet’s death. L: Use of irony – foreshadows the violent ending of their marriage that Friar Lawrence is about to allow for the specific reason of ending violence (between Capulets and Montagues) Friar Lawrence is also warning Romeo to develop slowly, and yet Friar Lawrence is about to allow a rushed marriage between two young, and sanguine people’Violent’ is emphasized by the ‘v’ sound, indicating foreshadowing of death T: Romeo and Juliet’s strong/passionate, and quickly developed love for one another is sanguine, and Friar Lawrence realizes that it could cause the same amount of harm, as it did joy, due to its overall strength AI: Friar Lawrence is able to justify his action of allowing a rushed marriage, which in this statement he acknowledges could have violent ends, with the possibility of peace
“My poverty but not my will consents” 26. “My poverty but not my will consents” (V, i, 79) C: The apothecary in an apothecary, in response to Romeo asking for poison in exchange for a large sum of money A: alludes to Elizabethan era of the rich-poor gap, how the rich are able to bend the law through their money in any way, while the poor have to break the law in order to survive?Rich (Romeo) does not support cultural hegemony as enforcers of the law by pushing the apothecary to break the law by selling poison L: Passive sentence (instead of saying my will consents to my poverty, which is active) means that he’s accept his lot in life (transition to theme of fate)There’s no really flowery language, so it reflects the coarser tones of the public (nonrich)So, it’s not really funny, meant to be stark, bucket of water in face T: Although the apothecary is acting under his own free will, society/ the economy still affects his decision because although if he did have money to spare he would not sell Romeo the potion, his dire needs (of money) cause him to accept death ( of another) – which is what Romeo is doing, only his dire need in his perspective consists of having Juliet AI: Perhaps to give the upperclass a perspective on the desperateness of the lower class?Romeo breaks the cultural hegemony of having a masculine death, by poisoning himself – considered effeminate/cowardly
“I would the fool were married to her grave” C: Lady Capulet to Capulet in Juliet’s chambers, informing her husband about Juliet’s recent refusal to marry Paris A: The scenario is similar to Queen Elizabeth I, because Juliet is the last of her line, and is also single. Audience members would realize that Juliet alludes to Queen Elizabeth, and that Lady Capulet’s mean sentiment makes the audience think: Juliet should be able to do what she want, and the audience will apply it to Queen Elizabeth? (There was this ‘love scandal’ where Queen Elizabeth wanted to marry Robert Dudley but couldn’t because the nobility would threaten to rise and attack) L: Iambic pentameter to put emphasis on the spite Lady Capulet holds for her daughter for not fulfilling Lady Capulet’s wishes of obediently marrying a wealthy man T: Lady Capulet lusts for the money her daughter can give her through a dowry, instead of loving her daughter and wanting happiness for her daughter – does not allow Juliet to have a free will (which is denied by being coerced into marriage, and being basically locked up for her entire life) AI: Foreshadows how Juliet will literally die instead of marry Paris
“O, happy dagger,/ This is thy sheath. There rust, and let me die” C: Juliet’s soliloquy/ speech to Romeo’s dagger (?) about her impending suicide, over Romeo’s corpse, within the Capulets’ tomb A: Breaks the cultural hegemony by being stronger than Romeo by killing herself with a dagger, in contrast to Romeo committing suicide with poison (Simultaneously upholds the sentiment of the strength of women, such as is seen in Queen Elizabeth) L: Juliet speaking in soliloquy helps translate to the audience her internal struggle and mental process to her strong feelings on why suicide is the best option for her T: Because of Juliet’s lack of free will, restrained lifestyle, and lack of love from her parents, and now lack of her lover, Juliet decides suicide is her escape from her unhappy life AI: Throughout the three days of the play, Juliet experiences the humors cycle, and in this last situation, she has reached the humor of black bile, which is rigid death – would be symbolic if Juliet stabbed herself in the spleen, where black bile derives from (not sure where she does stab herself – maybe stomach?)
“Thy head is full of quarrels as an egg is full of meat…” C: Mercutio to Benvolio in the streets of Verona, after Romeo and Juliet have gotten married, about Benvolio’s temperament A: Mercutio is implying the Benvolio has a large amount of choler, as he is aggressive and quick to be offended L: Simile that compares Benvolio’s thought process to be as scrambled and unstructured as the inside of an egg T: free will/ lust for violence to want to start fights AI: Demonstrates Mercutio’s sanguineness as he is clever and quick with insults
“But you shall bear the burden soon at night.” C: Juliet’s nurse to Juliet in Juliet’s chambers, about Juliet’s wedding night with Romeo, after the nurse informs Juliet about Romeo’s wedding plans, A: Juliet will have to bear the burden of losing one of her heavenly virtues – chastity (?) L: Sexual pun on ‘bear the burden” – means both ‘do you own work’, and ‘bear the weight of your lover’ the nurse is insinuating that tonight – Juliet’s wedding night – Romeo and Juliet will have sex where it will be up to Juliet, and not the nurse(?) T: Romeo and Juliet plan to fully bind their marriage/love with the intimacy of sex – potentially relates to lust AI: Potentially could be placing Juliet into a different perspective, as when she has sex she will be pushed down – further away from the heavens, and lose of her virginity (which is considered holy)
“Wisely, and slow. They stumble that run fast” C: Friar Lawrence to Romeo about pacing his relationships, in the church, after agreeing to marry Romeo and Juliet A: could be an allusion to how babies who cannot walk well (and therefore stumble), are considered sanguine, which is the humor of love, and fast-flowing blood – basically saying fast- paced love is unstable (as a fast-paced child) L: Irony as Friar Lawrence admits to Romeo when Romeo first tells Friar Lawrence of his new love that he thinks that Romeo is too fickle in his romantic relationships (guilty of the sin lust), however he still carries out the destructive action of rushedly marrying the sanguine lovers. T: Friar Lawrence acts under his own free will when carrying out the action of marrying Romeo and Juliet, and therefore holds at least partial responsibility for the tragedy that occurs as a result (partially why Prince Escalus kills him) AI: To assist audience in realizing the absurdly fast development of Romeo and Juliet’s relationship?
“I do beseech you, sir, have patience./ Your looks are pale and wild and do import/ Some misadventure” C: Balthasar to Romeo, in Mantua, in concerned response to Romeo expressing his want to go to the corpse of Juliet A: Balthasar is a biblical allusion to the three wise men, as Balthasar’s words are very intelligent, and could have potentially stopped the tragedy from unfurling – Romeo’s paleness indicate that his humors are imbalanced – may foreshadow his death L: Iambic pentameter for emphasis on Balthasar’s desperate tone? Short, choppy, sentences, infers to great hurry, less poetic. T: Romeo has responsibility for doing the rather illogical/ tragically unnecessary action of going to Juliet’s tomb and committing suicide, as he was warned – by Balthasar – that there were likely to be unfortunate circumstances, and he actively decides to go out and do his will anyways – evidence of self love? AI: Foreshadows that Romeo will indeed experience a misadventure – resulting in death

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