Romeo and Juliet Act II Review

Briefly sum up what takes place in scene one. Romeo returns to the Capulet gardens and overhears his friends making fun of him (Mercutio and Benvolio – who still believe he is lovesick over Rosaline). They leave and he begins to speak of his feelings for Juliet. Then he overhears her saying she would be willing to profess her love and no longer be a Capulet if only she knew Romeo felt the same. Overhearing this, Romeo does profess his love for Juliet. She wants to make sure his feelings are true. The nurse interrupts their conversation several times before they agree that Juliet will send someone to Romeo the next day to learn of the plans of when they shall wed. In the meantime, Romeo leaves in search of a monk to marry them.
What time is it when Juliet appears at her window? Quote the lines which support your answer? it is very late at night when Juliet appears at her window – “What light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. Arise fair sun, and kill the envious moon, Who is already sick and pale with grief…”
How does Shakespeare use the following techniques in 1.2.1-22 (Personification)? the envious moon, Who is already sick and pale with grief; Two of the fairest stars in all the heaven, Having some business, do entreat her eyes To twinkle in their spheres till they return
How does Shakespeare use the following techniques in 1.2.1-22 (Metaphor)? Juliet is the sun. Arise, fair sun…
Why is Romeo’s speech here a monologue rather than a soliloquy? because a monologue is an uninterrupted speech usually presented in front of another character (Juliet) while a soliloquy is when the character speak alone on stage to convey his or her thoughts to the audience
How is dramatic irony used in this scene? Each character (Romeo and then Juliet) declares his or her love for the other without realizing that the other is there and has overheard that declaration
What is Juliet asking in the following line” “O Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thous Romeo?” Why do you have to be Romeo – could you not be anyone else – why of all people do you have to be Romeo?
What does Juliet wish Romeo to do in this line? “Deny thy father and refuse they name.” forget who your father is – give up your heritage – change your name so we can be together
Who says the following? What is meant? Give the numbers of the lines a. “O that I were a glove upon that hand, That I might touch that cheek.” Romeo says it in his opening monoloque – it means that he would give anything to be able to caress her cheek – just as the glove that she wears on her own hand does as she leans against it — 2.2.24-25
Who says the following? What is meant? Give the numbers of the lines b. “What’s in a name? That which we call a rose By any other name would smell as sweet.” Juliet says these words as she thinks aloud about how only Romeo’s name is her enemy – so she concludes that something called by some other name would still retain its good qualities, so why be concerned with the name of it at all 2.2.43-44
Who says the following? What is meant? Give the numbers of the lines c. “Look thou but sweet, And I am proof against their enmity.” Romeo says this – If you (Juliet) look at me with kindness, I will be invincible against any hatred from your family – 2.2.72-73
Who says the following? What is meant? Give the numbers of the lines d. “Oh swear not by the moon, th’ inconstant moon, That monthly changes in her circle orb, Lest that thy love prove likewise variable.” Juliet says this back to Romeo when he swears by the moon – she says no don’t swear by the moon because it is always changing – every month its positions shifts – then Romeo asks what he should swear his love by? 2.2.109-111
Who says the following? What is meant? Give the numbers of the lines e. “I have no joy of this contract tonight. It is too rash, too unadvised, too sudden; Too like the lightning…” Juliet says these words – she says that though she feels joy, she can’t take joy in exchange for promises that are too sudden – because just like lightning which flashes quickly and then disappears, this may too. 2.2.117-119
What is a friar? What is Friar Lawrence doing when we first see him? A traveling monk who preached and spread church ideas to the poor and lived by begging – alms. Friar Lawrence enters with a basket of various weeds, herbs, and flowers as he has a a deep knowledge of the properties of the plants he collects and their various uses.
What does Romeo mean when he tells Friar Lawrence he has “been feasting with his foe/Where on a sudden one hath wounded me/That’s by me wounded?” he has been spending time with a Capulet – with Juliet and he has been “wounded by her love just as she has been wounded by his” – they are deeply in love with one another.
Explain what Friar Lawrence means by these words: “Young men’s love then lies/Not truly in their hearts, but in their eyes.” (Lines 67-68). that youth choose who they love not based upon what their hearts tell them they feel, but based upon what their eyes tell them they see – they fall in love with the “appearances of a woman”
Explain what Friar Lawrence is saying here: “In one respect I’ll thy assistant be; For this alliance may so happy prove To turn your households’ rancor to pure love.” He is saying he will help and perform the secret wedding because it may actually help bring an end to the hatred between the two families when they are joined in marriage
What is the letter that Tybalt sent to Romeo’s father? it is challenging Romeo to a duel as Tybalt is angry about Romeo’s presence at the Capulet feast
How does Benvolio mean that Romeo will answer the letter? he comes to Romeo’s defense and believes he will answer the challenge
What does Mercutio mean when he says, “Alas, poor Romeo, he is already dead!” he is already dead, struck by Cupid’s arrow; he wonders aloud whether Romeo is man enough to defeat Tybalt
List the traits which Mercutio attributes to Tybalt in his description to Benvolio. a very good blade, a very tall man, a very good *****, a fashion-monger, stands on new form
What technique is used when (Mercutio) Tybalt talks about Romeo giving him “the slip”? double entendre – a word or phrase having a double meaning, especially when the second meaning is risque
How does Mercutio treat the nurse? he is crude and makes offensive sexual inuendos
According to Romeo, what sort of youth is Mercutio? Quote the lines which suport your answer. “A gentleman, Nurse, that loves to hear himself talk, and will speak more in a minute than he will stand to in a month” 2.4.137-139
Explain: “…to lead into a fool’s paradise.” The Nurse says this to Romeo after getting angry at him and Mercutio for the inappropriate things Mercutio said – after letting out her anger – she warns Romeo not to lead Juliet astray- that his intentions must be pure and righteous for she is a young girl in love and it would be evil to falsely lead her on
Which message does Romeo give the nurse in the following lines: “Bid her devise/ Some means to come to shrift this afternoon,/ And there she shall at Friar Lawrence’ cell/ Be shrived and married (Lines 169-172)? The message is for Juliet to leave her house under the pretense that she is going to Friar Lawrence for confession, but really she is going there to secretly wed Romeo.
