Romeo and Juliet campbell

prince “if you ever disturb our streets again, your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace.”
nurse “thou wast the prettiest babe that e’er i nursed. and i might live to see thee married once, i have my wish”
mercutio “oh then i see queen mab hath been with you. she is the fairies’ midwife.”
romeo “for my mind misgives some consequence, yet hanging in the stars, shall bitterly begin his fearful date with this night’s revels.
romeo “o she doth teach the torches to burn bright! it seems she hangs upon the cheek of night as a rich jewel in an ethiop’s ear–“
juliet “my only love sprung from my only hate.”
Juliet “What’s in a name? that which we call a rose/By any other name would smell as sweet.”
friar Lawrence “love moderately”
romeo “he jests at scars that never felt a wound”
romeo “but, soft! what light through yonder window breaks?”
Friar Lawrence “wisely and slow. they stumble that run fast.”
nurse “jesus, what haste! can you not stay awhile? do you not see that i am out of breath?”
friar lawrence “these violent delights have violent ends and in their triumph die, like fire and powder, which, as they kiss, consume.”
mercutio “a plague a both your houses! they have made worms’ meat of me.”
prince “let romeo hence in haste, else, when he is found, that hour is his last.”
juliet “o God, i have an ill-divining soul! methinks i see thee, now thou art so low, as one dead in the bottom of a tomb.”
juliet “i’ll to the friar to know his remedy. if all else fail, myself have power to die.”
Juliet “nurse, will you go with me into my closet/to help me sort such needful ornaments/as you think fit to furnish me tomorrow?”
friar lawrence “to wanny ashes, thy eyes’ windows fall like death when he shuts up the day of life…”
capulet “my heart is wondrous light, since this same wayward girl is so reclaimed”
juliet “i have a faint cold fear thrills through my veins that almost freezes up the heat of life.”
capulet “death lies on her like an untimely frost upon the sweetest flower of all the field.”
nurse “o day, o day, o day! o hateful day!…”
Romeo “i love thee better than myself,/ for i come hither armed against myself.”?
Prince Escalus “where be these enemies?”
friar lawrence “unhappy fortune! the letter was not nice, but full of charge, of dear import…”
romeo “thus with a kiss i die.”
juliet “o churl! drunk all, and left no friendly drop to help me after? i will kiss thy lips…”
juliet “o happy dagger! this is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die.”
prince “see, what a scourge is laid upon your hate, that heaven finds means to kill your joys with love, and i for winking at your discords too have lost a brace of kinsmen: all are punish’d.”
What is the gist of the conversation between the servants of the house of Capulet and the house of Montague? Who serves the better man.
Which character tries to break up the fight? Which character insists on continuing it? Benvolio tries to break up the fight and Tybalt tries to continue it.
Contrast the relationship between Lord and Lady Capulet with the one between Lord and Lady Montague. Lord Capulet doesn’t respect Lady Capulet. Lady Montague is in charge.
What is Romeo’s problem? (ACT I) He fell in love with Rosaline. She doesn’t love him back and she is going to be a virgin her whole life.
What does Lord Capulet tell Paris about marrying Juliet? He needs to wait 2 years and he also has to try and woo Juliet.
How do Romeo and Benvolio find out about the Capulet party? One of the Capulet’s servants cant read and asks them to read the list, then she mistakenly invites them.
Why does Benvolio want Romeo to go? Why does Romeo want to go? Benvolio wants Romeo to go because he says he needs new beauty to look at. Rome wants to go because he sees Rosaline’s name on the list.
Contrast the relationship between Juliet and her mother to the one between Juliet and her nurse. Juliet likes her nurse more than her mother because her nurse is the one who raised her. She trusts the nurse. Her mom is self-centered and doesn’t truly know her.
What is the purpose of the Queen Mab speech? It shows how everything you want is not what you expect.
What do we learn about Mercutio? He is a distant cousin of the Capulets but also a friend of Romeo. He is a partier, jokester, and is disrespectful towards women.
What was Romeo’s dream about? (Be accurate). Something bad was going to start at the dance and it was going to end in death. Someone is going to die an early death because of the party. he saw it in the stars.
What is Romeo’s first impression of Juliet? How is this ironic? She was the most beautiful person he had ever seen and he said he was in love with her. This is ironic because he just said that about Rosaline right before he met Juliet.
What lines let us know that the “infatuation” is serious? The part where Romeo and Juliet say they would die without each other
Describe the potential danger in a relationship between R and J. Their families hate each other and are enemies. Juliet is about to get engaged to Paris.
