Romeo and Juliet Act I study guide

Act 1 Scene 1 Montagues and Capulets brawl/ Prince gets involved/ Romeo (characterization)
Act 1 Scene 2 Capulet agrees to let Paris woo Juliet (to marry her)/ uneducated servant delivers verbal invitations to Capulet party with Romeo’s help/ Benvolio and Romeo discuss Romeo’s heartbreak (over Rosaline)
Act 1 Scene 3 Lady Capulet and Nurse talk to Juliet about marrying Paris
Act 1 Scene 4 A group of young men (including Romeo, Benvolio, and Mercutio) travel to the Capulet’s party/ Mercutio gives his Queen Mab speech/ Romeo hesitates attending the party because of his dream and bad feeling (of the party bringing about his untimely death)
Act 1 Scene 5 Lord Capulet greets guests/ Tybalt gets angry when he sees Romeo and argues with uncle / Romeo and Juliet meet and fall in love / the lovers discover that they’ve fallen in love with their enemy
Play Setting Verona
Lord/Lady Montague are not in the play frequently because Romeo is a young nobleman on his own. They do not really have that much say in his activities.
Romeo 18 year old, his name means: pilgrim to Romea. Romeo’s tragic flaw: impetuous – acting without thought. b. passionate – he is in love with ANOTHER girl, Rosaline, at beginning of the play – before he meets Julietc. suffers and dies for romantic loved. introvert – a shy persone. fatalistic – believes that fate – the stars – control his life
Benvolio his name means: ben – good volio – willa. nephew to Lord Montague, friend of Romeob. PEACEMAKER in the play – although ineffective.
Lord Capulet A. traditional viewpoint about marriage b. expects Juliet’s complete obedience
Lady Capulet traditional viewpoint about marriagea. aloof – unfriendly, distant from Juliet, formal, pragmatic – conceited, practicalb. sees marriage as means to better one’s position, station in life
Juliet 13 years old – under the complete control, protection of her parents. She does not have the freedom of movement that Romeo has – who is older and who is male.
Tybalt nickname “Prince of Cats” – nephew of Lady Capulet – related to Capulets through marriage-feels unconditional hate for all Montagues – unconditional means absolute, fully
Nurse a part of the family, lives with the Capulet, traditional viewpoint about marriagea. mentor, confidante to Juliet – as Friar Laurence is to Romeob. sees marriage as means to have physical pleasure and to have children – teases Julietc. second mother to Juliet – closer to Juliet than her actual mother
Prince Escalus ruler of Verona, Italy – Verona is a city-state (self-ruling); his law is absolutea. PEACEMAKER in the play – although ineffective
Mercutio he is named after the god Mercury who is the messenger god and As Mercutio’s name implies, he is a messenger. a. a relative of the Prince and friend of Romeo b. Cynical – doubtfulc. extrovert – friendly, outgoing
Count Paris a young nobleman, a relative of the Prince a. Juliet’s suitor – he has Lord and Lady Capulet’s blessing to marry Julietb. Paris – like everyone else – is unaware of Juliet’s involvement with Romeo
Friar Lawerence a Franciscan priest, lives in a cell (simple room) that is connected to churcha. mentor, confidante to Romeo – as Nurse is to Julietb. sees marriage as a way to end the feud; he is a PEACEMAKER, but ineffective c. He is a little more formal with Romeo than Nurse is with Juliet.
Allusion reference
Couplet two consecutive rhyming lines
Metaphor a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Dramatic irony audience knows more than what the character knows.
Double Entendre two meanings
Pun a play on words (shift)
Motif (book, light/darkness) repeating idea through literature.
Imagery words that create a picture
Antithesis opposite words that balance one another.
Sonnet a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line.
Oxymoron contradictory words
Foreshadowing a future warning or reference.
Monologue a long speech said by one character with other characters are on stage.
Soliliquy a long speech said by one character alone on stage.
Archaic no longer used or old language.
Summary of Act I PROLOGUE: The prologue is spoken by one actor called “the chorus”; the chorus delivers a sonnet. In the sonnet, the chorus tells the audience EXACTLY what will happen in the play. SCENE I: Servants to Lords Capulet and Montague taunt each other, and a street fight breaks out when Tybalt (a Capulet) attacks Benvolio ( a Montague). The Prince warns Capulet and Montague that any further fighting will be punished by death. Romeo confesses to Benvolio: he is in despair because Rosaline does not love him. SCENE II: Count Paris asks Lord Capulet for permission to marry Juliet. Capulet agrees to let Paris woo her and invites him to a ball and banquet that evening. When Romeo learns by chance that Rosaline will attend, he agrees to go with Benvolio. SCENE III: Lady Capulet tells Juliet of Paris’s request. Both Lady Capulet and Nurse praise Paris. Juliet agrees to consider his suit. SCENE IV:Romeo, Mercutio, Benvolio and friends put on masks and set off for Capulet’s party. Mercutio tries to cheer Romeo with a story he makes up about Queen Mab. SCENE V: At the party, Tybalt recognizes Romeo; Lord Capulet orders Tybalt to leave him alone, but Tybalt swears he will let his anger loose at a later time. Romeo and Juliet fall passionately in love but learn each other’s identity only after they part.
fortnight 14 days
2 reasons why Mercutio makes Queen Mab speech. 1) lighten Romeo’s mood, so Romeo will attend.2) Dreams are not real.

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