What time of day is it? How do we know? Juliet sent the Nurse at nine in the morning; she was to be back in 30 minutes, but now it is three hours later – “‘The clock struck nine when I did send the Nurse. In half an hour she promise to return…Now is the sun upon the highmost hill/ Of this day’s journey, and from nine till twelve/ Is three long hours, yet she has not come”‘ 2.5.1-11
How long has the Nurse been gone on her errand to Romeo? 3 hours
What makes 2.5.1-17 a soliloquy? no other characters are on stage other than Juliet
Quote the lines that show Juliet’s impatience. “Oh, she is lame! Love’s heralds should be thoughts/ Which ten times faster glide than the sun’s beams, Therefore do nimble-pinioned doves draw love/ And therefore hath the wind-swift Cupid wings.” 2.5.4-8
What does the Nurse do when she returns? She tells Juliet to leave her alone for a minute – I am tired, out of breath – then she tells Juliet that she has made a foolish choice and does NOT know how to pick a man – then she complains of a headache and attempts to make lunch before even telling Juliet about the plan to sneak away and marry Romeo – she stalls and waits until the last minute to tell her that Romeo is waiting to marry her at Friar Lawererence’s
What does Friar Lawrence mean here: “So smile the heavens upon this holy act/ that after-hours with sorrow chide us not!” (Lines 1-2) Hopefully, nothing will make us regret this holy act – this marriage later
What does that tell us about the Friar’s state of mind? this tells us he is worried about how the two families – Capulets and Montagues will react when they learn of this marriage
Is Romeo fearful of the future? Explain the following lines: “The love-devouring death do what he dare/ It is enough I may but call her mine.” (Lines 7-8) he has no worries – he can only think of his love and desire to marry her. Romeo believe that NO misfortunes can ever ruin the joy he will feel when he is married to Juliet and she is his
What is the Friar’s warning in the lines: “These violent delights have violent ends/ And in their triumph die like fire and powder,/ Which, as they kiss, consume.” (Lines9-10) He is warning them that too powerful of a love can also end in a powerful explosion – if they are not careful, they will be consumed completely by this love
What is the Friar’s advice to Romeo in the following lines: “Therefore love moderately: long love doth so:/ Too swift arrives as tardy as too slow.” (Lines 14-15) Love each other in moderation – it is the key to a long-lasting love – a love that is either too fast or too slow will not last
What is the Friar’s meaning in lines 35-37: “Come, come with me and we will make short work;/ For, by your leaves, you shall not stay alone/ Till Holy Church incorporate two in one.” I am not leaving you two alone until I have united you in marriage – so come quickly and let’s get this marriage done!
What do the following lines foreshadow: “I pray thee, good Mercutio, let’s retire/ The day is hot, the Capulet’s abroad,/ And, if we meet, we shall not ‘scape a brawl,/ For now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring” (Lines 1-4) With how hot it was – should they meet on the street, it would definitely end in a fight
What does Mercutio tell us about Benvolio in the lines 15-29? Why is this ironic? Mercutio tells how likely Benvolio is to get into a fight – this is ironic because it is actually the description of himself – of Mercutio – he is the one most likely to be hotheaded and get into a fight
What does Romeo remind Mercutio and Tybalt about in the following lines: “Tybalt, Mercutio, the Prince expressly hath/ Forbid this bandying in Verona streets” (Lines 86-87) he reminds them both that the Prince has forbidden fighting in the streets of Verona – and even said such would be punished by death
Explain “a grave man” (Line 96) What figure of speech is used? What is the meaning? it is a pun – grave man – meaning he is a dead man (in a grave – dead)
Explain the following lines: “This gentleman, the Prince’s near ally,/ My very friend, hath got his mortal hurt/ In my behalf – my reputation stained/ With Tybalt’s slander – Tybalt, that an hour/ Hath been my cousin. O sweet Juliet,/ Thy beauty hath made me effeminate/ And in my temper soft’ned valor’s steel” (Lines 107-113) Romeo is explaining that in his weakness he allowed Tybalt his relative (cousin) to kill Mercutio and then he (Romeo) killed Tybalt which will lead to his (Romeo’s) death at the hand’s of the Prince – all this was brought on by his weakness due to his love for Juliet
What do the following lines mean? “Romeo, away, be gone!/ The citizens are up, and Tybalt slain./ Stand not amazed.The prince will doom thee death/ If thou art taken. Hence, be gone, away!” (Lines 130-134) The citizens are all waking – you must flee from here Romeo because when the Prince finds you, he will sentence you to death – so get out of here
Explain this line by Romeo: “O, I am fortune’s fool!” he is making a statement about how truly terrible his luck is – because Romeo believes that fate is messing with him and causing all this
What does Benvolio’s account of the fight show about him? it shows that he wanted no part in the fight at all – also shows that he is honest and tells exactly what happened in sequence – that Tybalt killed Mercutio (first) and Mercutio is the Prince’s relative – then and only then did Romeo kill Tybalt
What does the Prince mean in the lines which state: “But I’ll amerce you with so strong a fine/ That you shall all repent the loss of mine” he is going to punish them with large fines so that they all repent as he mourns the loss of his relative, Mercutio

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