In the opening scene of the Act, how does Mercutio attempt to “conjure” Romeo? He starts calling Rosaline’s name and says sexual things about her.
Why is Mercutio’s speech ironic? He doesn’t know Romeo is over Rosaline.
What does Romeo mean when he says that Mercutio “jests at scars that never felt a wound”? Mercutio has never been in love before.
What celestial things does Romeo compare Juliet to in this opening soliloquy? What do these comparisons suggest? Compares her to the sun, the stars, the moon, the heavens. Suggests that she is not mortal, she is better than everyone else.
What does Juliet mean by the “what’s in a name” speech? Names don’t mean anything to her. She is willing to give up her name and change it so she can be with Romeo.
Give two quotations to demonstrate Juliet’s more practical nature; give two to demonstrate Romeo’s more romantic nature. Juliet: 1) “and the place death, considering who thou at of any of my kinsmen find thee here” 2) “If they do see thee they will murder thee.” Romeo: 1) “And what love can do, that dares love attempt”2) “Alack, there lies more peril in thine eye than twenty of their swords”
What technical arrangements do the two lovers make before they part? Juliet will send a messenger to Romeo tomorrow at 9 am. He needs to decide if he wants to marry her and he needs to tell the messenger where and when.
What does Juliet mean by comparing Romeo to a bird? Why would she cherish killing it? She wants him close to her like a pet bird a child keeps on a string, so she can control him. She would kill him by hugging him too much.
How is “parting such sweet sorrow”? Which of the literary terms that you’ve studied pertain to this quote? It’s sad to say goodbye, but sweet because we know she will see Romeo again. Oxymoron.
What is the significance of Friar Laurence’s soliloquy? He was questioning if all things had good and evil in them.
What good advice does the Friar offer that Romeo does not take? He tells him to go wisely and slowly and that those who rush stumble and fall.
Benvolio thinks Romeo will stand up to the challenge offered by Tybalt, why doesn’t Mercutio think he will? Mercutio doesn’t think he is man enough to accept Tybalt’s challenge because he was just shot by Cupid’s arrow and is still sad and depressed about Rosaline not loving him back.
Mercutio also makes fun of Romeo in this scene. What does he say to insult Romeo? He makes fun of his name and love sickness.
What does Mercutio mean when he asks Romeo “isn’t this better than groaning for love”? How do we see Romeo behaving differently in this scene than we have seen him before? Why do you think he is acting so differently? He is saying that this joking is better than groaning about love. He is happier because he is over Rosaline and has moved on and ready to marry Juliet. He is in love.
What are some of the ways in which the boys make fun of the nurse? They make fun of her by calling her an old hair ***** and a prostitute.
With whom is the nurse angry? Why isn’t she angry with Romeo? She is angry that Mercutio treated her like one of his loose women or his gangsterlike friends. She isn’t angry with him because Juliet loves him so she wants to make sure that his love is genuine.
What technical arrangements do the Nurse and Romeo make in the end of the scene? Romeo and Juliet will get married that afternoon at Friar Laurence’s cell. Tell everyone they are going to confession and one of Romeo’s servants will bring a ladder to Juliet’s house so Romeo can come that night and spend the night.
Why does Juliet grow impatient with the Nurse in scene 5? Why might the Nurse want to aggravate Juliet a little bit here? How is the Nurse’s behavior in this scene characteristic? (Where have we seen her tell stories this way before?) She first tricks Juliet by walking into the room with a sad face. Then she stalls for a while by complaining about how much her back hurts and other pointless stuff. She would want to aggravate her to see how much Juliet really loves Romeo. This scene shows how quickly she can get off task. She rambles. We have seen this before when she told the story in Act I about Juliet when she was a baby.
How does Romeo tempt fate in scene 6? (With what line?) He says that love can kill him as long as he gets to call Juliet his. Lines 7-8
What advice does Friar Laurence offer Romeo and Juliet about their haste and all-consuming love? How is it prophetic? Violent delights have violent ends.
Mercutio is a very loud person who loves to be the center of attention by any means possible (which often includes making fun of others). In what way does Mercutio tease Benvolio? Mercutio teases Benvolio and says that he would never be able to fight. They argue about whether or not Romeo will accept the challenge that Tybalt has given him.
Why does Romeo not want to fight Tybalt? Tybalt is his cousin-in-law now. Tybalt doesn’t know this though and lashes out. Romeo doesn’t really want to be the one that is the cause of death of his love’s cousin.
