Romeo and Juliet, Act I Literary Term Examples

Use of the word choler (meaning angry) and collar (a hangman’s noose) at the same time. Pun
Romeo alludes to the mythological goddess Diana when he describes Rosaline’s intelligence. “She hath Diana’s wit…” (I.1.202) Allusion
“O brawling love! O loving hate!…O heavy lightness! Serious vanity!” (I.1.169-171) oxymoron
“I will make thee think thy swan a crow” (I.2.87). Benvolio tells Romeo if he looks at other beautiful girls, Rosaline will seem ugly. metaphor
The Capulet servant invites the enemies of Capulets (Romeo and Benvolio) to Capulet’s party. dramatic irony
A fanciful comparison developed at great length. extended metaphor
A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction. oxymoron
a play on words pun
an indirect reference to a well-known person, place, thing or other literary work. allusion
short, contradictory phrases; a figure of speech that combines contradictory terms. oxymoron
statements that are seemingly contradictory but yet contain some truth paradox
when the author hints about something that will happen foreshadowing
Soles/soul: “you have dancing shoes with/ nimble soles; I have a soul of lead…” (I.4.15-16). Romeo explains to Mercutio that he is too sad to dance. pun
“I fear…some consequence, yet hanging in the stars/shall bitterly begin his fearful date with this night’s revel…(ending in) ultimately death” (I.4.106-111). This is Romeo who thinks someone will die. foreshadowing
“My only love, sprung from my only hate! Too early seen unknown, and known to late! (I.5.136-137). Juliet discovers that she has fallen in love with a member of an enemy family. paradox

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