Romeo and Juliet Acts 3-5 Study Guide

Why do you think Tybalt approaches Mercutio and Benvolio and want a “word” with them? B/c he wants revenge from when Romeo crashed the Capulet party.
Mercutio tries to provoke Tybalt to fight. Why doesn’t Tybalt want to fight him? He really has nothing against Mercutio, and because he doesn’t want to get in trouble with the law. His main goal is to find and duel Romeo, so he doesn’t really want to waste time on his friends.
After Tybalt insults Romeo, Romeo responds with lines 58-61. Explain his lines. What is the “Reason”: Romeo has for ignoring the insult? Lines 58-61: “Tybalt, the reason that I have to love thee/ Doth much excuse the appertaining rage/ To such a greeting. Villain am I none./ Therefore farewell. I see thou knowest me not.” B/c Romeo is now married to Juliet, he doesn’t want to fight her cousin.
Explain lines 64-68 and the dramatic irony of the situation. Lines 64-68: “Romeo: I do protest I never injured thee,/ But love thee better than thou canst devise/ Till thou shalt know the reason of my love;/ And so, good Capulet, which name I tender/ As dearly as mine own, be satisfied” Romeo feels like they are family and that he has never done anything to hurt Tybalt. The irony is that their families are hard enemies
Why does Romeo’s answer to Tybalt’s insults upset Mercutio? What does he think Romeo is doing? He is upset that Romeo is accepting both sides, when he should be fighting for the Montagues.
Romeo tries to stop Mercutio and Tybalt from fighting by reasoning with them. Paraphrase what he says. “No, Mercutio and Tybalt! Put your swords away!”. Romeo stands in between them and accidentally causes Tybalt to stab Mercutio in the heart.
Even when he is dying, Mercutio continues to joke and make puns. Explain the pun he makes in lines 92-99. Lines 92-93 “Ask for me tomorrow, and you/ shall find me a grave man” He says he will be a grave man tomorrow, which has a two meanings; the literal meaning is that he will be in his grave tomorrow, because he is dying, and the other meaning is that tomorrow he will be sad and serious because he’ll be dead.
Mercutio repeats line 87 three times and then adds the next line. Explain what he means: “A plague 0′ both your houses!/ They have made a worm’s meat of me” He curses both the Montagues and the Capulets for his death.
What does Romeo mean when he says lines 116-117: “Alive in triumph, and Mercutio slain?/ Away to heaven respective lenity,” Someone should die for killing Mercutio. Romeo and Tybalt will fight to the death for avengeance.
After Mercutio dies, why does Romeo decide to kill Tybalt instead of accepting Mercutio’s death as an unfortunate accident? He is mad at Tybalt for killing his friend but he is also mad at himself that he didn’t fight in the first place.
What does Romeo mean in line 130? “I am fortune’s fool!” Romeo is saying that he is always unlucky; he’s putting the blame on fortune itself because he thinks he’s never at fault
What reasoning does Lady Capulet use in begging the prince for vengeance for Tybalt’s death? She wants to avenge Tybalt and have Romeo die. Because a Capulet died, a Montague must die as well.
What is Lord Montague’s reasoning in his attempt to persuade the Prince not to kill Romeo for killing Tybalt? Tybalt killed Mercutio so Tybalt would have died from the law anyways. Romeo just sped up the process.
What is the Princes’ decree and what are the reasons he gives for making it? Instead of death, Romeo will be banished to another city.