When Mercutio and Tybalt actually begin fighting, what does Romeo do? What is the outcome of this sword fight? Romeo calmly tells them to put their weapons up and to stop the fight. This just causes Tybalt to reach around and stab Mercutio and kill him.
As Mercutio lies dying, what does he say to Romeo (three times)? Mercutio tells Romeo, “O plague a both your houses!”
After Mercutio exits, why is Romeo angry at himself? What does he do to remedy the situation? Romeo is angry because Tybalt just killed his best friend. Romeo goes to fight Tybalt knowing that one of them wouldn’t live.
What does the Prince rule as Romeo’s punishment? Explain the reasons that Romeo is not put to death. Romeo is exiled instead of punished because Mercutio was related to the Prince and Mercutio was Romeo’s friend.
Once Juliet finds out about Tybalt’s death at the hands of Romeo, why does she use oxymorons to describe Romeo? She is mad about Tybalt’s death but doesn’t want to call Romeo, her love, a killer.
After the nurse becomes upset and blames Romeo for all the bad fortune (in line 85) how does Juliet’s demeanor and attitude toward Romeo change? Juliet feels bad for being mad at Romeo.
What do the following lines spoken by Juliet mean? “Take up those cords. Poor ropes, you are beguiled…He made you for a highway to my bed; but I, a maid die maiden-widowed. Come, cords, come nurse, I’ll to my wedding bed; and death, not Romeo, take my maidenhead!” She is saying that she would rather be dead then to live without Romeo.
Why does Friar Laurence become angry with Romeo in this scene? He becomes angry because Romeo isn’t looking at the good side of the situation. He is only looking at the part that he cant be with Juliet, not the fact that he is still living.
What plan does the Friar help Romeo to create about his future? Romeo is to leave the city until Friar Laurence can fix the problem.
Why do you think Lord Capulet is so eager to have his daughter married to Paris so quickly? Was he always this eager to have her marry Paris? He wants to see his daughter get married and he wants to see his grandkids so he is forcing this marriage on her. No, he was not always this eager.
Explain Romeo and Juliet’s debate about the nightingale and the lark. What are they talking about? Romeo wants it to be the lark. Juliet wants it to be the nightingale because then Romeo won’t have to leave. They are about the birds.
Why does Juliet eventually encourage Romeo to leave her room? Romeo will be killed by anyone who sees him.
Explain the incident of foreshadowing as Romeo leaves Juliet’s apartment. When Juliet tells Romeo that she saw him as a dead person in a grave as he is leaving.
Ironically, just as Romeo is leaving, what news is Lady Capulet coming to deliver to Juliet? Lady Capulet is going to tell Juliet that she and her father have come to an agreement, and they agredd that Juliet will marry Paris.
What does Lord Capulet threaten to do if Juliet will not marry Paris? Lord Capulet threatens to kick Juliet out of his house and not give her anything ever again. He threatens that she will be dead to him and might as well be if she doesn’t marry Paris.
Juliet realizes she cannot get help from her mother, so she turns to her nurse for advice. What is the nurse’s advice and how does Juliet react? Her nurse’s advice is to just marry Paris. It is what her parents want and she doesn’t want them to just be all gahhhhh anymore so she just tells her to marry Paris because he is alive and in the city and isn’t banished unlike Romeo. Juliet is furious with the advice given and says she is going see Friar Laurence to “go confess her sins because she felt “oh so terrible for being so rude to her dad. Lies. She is going get his advice about the situation, him bring her little chopped up stars in the sky’s best bud in the city.
Juliet realizes she cannot get help from her mother, so she turns to her nurse for advice. What is the nurse’s advice and how does Juliet react? The nurse thinks that she should just marry Paris because she most likely will never see Romeo again. That is not what she wanted to hear, so she says she can never trust the nurse again.
Explain Friar Laurence’s plan. 1) Go home & tell parents that she will marry Paris2) Drink the vial3) She will appear dead, but will really just be unconscious for 42 hours4) He will tell Romeo the plan5) Wait for her to wake up
When Juliet tells her father that she is now willing to marry Paris, what is her father’s reaction? Why does he decide to change the plan for the wedding? He is happy and rejoices. He is so excited that she was going to marry Paris that he decided to move up the date.
Name three things that Juliet fears before she drinks Friar Laurence’s potion. She is afraid that 1.) It won’t work and she doesn’t fall asleep, 2.) The potion kills her, 3.) No one comes to get her when she is put in the tomb
Describe Juliet’s parents’ reaction to her death. How is it ironic? They freak out and are all sad because they said that she was their only child and they loved her so much. This is ironic because they were ready to kill and disown her 2 days ago because she disobeyed them.
