Romeo and Juliet Act III review pp 841-842

Why do Tybalt and Mercutio fight in Act III, Scene i? Mercutio and Tybalt fight because Romeo refuses to fight with Tybalt, who has challenged him. Mercutio acts to defend Romeo’s honor.
What does Mercutio mean by his dying exclamation, “A plague on both your houses.” Mercutio means the statement as a curse, blaming both sides for the quarrel.
How do Mercutio’s dying words echo the ideas set forth in the play’s prologue? The lines echo the Prologue because the Prologue briefly explains the terrible events that happen to the two “star-crossed lovers” who are from the rival households.
How and why does Romeo kill Tybalt? Romeo kills Tybalt in a sword fight tot avenge Mercutio’s death.
What does Romeo mean when he says, after killing Tybalt, “I am fortune’s fool!”? Romeo feels he is a victim of fate.
What punishment does the prince order for Romeo? Romeo is banished.
Why does the Prince decide not to sentence Romeo to death, despite his threat in Act 1? The Prince is lenient because Romeo killed a person whose life was already forfeit for killing Mercutio.
Describe the clashing emotions Juliet feels when Nurse reports Tybalt’s death and Romeo’s punishment. Juliet’s vascillation between rage and love is expressed in a series of oxymorons (“Fiend angelical”). Her tumultuous emotions subside into grief at Romeo’s banishment.
What reactions – both similar and different – do Juliet and Romeo have to Romeo’s punishment? Both Romeo and Juliet react drastically to his banishment. Juliet alludes to suicide in Scene ii, and Romeo asserts that separation from Juliet will be a torture far worse than death.
Is Romeo’s punishment fair? Some people think that exile is far better than death. Others may say that Romeo should not be punished at all, since he was avenging Mercutio’s death and did not start the fight.
Imagery Words and phrases that allow the reader to experience more fully what is being described by appealing to all five senses.
gallant brave and noble
fray noisy fight
martial military
agile able to move in a quick and easy way
exile banish
tedious tiresome and boring
eloquence speech that is vivid, forceful, graceful, and persuasive
abhors detests, intensely dislikes
fickle changeable
soliloquy A lengthy speech in which a character, alone on state, expresses his or her thoughts.
aside A character’s brief remark made to the audience, unheard by other characters on the stage.
monologue A lengthy speech addressed to other characters on stage.
allusions references to well-known people, places, or events from myths or literature.
What thoughts and feelings does Juliet reveal in the soliloquy that opens Scene ii of Act III? Juliet is impatient for the night to arrive so she can be with her new husband.
What criticism of Romeo does Friar Lawrence make in his Scene iii monologue beginning “Hold thy desperate hand” The Friar thinks Romeo is acting irrationally and self-destructively.
In Act III, Scene v, when her mother refers to Romeo as a villain, Juliet utters the aside, “Villain and he be many miles asunder.” What does he mean? Juliet means that there is a vast difference between Romeo and a villain.
Why is it important that the audience, and not Juliet’s mother, hears the remark that Juliet makes about Romeo not being a villain? It is important that Lady Capulet not hear how Juliet feels, but also that the audience know Juliet’s true feelings.
How does Mercutio use an allusion to incite Tybalt to fight him in Act III, Scene 1? Mercutio calls Tybalt “rat-catcher’ and “king of cats” and asks for one of his nine lives.
What do Juliet’s allusions to mythology in her speeches reveal about her character? Juliet’s allusions reveal that she is educated.

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