Romeo and Juliet Elements/Devices Examples

Allusion “Gallop apace, you fiery footed steeds,/Towards Phoebus’ lodging; such a waggoner/As Phaeton would whip you to the west,” Juliet
Repetition “A bawd, a bawd, a bawd! So ho!”Mercutio
Pun “Marry, that marry is the very theme/I came to talk of. Tell me, daughter Juliet/How stands your disposition to be married.” Lady Capulet
Pun “Ask for me tomorrow and you will find me a grave man.” Mercutio
Repetition “Ah, well-a-day! He’s dead., he’s dead, he’s dead…Alack the day! He’s gone he’s killed, he’s dead!” Nurse
Pun “You have dancing shoes/With nimble soles; I have a soul of lead/So stakes me to the ground so I can’t move.”Romeo
Oxymoron “Oh heavy lightness! …Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health!” Romeo.
Hyperbole “A thousand times good-night!” Juliet
Hyperbole “I will not fail; ’tis twenty year till then.” Juliet
Metaphor “But soft! What light through yonder window breaks?/It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.” Romeo
Malapropism “If you be he, sir, I desire some confidence with you.” Nurse
Personification “Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,Who is already sick and pale with grief…”Romeo
Metaphor “Oh that I were a glove upon that hand, /That I might touch that cheek!” Romeo
Metaphor “Good King of Cats, nothing but one of your nine lives.” Mercutio
Hyperbole “No ’tis not so deep as a well, nor so wide as a church door, but ’tis enough, ’twill serve.” Mercutio Says his stab wound is not that bad.
Simile “Without is roe, like a dead herring; O flesh, flesh, how art though fishified.” Mercutio
Simile “Methinks I see thee, now thou art below,/As one dead in the bottom of a tomb.”
Foil Benvolio’s character is a foil to Tybalt’s character.
Soliloquy “Oh Romeo, Romeo Wherefore art though Romeo? Deny thy father and refuse they name.”This starts Juliet’s speech when she thinks that she is alone.
Prologue This is the sonnet that begins the play and foretells what will happen.
Sonnet The prologue that begins the play is in this format.
Dramatic Irony When the audience knows that Juliet is just asleep, but no other characters beside the Friar know.
Foreshadowing “Please Mercutio, let’s go. It’s hot, the Capulet are around, and if we meet them, there’ll be a fight.” Benvolio
Oxymoron “Dove-feathered raven! Wolvish ravening lamb!”Juliet
Foreshadowing “O God, I have an ill-divinig soul! Me thinks I see thee, now thou art below, As one dead in the bottom of a tomb.” Juliet
Alliteration “When the sun sets, the earth doth drizzle dew;”Lord Capulet “With love’s light wings did I o’erperch these walls.” Romeo

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