What admonishment does the Friar give Juliet’s parents about their reaction to her death? (look up admonishment if you don’t know what it means) He plays along that it is such a tragedy and he comforts them even though he knows she really isn’t dead.
In line 91-95, the Friar says, “The heavens do lower upon you for some ill; move them no more by crossing their high will.” What does this mean? In these lines, what advice is he giving the Capulets? He is pretty much saying that because of the Capulet and Montague fight Juliet is dead. He gives them advice saying that they should make up with the Montagues.
How is Romeo’s dream in scene 1 act 5 prophetic? Romeo says that he imagines himself being dead and Juliet kissing him to breathe new life into him – the only part of this that comes true is Juliet seeing him dead.
What plan does Romeo make in order to be with his beloved Juliet? He plans to take a poison that will kill him quickly, and he will do this next to Juliet in the Capulet tomb.
Why does the apothecary agree to sell Romeo the poison? He agrees because he is desperate for the money – not because he feels it is the right thing to do.
Why does Romeo say that gold is a worse poison to men’s souls than actual medicinal poison? He thinks that money is a much greater evil that actual poison because it “poisons” men’s souls.
Why doesn’t Friar Laurence’s letter reach Romeo in Mantua? How does this add to the tragic outcome of the play? He sent Friar John to bring the letter to Mantua, and he was unable to get into the town because John and the Friar that was with him had been exposed to people who might have the plague.
What are Paris’s true feelings for Juliet? What actions in this scene help to show these feelings? He appears to have truly committed to her – possibly even loved her in the only way he could. He didn’t know her well enough to truly love her, but he was committed to spending his life with her, and he shows this when he vows to go to the tomb each night.
How does Romeo act when around Balthasar? What does this type of emotion show about his current state of mind? He acts “wildly”, like a mad man. He is clearly not in a rational state of mind, he is not thinking clearly, much like after Tybalt killed Mercutio. He is being impulsive and immature.
What does Paris believe Romeo is doing when he sees him at the grave site? Paris believes he is there to disgrace the Capulet tomb in some way.
Why does Romeo agree to lay Paris beside Juliet in the grave? He feels bad for so many people being killed at his and Juliet’s expense, and he realizes that Paris must have loved her.
What is ironic about Romeo’s comments on Juliet’s beauty shortly before he kills himself? What type of irony is most strongly represented in this scene? He notices that there is color in her lips and cheeks – he thinks it’s because Death was unable to take her beauty from her, but it’s really because she is about to wake up. DRAMATIC IRONY.
Once Juliet awakes, what does Friar Laurence suggest for Juliet’s future plan (now that both Romeo and Paris are dead)? He says that she would be best off in a ‘nunnery” – a convent.
How is Juliet’s death characteristic of her? In what ways is it out of character as we know her? It is characteristic of her because she has said all along that if she couldn’t be with Romeo, she would rather be dead; it is Uncharacteristic of her because normally she toils with herself before she makes a decision – she tends to whine and be wishy-washy. But this time she just does it.
Who ultimately takes the blame for all of the tragedy? (this is a tricky question – think carefully!!) Friar Laurence, Lord Capulet and Lord Montague and even the Prince because he let the feud go on for so long.
What comfort is the audience supposed to take from the ending of the play? What promises do Capulet and Montague make? We are supposed to feel like Romeo and Juliet didn’t die in vain, because at least the feud between the families has ended and no one else will die. The two families promise to erect statues in honor of each other’s children.
What does the Prince mean when he says “some shall be pardoned and some punished?” Whom do you think should be pardoned? Who should be punished? Has anyone been punished enough? Some people will not be formally punished, and some will be punished because they have lost family members, some will go to jail (don’t know who); the Friar deserves a harsh punishment because of his involvement; the Nurse deserves to at least lose her job because she was dishonest with the Capulets.
Do you think that the tragedy at the end of the play is more a result of free will and choices or of fate and coincidence? I think it was free will and personal choices because they chose to get married and Romeo chose to fight Tybalt. And then Romeo and Juliet were dumb enough to kill themselves just because the other one was dead. Romeo didn’t have to go and buy poison right when he found out about Juliet’s death. He could have waited and really thought about it.