In lines 37-68 the nurse confuses Juliet as she tells Juliet of the fight. What misconception does Juliet make? Lines 37-68: “JULIET: Ay me! what news? why dost thou wring thy hands?Nurse: Ah, well-a-day! he’s dead, he’s dead, he’s dead! We are undone, lady, we are undone! Alack the day! he’s gone, he’s kill’d, he’s dead! JULIET: Can heaven be so envious?Nurse: Romeo can, Though heaven cannot: O Romeo, Romeo! Who ever would have thought it? Romeo!JULIET: What devil art thou, that dost torment me thus? This torture should be roar’d in dismal hell. Hath Romeo slain himself? say thou but ‘I,’ And that bare vowel ‘I’ shall poison more Than the death-darting eye of cockatrice: I am not I, if there be such an I; Or those eyes shut, that make thee answer ‘I.’If he be slain, say ‘I’; or if not, no:Brief sounds determine of my weal or woe.Nurse: I saw the wound, I saw it with mine eyes,– God save the mark!–here on his manly breast:A piteous corse, a bloody piteous corse; Pale, pale as ashes, all bedaub’d in blood, All in gore-blood; I swounded at the sight.JULIET: O, break, my heart! poor bankrupt, break at once!To prison, eyes, ne’er look on liberty! Vile earth, to earth resign; end motion here; And thou and Romeo press one heavy bier!Nurse: O Tybalt, Tybalt, the best friend I had! O courteous Tybalt! honest gentleman! That ever I should live to see thee dead!JULIET: What storm is this that blows so contrary? Is Romeo slaughter’d, and is Tybalt dead? My dear-loved cousin, and my dearer lord? She thinks that Romeo is dead, not Tybalt.
Highlight line 73. When Juliet receives news of Tybalt’s death, what is her first reaction? Line 73: “O God! did Romeo’s hand shed Tybalt’s blood?” She was worried that Romeo killed him, but was thinking more of Romeo’s life than Tybalt.
Highlight Juliet’s lines 90-92. When the nurse agrees with Juliet, Juliet has a different reaction to Romeo’s killing of Tybalt. Explain. Lines 90-92: “All forsworn, all naught, all dissemblers. Ah, where’s my man? give me some aqua vitae: These griefs, these woes, these sorrows make me old.” Juliet thought it was noble and defends him for being a man.
How does act 3 scene 2 end? The nurse and Juliet make plans to meet Romeo that night. She will bring Romeo to her so that they can meet. The nurse will set up a rope ladder so that Romeo can climb up. The nurse Romeo is hiding at the Friar’s so she will tell him about the plan and give him Juliet’s ring as a gift.
Highlight line 12. What is Romeo’s reaction when he learns that he has been banished? Line 12: “Ha, banishment! be merciful, say ‘death;'” He is upset and says that he would rather die than not see Juliet.
From the beginning of the play, Romeo acts impulsively. In what way is he still impulsive in this scene (lines 102-108)? Lines 102-108: “And then down falls again. As if that name, Shot from the deadly level of a gun, Did murder her; as that name’s cursed hand Murder’d her kinsman. O, tell me, friar, tell me, In what vile part of this anatomy Doth my name lodge? tell me, that I may sack The hateful mansion.” He tries to stab himself to “take out his name” because it was his name that caused his banishment and constant separation from Juliet.
Friar Laurence tells Romeo to count his blessings. What are they (line 135-140)? The Friar tells him he is handsome, has a good body, has love, wit, and perfection, and both him and Juliet are still alive, so he has no reason to be sad. Things could have been a lot worse if he had a death sentence and has no chance at all to see Juliet.
Explain Friar Laurence’s plan (lines 146-154). Send Romeo to Mantua, fake Juliet’s death, have her wake up, they can run away together
Lady Capulet misunderstands Juliet’s sadness, and Juliet does not want her to know what has happened between Romeo and Juliet. What does Juliet say about Tybalt and Romeo to keep the truth from her mother (lines 67-102)? She makes her mom think she wants to venge Tybalt’s death, and that she will not be satisfied until she knows Romeo is dead. She “agrees” to poisoning Romeo. She makes mother think she is still sad about Tybalt’s death, but really she is expressing her love for Romeo and how badly she misses him.
What is Juliet’s response when she is told the news that she is to marry Paris (lines 116-123)? How has she changed since Act 1? She immediately says no. She is far less accepting, and doesn’t want to marry Paris because she is already married to Romeo. She has already given her heart to Romeo, and now her parents are forcing her to marry somebody whom she doesn’t love. Before, she didn’t want to marry Paris, but because her parents were more understanding, and because she had more time to decide, she was more accepting of the idea. She agreed to see if she loves Paris and found Romeo instead.
What is her mother’s reaction to Juliet’s response (line 124 and lines 139-140)? Lines 139-140: “Ay, sir; but she will none, she gives you thanks. I would the fool were married to her grave!” She is confused, and then tells Juliet that she has the same opinion as her dad, which is angry.
