Romeo and Juliet Act I Study Guide

What northern Italian city does the play take place in? Verona
What is the purpose of the prologue? Outline the plot and tell that the play ends in a tragedy
Describe how the mood is conveyed through specific phrases and words. “civil blood” “star-crossed lovers”
4.a) Briefly discuss the structure of the sonnet and explain what type of sonnet it is. Shakespearean sonnet, fourteen lines divided into three quatrains, rhyming couplet
Suggest why the use of this poetic form is appropriate for Romeo and Juliet Sonnets are used as an expression and declaration of love.
Romeo and Juliet is a love story. Why do you think it starts with a fight? To show the feud between the Capulets and Montagues
What family do Gregory and Sampson work for? Capulets
What are the four words used in the first few lines that make a pun? Coals, colliers, choler, and collar
What does Sampson mean when he says “we will not carry coals” in line I? they won’t be insulted
What does choler mean? angry
What is the purpose of the bawdy jokes? entertainment
Explain the pun “Draw thy tool, here comes of the house of Montagues” Tool is a play on male genitalia
Benvolio’s name means “well-wishing”. How does our first encounter with him help to establish him as a “well-wishing” character? He was trying to break up the fight
What impression do you have of Tybalt and his attitude to the feud? Aggressive and hates the word peace. Feels he is better than the servants
What punishment will the Montagues and Capulets suffer if another fight is caused by their followers? They shall be put to death
Describe Romeo’s behavior when we meet him. Sad and tearful, wants to be alone with his sorrow, can’t sleep, being secretive, closed-off.
What advice does Benvolio give to Romeo? to get over Rosaline and look for other girls
Who is Count Paris? wealthy, handsome young man
How old is Juliet? 13, soon to be 14, years old
What condition does Lord Capulet make on Juliet’s behalf concerning the proposal? Paris must woo Juliet and make her fall in love with him
Why does Romeo decide to gatecrash the Capulets’ feast? He saw Rosaline’s name on the list of people and wanted to see her
How are Benvolio’s words “And she shall scant show well that now seems best” prophetic? He is saying that Romeo will meet someone knew and forget about Rosaline
What have we learned of the Nurse’s character? Talkative, lively sense of humor, and loves Juliet. Nurse lost her daughter and husband. Juliet is all she has
How did Lady Capulet feel about marriage? very materialistic, caring about the beauty and wealth.
How did Juliet feel about marriage? hadn’t thought about it, knowing it’s good and important
How did the Nurse feel about marriage? doesn’t care and is very inappropriate about it.
What hint was given that something tragic would happen? Romeo had a premonition
How are Romeo’s words “Beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear!” ironic and ominous after he first saw Juliet? It’s ironic because he went to see Rosaline. Ominous because her beauty is too good for earth, leading the reader to believe she will be taken somewhere else
Discuss Romeo’s metaphor when he says “so shows a snowy dove trooping with crows” when he is describing Juliet? He is saying Juliet is pure and beautiful compared to the other women
How does Tybalt react when he recognizes Romeo and what is Lord Capulet’s reaction? Tybalt gets angry and wants to kill Romeo. Lord Capulet tries to calm him down, eventually having to become forceful.
Why is the poetic structure of Romeo’s and Juliet’s words after they first meet so appropriate? They words compliment each other because they are joined in love
What does Juliet mean when she says “My only love, sprung from my only hate!/ Too early seen unknown, and known too late!” ? She couldn’t stop herself from falling in love, and now she knows he is the son from the only family her family doesn’t get along with
What tone would she say them in and why? She would say it in a frustrated way, because out of everyone she could have fallen for, she fell for her enemy

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