In a tragedy, the climax is that moment when we feel overcome with horror, sadness, fear or regret. The climax of Shakespearean plays always comes in the final act. Which part of Act V do you think is the climax? What were your feelings at that moment? The climax was Romeo takes the poison, Juliet wakes up and stabs herself; I felt anger, horror, etc
What does Romeo & Juliet reveal to you about the destructive effects of hatred? In a few sentences state the theme of the play as you see it. Hatred can kill people. Even today, hatred has more frequently been causing young people to commit suicide when they are picked on and tormented in school by their peers. The theme is love and hate: the power of love, and the destructive power of hate
What Literary Term is this?: a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication. Allusion
What Literary Term is this?: obvious and intentional exaggeration. Hyperbole
What Literary Term is this?: a play on words. Pun
What Literary Term is this?: a figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect, as in “cruel kindness” or “to make haste slowly”. Oxymoron
What Literary Term is this?: a metaphor introduced and then further developed throughout all or part of a literary work, especially a poem. Extended Metaphor
What Literary Term is this?: to prevent the success of. Foil
What Literary Term is this?: an utterance or discourse by a person who is talking to himself or herself or is disregardful of or oblivious to any hearers present (often used as a device in drama to disclose a character’s innermost thoughts). Soliloquy
Where and when was Shakespeare born? April 23rd, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon.
Did Shakespeare ever get married? If so, to whom? Yes, Anne Hathaway
What day did he die? What is unusual about this date? April 23rd, 1616, its his birthday
What did he leave his wife in his will? “his second best bed”
What were the two major religions in Elizabethan England? Catholic and Protestant
Which monarchs reigned during this time? When? Queen Mary I (1553-1558) and Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603)
How did each Monarch treat those who did not follow their favored religion? Queen Mary I was Catholic and persecuted Protestants for their beliefs. Queen Elizabeth I on the other hand restored Protestantism as the official religion and firmly believed that people should be allowed to practice the Catholic religion without fear.
Why did Queen Elizabeth ban performances of religious plays and stories? to stop all the violence that religion caused
What was the Elizabethan Period? the age of the Renaissance that began new ideas and new thinking
When was the Elizabethan period? the time of Queen Elizabeth and the Renaissance
What was the most significant invention of this time and why? The printing press; It increased knowledge, learning, and interest in sciences.
What did the printing press lead to a renewed interest in? supernatural things such as witches
During this Elizabethan Period, what were unexplained events blamed on? witches
What was the Chain of Being and what did it uphold? the concept that everything in the world has its own place. It held up the social status.
What is the Rotae Fortuna? the concept in medieval and ancient philosophy referring to the nature of fate.
What social classes were most members of the audience? All
What was their typical behavior during performance? They were obnoxious and very involved. If they ever saw something they liked or didn’t like they would throw vegetables at the stage.
How much did they pay for admission? anywhere from a penny to 12 pennies
What did they like to see in a play? How did this affect the writing of the plays? They wanted to see intense scenes, action, scandal, sex, violence, and exciting scenes. They liked to see good acting, with simple speech and pompous costumes, because they wanted to escape from their day-to-day life.
What are acting companies? Groups of men who practiced and preformed plays together for the nobility and the upper class
What were the acting companies purpose? Preform for the rich people in England.
What were the names of some of the most successful acting companies? Lord Chamberlin’s Men and the King’s Men
With which acting companies was Shakespeare associated? He was associated with The Chamberlain’s Men his whole life. He also owned shares in the company.
What was the first public theater in England? The Great Theatre
How did the Globe come to be? Moved the great theater across the river
What happened to the original Globe? Someone fired a cannon during a play and it caught the straw roof on fire and burned the theater down
Describe the shape, stages, look of the Globe Theater. shaped like a dome and everything was made out of timber
What was the gender of Shakespearean actors? There were only male actors
What were some of the characteristics that were important for actors during this time period? Had to have a loud voice that carried because there were no microphones. Had to be expressive and use big words.
Queen Elizabeth’s reign is an important period in history. What is another name for this period? Another name for this period is The Renaissance, The Golden Age, or The Period of Enlighten.
How did Queen Elizabeth affect the development of theater in England? She was involved with the theatre and enjoyed watching the plays. She never went to the theater to see the plays. She was the queen, so the plays came to her.
What was the Renaissance? The Renaissance was one of the most creative periods in human history, comparable only to the Golden Age of Hellenic Athens in the fifth century before Christ.
What kind of interaction did the queen have with Shakespeare? She was not his patron but she did pay for some of his works.
What are the characteristics of a Shakespearean tragedy? 1.) Character is of noble status. 2.) Tragic hero is cursed with a tragic flaw that will eventually lead to their downfall 3.) The downfall of the character is not entirely deserved 4.) The tragic hero gains an increase in awareness, a sort of epiphany, before the end, realizing where they went wrong, or learning an important lesson from the situation. 5.) Tragic hero dies.

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