Romeo and Juliet Act IV Vocabulary

Inundate v. to cover with water, to flood, to overflow, to overwhelm; inundation n. an overflow, a floodAct IV, scene i (n.) “Now, sir, her father counts it dangerousThat she do give her sorrow so much sway,And in his wisdom hastes our marriageTo stop the inundation of her tears…”
Pensive adj. deeply thoughtful, meditative, reflective Act IV, scene i “My leisure serves me, pensive daughter, now.”
Resolute adj. characterized by a decided purpose, staunch, steadfast, determined; resolution n. a formal expression of opinion or intentionAct IV, scene i (n.) “If in thy wisdom thou canst give no help, Do thou but call my resolution wiseAnd with this knife I’ll help it presently.”
Treachery n. violation of faith; betrayal of trust, treason, disloyalty; treacherous adj. faithless, disloyal, treasonousAct IV, scene I (adj.)”God join’d my heart and Romeo’s, thou our hands;And ere this hand, by thee to Romeo’s seal’d,Shall be the label to another deed,Or my true heart with treacherous revoltTurn to another, this shall slay them both.”
Supple adj. Easily bent, elastic, pliable, resilient Act IV, scene i “Take thou this vial, being then in bed,And this distilled liquor drink thou off…”To paly ashes, thy eyes’ windows fallLike death when he shuts up the day of life;Each part, depriv’d of supple government…”
Stark adj. harsh, grim or desolate, extremely simple or sever, drearyAct IV, scene i (continued from last quotation)”…Shall, stiff and stark and cold, appear like death;And in this borrowed likeness of shrunk deathThou shalt continue two-and-forty hoursAnd then awake as from a pleasant sleep.”
Prostration n. a stretching out due to lacking vitality and being completely overcome; prostrate adj. completely overcome, falling down in submission Act IV, scene ii”…To you and your behests, and am enjoin’dBy holy Lawrence to fall prostrate hereTo beg your pardon.”
Lament v. to mourn or to express sorrow in a demonstrative manner, to bemoan, to bewail; lamentable adj. mournful or sorrowful Act IV, scene v (adj.)”O lamentable day!”
Melancholy adj. depression of spirits, soberly thoughtful, pensive, despondentAct IV, scene v”All things that we ordained festivalTurn from their office to black funeral—Our instruments to melancholy bells…”
Dirge n. funeral hymm, lament, a slow mournful musical compositionAct IV, scene v (continued from last quotation)”…Our wedding cheer to a sad burial feast;Our solemn hymns to sullen dirges change; Our bridal flowers serve for a buried corse;And all things change them to the contrary.”

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