Highlight lines 190-194. What is Lord Capulet’s response to Juliet’s refusal to marry Paris? Lines 190-194: “Look to’t, think on’t, I do not use to jest. Thursday is near; lay hand on heart, advise: An you be mine, I’ll give you to my friend; And you be not, hang, beg, starve, die in the streets” He is angry and decides if she doesn’t marry Paris on thursday, he will disown her and she will starve on the streets.
What does the Nurse advise Juliet to do (lines 212-225)? What is her reasoning? Lines 212-225: “Juliet: What say’st thou? hast thou not a word of joy? Some comfort, nurse.Nurse: Faith, here it is. Romeo is banish’d; and all the world to nothing That he dares ne’er come back to challenge you; Or, if he do, it needs must be by stealth.Then, since the case so stands as now it doth, I think it best you married with the county. O, he’s a lovely gentleman! Romeo’s a dishclout to him: an eagle, madam, Hath not so green, so quick, so fair an eye As Paris hath. Beshrew my very heart, I think you are happy in this second match, For it excels your first: or if it did not,Your first is dead; or ’twere as good he were, As living here and you no use of him.” She tells Juliet she should marry Paris because it will prevent fights between the Capulets and the Montagues. The nurse also doesn’t want to lose her job if Juliet gets disowned and there are no more children for her to look after.
After the Nurse leaves and Juliet is alone, what does Juliet decide to do (lines 240-243)? To do a confession at the Friar’s.
Why is Paris visiting Friar Laurence? To set up the wedding ceremony for him and Juliet.
Juliet tells Friar Laurence what she will do if the wedding to Paris cannot be avoided. Paraphrase Lines 50-67: “Tell me not, friar, that thou hear’st of this,Unless thou tell me how I may prevent it: If, in thy wisdom, thou canst give no help, Do thou but call my resolution wise, And with this knife I’ll help it presently. God join’d my heart and Romeo’s, thou our hands; And ere this hand, by thee to Romeo seal’d, Shall be the label to another deed, Or my true heart with treacherous revolt Turn to another, this shall slay them both: Therefore, out of thy long-experienced time, Give me some present counsel, or, behold, ‘Twixt my extremes and me this bloody knife Shall play the umpire, arbitrating that Which the commission of thy years and art Could to no issue of true honour bring. Be not so long to speak; I long to die, If what thou speak’st speak not of remedy.” She says that she’ll kill herself
Highlight lines 68-70. Paraphrase lines 68-76. The Friar says that he’s thought of a way out, but what would it require? Lines 68-76: “Hold, daughter: I do spy a kind of hope, Which craves as desperate an execution. As that is desperate which we would prevent. If, rather than to marry County Paris, Thou hast the strength of will to slay thyself, Then is it likely thou wilt undertake A thing like death to chide away this shame, That copest with death himself to scape from it: And, if thou darest, I’ll give thee remedy.” Friar tells her that she can drink a potion to make her appear dead, which will get her out of marrying Paris, but will also cause her family much pain (but juliet does not consider this because she is too preoccupied with her love for Romeo)
What is Juliet’s answer to the Friar in her effort to convince him that she will do anything to avoid the marriage to Paris? She says that she would stab herself or jump off a tower
Summarize Friar Laurence’s plan as described in lines 89-120. Lines 89-120: “Hold, then; go home, be merry, give consent To marry Paris: Wednesday is to-morrow: To-morrow night look that thou lie alone; Let not thy nurse lie with thee in thy chamber: Take thou this vial, being then in bed, And this distilled liquor drink thou off; When presently through all thy veins shall run A cold and drowsy humour, for no pulse Shall keep his native progress, but surcease:No warmth, no breath, shall testify thou livest; The roses in thy lips and cheeks shall fade To paly ashes, thy eyes’ windows fall, Like death, when he shuts up the day of life; Each part, deprived of supple government, Shall, stiff and stark and cold, appear like death: And in this borrow’d likeness of shrunk death Thou shalt continue two and forty hours, And then awake as from a pleasant sleep. Now, when the bridegroom in the morning comes To rouse thee from thy bed, there art thou dead: Then, as the manner of our country is, In thy best robes uncover’d on the bier Thou shalt be borne to that same ancient vault Where all the kindred of the Capulets lie. In the mean time, against thou shalt awake, Shall Romeo by my letters know our drift, And hither shall he come: and he and I Will watch thy waking, and that very night Shall Romeo bear thee hence to Mantua. And this shall free thee from this present shame; If no inconstant toy, nor womanish fear, Abate thy valour in the acting it.” Juliet will drink a potion that will make it seem like she is dead. This potion will last for 48 hours, so that during that time, her parents will think she is dead and bury her. The Friar will send for Romeo, and they will wait together for Juliet to wake up. After she wakes up Romeo and Juliet will run away to Mantua together
Paraphrase Juliet’s response to her father and why she responds this way? She says that she is sorry for being disobedient, and promises that she will obey him from then on. She also agrees to marry Paris, which is what her father really wants.
