Romeo and Juliet Act II Lit terms

Aside Definition: part of an actor’s lines supposedly not heard by others onstage and intended only for the audience.Example: Romeo-“O blessèd blessèd night! I am afeard , being in night, all this is but a dream, too flattering-sweet to be substantial”Act 2 Scene 2 Lines 139-141 Page 59
Conflict Definition: the struggle found in fictionExample: External: Man vs. Man–Capulets vs. Montagues External: Man vs. Fate–Romeo vs. Fate-Capulet’s ballInternal: Man vs. Self–Juliet vs. Juliet-to get married or not
Couplet Definition: Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhymeExample: “But passion lends them power, time means, to meet, Temp’ring extremities with extreme sweet.” Act. 2 Scene 1 Lines 156-157 Page 49
Epithet Definition: A word or phrase preceding or following a name, which serves to describe the characterExample: “The valiant Paris seeks you for his love.” Act 1 Scene 3 Line 75 Page 29
Soliloquy Definition: Is when a character is alone on stage thinking his/her thoughts aloud. It can also be an actor talking to himself/herself oblivious to any hearers presentExample: Friar Lawrence explains the herbs and says that people are like plants, where they can be both good and evil. Act 2 Scene 3 Line 1-30 Page 65
Foil Definition: A person or thing that makes another seem better by contrast–emphasizes differences between 2 charactersExample: “Enough of this, I pray thee hold thy peace. Yes, madam, yet I cannot choose but laugh.” Lady Capulet vs NurseAct 1 Scene 3 Lines 50-51 Page 27
Metaphor Definition: Comparison of 2 unlike thingsExample: “The earth that’s nature’s mother is her tomb; What is her burying grave, that is her womb.”Act 2 Scene 3 Lines 9-10 Page 65
Simile Definition: comparison of 2 unlike things using “like” or “as.”Example: “And freckled darkness like a drunkard reels.”Act 2 Scene 3 Line 3 Page 65
Pun Definition:a word or phrase that is used in such a way to suggest more than one possible meaning Example: “With nimble soles, I have a soul of lead.”Act 1 Scene 4 Line 15 Page 31
Analogy Definition: comparison of 2 pairs which have the same relationship–similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilar Example: “Compare her face with some that I shall show, and I will make thee think thy swan a crow.”Act 1 Scene 2 Lines 85-86 Page 23
Paradox Definition: a true statement which contradicts itself. A seemingly contradictory statement that may nonetheless be true: the paradox that standing is more tiring than walking OR stonewalls do not a prison make, nor iron bars a cageExample: “My only love sprung from my only hate.”Act 1 Scene 5 Line 137 Page 45
Imagery Definition:words appealing to one of one’s senses: sight, taste, touch, hearing, smell.Example: “As is a wingèd messenger of heaven Unto the white-upturnèd wond’ring eyes Of mortals that fall back to gaze on him, When he bestrides the lazy puffing clouds, And sails upon the bosom of air.”Act 2 Scene 2 Lines 28-32 Pages 53-55
Dramatic Irony Definition: When an audience perceives something that a character in the literature does not know.Example: “Where the dev’l should this Romeo be? Came he not home tonight?”Act 2 Scene 4 Lines 1-2 Page 71
Situational Irony Definition: discrepancy between the expected result and actual result.Example: “Uncle, this is a Montague, our foe: A villain that is hither come in spite, to scorn at our alemnity this night…Content thee, gentle coz, let him alone.”Act 1 Scene 5 Lines 60-62, 64 Page 41
Verbal irony Definition:author says one thing and means something else.Example: “God ye good den, fair gentle woman.”Act 2 Scene 4 Line 90 Page 75
Monologue Definition: an extended, uninterrupted speech or poem by a single person. The person may be speaking his or her thoughts aloud or directly addressing other persons, e.g. an audience, a character, reader, or an inanimate object.Example: Mercutio-Gives a speech to Romeo about Queen Mab and how she is the deliverer of dreams. He says that she is the reason for Romeo’s dreams and how chi,dish he is acting.
Oxymoron Definition: two contradictory words together “found missing”Example: “O heavy lightness, serious vanity.”Act 1 Scene 1 Line 169 Page 15
Personification Definition:giving human qualities to animals or objectsExample: “To be consorted with the humorous night.”Act 2 Scene 1 Line 31 Page 51
Allusion Definition: a literary reference to a familiar person, place, thing or event.Example: “From forth day’s path and Titan’s fiery wheels.”Act 2 Scene 3 Line 4 Page 65
Alliteration Definition:the repetition of a initial consonant sounds in words: “it is the happy heart that breaks.”Example: “O mickle is the powerful grace that lies.”Act 2 Scene 3 Line 15 Page 65
Hyperbole Definition: an exaggeration or overstatement: “I have seen a river so wide it had only one bank.”Example: “Two of the fairest stars in all the heavens.”Act 2 Scene 2 Line 15 Page 53
Symbol Definition: person, place, thing, or event used to represent something else, e.g. a dove symbolizes peaceExample: “So shows a snowy dove trooping with crows.”Act 1 Scene 5 Line 47 Page 41
Protagonist(hero) Definition: main character(s) of the storyExample: “A pair of star-crossed lovers take their life; Whose misadventures piteous overthrows Doth with their death bury their parents’ strife.”Prologue Lines 6-8 Page 3
Antagonist(villain) Definition: character(s) or thing working against the protagonist-heroExample: “The fearful passage of their death-marked love, And the continuance of their parents’ rage.”Prologue Lines 9-10 Page 3
Motivation Definition: a reason that explains or partially explains why a character thinks, feels, acts, or behaves a certain wayExample: “The quarrel is between our masters, and us their men.”Act 1 Scene 1 Line 17 Page 5
Theme Definition: message or lesson conveyed by a written text. This message is usually about life, society, or human nature. Themes often explore timeless and universal ideas. Most themes are implied rather than explicitly stated.Example: “And but thou love me, let them find me here; My life were better ended by their hate, Than death proroguèd, wanting of thy love”Act 2 Scene 2 Lines 76-78 Page 57
Cause and Effect Definition: noting a relationship between actions or events such that one or more are the result of the other or others.Example: “But Montague is bound as well as I, In penalty alike, and ’tis not hard I think, For men so old as we to keep the peace.”Act 1 Scene 2 Lines 1-3 Page 19

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