Paraphrase Juliet’s comments to nurse (lines 1-5) and her mother (lines 7-12) is scene 3 of act 4 Lines 1-5: “Ay, those attires are best: but, gentle nurse, I pray thee, leave me to myself to-night, For I have need of many orisons To move the heavens to smile upon my state, Which, well thou know’st, is cross, and full of sin.” Lines 7-12: “No, madam; we have cull’d such necessaries As are behoveful for our state to-morrow: So please you, let me now be left alone, And let the nurse this night sit up with you; For, I am sure, you have your hands full all, In this so sudden business.” That she wants to pray for forgiveness
List Juliet’s worries before she drinks the potion That it won’t work, that it is real poison, that she’ll wake in the tomb before Romeo and Friar get there, that she’ll see Tybalt’s ghost attack Romeo.
Who discovers Juliet in her bed? Nurse
Paraphrase the Friar’s words in lines 72- 76. Why do you think he says this to Juliet’s parents? Lines 72-76: “That you run mad, seeing that she is well: She’s not well married that lives married long; But she’s best married that dies married young. Dry up your tears, and stick your rosemary On this fair corse; and, as the custom is” Says she is in a better place now to comfort the parents.
In what ways does Lord Capulet compare what might have been to what will be? He compares what would have been celebration for the wedding but now they will be mourning for her funeral.
What premonition does Romeo have at the beginning of this scene (lines 1-11)? He dreams that somebody was going to bring joyful news soon, and that Juliet will find him dead and kiss him to bring him back to life. In the story, Juliet does find Romeo dead, but doesn’t bring him back to life, instead she kills herself as well.
What news does Balthazar bring? How does this disrupt the Friar’s plan? He tells Romeo that Juliet is dead, so Romeo goes to her grave and kills himself before the Friar can explain.
Highlight line 24 in act 5 scene 1. Paraphrase. Why is this a brazen thing to say? Line 24: “Is it even so? then I defy you, stars!” He is blaming fate for his misfortunes. This is brazen because you cannot defy fate.
What does Romeo decide to do after he hears Balthazar’s story (lines 34-57)? He decides to buy poison and kill himself beside Juliet.
What story does Friar John tell Friar Laurence as explanation as to why he could not deliver the letter to Romeo? He explains that there was an outbreak of plague, and he was unable to deliver the letter.
Highlight lines 91-96. What does Romeo notice about Juliet? Explain the dramatic irony. Lines 91-96: “Call this a lightning? O my love! my wife! Death, that hath suck’d the honey of thy breath, Hath had no power yet upon thy beauty: Thou art not conquer’d; beauty’s ensign yet Is crimson in thy lips and in thy cheeks, And death’s pale flag is not advanced there.” He notices that she is dead, but she is still so beautiful, as if she were still alive. This is ironic because she is in fact alive, which is why she looks so good.
Highlight line 167. What does Juliet realize about the situation? Line 167: ” Thy lips are warm.” His lips are still warm meaning he died recently.
Highlight lines 169-170. Explain the lines. Lines 169-170: “Yea, noise? then I’ll be brief. O happy dagger! This is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die.” Juliet stabs herself. She becomes the sheath for the dagger b/c it’s in her.
Explain the prince’s words in lines 286-295. He believes the Friar’s story b/c Romeo’s letter confirms everything, even how he died (w/ poison). blames the families for the deaths.

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